Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 90,753 100 127,526 100 34,461 100 9.3 - 13.1 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 16,642 18.3 46,233 36.3 1,293 3.8 7.5 1.3 10.9 4.9 11.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 7,644 8.4 16,193 12.7 1,464 4.2 19.9 1.2 30.9 2.3 28.6 1.1
100 - 249 miles 22,544 24.8 33,333 26.1 6,895 20 19.4 2.9 26.7 4.3 23.2 3.2
250 - 499 miles 18,556 20.4 16,099 12.6 8,504 24.7 9.3 1.1 19.7 1.4 22.2 1.6
500 - 749 miles 13,537 14.9 10,202 8 8,235 23.9 12.9 1.4 31.4 1.6 31.1 3.4
750 - 999 miles 5,051 5.6 2,570 2 2,729 7.9 8.6 0.6 9.5 0.5 9.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,837 3.1 1,530 1.2 2,322 6.7 15.5 0.4 10.5 0.1 12 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,721 4.1 1,296 1 2,815 8.2 14.4 0.5 14.2 0.1 15.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 220 0.2 69 0.1 204 0.6 38.7 0.1 21.3 - 20.6 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 82,099 100 120,639 100 30,340 100 9 - 12.9 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 15,346 18.7 44,991 37.3 1,248 4.1 6.9 1.3 11.2 4.8 12.1 0.9
50 - 99 miles 7,255 8.8 15,802 13.1 1,417 4.7 20.9 1.4 32 2.5 30.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 21,863 26.6 32,334 26.8 6,643 21.9 19.3 3.2 26.7 4.4 23.3 3.4
250 - 499 miles 16,229 19.8 13,169 10.9 6,539 21.6 10.9 1.6 13.7 1.2 14 1.1
500 - 749 miles 12,127 14.8 9,607 8 7,667 25.3 13 1.4 32.8 1.7 32.5 3.6
750 - 999 miles 4,397 5.4 2,295 1.9 2,430 8 8.6 0.6 10 0.5 9.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,118 2.6 1,333 1.1 1,976 6.5 10.4 0.2 9.9 0.1 10 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,666 3.2 1,048 0.9 2,255 7.4 10.5 0.3 14.4 0.1 15.8 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 99 0.1 61 0.1 164 0.5 18.4 - 26.1 - 26 0.1

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 69,408 100 85,961 100 17,894 100 9.1 - 11.6 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 14,602 21 42,580 49.5 1,162 6.5 7.4 1.1 12.5 3.7 13.3 1
50 - 99 miles 6,505 9.4 13,881 16.1 1,236 6.9 14.4 1.4 35 3.1 32.3 1.8
100 - 249 miles 14,760 21.3 12,028 14 2,604 14.6 16.2 1.8 12.2 1.7 11.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 14,890 21.5 8,717 10.1 4,174 23.3 12.2 1.3 8.8 0.9 8.2 0.8
500 - 749 miles 10,534 15.2 5,686 6.6 4,394 24.6 14.8 1.4 30.3 1.8 29.9 3.6
750 - 999 miles 3,962 5.7 1,557 1.8 1,651 9.2 9.2 0.5 11.3 0.3 11.6 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,755 2.5 741 0.9 1,047 5.9 12.9 0.3 14.6 0.2 14.6 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,315 3.3 727 0.8 1,504 8.4 10.7 0.4 10.9 0.1 10.4 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 86 0.1 45 0.1 121 0.7 21.5 - 32.9 - 32.9 0.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,436 100 40,522 100 13,527 100 10.2 - 11 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 4,967 10.7 14,924 36.8 508 3.8 18.9 1.2 25.1 4.6 32.1 1
50 - 99 miles 2,535 5.5 4,536 11.2 435 3.2 20.2 1.1 16.3 2.2 17.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 7,793 16.8 6,578 16.2 1,464 10.8 13.3 2.2 11 1.7 10.1 1.1
250 - 499 miles 13,247 28.5 7,312 18 3,602 26.6 13.6 2 7.7 1.4 7.4 1.1
500 - 749 miles 9,836 21.2 4,126 10.2 3,227 23.9 16.2 1.7 11.7 1.5 11.7 1.6
750 - 999 miles 3,947 8.5 1,551 3.8 1,646 12.2 9.3 0.7 11.2 0.6 11.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,711 3.7 724 1.8 1,023 7.6 12.9 0.4 14.5 0.3 14.2 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,313 5 726 1.8 1,501 11.1 10.8 0.5 11 0.3 10.5 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 86 0.2 45 0.1 121 0.9 21.7 - 33 - 33 0.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,972 100 45,440 100 4,367 100 11.9 - 22.4 - 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles 9,634 41.9 27,656 60.9 654 15 7 3 20.1 6 20.5 5.4
50 - 99 miles 3,970 17.3 S S 801 18.4 15.3 1.9 S S 49.9 4.5
100 - 249 miles 6,967 30.3 5,450 12 1,141 26.1 24.3 3.1 21.2 3 21.4 5.3
250 - 499 miles 1,642 7.1 1,405 3.1 571 13.1 18.9 1.1 32.6 0.9 34.1 3.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 5 - 5 0.1 S S 27.7 0.1 22.5 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,617 100 7,582 100 5,440 100 10.3 - 14.3 - 16.6 -
Less than 50 miles 140 3.9 273 3.6 8 0.1 49.3 3.5 35.2 3.7 38.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles 120 3.3 348 4.6 43 0.8 32.7 1.3 28 1.7 27.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 756 20.9 2,037 26.9 551 10.1 24.3 3.7 28 4.1 27.2 1.8
250 - 499 miles 803 22.2 1,599 21.1 849 15.6 17.6 2.9 15.9 2.4 17.8 2.1
500 - 749 miles 720 19.9 1,660 21.9 1,490 27.4 20.3 3.3 23.7 4 24.6 3.9
750 - 999 miles 426 11.8 738 9.7 778 14.3 17.7 1.8 13.2 1.6 12.2 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 317 8.8 592 7.8 929 17.1 29 2.2 19.5 0.9 20.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 323 8.9 320 4.2 750 13.8 29.3 2.4 42.8 1 44.1 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 11 0.3 15 0.2 43 0.8 15.9 0.4 41.3 0.5 41.3 1.7

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,814 100 16,523 100 5,895 100 39.7 - 34.6 - 38.1 -
Less than 50 miles 525 10.9 S S S S 49.8 3.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,025 62.8 10,210 61.8 2,560 43.4 42.4 10.9 37.9 11.2 37.6 17
250 - 499 miles S S 2,853 17.3 1,516 25.7 S S 37 19 37.8 17.1
500 - 749 miles S S 2,259 13.7 1,782 30.2 S S 49.7 10.4 49.6 15.4
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,780 100 10,427 100 3,218 100 34.7 - 33.7 - 34.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 2,183 78.5 8,281 79.4 2,299 71.4 31.8 6.8 36.3 8.3 38.7 10.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,034 100 6,096 100 2,677 100 39.8 - 28 - 37.7 -
Less than 50 miles 241 11.8 532 8.7 19 0.7 47.1 5.7 31.8 6.4 15.8 2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 148 7.3 S S S S 34.3 4.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 304 100 4 100 4 100 40 - 40.4 - 32.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 108 35.6 S S S S 42.4 7.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 3 S S S S 38 11.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 3.5 S S S S 45.2 12.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 6.8 1 13.7 S S 48.6 8.9 44.9 10.1
More than 2,000 miles 2 0.6 S S S S 13.3 2.1 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,957 100 10,568 100 S S 34.4 - 36.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,289 83.1 8,059 76.3 S S 14.1 14.1 21.3 18.8 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,791 100 5,679 100 3,786 100 27.1 - 32.8 - 34.5 -
Less than 50 miles 272 4 S S 22 0.6 49.8 2.7 S S 47.4 0.7
50 - 99 miles 215 3.2 295 5.2 38 1 28.7 1 49.6 2.4 44.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles 595 8.8 887 15.6 224 5.9 25.6 2.4 34.7 4.4 29.5 1.7
250 - 499 miles 2,115 31.1 S S S S 45.6 4.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,226 18.1 530 9.3 507 13.4 24 3.8 31.2 5.8 30.4 6.7
750 - 999 miles 587 8.6 261 4.6 283 7.5 26.9 2.1 34 2.2 35.9 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 619 9.1 S S S S 40.2 2.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,043 15.4 242 4.3 547 14.4 36.9 2.2 39.5 2.2 38.8 5.8
More than 2,000 miles S S 9 0.1 39 1 S S 38 0.2 38.8 1.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,808 100 189 100 202 100 32.9 - 42.9 - 48.4 -
Less than 50 miles 61 1.6 3 1.7 - 0.1 43.4 0.7 39.5 1.1 44 0.1
50 - 99 miles 121 3.2 S S S S 41 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 327 8.6 13 7.1 3 1.5 25.6 3.1 33.2 3.1 32.2 1.3
250 - 499 miles 641 16.8 39 20.7 21 10.4 33.1 2.9 46.9 1.9 48.1 2.7
500 - 749 miles 874 23 39 20.9 31 15.3 30.2 1.5 42.7 1.5 43.8 2
750 - 999 miles 434 11.4 S S S S 38.8 2.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 766 20.1 S S S S 45.2 3.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,550 100 2,144 100 1,785 100 26.7 - 23 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 33 2.1 S S 16 0.9 7 18.1 S S 6.7 12.6
100 - 249 miles 117 7.5 384 17.9 116 6.5 42.4 2 42.6 4.5 44.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 563 36.3 768 35.8 390 21.8 44.8 5.9 30.6 5.6 26.4 4.3
500 - 749 miles 259 16.7 299 14 251 14.1 38.8 3.8 27.3 2.7 26.8 3.8
750 - 999 miles 154 9.9 234 10.9 255 14.3 28.9 4.3 37.2 2.5 39.2 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 277 17.9 210 9.8 479 26.8 32.5 10.4 40 7.3 39.2 8.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 383 100 789 100 239 100 31.7 - 47.9 - 46.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 9 3.7 S S S S 29.7 6.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,862 100 1,207 100 335 100 26.5 - 25.1 - 43.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,025 55 624 51.7 S S 45.2 10.3 38.4 10.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 86 4.6 112 9.3 28 8.3 40.5 1.6 45.8 3.5 49.5 8
250 - 499 miles 213 11.4 S S S S 36.5 7.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 67 3.6 14 1.2 16 4.7 41.6 6.4 30.3 3.9 29.9 6.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.