Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 90,753 100 127,526 100 34,461 100 711 9.3 - 13.1 - 15.9 - 18
Single modes 82,099 90.5 120,639 94.6 30,340 88 249 9 1.7 12.9 0.9 15 2 7.6
Truck5 69,408 76.5 85,961 67.4 17,894 51.9 240 9.1 4.1 11.6 6.2 10.3 5.6 7.5
For-hire truck 46,436 51.2 40,522 31.8 13,527 39.3 591 10.2 3.9 11 6 6.8 6.2 4.3
Private truck 22,972 25.3 45,440 35.6 4,367 12.7 60 11.9 2.3 22.4 5.6 31.7 2 6.7
Rail 3,617 4 7,582 5.9 5,440 15.8 801 10.3 0.6 14.3 0.7 16.6 1.9 7.8
Water 4,814 5.3 16,523 13 5,895 17.1 S 39.7 2 34.6 4.5 38.1 5.3 S
Shallow draft 2,780 3.1 10,427 8.2 3,218 9.3 S 34.7 1.1 33.7 2.9 34.5 3.1 S
Deep draft 2,034 2.2 6,096 4.8 2,677 7.8 345 39.8 1.5 28 2.3 37.7 3.2 27.2
Air (incl truck and air) 304 0.3 4 - 4 - 1,085 40 0.2 40.4 - 32.6 - 9.2
Pipeline6 3,957 4.4 10,568 8.3 S S S 34.4 4 36.5 6.5 S S S
Multiple modes 6,791 7.5 5,679 4.5 3,786 11 1,156 27.1 1.5 32.8 0.9 34.5 1.7 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,808 4.2 189 0.1 202 0.6 1,155 32.9 1.3 42.9 0.1 48.4 0.3 10.5
Truck and rail 1,550 1.7 2,144 1.7 1,785 5.2 1,160 26.7 0.3 23 0.3 23.3 1.1 12.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,682 S S S S S S 46.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 383 0.4 789 0.6 239 0.7 1,408 31.7 0.5 47.9 1.1 46.3 1.2 28.9
Other and unknown modes 1,862 2.1 1,207 0.9 335 1 85 26.5 0.4 25.1 0.2 43.9 0.8 26.6

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 423 100 2,723 100 1,061 100 106 34 - 36.8 - 41 - 27.8
Single modes 398 94.2 2,599 95.4 1,035 97.6 107 34.5 3.2 37.7 2.8 41.6 1.4 27.5
Truck5 96 22.8 632 23.2 S S 87 36 18.6 39.6 18.6 S S 14.7
For-hire truck 51 12 341 12.5 S S 100 47.3 19.3 43.7 19 S S 7.5
Private truck 46 10.8 292 10.7 S S 69 37.7 18.3 44.7 18.4 S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 293 69.3 1,883 69.1 974 91.9 498 24 9.3 27.8 9.9 29.8 3.3 4.9
Shallow draft 293 69.3 1,883 69.1 974 91.9 498 24 9.3 27.8 9.9 29.8 3.3 4.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,530 100 3,497 100 1,807 100 S 27.1 - 34.5 - 40.3 - S
Single modes 1,383 90.4 3,174 90.8 1,594 88.2 S 23.7 3.5 33.3 3.4 38.1 3.9 S
Truck5 665 43.5 S S S S S 32.1 14.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 642 S S S S S S 23.8
Private truck S S 198 5.7 S S S S S 43 15.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 626 40.9 2,254 64.5 1,043 57.7 462 23.1 18 23.1 11.4 24.8 14.1 5.4
Shallow draft 626 40.9 2,254 64.5 1,043 57.7 462 23.1 18 23.1 11.4 24.8 14.1 5.4
Multiple modes 100 6.5 157 4.5 S S S 40 7.6 11 3.7 S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 869 100 3,128 100 471 100 124 30.7 - 25.5 - 28.3 - 21.4
Single modes 777 89.4 2,784 89 419 89 134 32.6 7.8 27.5 7 30.4 7.4 20.5
Truck5 584 67.2 2,024 64.7 237 50.4 127 43.2 10.5 37.1 9.7 46.4 11.4 23
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 437 50.3 1,713 54.8 114 24.1 71 31.4 9.9 31.3 9.3 27.6 13.7 26.5
Rail 193 22.2 760 24.3 182 38.6 239 8.1 18.9 13 17.1 7.2 13.5 11.7
Multiple modes 12 1.4 46 1.5 14 3 301 18.3 2.2 14.7 2.1 15.9 2.4 -
Truck and rail 12 1.4 46 1.5 14 3 301 18.3 2.2 14.7 2.1 15.9 2.4 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 45.3

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,951 100 3,088 100 1,118 100 S 29.7 - 42.9 - 34.4 - S
Single modes 4,891 98.8 3,069 99.4 1,093 97.8 188 30 1.2 43.1 0.7 35.3 2.1 46.5
Truck5 4,891 98.8 3,069 99.4 1,093 97.8 188 30 1.2 43.1 0.7 35.3 2.1 46.5
For-hire truck 2,922 59 S S 955 85.4 523 36.7 9 S S 40.3 5.3 13.7
Private truck 1,969 39.8 1,032 33.4 S S 79 36.7 8.6 44.7 9 S S 40.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S S 41.3 - S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 261 100 S S 862 S S 44.6 - S S 21.2
Single modes S S 261 100 S S 862 S S 44.6 - S S 21.2
Truck5 S S 261 100 S S 862 S S 44.6 - S S 21.2
For-hire truck 311 97.6 253 96.8 228 99 902 48.1 8.6 40.8 6.3 48.3 4.7 17.3
Private truck S S S S S S 256 S S S S S S 2.8

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 895 100 1,693 100 164 100 S 20.9 - 36.1 - 28.6 - S
Single modes 877 98 1,690 99.8 161 98.2 S 22 4 36.1 1 28.9 1.4 S
Truck5 877 98 1,690 99.8 161 98.2 S 22 4 36.1 1 28.9 1.4 S
For-hire truck 206 23 485 28.7 111 67.5 380 20.4 10.8 36.2 11.2 22.6 10.2 20.4
Private truck 671 75 1,205 71.1 51 30.8 36 21 7.9 35.4 7.7 39.7 14.4 13.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 787 S S S S S S 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 787 S S S S S S 14.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 887 100 596 100 25 100 48 15.1 - 18.4 - 18.9 - 24.8
Single modes 887 100 596 100 25 100 48 15.1 - 18.4 - 18.9 - 24.8
Truck5 887 100 596 100 25 100 48 15.1 - 18.4 - 18.9 - 24.8
For-hire truck S S 70 11.8 10 40.2 137 S S 20.5 16.1 24.8 19.4 7.2
Private truck 557 62.8 526 88.2 15 59.8 31 21.1 12.2 23.1 6.6 24 12.6 8.4

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 42.8
Single modes S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 42.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 42.8
Private truck S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 42.8

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 14 100 3,566 100 159 100 42 37.1 - 32.1 - 43.8 - 13.2
Single modes 14 100 3,566 100 159 100 42 37.1 - 32.1 - 43.8 - 13.2
Truck5 14 100 3,566 100 159 100 42 37.1 - 32.1 - 43.8 - 13.2
For-hire truck 6 45.3 S S S S 42 44.5 15 S S S S 28.5
Private truck 7 54.7 2,385 66.9 108 67.9 41 33.3 13.2 34 13.2 38.2 12.9 14.7

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 205 100 13,096 100 546 100 40 46.1 - 33.9 - 37.4 - 11.7
Single modes 205 100 13,096 100 546 100 40 46.1 - 33.9 - 37.4 - 11.7
Truck5 205 100 13,096 100 546 100 40 46.1 - 33.9 - 37.4 - 11.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 44 S S S S S S 13.8
Private truck S S 6,763 51.6 266 48.7 37 S S 41.8 12.9 31.5 13.4 17.6

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 417 S S S S S S 44.5
Single modes S S S S S S 345 S S S S S S 43.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 330 S S S S S S 43
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 29.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 78 100 4,357 100 73 100 S 40.3 - 39.6 - 39.3 - S
Single modes 78 100 4,357 100 73 100 S 40.3 - 39.6 - 39.3 - S
Truck5 78 99.8 4,347 99.8 S S S 40.5 4.3 39.9 5.5 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 78 99.8 4,344 99.7 S S 15 40.5 4.3 39.9 5.5 S S -
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,232 100 18,893 100 S S 35 34.6 - 38.1 - S S 17.3
Single modes 7,672 93.2 17,637 93.4 S S 34 33.6 2.4 37.6 2.3 S S 17.3
Truck5 2,311 28.1 S S S S 32 23.3 18.9 S S S S 13.7
For-hire truck 933 11.3 1,724 9.1 S S 41 41.4 12.2 43 13.6 S S 18.8
Private truck 1,378 16.7 2,532 13.4 174 5.3 28 22 10.7 24.8 10.6 41.9 13.9 15.9
Water 2,210 26.8 4,911 26 S S 265 45.1 19.6 44.4 17.5 S S 33.9
Shallow draft 750 9.1 1,519 8 S S 290 43.3 9.2 43.3 8.7 S S 28.7
Deep draft 1,460 17.7 3,392 18 S S S 46.3 11 45.5 9.4 S S S
Pipeline6 3,151 38.3 8,469 44.8 S S S 16.2 18.5 18.4 15.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 664 20.2 580 S S S S 36.1 8.7 13.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,371 100 8,999 100 S S 25 38 - 46.2 - S S 28.5
Single modes 3,081 91.4 8,175 90.8 S S 25 38.2 3.5 47.7 3.9 S S 28.4
Truck5 1,315 39 2,876 32 S S 24 36.5 16 50 17.1 S S 26
For-hire truck 174 5.2 326 3.6 12 0.4 49 47.4 8.4 41 9.9 35.3 11.1 25.6
Private truck 1,141 33.8 S S S S 22 42.2 12.2 S S S S 30.3
Water S S S S S S 46 S S S S S S 37.4
Shallow draft 570 16.9 S S S S 27 41.3 3.7 S S S S 43.5
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 33.1

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,408 100 5,462 100 1,309 100 72 26.6 - 23.8 - 25.8 - 23.5
Single modes 3,315 97.3 5,348 97.9 1,237 94.5 72 27.3 2.4 24.4 2.4 26.8 3.2 23.5
Truck5 2,547 74.7 3,957 72.4 537 41 69 28.9 9.2 29 9 39.2 10.2 22.9
For-hire truck 1,416 41.6 2,401 43.9 408 31.2 186 33.4 8.3 43.2 8.7 44 10.5 46.9
Private truck 1,131 33.2 1,556 28.5 129 9.8 56 29.8 6.1 23.1 6.9 30.7 2.1 25.8
Rail 628 18.4 1,039 19 527 40.2 565 34.5 9.6 35.7 9.7 33 12 13.2
Water 141 4.1 352 6.4 S S 424 33.8 14.2 40.9 18.2 S S 16
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S 510 S S S S S S 0.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 654 S S S S S S 22.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 613 S S S S S S 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 8 0.2 S S S S S 46.3 4.8 S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,618 100 6,956 100 2,720 100 648 29.8 - 44.1 - 43.5 - 17.4
Single modes 2,240 85.6 6,702 96.4 2,537 93.3 355 29.7 4.6 45.6 3.2 45.4 4.2 17.8
Truck5 1,176 44.9 1,523 21.9 561 20.6 311 38.4 13 36.4 16.6 31.2 16.3 20.5
For-hire truck 1,122 42.9 855 12.3 408 15 485 38.5 11.2 26.2 13.2 31.1 13.4 10.1
Private truck 54 2.1 S S S S 154 43.8 18.6 S S S S 33.3
Rail 612 23.4 1,712 24.6 954 35.1 572 34.7 11.4 32.3 11.8 39.6 10.2 13.4
Water S S S S S S 312 S S S S S S 12.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S 229 S S S S S S -
Deep draft 30 1.1 S S S S 477 23.8 2.9 S S S S 3.1
Multiple modes 328 12.5 S S S S 846 43 10.5 S S S S 30.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 838 S S S S S S 45.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,037 100 123 100 S S 260 28.7 - 34 - S S 45.7
Single modes 1,993 97.8 121 98.2 S S 241 28.6 3.9 34.1 3.7 S S 23.2
Truck5 1,993 97.8 121 98.2 S S 241 28.6 3.9 34.1 3.7 S S 23.2
For-hire truck 1,948 95.6 117 95.2 S S 298 28.1 14.6 36.6 18.1 S S 30.3
Private truck S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 39.1
Multiple modes 44 2.2 S S 1 2.6 S 47.8 3.9 S S 45 6.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 44 2.2 S S 1 2.6 S 47.8 3.9 S S 45 6.8 S

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 740 100 2,590 100 1,187 100 289 21 - 21.8 - 33.6 - 19.3
Single modes 449 60.8 1,724 66.6 940 79.2 296 26.5 12.1 29.1 11.7 40.5 13.4 20.4
Truck5 234 31.6 781 30.2 113 9.5 140 20.1 13 20.1 13.1 27.2 16.6 15.4
For-hire truck 142 19.2 491 18.9 86 7.2 178 24.2 5.5 25.3 4 37.5 1.2 20.5
Private truck 92 12.4 291 11.2 27 2.3 94 40.6 13.7 40.4 14.2 39.8 16.6 16
Rail 208 28.1 914 35.3 827 69.6 907 16.5 15.3 13.7 14 13.9 9.4 12
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 288 39 858 33.1 S S 351 47.2 16.9 45.6 18.1 S S 20
Truck and rail 78 10.5 268 10.3 96 8.1 339 25.5 4.6 28.7 4.2 44.3 10.1 23.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 45.8

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,505 100 1,640 100 1,146 100 523 37.9 - 23.2 - 28.9 - 15
Single modes 2,450 97.8 1,617 98.6 1,123 98 335 38.3 1.2 23.1 0.6 28.6 0.7 24.4
Truck5 2,418 96.5 1,548 94.4 1,118 97.6 335 39 1.6 23.4 2.3 28.7 0.7 24.6
For-hire truck 1,922 76.7 1,360 82.9 1,084 94.6 812 34.3 4.4 23.6 6.5 27.7 2.2 11
Private truck S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 39.5
Rail 8 0.3 S S S S S 35.4 3.5 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 704 S S S S S S 27.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 2 0.2 S S S S S 39.5 0.5 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,531 100 3,187 100 2,086 100 375 14.4 - 12.6 - 19.2 - 21.3
Single modes 6,278 96.1 2,997 94 1,926 92.3 309 15.3 1.5 12.2 1.9 18.7 2.1 25.1
Truck5 5,355 82 2,052 64.4 1,103 52.8 293 21.2 6.8 16.7 9.3 19.5 10.5 25.8
For-hire truck 4,120 63.1 1,675 52.5 1,048 50.2 754 24 8.1 20.6 7.7 20.2 9.3 6.1
Private truck 1,235 18.9 377 11.8 55 2.6 107 31.6 8.3 28.6 7 35.7 2.1 17.5
Rail 917 14 944 29.6 823 39.4 915 24.2 6.8 29.2 9.1 29.2 8.8 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,287 S S S S S S 17.1
Multiple modes 245 3.8 182 5.7 150 7.2 833 27.9 1.4 33.9 1.8 33.4 2.1 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 40 0.6 S S S S 832 38.3 0.3 S S S S 10.3
Truck and rail 196 3 173 5.4 145 7 982 24.6 1.9 29 2.2 27.5 2.3 21
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 176 100 S S S S S 49.3 - S S S S S
Single modes 176 99.8 S S S S S 49.5 0.6 S S S S S
Truck5 176 99.8 S S S S S 49.5 0.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,076 100 10,312 100 3,525 100 414 8.7 - 18.1 - 12.5 - 17.9
Single modes 2,984 97 10,025 97.2 3,340 94.8 401 9.1 0.7 18.7 0.9 12.8 1 18.1
Truck5 2,744 89.2 9,332 90.5 2,489 70.6 388 9.5 2.3 20.4 2.4 13.8 5.2 19
For-hire truck 1,957 63.6 7,285 70.6 2,187 62.1 517 13.4 4 25.6 4.2 15.5 5.5 16.6
Private truck 787 25.6 2,048 19.9 301 8.6 127 12.7 3.3 12.9 2.9 12.3 1.5 18
Rail 241 7.8 693 6.7 851 24.2 1,297 33.4 2.3 27.5 2.2 29.6 4.6 8.8
Multiple modes 66 2.1 200 1.9 178 5.1 916 9.4 0.3 14.6 0.5 18.5 1 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 911 S S S S S S 19.8
Truck and rail 62 2 199 1.9 177 5 949 9.1 0.3 15 0.5 18.6 1 18.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 87 0.8 S S 104 S S 44.9 1.3 S S 44.9

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,724 100 2,685 100 1,802 100 265 20 - 20.7 - 18.3 - 32.2
Single modes 1,576 91.4 2,468 91.9 1,638 90.9 248 20.4 1.9 21.4 1.8 20 3.8 33.6
Truck5 944 54.8 1,292 48.1 661 36.7 192 23.7 7.2 24.4 7.3 24.1 7.1 36.9
For-hire truck 745 43.2 1,087 40.5 598 33.2 551 26.7 7 26.3 6.9 24.3 6.4 30.4
Private truck 199 11.6 205 7.6 S S 61 35.4 12.2 43.5 12.3 S S 33.7
Rail 631 36.6 1,176 43.8 977 54.2 835 20.8 5.1 18.5 4.4 17 5.7 18.4
Multiple modes 122 7.1 199 7.4 154 8.6 817 38.7 2 31.7 2 39.3 4.1 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 436 S S 20.7 0.6 26.2 11 30.5
Truck and rail 77 4.5 146 5.4 97 5.4 971 20 1.4 18.5 1.4 37.4 2.3 23.6
Truck and water S S S S 17 0.9 S S S S S 48.8 2.5 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 822 100 1,107 100 549 100 S 27.1 - 33.6 - 45.2 - S
Single modes 667 81.1 784 70.8 262 47.6 S 24.9 9.5 28.7 8.9 36.5 14.3 S
Truck5 641 78 730 65.9 210 38.2 S 24.5 9.5 28.5 9.5 36.4 16.1 S
For-hire truck 313 38.1 351 31.7 128 23.4 400 34.5 10.2 37.5 11.4 35 12.9 28.3
Private truck 328 39.9 379 34.2 S S 57 32.6 11.3 38.6 12.2 S S 24.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 - - S S 910 41.9 13.2 45.1 8.1 S S 19.7
Truck and rail 152 18.5 320 28.9 287 52.3 918 41.4 16.7 41.7 16.7 47.4 18.5 11.6
Other and unknown modes 3 0.3 S S S S 125 40.8 0.3 S S S S 30.2

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 518 100 196 100 137 100 402 14.5 - 18.6 - 24.4 - 26.9
Single modes 426 82.2 170 86.8 109 80.1 S 14.8 4.6 18.6 4.4 24.6 7 S
Truck5 425 82 170 86.7 109 79.9 S 14.8 4.7 18.6 4.5 24.6 7.1 S
For-hire truck 283 54.5 122 62 105 76.9 689 18.5 6.5 22.3 7.8 25.8 6.3 22.9
Private truck 142 27.5 48 24.7 S S 52 30.7 8.6 37.5 9 S S 24.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 S S 1,183 S S 49.5 0.8 S S 11.6
Multiple modes 75 14.5 S S S S 766 42.1 4.8 S S S S 12.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 764 S S S S S S 13.2
Truck and rail 14 2.8 S S S S 1,347 24.9 10.9 S S S S 1.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 17 3.2 5 2.4 S S S 41.7 3.2 45.8 4.5 S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,942 100 459 100 275 100 963 19.9 - 18.6 - 21.1 - 12
Single modes 2,167 73.6 409 89 220 80 614 19 7.6 20.6 3.8 22.8 6.8 10.7
Truck5 2,166 73.6 409 89 220 80 590 19 7.6 20.6 3.8 22.8 6.8 12.5
For-hire truck 1,780 60.5 298 64.9 215 78.5 799 21.9 9.2 24.6 9.9 23.4 7.6 8.1
Private truck 386 13.1 111 24.1 4 1.5 S 27.7 4.3 37.1 8.4 36.1 1.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - - - S 22.7 0.1 28 0.1 36.6 0.1 S
Multiple modes 481 16.3 35 7.5 42 15.3 1,046 37.3 4.8 35.2 2.3 42.4 5.7 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 439 14.9 24 5.1 25 9 1,045 42.3 5 38 2.2 41.1 5.6 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 766 S S S S S S 32

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,954 100 7,923 100 1,082 100 1,196 18.4 - 19.9 - 18.1 - 26.2
Single modes 1,650 84.4 7,469 94.3 916 84.7 S 21.2 6.7 21.6 2.9 19.2 4.9 S
Truck5 1,643 84.1 7,420 93.7 889 82.2 S 21.4 6.7 21.6 3 18.6 4.8 S
For-hire truck 1,141 58.4 2,957 37.3 747 69 204 30.4 10.7 20.1 12.2 21.4 9.6 35.9
Private truck 502 25.7 4,463 56.3 143 13.2 40 21.8 9.7 38.4 13 28.9 10.5 24.9
Rail 3 0.2 36 0.5 S S 599 39.2 1.6 39 2.5 S S 29.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 453 5.7 166 15.3 1,420 S S 34.9 3.9 31.9 5.9 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,420 S S S S S S 14.5
Truck and rail S S S S 115 10.6 1,420 S S S S 48.7 6.3 25.2
Truck and water 53 2.7 152 1.9 19 1.8 S 45.6 3.4 50 5.7 27.1 1.9 S
Other multiple modes 33 1.7 115 1.4 10 0.9 S 24.4 8.7 12.7 5.5 33.8 2.3 S
Other and unknown modes - - - - S S 668 24.6 - 48.9 - S S 3.7

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,865 100 3,301 100 1,287 100 292 35.4 - 40.8 - 38.7 - 27.1
Single modes 2,485 86.7 2,796 84.7 873 67.8 270 33.7 4.7 38.9 4.4 36.8 10 34
Truck5 2,464 86 2,709 82.1 848 65.9 270 34.2 6.8 40.6 6.3 38.4 11.4 34
For-hire truck 1,468 51.2 1,572 47.6 527 40.9 499 34 10.7 44.8 11 30.7 15.8 19.9
Private truck 996 34.8 S S S S 115 48.3 7.8 S S S S 33.9
Rail - - - - - - 385 - - - - - - -
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 756 S S S S S S 20.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 29.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 973 S S S S S S 18.8
Other and unknown modes 3 0.1 S S S S 9 1.2 0.9 S S S S 20.1

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 9,298 100 2,923 100 1,139 100 967 29.2 - 34.8 - 43.7 - 21
Single modes 8,998 96.8 2,883 98.7 1,123 98.6 307 30.2 2.6 35 1.4 44.4 3.2 11.1
Truck5 8,989 96.7 2,882 98.6 1,120 98.3 303 30.2 2.7 35 1.5 44.6 3.5 11.3
For-hire truck 7,197 77.4 2,079 71.1 1,032 90.6 594 39 10.9 41.6 10.5 47.4 8 9.9
Private truck 1,792 19.3 803 27.5 88 7.7 73 20.7 10.1 28.7 10.1 33.4 7 12.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 925 S S S S S S 50
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,359 S S S S S S 17.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,359 S S S S S S 17.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,507 100 952 100 632 100 1,233 25.4 - 32.6 - 32.2 - 13.3
Single modes 3,676 66.8 666 70 378 59.9 554 16.4 8.1 19.3 8.3 18.8 10.7 18.4
Truck5 3,585 65.1 666 70 378 59.9 547 16.1 7.9 19.3 8.3 18.8 10.7 19.2
For-hire truck 2,618 47.5 501 52.6 363 57.4 875 18.6 7.1 21.3 7.7 19.3 10.2 8.5
Private truck 967 17.6 165 17.3 15 2.4 S 27.4 4.5 36.6 4.4 32.1 1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 654 S S 25.9 - 28.6 - 14.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,266 S S S S S S 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,266 S S S S S S 10.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 186 3.4 S S S S 311 47.7 2.7 S S S S 39.3

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,583 100 745 100 676 100 754 21.6 - 25.3 - 28.2 - 12.7
Single modes 4,908 87.9 710 95.4 619 91.7 608 21.8 3.2 26.7 2.5 31 4.4 15.1
Truck5 4,849 86.9 709 95.2 618 91.5 595 21.6 3.3 26.7 2.6 31.1 4.5 16
For-hire truck 4,374 78.4 656 88 600 88.8 822 22.8 5.5 28.5 5.5 31.8 5 7.7
Private truck S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 42.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 - 0.1 1,138 S S 47.4 - 46.5 0.1 12.6
Multiple modes 586 10.5 33 4.4 S S 917 31.4 3.2 49.2 2.8 S S 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 524 9.4 12 1.6 10 1.5 914 33.5 2.2 48.5 0.8 47.9 0.7 14.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,191 S S S S S S 6.1
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.2 - - S S S 18.1 0.4 14.3 - S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,102 100 587 100 134 100 193 34.5 - 19.8 - 29.4 - 25.7

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.