Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 225,954 100 305,184 100 77,099 100 6.4 - 5.5 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 66,648 29.5 173,343 56.8 3,499 4.5 8.7 1.5 6.7 2.7 9.1 0.6
50 - 99 miles 15,789 7 20,645 6.8 2,045 2.7 6.3 0.6 10.3 0.7 10.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 31,660 14 33,786 11.1 8,823 11.4 8.6 1.1 7.3 0.6 9.4 1.8
250 - 499 miles 40,002 17.7 37,831 12.4 22,237 28.8 5.8 1 15.2 1.7 17.2 3
500 - 749 miles 30,114 13.3 25,161 8.2 22,205 28.8 11.6 0.9 16.2 1.1 17.7 2.5
750 - 999 miles 20,234 9 9,377 3.1 9,757 12.7 12.3 0.5 31.1 0.9 31.2 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,356 5.9 3,614 1.2 5,626 7.3 19.8 0.7 16.6 0.3 15.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,969 3.5 1,412 0.5 2,846 3.7 21.3 0.7 21.2 0.1 20.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 181 0.1 15 - 62 0.1 36.3 - 39 - 48.1 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 176,493 100 282,414 100 68,407 100 5.6 - 6.3 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 59,059 33.5 161,867 57.3 3,156 4.6 8.5 1.4 7.7 2.8 6.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 14,546 8.2 20,099 7.1 1,995 2.9 7.1 0.6 10.4 0.7 10.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 25,993 14.7 29,986 10.6 7,568 11.1 8.3 1.1 5.7 0.4 6.4 1.4
250 - 499 miles 32,672 18.5 35,190 12.5 20,350 29.7 6.3 0.7 16.7 1.9 19.3 3.3
500 - 749 miles 19,361 11 22,938 8.1 20,356 29.8 11.5 1 18.1 1.1 19.9 3.2
750 - 999 miles 12,423 7 8,491 3 8,805 12.9 9.9 0.4 34.2 0.9 34.5 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,752 3.8 2,846 1 4,215 6.2 9.6 0.2 17.9 0.2 17.4 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,648 3.2 990 0.4 1,952 2.9 28.5 1 24.9 0.1 24 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 40 - 7 - 9 - 29.1 - 38.7 - 29.1 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 162,243 100 229,610 100 32,641 100 5.6 - 6.4 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 58,363 36 158,384 69 3,080 9.4 8.6 1.6 8 2.1 6.8 0.9
50 - 99 miles 14,233 8.8 18,909 8.2 1,868 5.7 7.8 0.6 11.5 0.7 11.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 24,924 15.4 20,552 9 4,677 14.3 8.4 1.3 9.3 0.6 9.9 1.6
250 - 499 miles 28,662 17.7 17,387 7.6 8,217 25.2 7 0.8 13.5 1.2 14 1.9
500 - 749 miles 16,508 10.2 6,555 2.9 4,824 14.8 13.9 1.2 10.4 0.4 9.8 0.8
750 - 999 miles 10,182 6.3 4,306 1.9 4,439 13.6 8 0.3 13.8 0.3 15.3 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,386 3.9 2,673 1.2 3,906 12 9.6 0.3 18.6 0.3 18.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,958 1.8 837 0.4 1,623 5 14.7 0.4 28.8 0.1 28 1
More than 2,000 miles 28 - 7 - 7 - 41.5 - 44.5 - 41.1 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 94,645 100 93,529 100 23,773 100 6.1 - 9.7 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 15,664 16.5 47,380 50.7 927 3.9 9.9 1.7 17 4.6 13.9 0.6
50 - 99 miles 7,248 7.7 8,118 8.7 789 3.3 15.4 0.9 12.9 1.2 13.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 16,460 17.4 12,243 13.1 2,948 12.4 14.3 2 11.3 1.2 12.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 23,382 24.7 13,543 14.5 6,497 27.3 8.9 1.4 14.5 2.2 15.4 2
500 - 749 miles 14,653 15.5 5,588 6 4,111 17.3 15.3 1.8 10.5 0.8 9.7 1
750 - 999 miles 9,197 9.7 3,670 3.9 3,788 15.9 8.4 0.7 16.9 1 18.8 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,227 5.5 2,187 2.3 3,164 13.3 9.4 0.4 17.3 0.5 16.5 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,787 2.9 794 0.8 1,542 6.5 15.4 0.7 30.4 0.3 29.5 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 28 - 7 - 7 - 41.6 - 44.5 - 41.1 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 67,598 100 136,080 100 8,868 100 8.1 - 9.1 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 42,699 63.2 111,005 81.6 2,154 24.3 11.7 2.2 9.4 1.7 9.2 3
50 - 99 miles 6,984 10.3 10,791 7.9 1,079 12.2 8.8 1.1 20 1 20.9 1.8
100 - 249 miles 8,464 12.5 8,308 6.1 1,730 19.5 7.1 1 11.6 0.4 12.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,279 7.8 3,844 2.8 1,720 19.4 15.5 1.3 21.8 0.6 22.4 3.4
500 - 749 miles 1,855 2.7 966 0.7 713 8 16.5 0.4 21.5 0.2 21.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 986 1.5 636 0.5 651 7.3 13.8 0.2 24.7 0.1 25.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,159 1.7 487 0.4 741 8.4 21.4 0.3 30.3 0.2 30.6 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,221 100 21,668 100 13,575 100 29.8 - 31.9 - 40.6 -
Less than 50 miles 330 4.6 694 3.2 27 0.2 34.7 2.2 24.7 2.3 32.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S 904 4.2 99 0.7 S S 48.8 5.4 46.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 872 12.1 3,847 17.8 1,150 8.5 34.8 4 28.1 5.2 25 4.7
250 - 499 miles 1,333 18.5 6,610 30.5 3,690 27.2 32.1 3.1 30.5 4.1 32.8 5.1
500 - 749 miles 1,645 22.8 S S 3,638 26.8 36 3.7 S S 47 5.1
750 - 999 miles 2,046 28.3 S S S S 45.1 5.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 225 3.1 168 0.8 303 2.2 31.2 6.1 30 2.4 30.4 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 548 7.6 139 0.6 306 2.3 41.6 2.2 35.1 0.3 35.6 1.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,966 100 30,668 100 22,107 100 27.1 - 20.1 - 23.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 2,509 8.2 43 0.2 S S 25.6 7.7 31.1 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 168 5.7 5,586 18.2 1,740 7.9 42.1 6.1 19.8 8.2 22.3 6.4
250 - 499 miles 1,545 52.1 11,142 36.3 8,411 38 26.2 8.5 24.7 7.8 26 9.8
500 - 749 miles 1,101 37.1 11,256 36.7 11,892 53.8 39.2 7.5 27.4 4.7 28.5 5.4
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,966 100 30,668 100 22,107 100 27.1 - 20.1 - 23.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 2,509 8.2 43 0.2 S S 25.6 7.7 31.1 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 168 5.7 5,586 18.2 1,740 7.9 42.1 6.1 19.8 8.2 22.3 6.4
250 - 499 miles 1,545 52.1 11,142 36.3 8,411 38 26.2 8.5 24.7 7.8 26 9.8
500 - 749 miles 1,101 37.1 11,256 36.7 11,892 53.8 39.2 7.5 27.4 4.7 28.5 5.4
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 79 100 72 100 S S 35.2 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1 1.3 S S S S 40.4 0.7 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,132 30.1 S S S S 29.5 9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 107 2.9 3 3.8 2 3.1 22.9 2.2 32.5 2.2 30.3 1.7
750 - 999 miles 194 5.2 5 6.3 5 6.7 20.1 4.4 42.1 2.3 42.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 141 3.8 5 6.2 7 9.3 22.6 2.3 37.1 7.5 38.8 8.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 13 17 23 31.6 S S 45.7 7.3 44.4 8.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 36,704 100 13,233 100 7,178 100 10.9 - 27.7 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles 4,874 13.3 S S S S 26.1 2.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 993 2.7 S S S S 13.5 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,906 10.6 S S S S 14.7 1.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 6,992 19.1 2,357 17.8 1,750 24.4 11.8 1.5 31.4 6.6 36.7 6.7
500 - 749 miles 7,754 21.1 S S S S 21.1 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5,685 15.5 646 4.9 696 9.7 16.8 1.1 23.9 1.9 22.3 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,144 11.3 437 3.3 896 12.5 7.2 1.4 10.2 1.7 21.7 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,214 6 407 3.1 864 12 11.3 1.1 20.9 3.3 20.7 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 142 0.4 8 0.1 S S 41.4 0.2 46.5 0.1 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 31,130 100 933 100 690 100 13.5 - 9.7 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,153 13.3 105 11.3 2 0.3 25 1.6 14.8 2.4 16 0.1
50 - 99 miles 888 2.9 32 3.4 3 0.5 13 0.6 24 0.6 24.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 3,765 12.1 99 10.6 23 3.3 14.6 2.4 21.3 1.2 22.1 0.5
250 - 499 miles 6,301 20.2 198 21.2 95 13.8 13.3 1.3 11.6 1.3 11.3 1
500 - 749 miles 6,517 20.9 189 20.3 146 21.2 26.9 2.2 15.4 1.7 15.4 1.1
750 - 999 miles 4,437 14.3 128 13.7 131 19 23.3 1.3 12.8 1 12.7 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,405 10.9 127 13.6 179 26 9 1.5 11.3 1.6 11.3 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,542 5 53 5.7 105 15.2 13 0.7 25.6 1 25.8 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 122 0.4 2 0.2 6 0.9 36 0.2 29.8 0.1 34.2 0.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,322 100 5,904 100 2,906 100 23.6 - 48.2 - 13.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 683 12.8 840 14.2 500 17.2 44.8 2.3 15.4 7.3 15.3 3.6
500 - 749 miles 1,065 20 417 7.1 323 11.1 25.8 3.9 44.9 4.6 43.6 3.3
750 - 999 miles 1,233 23.2 516 8.7 561 19.3 40.7 4.5 30.2 3.5 28.1 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 732 13.7 275 4.6 497 17.1 19.1 1.9 12.2 2.4 13.3 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 667 12.5 353 6 756 26 22.1 5.2 22.4 4.7 22 5.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 149 100 5,145 100 2,494 100 30.9 - 50 - 47.3 -
Less than 50 miles 3 2.1 S S S S 8.8 2.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 99 66.1 20 0.4 24 1 44 12.8 36.9 15.4 34.8 15.7
750 - 999 miles S S - - 1 - S S 14.1 9.4 19.7 10.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8 5 S S S S 30.8 15.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53 100 7 100 9 100 43.4 - 42.3 - 44.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 50 94 5 76.8 S S 44.3 7.4 44.9 16.5 S S
750 - 999 miles 3 6 S S S S 35 12.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 145 1.5 16 1 S S 34.1 4.6 37.4 2.7
100 - 249 miles S S S S 201 13.3 S S S S 47.4 4.7
250 - 499 miles 338 2.6 284 3 137 9.1 21.3 4.1 34.2 4.1 34.2 8.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.