Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 21,583 100 85,244 100 62,620 100 10.3 - 28 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles 6,507 30.1 27,223 31.9 957 1.5 15.6 2.4 39.7 5.9 46.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 1,684 7.8 2,728 3.2 284 0.5 17.4 1 17.8 0.9 16.7 0.3
100 - 249 miles 3,960 18.3 5,934 7 1,454 2.3 16.1 2.8 23.9 3.6 22.2 2.1
250 - 499 miles 3,377 15.6 7,646 9 4,661 7.4 18.5 2.7 27.7 3.6 28.7 3
500 - 749 miles 1,398 6.5 23,610 27.7 29,069 46.4 9.4 0.5 40.9 4.5 30.8 6.2
750 - 999 miles 2,203 10.2 15,062 17.7 20,727 33.1 26.4 1.7 34.9 3.5 32.5 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,348 6.2 2,421 2.8 4,036 6.4 10.1 0.6 21.1 0.7 21.5 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,018 4.7 575 0.7 1,311 2.1 12.7 0.5 18.7 0.5 19.4 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 88 0.4 44 0.1 121 0.2 22.1 0.1 35.9 0.1 36.1 0.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19,274 100 67,920 100 49,650 100 10.9 - 30.7 - 36.3 -
Less than 50 miles 6,223 32.3 14,978 22.1 448 0.9 15.6 2.4 23.2 3.2 30.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,569 8.1 2,721 4 284 0.6 18.7 1.2 17.9 1.2 16.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 3,629 18.8 5,871 8.6 1,430 2.9 16.9 2.9 24.2 3.6 22.1 2.3
250 - 499 miles 2,890 15 7,310 10.8 4,448 9 19.6 3 28.5 3.5 29.3 2.9
500 - 749 miles 1,168 6.1 S S 19,926 40.1 11.2 0.6 S S 49 6
750 - 999 miles 1,931 10 14,182 20.9 18,436 37.1 30 2 36.9 3.8 36.1 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,068 5.5 2,138 3.1 3,521 7.1 12.1 0.6 21.3 0.8 21.5 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 752 3.9 475 0.7 1,072 2.2 17.1 0.6 19.2 0.5 20.3 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 45 0.2 31 - 86 0.2 18.1 0.1 38.6 - 39 0.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,699 100 21,772 100 5,239 100 7.9 - 12.4 - 6.5 -
Less than 50 miles 4,617 36.4 12,394 56.9 386 7.4 12.5 2.6 20.9 4 29.7 2.1
50 - 99 miles 1,308 10.3 2,240 10.3 242 4.6 15.3 1.5 14.6 1.7 14.3 1
100 - 249 miles 2,407 19 2,648 12.2 614 11.7 9.5 1.9 16.2 2.3 16 2.2
250 - 499 miles 2,157 17 2,251 10.3 1,200 22.9 27.7 3.9 16.5 1.5 17.8 3.4
500 - 749 miles 396 3.1 654 3 516 9.9 22.1 0.7 19.7 0.7 18.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 734 5.8 907 4.2 1,125 21.5 20.3 0.9 14.6 0.7 14.4 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 523 4.1 495 2.3 749 14.3 14.9 0.5 13.3 0.4 12.8 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 520 4.1 161 0.7 345 6.6 23.1 0.8 19 0.3 20.8 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 37 0.3 22 0.1 60 1.1 17.5 0.1 34.7 - 35 0.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,524 100 7,568 100 3,362 100 14.4 - 10.2 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 933 16.9 2,252 29.8 60 1.8 20 2.9 18.9 3 21 0.4
50 - 99 miles 372 6.7 1,299 17.2 144 4.3 35.6 2.5 21.3 4.1 20.3 1.6
100 - 249 miles 665 12 1,136 15 269 8 21.1 2.8 24.5 2.1 21.8 1.9
250 - 499 miles 1,651 29.9 1,075 14.2 563 16.8 37 6 17 2.7 16 2.4
500 - 749 miles 364 6.6 486 6.4 385 11.5 23.1 1.8 21.4 1.2 20.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 628 11.4 700 9.2 876 26.1 23.3 1.9 13.6 1.9 13.8 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 453 8.2 449 5.9 683 20.3 16.4 1.2 13.5 0.8 13.2 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 422 7.6 150 2 324 9.6 21.3 1.9 18 0.5 20.1 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 36 0.7 21 0.3 58 1.7 16.5 0.2 36.9 0.1 37.2 0.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,175 100 14,204 100 1,877 100 9.4 - 19.1 - 19.3 -
Less than 50 miles 3,685 51.4 10,142 71.4 326 17.4 12 2.8 25.8 4.4 35.2 4.4
50 - 99 miles 936 13.1 941 6.6 98 5.2 16.1 2 13.8 1.6 14.9 1.3
100 - 249 miles 1,741 24.3 1,512 10.6 345 18.4 14 3.1 21.7 2.8 23.8 4.6
250 - 499 miles 506 7.1 1,176 8.3 637 34 22.4 1.3 30.9 1.6 35 4.7
500 - 749 miles 32 0.4 S S S S 19.3 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 46 0.3 66 3.5 S S 35.4 0.2 33.2 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,259 100 40,923 100 43,862 100 19.3 - 42.4 - 40.6 -
Less than 50 miles 27 0.8 248 0.6 6 - 30 0.8 36 0.7 45.2 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 198 6.1 1,313 3.2 524 1.2 43.2 4.5 31.4 2.6 43 2.5
250 - 499 miles 359 11 4,492 11 3,087 7 36.1 2.7 40.2 5.9 39.4 3.4
500 - 749 miles 771 23.7 S S S S 23.3 4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,148 35.2 13,274 32.4 17,310 39.5 41.2 7.5 39.2 6.6 38.3 5.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 519 15.9 1,643 4 2,770 6.3 24.1 4.9 30 2.3 29.3 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 212 6.5 313 0.8 726 1.7 38 3.6 21.3 0.8 21.8 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 4 0.1 S S S S 34.1 1.4 S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 106 100 S S S S 30.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 6 5.6 S S - 1.6 41.2 2.6 S S 49.4 9.9
500 - 749 miles 1 0.6 S S S S 44.1 0.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 49 46.5 S S S S 32.3 6.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 27 25.2 S S S S 40.6 5.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 20 19.2 - 7 - 15 36.6 3.8 49.5 9.5 49 10.8
More than 2,000 miles 3 2.9 S S S S 49.6 17.8 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,211 100 5,224 100 S S 30.3 - 30.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,578 49.2 2,335 44.7 S S 41 16.7 41 17.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 239 7.4 411 7.9 S S 47 5.2 42.7 5.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 1,025 31.9 1,910 36.6 S S 35.5 16.4 50 16.1 S S
250 - 499 miles S S 567 10.9 S S S S 36 10.3 S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,975 100 5,030 100 12,411 100 12.7 - 31.5 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles 54 2.7 21 0.4 - - 20.5 0.7 42 0.7 38 -
50 - 99 miles 95 4.8 3 0.1 - - 15.8 0.7 20 0.1 20.4 -
100 - 249 miles 322 16.3 50 1 21 0.2 15.3 2.1 24.4 2.2 42.2 1.2
250 - 499 miles 461 23.3 327 6.5 209 1.7 24.2 3.2 35 6.4 39.2 3.8
500 - 749 miles 205 10.4 3,354 66.7 9,101 73.3 23.3 2.1 40.4 15.1 42.1 17.6
750 - 999 miles 258 13.1 880 17.5 2,291 18.5 11.1 2.1 45.1 4.8 48.4 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 272 13.8 282 5.6 514 4.1 15.7 1.3 24.6 7.3 25.9 10.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 266 13.4 S S S S 16.7 1.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 43 2.2 13 0.3 35 0.3 30.8 0.9 45.1 0.3 44.1 0.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,402 100 42 100 35 100 12.3 - 16.1 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles 53 3.8 6 13.5 - 0.3 20.9 1 33.7 3.1 20 0.1
50 - 99 miles 95 6.8 3 8 - 1.1 15.8 1 20 1.4 20.4 0.3
100 - 249 miles 255 18.2 8 20.1 2 6 17 2 17.6 2.7 20.7 2
250 - 499 miles 299 21.3 6 13.9 3 8.7 29.2 4.3 22.4 2.3 21.6 2.6
500 - 749 miles 117 8.4 4 9.3 4 10.1 24.6 1.2 28.7 2 43.9 2.3
750 - 999 miles 186 13.3 5 12.3 6 18.2 13.1 2.2 30.2 3.4 31.6 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 149 10.6 4 9.4 7 20.6 22.8 1.5 34.8 1.8 36.2 5.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 212 15.1 5 12.5 11 31.6 16.8 1.7 34.7 2.2 33.9 4.5
More than 2,000 miles 36 2.6 - 1.1 1 3.4 31.2 1.1 36 0.3 33.4 0.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 443 100 1,047 100 1,393 100 10.4 - 14.3 - 21.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1 0.2 15 1.4 - - 27.3 0.4 24.5 1.9 23.7 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 67 15 42 4 19 1.4 31.9 8 8.6 3 38.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 74 16.6 217 20.7 133 9.6 30.7 5 32.5 7.1 32.3 5.9
500 - 749 miles 56 12.5 251 24 228 16.3 44.3 5.9 37.5 8.4 40.1 6.5
750 - 999 miles 64 14.5 142 13.6 S S 26.8 5.9 48.9 6.2 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 123 27.8 278 26.6 507 36.4 21.2 6 24.9 5 26.3 7.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 53 11.9 S S S S 40.5 6.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 6 1.4 12 1.1 32 2.3 36.6 1.6 27.9 0.8 25.7 1.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 41 100 3,837 100 10,908 100 6.9 - 8.5 - 8.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 32 78.7 3,099 80.8 8,870 81.3 11.5 7.6 14.3 8.6 14.3 8.5
750 - 999 miles 8 19.7 733 19.1 2,025 18.6 23.1 5.9 26.7 9.3 26.7 9.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 1.5 5 0.1 13 0.1 33.3 1.8 41.7 0.2 35 0.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 333 100 S S S S 29.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 230 69.2 S S S S 32.7 7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 4 - - 0.1 S S 35 3.5 37.1 3.3
100 - 249 miles 10 3 S S S S 43.3 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 26 7.8 S S S S 49.3 10.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.