Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 21,583 100 85,244 100 62,620 100 251 10.3 - 28 - 27.1 - 21.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,376 6.4 39 - 13 - 254 12.2 1.1 11.7 - 9.8 - 39.6
50 - 99 lbs 383 1.8 27 - 8 - 282 9.1 0.3 11.3 - 19.7 - 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,173 5.4 174 0.2 32 0.1 185 13 1.2 18.6 0.1 15.9 - 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 286 1.3 80 0.1 15 - 180 15.4 0.2 16.4 - 17 - 19
750 - 999 lbs 241 1.1 90 0.1 13 - 142 15.2 0.2 20.9 - 23.1 - 21.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,562 11.9 1,438 1.7 260 0.4 191 12.6 2 14.6 0.6 19 0.2 18.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,670 26.3 8,050 9.4 3,152 5 311 13.8 2.7 9.7 3 8.2 1.8 10.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,777 12.9 8,862 10.4 2,040 3.3 239 10.8 1.6 11.6 3.1 19.8 2 15.8
More than 100,000 lbs 7,114 33 66,486 78 57,088 91.2 1,004 25.2 5.4 35.4 6.5 29.4 3.7 8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19,274 100 67,920 100 49,650 100 167 10.9 - 30.7 - 36.3 - 18
Less than 50 lbs 444 2.3 20 - 2 - 138 22 0.5 22.4 - 16.3 - 31
50 - 99 lbs 186 1 17 - 1 - 79 16.1 0.3 16.9 - 11.6 - 18.9
100 - 499 lbs 845 4.4 153 0.2 20 - 125 13.7 1.2 19.2 0.1 13.9 - 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 250 1.3 74 0.1 10 - 135 16.7 0.2 17.7 0.1 15.2 - 9.3
750 - 999 lbs 231 1.2 88 0.1 11 - 128 15.1 0.3 21.1 0.1 18 - 19.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,491 12.9 1,409 2.1 246 0.5 189 12.8 2.2 14.5 0.9 19.2 0.3 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,635 29.2 8,010 11.8 3,143 6.3 311 13.8 2.9 9.8 4 8.3 3.4 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,755 14.3 8,775 12.9 2,001 4 238 10.9 1.9 11.6 3.8 19.8 2.2 16
More than 100,000 lbs 6,436 33.4 49,374 72.7 44,216 89.1 967 26.7 5.8 41.8 8.4 40.5 5.2 9.1

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,699 100 21,772 100 5,239 100 118 7.9 - 12.4 - 6.5 - 12.6
Less than 50 lbs 368 2.9 20 0.1 1 - 70 26.4 0.9 22.8 - 17.3 - 16.6
50 - 99 lbs 184 1.4 17 0.1 1 - 74 16.7 0.3 17.1 - 9.8 - 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 826 6.5 150 0.7 19 0.4 121 14.3 1.2 19.5 0.1 13.7 - 14.7
500 - 749 lbs 244 1.9 73 0.3 10 0.2 131 15.8 0.2 17 0.1 14.6 - 10.4
750 - 999 lbs 230 1.8 88 0.4 11 0.2 128 15.1 0.3 21 0.1 18 - 19.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,483 19.5 1,405 6.5 245 4.7 189 12.8 1.9 14.5 0.9 19.3 0.7 19.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,581 44 7,859 36.1 2,993 57.1 301 13.9 3.1 10.3 4.3 8.8 5.3 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,596 20.4 8,177 37.6 1,319 25.2 166 11.5 2 11.9 3.4 14.7 2.5 6.4
More than 100,000 lbs 186 1.5 S S 638 12.2 S 22.4 0.4 S S 41.1 5.1 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,524 100 7,568 100 3,362 100 285 14.4 - 10.2 - 8.8 - 20.8
Less than 50 lbs 34 0.6 S S 1 - S 45.1 0.6 S S 41.2 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S 2 - - - S S S 45.4 - 23.1 - S
100 - 499 lbs 302 5.5 15 0.2 5 0.2 335 34.3 1.7 26.1 0.1 27.6 - 29.7
500 - 749 lbs 67 1.2 6 0.1 2 0.1 346 49.4 0.5 26.2 - 22.8 - 24.3
750 - 999 lbs 67 1.2 10 0.1 4 0.1 385 27.5 0.4 29.5 - 33 - 27.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 676 12.2 150 2 85 2.5 641 29.9 3.1 22.2 0.6 37.8 0.9 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,099 56.1 3,424 45.2 2,358 70.1 639 19.9 4 11.2 3.8 11.2 3.4 8.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,205 21.8 3,797 50.2 792 23.6 216 18.5 2.8 16.8 3.4 15.7 3.2 11.4
More than 100,000 lbs 24 0.4 163 2.2 S S 718 39.9 0.7 43.7 2 S S 45.7

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,175 100 14,204 100 1,877 100 82 9.4 - 19.1 - 19.3 - 14
Less than 50 lbs 334 4.7 17 0.1 1 0.1 55 28.6 1.6 26.5 - 18 - 21.1
50 - 99 lbs 135 1.9 15 0.1 1 0.1 69 15.3 0.2 20.5 - 12.7 - 16.2
100 - 499 lbs 524 7.3 135 1 14 0.7 96 10.4 0.9 21.9 0.3 16.4 0.4 16.2
500 - 749 lbs 177 2.5 67 0.5 8 0.4 114 18.2 0.5 19 0.1 19.5 0.2 10.8
750 - 999 lbs 163 2.3 78 0.6 8 0.4 96 22.9 0.7 24.9 0.2 23.3 0.2 17.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,806 25.2 1,256 8.8 161 8.6 125 12.4 1.9 15.3 1.6 18.4 2.4 10.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,483 34.6 4,436 31.2 635 33.9 122 15.2 2.5 13.2 5.4 15.8 7.4 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,391 19.4 4,381 30.8 527 28.1 123 19 2.9 18.2 4.6 27.4 4.1 13
More than 100,000 lbs 162 2.3 S S S S 186 25.5 0.8 S S S S 28.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,259 100 40,923 100 43,862 100 997 19.3 - 42.4 - 40.6 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.1 S S - - S 48.3 0.3 S S 47.5 - S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 46 1.4 135 0.3 149 0.3 1,054 32.3 0.6 46 0.9 42.6 0.4 24.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 123 3.8 S S 679 1.5 1,346 49.2 3.9 S S 46.5 4.2 28
More than 100,000 lbs 3,082 94.6 40,264 98.4 43,034 98.1 1,126 19.6 2.8 42.9 3.4 41.1 2.8 6.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 106 100 S S S S 2,418 30.4 - S S S S 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 75 71.1 S S S S 2,508 26.8 9.2 S S S S 9.6
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,223 S S S S S S 17.2
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,282 S S S S S S 15.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,040 S S S S S S 32.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,211 100 5,224 100 S S S 30.3 - 30.4 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 3,168 98.7 5,127 98.2 S S S 30.1 0.5 30.2 0.8 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,975 100 5,030 100 12,411 100 S 12.7 - 31.5 - 35.9 - S
Less than 50 lbs 884 44.7 16 0.3 11 0.1 S 13.6 3.2 13.1 0.4 13.4 0.4 S
50 - 99 lbs 186 9.4 8 0.2 6 - 794 11.6 1.4 19.1 0.2 25.1 0.3 8.3
100 - 499 lbs 291 14.7 13 0.3 12 0.1 911 28.4 3 25.2 0.3 40.7 0.2 10.5
500 - 749 lbs 33 1.7 4 0.1 S S 1,046 49.5 0.9 34.4 0.1 S S 26.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,159 S S S S S S 42.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3 0.2 2 - 4 - 2,037 37.5 0.2 42.7 0.1 47.3 0.2 23.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 13 0.6 74 1.5 39 0.3 547 49.3 0.9 25.3 3.7 19 1.6 13.9
More than 100,000 lbs 557 28.2 4,913 97.7 12,333 99.4 1,488 17.9 1.8 32.4 2.8 36.2 1.5 7.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,402 100 42 100 35 100 S 12.3 - 16.1 - 24.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs 884 63 16 38.8 11 31.5 S 13.6 3.8 13.1 3.2 13.4 4.5 S
50 - 99 lbs 186 13.2 8 18.4 6 17.6 794 11.6 1.9 19.1 2 25.1 2.4 8.3
100 - 499 lbs 291 20.7 13 30.6 12 34.2 909 28.4 4.1 25.2 2.7 40.8 4.7 10.6
500 - 749 lbs 33 2.3 4 9.6 S S 1,046 49.5 1.3 34.4 3.2 S S 26.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,148 S S S S S S 45.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 443 100 1,047 100 1,393 100 1,316 10.4 - 14.3 - 21.2 - 7.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 1,199 S S S S 41.1 0.2 31.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 13 2.9 74 7 39 2.8 547 49.3 2.7 25.3 2.7 19 1.4 13.9
More than 100,000 lbs 428 96.6 972 92.9 1,352 97.1 1,447 10.8 1.6 14 2.1 21.2 1 8.6

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,627 S S S S S S 20.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 41 100 3,837 100 10,908 100 2,822 6.9 - 8.5 - 8.5 - 0.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 41 100 3,837 100 10,907 100 2,821 6.9 - 8.5 - 8.5 - 0.5

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 333 100 S S S S 56 29.3 - S S S S 37.6
Less than 50 lbs 49 14.7 2 - - - 50 39.8 5.5 24.9 1 29.7 0.6 11.6
50 - 99 lbs 11 3.4 2 - - - 44 29 1.7 29.1 0.9 27.3 0.6 17.2
100 - 499 lbs 36 10.9 8 0.1 - - 32 30.4 4.5 41.3 2.4 37.2 0.9 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 4 1.1 S S S S 85 36.5 1.4 S S S S 26.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 17
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 70 21 29 0.2 S S 289 32 7.4 39.6 10.3 S S 22.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 38 0.3 6 1.1 192 S S 30 14.2 45.9 15.5 27.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 13 0.1 - 0.1 31 S S 45.7 16.9 25.4 13.5 29
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.