Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 76,148 100 161,358 100 50,805 100 6.2 - 28.2 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles 15,614 20.5 99,467 61.6 1,908 3.8 14 2.6 45.8 6.2 30.5 1.1
50 - 99 miles 5,035 6.6 10,774 6.7 1,039 2 11.4 0.6 21.2 1.3 21.2 0.4
100 - 249 miles 10,931 14.4 12,138 7.5 2,577 5.1 12.2 1.1 9.7 1.9 9.1 1
250 - 499 miles 12,385 16.3 10,293 6.4 5,362 10.6 14.1 1.4 11.3 1.4 14.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,886 13 4,649 2.9 3,626 7.1 10.4 1.3 12.4 0.9 12.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 8,161 10.7 8,309 5.1 9,685 19.1 6.8 0.7 21 1.3 20.8 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,977 18.4 15,682 9.7 26,510 52.2 7.5 1.3 19.7 2.5 20.4 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 134 0.2 S S S S 44.3 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 26 - 1 - 4 - 46.9 - 49.7 - 32.8 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,621 100 156,931 100 46,702 100 6.1 - 28.8 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 14,712 23.1 98,781 62.9 1,892 4.1 14.3 2.9 46.2 6.2 30.9 1.3
50 - 99 miles 4,374 6.9 10,502 6.7 998 2.1 12.7 0.7 21.9 1.4 22.1 0.4
100 - 249 miles 9,788 15.4 11,969 7.6 2,536 5.4 12.7 1.5 9.7 2.1 9 1.4
250 - 499 miles 10,017 15.7 9,773 6.2 5,082 10.9 11.6 1.3 12.9 1.5 16.1 1.6
500 - 749 miles 7,818 12.3 3,997 2.5 3,094 6.6 10.6 1.5 12.4 0.8 13 2
750 - 999 miles 6,337 10 7,594 4.8 8,871 19 8.5 0.7 21.6 1.3 21.3 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,502 16.5 14,271 9.1 24,138 51.7 10.3 1.5 21.9 2.5 22.4 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 72 0.1 S S S S 49.6 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 56,836 100 131,667 100 14,568 100 6.8 - 34.3 - 4.5 -
Less than 50 miles 14,388 25.3 98,320 74.7 1,886 12.9 14.1 3.3 46.3 5.7 31 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4,267 7.5 9,985 7.6 949 6.5 13.2 0.9 21.3 1.6 21.3 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,538 16.8 11,189 8.5 2,350 16.1 13.1 1.6 9.5 2.4 9.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 9,258 16.3 6,010 4.6 2,724 18.7 13.2 1.4 6.8 1.3 7 1.1
500 - 749 miles 7,139 12.6 2,274 1.7 1,682 11.5 11.7 1.6 14.5 0.7 14.4 1.3
750 - 999 miles 4,903 8.6 1,576 1.2 1,638 11.2 10.4 0.9 11.3 0.4 10.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,296 12.8 2,294 1.7 3,305 22.7 14.5 1.6 12.5 0.7 13 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 18 - 34 0.2 S S 45.9 - 46.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 39,669 100 54,361 100 11,647 100 8.3 - 14.3 - 5.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,494 11.3 30,764 56.6 739 6.3 13.7 1.7 23.9 6 23.9 1.6
50 - 99 miles 1,869 4.7 5,386 9.9 517 4.4 13 0.8 19.4 1.3 19.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 6,075 15.3 7,226 13.3 1,571 13.5 17.5 2.2 13.9 2.9 13.2 1.7
250 - 499 miles 8,051 20.3 4,929 9.1 2,278 19.6 12.9 1.3 6.4 1.6 6.4 1
500 - 749 miles 7,107 17.9 2,244 4.1 1,662 14.3 11.5 2 13.9 1.1 13.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 4,837 12.2 1,545 2.8 1,607 13.8 10.7 1 10.7 0.6 10.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,189 18.1 2,248 4.1 3,239 27.8 14.7 1.9 12.8 1.2 13.3 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 18 - 34 0.3 S S 45.9 - 46.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,167 100 S S 2,922 100 13.2 - S S 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 9,895 57.6 S S 1,146 39.2 15.5 4.8 S S 44.4 6.9
50 - 99 miles 2,398 14 4,599 5.9 432 14.8 18.1 1.5 30.4 3.7 29.6 3.7
100 - 249 miles 3,463 20.2 3,963 5.1 779 26.7 16.7 2.7 12.6 2.6 12.3 4.8
250 - 499 miles 1,207 7 1,081 1.4 445 15.2 21.8 1.4 13.4 0.7 13.2 2.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 107 0.6 46 0.1 65 2.2 39.9 0.3 37.7 0.1 37.5 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,618 100 25,212 100 32,123 100 12.6 - 19 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles 310 4.7 415 1.6 6 - 30.8 1.8 34.8 0.8 31.1 -
50 - 99 miles 107 1.6 517 2 49 0.2 38.3 1.7 39.5 5.5 41.4 0.6
100 - 249 miles 248 3.7 780 3.1 186 0.6 24.7 1.8 20.1 3.4 20.8 0.7
250 - 499 miles 731 11 3,762 14.9 2,357 7.3 20.7 1.9 32.1 3.6 33.5 2
500 - 749 miles 674 10.2 1,723 6.8 1,412 4.4 20.8 3.2 26.3 2.7 27.3 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,411 21.3 6,018 23.9 7,231 22.5 24.2 3.6 26.4 4.6 25.6 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,114 47.1 11,973 47.5 20,827 64.8 18.1 5.4 26.9 5.9 26.8 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 153 100 7 100 10 100 24.6 - 41.1 - 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 5 3.5 - 2.1 - 1.7 25.4 3.5 43.3 3.5 47.7 2.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 92 60.3 5 70.5 7 67.7 34.5 14.2 48.3 12.8 49.4 12
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,025 100 3,193 100 3,658 100 16.6 - 19.9 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 372 3.4 27 0.8 1 - 25.3 1.2 27.9 0.6 30.1 -
50 - 99 miles 646 5.9 S S S S 38 2.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,075 9.8 101 3.2 26 0.7 19.1 1.5 33.8 1.5 36.3 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,885 17.1 400 12.5 229 6.2 22.7 1.7 32.6 5.3 31.2 3.4
500 - 749 miles 1,792 16.3 490 15.3 419 11.5 21.5 1.9 30 4.3 30.6 3.4
750 - 999 miles 1,737 15.8 670 21 772 21.1 23.7 2.6 32.6 6 32.7 6.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,431 31.1 1,253 39.2 2,167 59.2 20.4 2.4 26.3 7.2 26.9 7.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - 2 0.1 S S 37.5 0.3 37 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 24 0.2 S S 3 0.1 49.2 0.3 S S 36.4 0.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,858 100 818 100 789 100 17.4 - 40.6 - 42.3 -
Less than 50 miles 367 3.7 16 1.9 - 0.1 25.7 1.6 26.2 1.5 35.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles 609 6.2 11 1.3 1 0.1 38.8 3.2 30.7 2.5 31.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 1,042 10.6 35 4.3 8 1 20 1.7 23.8 1.8 24.7 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,827 18.5 S S S S 23.5 1.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,671 16.9 148 18.1 113 14.4 22.5 2 48 1.6 47.6 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,551 15.7 179 21.9 191 24.2 24.2 2.8 48.5 2.8 47.3 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,705 27.4 269 32.9 384 48.7 23.7 3.3 42.8 3.5 43.7 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 0.2 2 0.3 S S 37.5 0.6 37 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 24 0.2 S S 3 0.4 49.2 0.3 S S 36.4 2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,147 100 2,372 100 2,859 100 15.9 - 16.8 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5 0.5 11 0.5 - - 25.9 0.5 29.1 0.4 27.9 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 34 3 66 2.8 19 0.6 37.5 6.5 46.6 3.1 45.9 1
250 - 499 miles 58 5.1 243 10.2 143 5 26.5 5.9 28.5 12.9 22.1 10.3
500 - 749 miles 121 10.6 342 14.4 306 10.7 31.6 3.4 32.3 6.6 33.6 5.4
750 - 999 miles 186 16.2 491 20.7 581 20.3 42.4 7 41 7.3 40.1 7.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 706 61.5 980 41.3 1,773 62 24.6 9.7 29 11.7 29.9 10.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,503 100 1,234 100 444 100 41.3 - 44 - 45.8 -
Less than 50 miles 530 35.2 659 53.4 15 3.4 24 10.7 43.9 8.3 49.2 2.9
50 - 99 miles 16 1 S S S S 37.4 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 68 4.5 S S S S 41.5 4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 43 2.9 158 12.8 205 46 35.1 3.1 47.8 9.1 47.3 11.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.