Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 76,148 100 161,358 100 50,805 100 895 6.2 - 28.2 - 13 - 10.5
Less than 50 lbs 9,751 12.8 713 0.4 614 1.2 962 18.4 2.1 40 0.3 42.8 0.9 9
50 - 99 lbs 1,930 2.5 168 0.1 S S 923 22.1 0.6 43.6 - S S 20.3
100 - 499 lbs 4,480 5.9 552 0.3 138 0.3 262 15.9 0.9 12.6 0.1 13 0.1 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,485 1.9 277 0.2 63 0.1 224 13.1 0.3 10.8 - 14.7 - 27
750 - 999 lbs 917 1.2 233 0.1 62 0.1 261 8.1 0.1 6.9 - 20.8 - 21
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,570 12.6 3,997 2.5 985 1.9 254 10.4 1.3 13.3 0.7 11.6 0.4 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34,763 45.7 55,741 34.5 9,895 19.5 183 13.3 3.7 41.8 4.3 10.9 5.7 26.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,685 7.5 67,678 41.9 3,968 7.8 60 16.7 1.2 33.4 3.7 16.1 1 19.2
More than 100,000 lbs 7,567 9.9 32,000 19.8 34,931 68.8 1,010 10.5 1.2 14.7 4 19.7 6.4 8.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,621 100 156,931 100 46,702 100 205 6.1 - 28.8 - 14.3 - 13
Less than 50 lbs 1,903 3 61 - 11 - 238 42 1.2 26.7 - 48.8 - 26.5
50 - 99 lbs 634 1 55 - 8 - 135 23.8 0.2 18.5 - 19.4 - 17.1
100 - 499 lbs 3,729 5.9 493 0.3 99 0.2 199 21.1 1.2 14.1 0.1 14.7 - 12.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,409 2.2 265 0.2 56 0.1 205 14.6 0.3 11.8 - 12.6 - 24.9
750 - 999 lbs 914 1.4 231 0.1 61 0.1 263 8 0.2 6.6 - 20.9 0.1 20.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,286 14.6 3,903 2.5 960 2.1 253 10.1 1.3 13.6 0.8 11.8 0.5 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 33,232 52.2 55,115 35.1 9,405 20.1 175 12.5 4.2 42.3 4.5 9.9 7 26.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,668 8.9 67,590 43.1 3,877 8.3 59 16.8 1.4 33.4 3.5 16.8 1.2 19.6
More than 100,000 lbs 6,844 10.8 29,218 18.6 32,225 69 1,004 11.5 1.2 16.2 4 20.9 7.5 8.7

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 56,836 100 131,667 100 14,568 100 161 6.8 - 34.3 - 4.5 - 15.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,830 3.2 59 - S S 144 42.9 1.3 27.2 - S S 20
50 - 99 lbs 617 1.1 55 - 7 - 118 25.1 0.2 18.9 - 19.9 - 15.9
100 - 499 lbs 3,686 6.5 490 0.4 96 0.7 190 21.2 1.3 14.2 0.1 15.2 0.1 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,357 2.4 261 0.2 54 0.4 200 14.4 0.3 11.7 - 14 0.1 26.1
750 - 999 lbs 908 1.6 230 0.2 61 0.4 261 8 0.2 6.6 - 21.2 0.1 21.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,256 16.3 3,901 3 958 6.6 253 10.1 1.5 13.6 1.1 11.9 0.7 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 32,802 57.7 54,842 41.7 8,998 61.8 169 12.6 4.1 42.6 4 9.7 4.1 26
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,599 9.9 67,487 51.3 3,805 26.1 58 16.9 1.6 33.4 4.4 17 4.3 20.2
More than 100,000 lbs 780 1.4 4,343 3.3 582 4 126 22.4 0.4 16.4 0.9 33 1.2 19.4

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 39,669 100 54,361 100 11,647 100 360 8.3 - 14.3 - 5.7 - 11.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 289 S S S S S S 14
50 - 99 lbs 307 0.8 14 - 4 - 303 43.7 0.4 29.8 - 24.5 - 13.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,547 3.9 131 0.2 74 0.6 540 16.3 1 18.7 0.1 17.4 0.1 9.1
500 - 749 lbs 539 1.4 70 0.1 42 0.4 609 18.2 0.2 18.8 - 18.6 0.1 11
750 - 999 lbs 444 1.1 70 0.1 47 0.4 657 22.6 0.2 25.3 0.1 29.9 0.1 8.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,374 13.5 1,273 2.3 751 6.4 628 10.7 1.5 10.7 0.5 13.1 0.7 6.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,255 66.2 17,638 32.4 7,801 67 465 15 4.9 13 6.2 10.9 4.1 8.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,480 8.8 33,594 61.8 2,445 21 75 16.1 1.8 22.2 6.3 17.6 3.8 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 513 1.3 1,549 2.9 477 4.1 S 31.3 0.7 41.4 1.1 29.8 1.6 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,167 100 S S 2,922 100 49 13.2 - S S 14.2 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 620 3.6 37 - 2 0.1 38 29.5 1 21.1 - 33.7 - 16.1
50 - 99 lbs 309 1.8 41 0.1 2 0.1 57 18.3 0.3 23.9 - 33.7 - 16.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,140 12.5 359 0.5 22 0.7 59 33 2.3 16.5 0.2 19 0.2 10.4
500 - 749 lbs 818 4.8 191 0.2 11 0.4 58 27.2 0.8 17.3 0.1 16.3 0.1 10
750 - 999 lbs 465 2.7 160 0.2 14 0.5 87 17.5 0.4 12.6 0.1 18.2 0.1 12.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,882 22.6 2,628 3.4 207 7.1 76 19.4 3.2 17.5 2 28.5 2.5 11.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,547 38.1 S S 1,197 41 34 14.3 2.9 S S 26.4 5.9 39.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,119 12.3 33,893 43.8 1,361 46.6 41 20.5 2.3 50 3.9 19.5 7.2 32.1
More than 100,000 lbs 267 1.6 2,793 3.6 106 3.6 36 28.3 0.6 25.4 2.2 43.4 2 25.8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,618 100 25,212 100 32,123 100 1,112 12.6 - 19 - 21.5 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 - S S S S S 44.8 - S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 - S S S S S 36.2 0.1 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 430 6.5 S S S S 1,432 35.3 2 S S S S 17.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 55 0.8 58 0.2 71 0.2 1,227 37 1.7 42.8 0.7 47.2 1.2 22.2
More than 100,000 lbs 6,064 91.6 24,875 98.7 31,642 98.5 1,230 12.5 1.7 19 0.4 21.4 0.6 6.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 153 100 7 100 10 100 1,369 24.6 - 41.1 - 45.1 - 8.8
Less than 50 lbs 73 47.8 S S S S 1,364 45.7 13.2 S S S S 9.3
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,392 S S S S S S 13.7
100 - 499 lbs 32 21.1 S S S S 1,485 39.6 14.8 S S S S 15.3
500 - 749 lbs S S - 2.4 S S 1,997 S S 39.2 13.5 S S 21.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 1 5.9 1,107 S S S S 49.9 13.4 14.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 16.2 S S 1,636 S S 39 14.5 S S 17.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,025 100 3,193 100 3,658 100 1,020 16.6 - 19.9 - 18.7 - 5.4
Less than 50 lbs 7,805 70.8 649 20.3 603 16.5 1,014 18.9 4.4 44.2 6.3 43.6 6.1 5.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,281 11.6 S S S S 1,286 28.7 1.8 S S S S 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 708 6.4 49 1.5 38 1 777 25.8 3.2 17.6 1.4 23.5 1.3 4.8
500 - 749 lbs 63 0.6 8 0.2 7 0.2 929 32.6 0.4 38.2 0.5 46.8 0.4 18.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,612 S S S S S S 5.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 467 4.2 193 6 261 7.1 1,453 21.9 1.6 23.7 1.5 26.3 2.1 8.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 - 16 0.5 S S S 42.5 0.1 46.3 0.9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 670 6.1 2,165 67.8 2,592 70.9 1,240 21.1 1.1 16.8 8.9 17.7 9.2 7.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,858 100 818 100 789 100 1,020 17.4 - 40.6 - 42.3 - 5.4
Less than 50 lbs 7,804 79.2 649 79.4 603 76.3 1,014 18.9 4.3 44.2 8 43.6 7.9 5.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,281 13 S S S S 1,286 28.7 1.9 S S S S 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 707 7.2 49 6 38 4.8 775 25.8 3.7 17.6 6.5 23.6 6.2 4.8
500 - 749 lbs 63 0.6 8 0.9 7 0.9 929 32.6 0.5 38.2 2.1 46.8 2.4 18.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,147 100 2,372 100 2,859 100 1,177 15.9 - 16.8 - 17.6 - 10.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 21.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 1 0.1 S S S S 1,668 20.7 0.1 S S S S 3.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,612 S S S S S S 5.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 447 39 190 8 252 8.8 1,435 24.5 9.2 24.6 9.7 28.3 9.7 8.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 0.3 16 0.7 S S S 42.5 0.4 46.3 0.9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 670 58.4 2,165 91.3 2,592 90.7 1,240 21.1 8.9 16.8 9.7 17.7 9.6 7.9

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,503 100 1,234 100 444 100 88 41.3 - 44 - 45.8 - 46.5
Less than 50 lbs 43 2.8 2 0.2 - - S 39.5 4.9 27.4 0.3 36.8 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 15 1 2 0.1 - - 33 28.9 0.5 27 0.1 39 - 49
100 - 499 lbs 42 2.8 10 0.8 - 0.1 50 34.2 2.7 33.9 1 49.2 0.2 22.5
500 - 749 lbs 13 0.9 S S S S S 42.5 0.7 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 13 S S 47.1 0.8 S S 31.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 259 17.3 92 7.4 21 4.8 250 26.7 8.5 23.8 7.9 29 12.2 44.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 497 S S S S S S 26.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,085 S S S S S S 23.9
More than 100,000 lbs 53 3.5 617 50 S S S 35.9 6.1 42.9 8.3 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.