Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53,126 100 62,780 100 9,531 100 8 - 15.2 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 16,021 30.2 46,815 74.6 611 6.4 7 1.8 18.7 3.5 15.6 1.4
50 - 99 miles 2,081 3.9 2,905 4.6 350 3.7 22.8 1 27.2 1.1 26.1 1.5
100 - 249 miles 11,158 21 4,671 7.4 1,142 12 22.4 3.1 18.7 1.2 17.7 1
250 - 499 miles 10,005 18.8 5,197 8.3 2,515 26.4 12 2.3 19.6 1.7 19.1 2.8
500 - 749 miles 3,472 6.5 794 1.3 697 7.3 13.9 0.6 8.8 0.2 9.1 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,662 3.1 796 1.3 1,067 11.2 28.3 1.2 18.8 0.4 20.2 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,105 4 S S S S 20.5 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,178 6 451 0.7 936 9.8 13.6 0.8 14 0.2 14.6 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 3,443 6.5 359 0.6 926 9.7 20.2 1.1 20.3 0.2 21.8 1.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 42,251 100 59,717 100 8,517 100 9 - 15.8 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles 14,727 34.9 44,812 75 586 6.9 7.2 2.8 19.5 3.4 15.6 1.5
50 - 99 miles 1,930 4.6 2,622 4.4 317 3.7 24.9 1.2 27.2 1.2 24.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,721 23 4,579 7.7 1,117 13.1 26.2 3.8 18.9 1.2 17.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 7,699 18.2 4,871 8.2 2,335 27.4 12.4 2.2 19.9 1.7 19.3 3
500 - 749 miles 2,600 6.2 750 1.3 658 7.7 17.8 0.7 9.2 0.2 9.7 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,365 3.2 744 1.2 992 11.6 33.3 1.5 20.3 0.3 21.6 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,048 2.5 S S S S 29.7 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,717 4.1 401 0.7 826 9.7 17.5 0.9 17.3 0.2 18.1 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,443 3.4 190 0.3 481 5.7 25.9 0.7 18 0.1 18.6 1

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 41,574 100 58,724 100 7,751 100 9.4 - 16.1 - 18 -
Less than 50 miles 14,720 35.4 44,812 76.3 585 7.6 7.2 2.9 19.5 3.2 15.6 1.5
50 - 99 miles 1,930 4.6 2,622 4.5 317 4.1 24.9 1.2 27.2 1.2 24.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,635 23.2 4,429 7.5 1,066 13.8 26.5 3.8 18.3 1.2 16.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 7,541 18.1 4,283 7.3 2,046 26.4 12.4 2.2 20 1.4 19.1 2.9
500 - 749 miles 2,578 6.2 725 1.2 637 8.2 18 0.7 8.7 0.2 9.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,294 3.1 563 1 688 8.9 31.1 1.4 20.1 0.2 21.7 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,026 2.5 S S S S 30.4 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,535 3.7 380 0.6 782 10.1 21.5 0.9 18.8 0.2 19.8 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,316 3.2 183 0.3 461 6 29 0.7 19 0.1 19.6 1.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,182 100 15,117 100 5,910 100 14.3 - 16 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,480 6.1 5,682 37.6 118 2 21.5 1.2 29.6 4.6 24 0.5
50 - 99 miles 1,273 5.3 1,489 9.9 219 3.7 34.6 2.1 24.9 3.9 29.4 1.8
100 - 249 miles 8,186 33.9 2,657 17.6 662 11.2 31.2 5.4 15.6 2.3 14 1.4
250 - 499 miles 6,368 26.3 3,022 20 1,485 25.1 12.7 3.9 18.5 3.1 17.8 3.1
500 - 749 miles 2,003 8.3 496 3.3 436 7.4 24.8 1.1 10.2 0.6 9.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,176 4.9 514 3.4 634 10.7 35.7 2.1 23.6 0.9 24.9 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 904 3.7 S S S S 29.8 0.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,480 6.1 375 2.5 773 13.1 22.6 1.9 19.5 0.7 20.4 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,312 5.4 182 1.2 461 7.8 29.1 1.3 19.1 0.4 19.7 1.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,392 100 43,607 100 1,841 100 7.9 - 20.4 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,240 76.1 39,130 89.7 467 25.4 8.1 3.2 22.3 2.4 16.8 6.4
50 - 99 miles 656 3.8 1,133 2.6 99 5.4 14.8 0.5 45.4 0.8 39.1 1
100 - 249 miles 1,449 8.3 1,772 4.1 405 22 19.5 1.4 28.5 1.2 25.9 3.7
250 - 499 miles 1,173 6.7 1,260 2.9 561 30.5 19.6 1.3 32.1 1 30.7 5.1
500 - 749 miles 574 3.3 229 0.5 201 10.9 27.5 0.9 25 0.2 25.4 3
750 - 999 miles 118 0.7 49 0.1 54 2.9 38.1 0.3 42.4 0.1 43.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 122 0.7 27 0.1 45 2.4 49.1 0.3 28.4 - 30.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 47 100 964 100 723 100 31.2 - 25.1 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S 50 7 S S S S 4.3 20
250 - 499 miles 15 32 577 59.9 283 39.2 33.6 7.9 31.7 8.1 32.6 7.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 19.9 181 18.7 304 42.1 21 15.3 22.3 13.8 20.4 14.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 1.3 S S S S 34 10.3 S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 630 100 S S 43 100 30.5 - S S 49.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 75 12 S S S S 33.7 6.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 144 22.8 S S S S 40.6 4.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 18 2.8 - 1.6 S S 29.7 0.8 47.2 1.9 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 22 3.5 S S S S 41 1.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 177 28.1 S S S S 38.8 6.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 126 20.1 3 9.2 7 16.2 42.9 4.4 46.2 8.1 46.6 11.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,783 100 1,005 100 947 100 14.6 - 27.3 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles 470 4.8 S S - - 24.1 2.4 S S 37.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 89 0.9 S S S S 40.6 0.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,377 14.1 67 6.7 S S 20.8 1.4 43 2.2 S S
250 - 499 miles 2,271 23.2 308 30.7 172 18.1 18.9 3.3 44 7.6 36.9 4.8
500 - 749 miles 811 8.3 31 3.1 28 2.9 11.1 0.9 21.3 2.7 23.2 2.8
750 - 999 miles 295 3 S S S S 27.3 0.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,047 10.7 43 4.3 82 8.7 33.1 1.8 27.2 1.4 28.5 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,447 14.8 50 5 110 11.6 19 1.9 23.8 1.5 24.3 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,977 20.2 163 16.2 431 45.5 27.4 3.3 35.1 6.7 35.4 7.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,577 100 274 100 300 100 15 - 13.4 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles 470 4.9 S S - 0.1 24.1 2.4 S S 37.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 86 0.9 4 1.3 - 0.1 42.2 0.3 35.7 0.5 33.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,377 14.4 38 13.8 9 3.1 20.8 1.5 15.9 1.8 18.7 0.7
250 - 499 miles 2,253 23.5 72 26.2 40 13.2 19 3.3 15.2 4.2 16.4 3.8
500 - 749 miles 811 8.5 31 11.4 28 9.3 11.1 1 21.3 2.3 23.2 3.2
750 - 999 miles 289 3 10 3.6 12 3.9 28.1 0.4 23.3 0.5 23.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,030 10.8 28 10.2 50 16.6 33.7 1.8 46 2.5 49.5 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,433 15 29 10.4 58 19.4 19.2 1.9 28 2.1 28.5 3
More than 2,000 miles 1,827 19.1 39 14.2 103 34.2 29.3 3.3 39 2.8 39.4 3.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 50 100 649 100 400 100 26.5 - 43 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 132 33 S S S S 41.8 11.3
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13 26.4 S S S S 23.7 13.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13 25.8 22 3.3 51 12.9 34.5 10.2 27.1 14 28.2 12.7
More than 2,000 miles 6 12.4 S S S S 30.7 6.8 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 150 100 36 100 98 100 43.9 - 26.8 - 27.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - 0.2 - 0.1 - 0.1 6.5 2.1 4.5 2.7 4.5 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 138 91.9 35 98.3 97 98.6 44.9 2.5 27 0.9 27.4 0.5

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3 100 46 100 148 100 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 3 100 46 100 148 100 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,092 100 S S 68 100 38.5 - S S 33.3 -
Less than 50 miles 823 75.4 S S S S 49.4 9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 17 0.8 2 2.8 S S 47.7 2.5 48.6 3.2
100 - 249 miles 60 5.5 S S S S 38.1 4.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 35 3.2 S S S S 26.9 4.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9 0.9 1 - 1 1.5 40.1 1.3 40.8 0.8 42.8 8.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.