Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53,126 100 62,780 100 9,531 100 864 8 - 15.2 - 16.4 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs 7,758 14.6 184 0.3 152 1.6 1,132 10.8 1.6 10.3 0.1 28.3 0.4 13.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,014 3.8 125 0.2 45 0.5 351 9.7 0.6 8.4 - 12.1 0.1 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 6,736 12.7 740 1.2 207 2.2 281 11.1 1.5 9.3 0.2 17.5 0.4 10.2
500 - 749 lbs 2,412 4.5 362 0.6 74 0.8 200 16.4 0.4 11.3 0.1 14.2 0.2 16.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,506 2.8 300 0.5 71 0.7 237 22.2 0.5 14.9 0.1 19.2 0.2 18.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,212 28.6 4,112 6.5 768 8.1 178 17.7 3.7 8.9 1.5 17.1 1.6 13.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,162 26.7 37,391 59.6 4,226 44.3 125 17.9 3.3 24.2 4.5 8.8 4.6 22.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,944 5.5 14,780 23.5 2,474 26 181 16.8 0.8 17.2 3 38.6 4.1 15.1
More than 100,000 lbs 382 0.7 4,785 7.6 1,514 15.9 377 33.5 0.3 19 1.4 28.1 3.1 27.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 42,251 100 59,717 100 8,517 100 181 9 - 15.8 - 17.5 - 11.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,582 3.7 61 0.1 11 0.1 234 9.6 0.7 9.9 - 17.8 - 23.4
50 - 99 lbs 717 1.7 73 0.1 8 0.1 109 13.2 0.3 7.4 - 22 - 28
100 - 499 lbs 4,608 10.9 617 1 96 1.1 150 8.2 1.5 10.1 0.2 8.5 0.2 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,050 4.9 353 0.6 60 0.7 166 17.2 0.5 11.6 0.1 16.7 0.2 18.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,426 3.4 289 0.5 67 0.8 232 22 0.7 15.6 0.1 20.9 0.2 19.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,937 35.4 4,027 6.7 736 8.6 176 17.6 4.4 8.8 1.5 17.4 1.8 14.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,666 32.3 36,604 61.3 4,028 47.3 118 18.8 4 24.9 4.5 9.2 5 22.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,929 6.9 13,832 23.2 2,463 28.9 192 17 0.9 18.4 3.2 38.8 4.5 14
More than 100,000 lbs 336 0.8 3,862 6.5 1,047 12.3 322 38 0.3 23.8 1.6 33.6 3.1 22.4

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 41,574 100 58,724 100 7,751 100 143 9.4 - 16.1 - 18 - 10.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,334 3.2 58 0.1 7 0.1 140 12.2 0.6 10.8 - 21 - 22.9
50 - 99 lbs 660 1.6 73 0.1 8 0.1 101 14.7 0.3 7.3 - 23.2 - 29.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,433 10.7 615 1 93 1.2 144 7.1 1.4 10.2 0.2 8.3 0.2 11.6
500 - 749 lbs 2,046 4.9 353 0.6 60 0.8 166 17.2 0.5 11.6 0.1 16.8 0.2 18.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,411 3.4 288 0.5 65 0.8 224 22.4 0.7 15.6 0.1 21.8 0.2 20.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,816 35.6 4,005 6.8 704 9.1 168 17.8 4.5 8.9 1.6 18.3 2.2 12.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,656 32.8 36,590 62.3 4,023 51.9 118 18.8 4 24.9 4.3 9.2 4.3 22.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,928 7 13,778 23.5 2,442 31.5 191 17 0.9 18.3 3.3 38.8 4.6 14
More than 100,000 lbs 290 0.7 2,965 5 S S 138 41.4 0.3 29.7 1.5 S S 26.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,182 100 15,117 100 5,910 100 654 14.3 - 16 - 19.4 - 11.1
Less than 50 lbs 255 1.1 8 0.1 4 0.1 702 24.8 0.3 29.4 - 36.6 - 15.2
50 - 99 lbs 157 0.7 6 - 4 0.1 671 30.2 0.2 16.7 - 25.5 - 19.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,770 7.3 106 0.7 68 1.2 649 16 1.4 17.6 0.2 11.5 0.2 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 929 3.8 70 0.5 52 0.9 740 37.8 0.8 13.2 0.1 19.4 0.3 11.9
750 - 999 lbs 838 3.5 69 0.5 58 1 834 31.2 1.3 21 0.1 23.7 0.3 12.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,173 37.9 790 5.2 552 9.3 688 28.7 7.1 6.8 0.8 20.3 2.6 14.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,966 37.1 6,265 41.4 3,108 52.6 524 26.5 5.7 14.6 2.7 9.9 4.9 8.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,065 8.5 6,605 43.7 1,911 32.3 308 17.2 1.7 17.5 2.9 44.8 5 17.2
More than 100,000 lbs 31 0.1 S S S S S 40.4 0.1 S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,392 100 43,607 100 1,841 100 43 7.9 - 20.4 - 17.4 - 17.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,079 6.2 50 0.1 2 0.1 44 14.3 1.2 12.5 - 40.4 0.1 22.7
50 - 99 lbs 502 2.9 67 0.2 3 0.2 S 13.2 0.3 8.5 - 44.2 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 2,663 15.3 509 1.2 25 1.4 46 11.2 2 12 0.3 21.6 0.7 23.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,117 6.4 283 0.6 8 0.4 29 13.3 0.8 14 0.2 12.5 0.1 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 573 3.3 219 0.5 7 0.4 31 17.9 0.5 18 0.2 19.8 0.1 15.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,644 32.4 3,214 7.4 153 8.3 40 17 3 11.9 2.3 16.9 1.7 11.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,690 27 30,324 69.5 914 49.6 34 9.2 1.9 29.4 5.3 17.5 5 25.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 863 5 7,174 16.5 532 28.9 83 28.8 1.3 24.7 3.7 28.3 5.1 17.5
More than 100,000 lbs 260 1.5 1,767 4.1 197 10.7 91 42.9 0.7 24.1 1 41.6 2.5 22.3

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 47 100 964 100 723 100 713 31.2 - 25.1 - 26.9 - 28.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1 2.3 53 5.5 20 2.8 384 23.2 16.8 16.9 18.1 7.1 10 10.4
More than 100,000 lbs 46 96.9 897 93 697 96.5 822 32.4 4.4 27.9 5.5 28.6 3.2 23.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 630 100 S S 43 100 1,675 30.5 - S S 49.9 - 6.3
Less than 50 lbs 248 39.4 3 9 4 10.5 1,706 32.9 10.6 38.2 11.2 47.5 10.8 7.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 1.9 S S 1,212 S S 45.8 1.4 S S 15.1
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 3 7.6 1,597 S S S S 49.5 11 10
500 - 749 lbs 3 0.5 S S S S S 43.9 9.6 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 4 3 5.9 2,156 S S 33 5.2 36.5 7.1 10.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,311 S S S S S S 29.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,783 100 1,005 100 947 100 1,392 14.6 - 27.3 - 21.8 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 5,993 61.3 118 11.7 140 14.8 1,425 15 4.1 15.5 4.3 31.3 2.9 10
50 - 99 lbs 1,225 12.5 44 4.4 37 3.9 827 12.6 3 17.5 3.3 14.5 2.7 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,985 20.3 99 9.8 110 11.6 1,080 33.9 2.9 21.4 5.2 35.4 4.2 9.8
500 - 749 lbs S S 8 0.8 14 1.4 1,716 S S 35.7 0.7 49.6 1 17.1
750 - 999 lbs 39 0.4 S S 4 0.4 S 44.2 0.5 S S 39.2 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 9 0.9 25 2.6 2,657 S S 43 1.7 43.4 4.7 3.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 131 1.3 64 6.3 160 16.9 2,596 47.1 0.9 28.5 3.3 29.2 6.8 3.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 22 0.2 650 64.6 454 48 928 38.8 0.2 36.4 10 21.4 7.6 49.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,577 100 274 100 300 100 1,391 15 - 13.4 - 26.9 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 5,993 62.6 118 43 140 46.8 1,425 15 4.1 15.5 4.3 31.3 4.8 10
50 - 99 lbs 1,225 12.8 44 16.1 37 12.2 827 12.6 3.1 17.5 2.9 14.5 3.2 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,974 20.6 98 35.7 106 35.3 1,062 34.1 2.9 20.8 3.8 33.8 3.9 9.5
500 - 749 lbs S S 8 2.8 S S 1,705 S S 36.4 1 S S 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 39 0.4 S S 4 1.2 S 44.2 0.5 S S 39.2 0.7 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 50 100 649 100 400 100 1,052 26.5 - 43 - 31.1 - 22.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,538 S S S S S S 43.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 28 55.5 38 5.9 90 22.6 2,330 30.5 12.9 39.2 17.5 41.1 15.4 4.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 19 38.9 604 93 306 76.5 S 46.8 13.4 41.4 3.5 26.6 7.5 S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 150 100 36 100 98 100 2,767 43.9 - 26.8 - 27.7 - 2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,850 S S S S S S 15
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.4 - 0.3 2,448 S S 43.7 4.4 32.6 3.8 16.1
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,694 S S S S S S 1.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 26 71.1 70 71.1 2,752 S S 37.6 14.6 39.2 15.4 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3 100 46 100 148 100 3,240 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 - 0.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 3 100 46 100 148 100 3,240 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 - 0.6

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,092 100 S S 68 100 S 38.5 - S S 33.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 183 16.7 6 0.3 - 0.4 S 35.1 4.1 27.2 1.5 43.3 1.3 S
50 - 99 lbs 71 6.5 8 0.4 - 0.2 14 41.9 2.8 39.4 1.4 37.2 0.3 33
100 - 499 lbs 144 13.2 24 1.2 S S 27 47.3 3.8 43.1 2 S S 14.6
500 - 749 lbs 14 1.3 2 0.1 - 0.1 S 47.7 2 43.6 0.6 38.3 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 235 21.5 S S 8 11.3 S 40 6.3 S S 21.6 12.2 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 38 56.2 S S S S S 45.5 12.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15 1.4 S S S S 8 49.3 8.4 S S S S 31.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.