Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 38,482 100 32,678 100 3,311 100 5.1 - 9.7 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,494 27.3 25,077 76.7 512 15.5 6.4 1.9 10.6 2.1 12.9 1.8
50 - 99 miles 4,659 12.1 3,551 10.9 359 10.9 11.5 1.2 14.3 0.9 16.1 1.5
100 - 249 miles 6,662 17.3 2,332 7.1 479 14.5 10.9 1.6 11.9 1 12.7 1.3
250 - 499 miles 4,005 10.4 544 1.7 244 7.4 18.6 1.8 19.5 0.4 19.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,063 5.4 314 1 254 7.7 7.4 0.4 13.4 0.2 12.9 0.8
750 - 999 miles 3,656 9.5 323 1 336 10.2 18.7 1.3 28.9 0.2 28 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,606 6.8 248 0.8 357 10.8 10.1 0.6 19.7 0.2 20.6 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,386 3.6 110 0.3 228 6.9 13.5 0.4 24.4 0.1 25.4 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 2,951 7.7 178 0.5 543 16.4 12.7 0.9 15.7 0.1 16 2.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 27,760 100 30,351 100 2,913 100 7 - 9.3 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 8,887 32 23,523 77.5 486 16.7 7.8 2.2 10.6 2.1 10.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,390 12.2 3,055 10.1 299 10.3 5.6 0.7 11 1 10.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 4,879 17.6 2,280 7.5 467 16 12.4 1.6 12.5 0.9 13.4 2
250 - 499 miles 2,908 10.5 521 1.7 231 7.9 26.7 2.4 19.6 0.4 19.4 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,428 5.1 253 0.8 205 7 8 0.5 13 0.1 12.4 0.5
750 - 999 miles 2,483 8.9 255 0.8 269 9.2 23.7 1.3 19 0.2 18.8 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,483 5.3 227 0.7 325 11.2 11.1 0.6 21.1 0.2 22 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 741 2.7 85 0.3 172 5.9 19.3 0.8 20.1 0.1 20.4 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,560 5.6 153 0.5 459 15.8 17.9 0.9 17.6 0.1 18.3 2.5

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,286 100 30,334 100 2,891 100 5.3 - 9.3 - 9.7 -
Less than 50 miles 8,884 36.6 23,523 77.5 486 16.8 7.8 1.7 10.6 2 10.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,385 13.9 3,054 10.1 299 10.3 5.6 0.5 11 1 11 0.8
100 - 249 miles 4,075 16.8 2,275 7.5 465 16.1 8.4 1.2 12.5 0.9 13.4 2
250 - 499 miles 1,468 6 518 1.7 229 7.9 15.6 0.7 19.5 0.4 19.2 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,384 5.7 253 0.8 205 7.1 8.1 0.5 13 0.1 12.4 0.5
750 - 999 miles 1,765 7.3 253 0.8 267 9.2 11.9 0.6 19 0.2 18.8 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,259 5.2 225 0.7 323 11.2 13.1 0.6 21.1 0.2 22.1 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 688 2.8 84 0.3 171 5.9 21.8 0.8 20.3 0.1 20.5 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,378 5.7 149 0.5 446 15.4 21.8 1.3 17.6 0.1 18.2 2.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,393 100 11,924 100 2,135 100 9 - 14 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,156 17.4 7,841 65.8 183 8.6 18 2.3 19.4 5 18 2
50 - 99 miles 1,127 9.1 1,490 12.5 145 6.8 13.8 0.9 18.5 2.2 17.7 0.7
100 - 249 miles 1,823 14.7 1,227 10.3 265 12.4 12.7 1.7 21.9 2.1 22.1 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,276 10.3 453 3.8 201 9.4 16.4 1.4 21.7 1.2 21.3 2.4
500 - 749 miles 1,176 9.5 238 2 193 9 10.4 1.1 14.2 0.3 13.7 0.8
750 - 999 miles 1,626 13.1 243 2 255 12 13.5 1.1 19.8 0.4 19.6 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,172 9.5 207 1.7 298 14 13.7 1.2 23.5 0.4 24.6 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 669 5.4 82 0.7 166 7.8 22.5 2.2 20.3 0.2 20.5 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,368 11 143 1.2 430 20.1 22 1.8 17.7 0.3 18.3 3.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,893 100 18,410 100 757 100 9.2 - 10.5 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 6,729 56.6 15,681 85.2 303 40.1 8.9 2.5 12.1 1.9 11.4 3.3
50 - 99 miles 2,258 19 1,564 8.5 154 20.4 10.9 0.7 10.9 1.5 11.6 3.4
100 - 249 miles 2,252 18.9 1,048 5.7 200 26.4 17.1 2 17.3 1 17.8 3.1
250 - 499 miles 192 1.6 65 0.4 28 3.7 22.4 0.4 19 0.1 20.7 1
500 - 749 miles 207 1.7 15 0.1 12 1.6 36.7 0.7 36.8 0.1 35.2 0.7
750 - 999 miles 139 1.2 10 0.1 12 1.5 40.9 0.4 29.6 - 35.6 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 87 0.7 18 0.1 25 3.4 23.9 0.3 35.7 - 36 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 18 0.2 2 - 5 0.7 28 0.2 37 - 39.4 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 10 0.1 S S S S 34.3 0.1 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9 100 5 100 11 100 24.2 - 36.4 - 48.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 7 81.8 S S 11 96.3 31.3 10.5 S S 49.1 2.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,465 100 11 100 11 100 41.8 - 38.9 - 32 -
Less than 50 miles 3 0.1 - 0.1 - - 18.2 0.3 37.9 1.1 38.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 5 0.1 S S S S 48.8 2.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,440 41.6 S S S S 47.8 10.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 45 1.3 S S S S 31.8 3.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 2 17.3 2 17 S S 40.2 5.3 38.6 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 224 6.5 2 14.1 2 18.5 43.6 4.3 37.4 6 36.4 5.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 53 1.5 S S S S 36 3.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,156 100 S S 305 100 16.4 - S S 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,312 12.9 S S S S 16.7 1.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,208 11.9 S S S S 44 2.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,696 16.7 38 4.9 9 3.1 36.6 2.1 32.7 5.2 32.9 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,080 10.6 20 2.6 11 3.6 16.2 2.2 30.2 2.2 40.4 1.3
500 - 749 miles 620 6.1 S S S S 12.7 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,123 11.1 S S S S 19 1.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,118 11 16 2.1 23 7.7 18.2 1.4 13.8 2.5 13.7 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 634 6.2 S S S S 22.2 1.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,365 13.4 24 3.1 79 25.8 12.8 1.3 19.7 4.7 21.4 7.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,035 100 140 100 127 100 16.6 - 16.8 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,289 12.8 18 12.5 1 0.6 16.3 1.5 21.1 1.1 23.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,203 12 20 14.2 2 1.6 44.2 2.3 37.3 2.3 40.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 1,680 16.7 25 18.1 6 4.5 37 2.2 34.6 2.3 32.8 1.2
250 - 499 miles 1,067 10.6 13 9.5 6 4.7 16.8 2.3 19.1 0.8 17.1 0.6
500 - 749 miles 611 6.1 9 6.8 8 6.3 12.4 0.8 25.5 1.3 25.1 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,104 11 15 10.4 16 12.2 19.1 1.8 20.9 1.7 20.9 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,114 11.1 15 10.5 21 16.7 18.3 1.5 14.9 1.3 14.1 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 610 6.1 8 5.5 16 12.2 20.6 1.1 20.8 1 20.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,357 13.5 18 12.5 53 41.3 12.8 1.4 12.9 2.1 12.6 3.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 67 100 S S S S 36.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 566 100 1,558 100 93 100 12.7 - 40.7 - 40.3 -
Less than 50 miles 295 52.1 1,441 92.5 7 7.5 24.7 8.5 45 14.1 36.5 11.4
50 - 99 miles 61 10.8 17 1.1 2 2.1 29.2 5.6 41.5 3.4 43.8 6.8
100 - 249 miles 86 15.3 S S 3 2.7 26.7 4 S S 41.5 1.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 50 8.9 S S S S 49 5.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - 1 1.6 S S 37.7 0.7 38.3 3.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.