Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 38,482 100 32,678 100 3,311 100 732 5.1 - 9.7 - 10.9 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs 8,113 21.1 92 0.3 67 2 951 9 1.5 12.3 - 14.3 0.2 11.3
50 - 99 lbs 2,449 6.4 64 0.2 37 1.1 582 18 0.9 12.2 - 16.9 0.2 13.2
100 - 499 lbs 7,215 18.7 484 1.5 147 4.4 321 19.8 2.8 8.7 0.2 7.9 0.4 16.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,485 6.5 332 1 63 1.9 195 19.3 1.2 15.2 0.1 16.9 0.4 22.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,567 4.1 363 1.1 56 1.7 154 16.2 0.6 12.7 0.2 8.3 0.3 10.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,309 24.2 3,752 11.5 653 19.7 174 10.8 2.9 8.8 1.3 8.1 1.8 16.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,980 15.5 21,101 64.6 1,796 54.3 91 10.6 1.9 10.4 2.1 11.9 1.9 17.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,211 3.1 5,892 18 398 12 68 30.3 0.9 15.8 1.7 22.5 2.1 11
More than 100,000 lbs 153 0.4 598 1.8 S S S 38.2 0.2 42.4 0.8 S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 27,760 100 30,351 100 2,913 100 226 7 - 9.3 - 9.8 - 13.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,594 9.3 36 0.1 12 0.4 260 19.4 2 14.2 - 22.7 0.1 24.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,245 4.5 39 0.1 14 0.5 362 25.7 0.9 15.5 - 21.5 0.1 15
100 - 499 lbs 4,091 14.7 415 1.4 102 3.5 249 25.2 2.3 9.7 0.2 9.6 0.3 18.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,058 7.4 317 1 56 1.9 182 23.8 1.7 15.5 0.1 14.3 0.4 21.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,510 5.4 357 1.2 56 1.9 156 16.8 0.9 12.6 0.2 8.1 0.3 9.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,146 32.9 3,654 12 623 21.4 172 11 3.1 9.1 1.4 7.7 1.6 15.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,806 20.9 19,432 64 1,641 56.3 91 10.7 2.1 10.4 2.3 11.9 2.3 16.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,193 4.3 5,534 18.2 366 12.6 67 30.8 1.2 15 1.8 20 2 9.5
More than 100,000 lbs 117 0.4 565 1.9 43 1.5 S 31.2 0.2 44.2 0.8 33.8 0.4 S

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,286 100 30,334 100 2,891 100 199 5.3 - 9.3 - 9.7 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,804 7.4 34 0.1 10 0.3 199 19.4 1.9 14.1 - 22.3 0.1 28.5
50 - 99 lbs 775 3.2 38 0.1 13 0.5 344 20.6 0.6 15.2 - 21.3 0.1 15.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,809 11.6 410 1.4 98 3.4 240 9.2 1 9.8 0.2 9.6 0.2 19.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,228 5.1 316 1 55 1.9 178 10.6 0.5 15.6 0.1 15 0.4 22.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,470 6.1 356 1.2 54 1.9 152 17 1.2 12.6 0.2 8.4 0.3 9.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,089 37.4 3,653 12 621 21.5 172 10.8 2.4 9.1 1.4 7.7 1.6 15.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,802 23.9 19,428 64 1,631 56.4 91 10.7 2.2 10.4 2.3 11.7 2.2 15.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,193 4.9 5,534 18.2 366 12.7 67 30.8 1.3 15 1.8 20 2 9.5
More than 100,000 lbs 117 0.5 565 1.9 43 1.5 S 31.2 0.2 44.2 0.8 33.8 0.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,393 100 11,924 100 2,135 100 671 9 - 14 - 13.1 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 552 4.5 10 0.1 8 0.4 586 30 1.3 22 - 27.4 0.1 34.3
50 - 99 lbs 466 3.8 9 0.1 11 0.5 1,323 29.5 1.2 24.2 - 25.8 0.1 6.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,571 12.7 89 0.7 79 3.7 894 12.3 1.7 10.8 0.1 11.4 0.4 7.4
500 - 749 lbs 606 4.9 50 0.4 39 1.8 766 10.9 0.6 15.2 0.1 12.6 0.3 8
750 - 999 lbs 948 7.6 62 0.5 43 2 702 30.1 2.1 16.6 0.1 10.2 0.3 16.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,089 33 692 5.8 454 21.3 782 8.6 2.4 9.4 1.1 11.6 1.8 12
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,388 27.3 7,106 59.6 1,217 57 203 13.4 2.1 15.1 4.2 14.8 2.5 18.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 730 5.9 3,712 31.1 254 11.9 71 45.9 1.8 20.3 4.2 26.9 2.8 22.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 195 1.6 29 1.4 S S S 35.8 0.9 44.8 0.7 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,893 100 18,410 100 757 100 56 9.2 - 10.5 - 7.7 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,253 10.5 24 0.1 2 0.2 63 29 3.2 16.7 - 25.1 - 19.3
50 - 99 lbs 309 2.6 29 0.2 2 0.2 53 14.5 0.5 16.9 - 18 - 16.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,237 10.4 321 1.7 19 2.5 59 15.9 1.1 14.5 0.3 14.7 0.4 23.4
500 - 749 lbs 623 5.2 266 1.4 16 2.2 66 16.1 0.6 18.9 0.2 36.8 0.8 45.1
750 - 999 lbs 522 4.4 294 1.6 11 1.4 37 10.3 0.5 16.8 0.4 15.7 0.3 21.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,000 42 2,960 16.1 168 22.2 50 14.7 3 10.3 1.8 12.4 2.7 10.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,414 20.3 12,323 66.9 414 54.7 35 14.3 2.7 13.1 3.1 11 3.6 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 462 3.9 1,822 9.9 112 14.8 59 17.1 0.7 12.6 1.5 19.5 2 13.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 14 1.8 46 S S S S 26.1 0.8 40.9

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9 100 5 100 11 100 1,784 24.2 - 36.4 - 48.9 - 43.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 4 79.1 10 90.2 S S S 8.4 15 46.1 14.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,465 100 11 100 11 100 1,118 41.8 - 38.9 - 32 - 8.7
Less than 50 lbs 790 22.8 S S S S 1,206 40.6 9.2 S S S S 8.3
50 - 99 lbs S S S S 1 10.2 763 S S S S 42.4 3.3 28
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 4 34.5 814 S S S S 41.9 7.2 16.3
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 12.7 S S 906 S S 49.9 7.2 S S 36.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 989 S S S S S S 24.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 971 S S S S S S 22.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,156 100 S S 305 100 1,234 16.4 - S S 27.4 - 7.7
Less than 50 lbs 5,346 52.6 51 6.6 55 18.1 1,257 8.4 5.1 11.2 8.1 14.4 5.5 7.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,180 11.6 21 2.7 22 7.3 1,076 18 1.1 18.1 2.9 20.6 2.2 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 3,055 30.1 56 7.2 44 14.5 801 38 4.1 26.3 8.5 12.5 6.7 10.9
500 - 749 lbs S S 12 1.6 S S 518 S S 43.4 1.8 S S 21.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 22.3 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 1 0.3 S S S S S 40.3 0.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 44 0.4 S S 95 31.1 S 27.2 0.2 S S 47.7 7.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7 0.1 S S S S S 35.7 0.2 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,035 100 140 100 127 100 1,236 16.6 - 16.8 - 10.8 - 7.6
Less than 50 lbs 5,346 53.3 51 36.2 55 43.2 1,257 8.4 5.3 11.2 5.1 14.4 5.2 7.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,180 11.8 21 15 22 17.5 1,077 18 1.1 18.1 1.4 20.6 2.3 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 3,046 30.4 55 39.4 44 34.5 801 38.2 4.2 26.7 3.5 12.8 3.9 11.1
500 - 749 lbs S S 12 8.5 S S 518 S S 43.7 2.1 S S 25.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 22.3 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 67 100 S S S S 749 36.4 - S S S S 40.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6 8.8 S S S S S 43.3 10.4 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 566 100 1,558 100 93 100 S 12.7 - 40.7 - 40.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 172 30.4 S S - 0.2 S 40.3 7.2 S S 43.7 2.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 25 4.3 3 0.2 - 0.1 S 33.5 1.4 49.7 2.3 37.4 3.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 69 12.2 14 0.9 S S S 31.2 4 46.2 6.2 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 33.7 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 141 24.8 95 6.1 S S 268 20.3 6.4 36.5 4.1 S S 33.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 130 22.9 1,245 79.9 61 65.4 S 26.3 6.9 40.1 7 49.9 9.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 5 S S S S S S 40.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.