Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 38,482 100 32,678 100 3,311 100 732 5.1 - 9.7 - 10.9 - 12.2
Single modes 27,760 72.1 30,351 92.9 2,913 88 226 7 3.6 9.3 2.5 9.8 2.1 13.4
Truck5 24,286 63.1 30,334 92.8 2,891 87.3 199 5.3 3.9 9.3 2.5 9.7 2.1 13.6
For-hire truck 12,393 32.2 11,924 36.5 2,135 64.5 671 9 3.1 14 2.8 13.1 2.4 11.5
Private truck 11,893 30.9 18,410 56.3 757 22.9 56 9.2 2.9 10.5 3.8 7.7 2.1 8.6
Rail 9 - 5 - 11 0.3 1,784 24.2 - 36.4 - 48.9 0.3 43.9
Air (incl truck and air) 3,465 9 11 - 11 0.3 1,118 41.8 3 38.9 - 32 0.1 8.7
Multiple modes 10,156 26.4 S S 305 9.2 1,234 16.4 3.6 S S 27.4 2 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,035 26.1 140 0.4 127 3.8 1,236 16.6 3.6 16.8 0.1 10.8 0.6 7.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 67 0.2 S S S S 749 36.4 0.1 S S S S 40.8
Other and unknown modes 566 1.5 1,558 4.8 93 2.8 S 12.7 0.2 40.7 2.1 40.3 0.8 S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 47 100 20 100 2 100 S 26.3 - 36.8 - 33.8 - S
Single modes 47 100 20 100 2 100 S 26.3 - 36.8 - 33.8 - S
Truck5 47 100 20 100 2 100 S 26.3 - 36.8 - 33.8 - S
Private truck 47 100 20 100 2 100 S 26.3 - 36.8 - 33.8 - S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 698 100 125 100 S S S 43.3 - 18.4 - S S S
Single modes 698 100 125 100 S S S 43.3 - 18.4 - S S S
Truck5 698 100 125 100 S S S 43.3 - 18.4 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,319 S S S S S S 5.7
Private truck 306 43.7 76 60.6 S S 55 18.4 19.5 17.5 13.2 S S 16.8

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 220 100 55 100 26 100 S 25.2 - 42.3 - 47.6 - S
Single modes 215 97.7 54 98.4 S S S 27.2 5.6 43.4 3 S S S
Truck5 215 97.7 54 98.4 S S S 27.2 5.6 43.4 3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 602 S S S S S S 28.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,729 100 1,461 100 323 100 281 18.5 - 23.5 - 33.3 - 21.8
Single modes 1,717 99.3 1,460 99.9 322 99.8 268 18.6 0.5 23.5 - 33.4 0.1 22.3
Truck5 1,717 99.3 1,460 99.9 322 99.8 268 18.6 0.5 23.5 - 33.4 0.1 22.3
For-hire truck 801 46.3 267 18.3 222 68.8 1,003 27 9.1 36.8 4 34.3 10.4 12.8
Private truck 916 53 1,193 81.6 100 31 44 20.3 10.6 21.2 4.3 33.7 14.5 11.5
Air (incl truck and air) - - - - - - 2,079 37.5 - 45.4 - 34.9 0.1 12.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 774 S S S S S S 43.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 774 S S S S S S 43.5

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 841 100 785 100 134 100 S 21.4 - 26 - 47 - S
Single modes 841 100 785 100 134 100 S 21.4 - 26 - 47 - S
Truck5 841 100 785 100 134 100 S 21.4 - 26 - 47 - S
For-hire truck 462 54.9 481 61.3 125 93.4 1,082 8 8.8 19.1 7.7 43.5 2.9 31.2
Private truck 379 45.1 304 38.7 9 6.6 37 23.8 12.6 26.8 13.7 27 19.8 11

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1 100 10 100 - 100 32 41.7 - 43.7 - 41.7 - 0.6
Single modes 1 100 10 100 - 100 32 41.7 - 43.7 - 41.7 - 0.6
Truck5 1 100 10 100 - 100 32 41.7 - 43.7 - 41.7 - 0.6
Private truck 1 100 10 100 - 100 32 41.7 - 43.7 - 41.7 - 0.6

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 16 100 1,935 100 40 100 S 17.8 - 22.9 - 21.7 - S
Single modes 16 95.2 1,810 93.5 39 97.9 19 17 4.6 21.1 4.7 19.2 1.8 18.2
Truck5 16 95.2 1,810 93.5 39 97.9 19 17 4.6 21.1 4.7 19.2 1.8 18.2
For-hire truck 4 27.4 440 22.8 12 30.5 27 37.4 7.7 25.6 7.9 31.2 8 22.1
Private truck 11 67.8 1,369 70.8 27 67.5 18 19.9 9.2 28.5 9.3 22.9 9.1 18.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 109 100 12,788 100 304 100 21 18.2 - 21.1 - 35 - 14.6
Single modes 99 90.8 11,691 91.4 228 75.2 18 17.5 4.1 21.2 4.3 24.9 8.7 10.8
Truck5 99 90.8 11,691 91.4 228 75.2 18 17.5 4.1 21.2 4.3 24.9 8.7 10.8
For-hire truck 44 40.1 5,054 39.5 120 39.6 22 23.9 6.3 27.5 6.7 29.5 8.8 15
Private truck 55 50.6 6,637 51.9 108 35.7 16 23 10.6 28.2 10.6 34.4 12.9 9.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S 20.6

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 39.2
Single modes S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 41.2
Truck5 S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 41.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 144 100 3 100 25 S S 48 - 43 - 4.8
Single modes S S 144 100 3 100 25 S S 48 - 43 - 4.8
Truck5 S S 144 100 3 100 25 S S 48 - 43 - 4.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 67 65.3 94 65.5 2 69 25 30.4 11.3 25.3 11.4 24.4 10.5 4.8

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,563 100 2,632 100 111 100 18 31.3 - 33.1 - 40 - 16.5
Single modes 1,560 99.8 2,628 99.8 111 100 18 31.4 1.3 33.2 1.5 40.1 0.7 16.5
Truck5 1,560 99.8 2,628 99.8 111 100 18 31.4 1.3 33.2 1.5 40.1 0.7 16.5
For-hire truck 707 45.2 1,292 49.1 S S 41 49.1 9.9 49.3 10.7 S S 14.3
Private truck 853 54.6 1,335 50.7 44 39.6 17 18.5 10.2 19.1 11 25.1 13.6 26.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,415 100 3,042 100 S S S 14.3 - 36.7 - S S S
Single modes 1,408 99.5 3,037 99.9 S S S 14.2 0.2 36.7 - S S S
Truck5 1,408 99.5 3,037 99.9 S S S 14.3 0.2 36.7 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 433 S S S S S S 29.2
Private truck 1,227 86.7 2,799 92 75 35.5 19 20 9.1 40.9 7.4 31.8 17.3 29.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6 0.4 - - - 0.1 1,092 17.3 0.5 17.7 - 11.1 0.5 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6 0.4 - - - 0.1 1,092 17.3 0.5 17.7 - 11.1 0.5 8.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 140 100 35 100 9 100 973 41.6 - 17.3 - 31.4 - 24.9
Single modes 44 31.2 31 89.8 5 54.2 S 19.2 19.6 20.1 5.5 37 13.5 S
Truck5 43 31 31 89.7 5 53.8 S 18.7 19.5 20.2 5.4 44.7 13.4 S
For-hire truck S S 9 24.8 4 46 684 S S 49.4 19.2 39.6 17 14.7
Private truck 20 14.5 23 65 1 7.8 24 25.7 17.8 28 11.7 22.9 17.5 22.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 7.1 4 44.4 1,143 S S 30.3 7.8 33.2 17 49.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,143 S S S S S S 30.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,945 S S S S S S 25.2
Other and unknown modes 1 1.1 S S S S S 34 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 937 100 S S S S S 37.6 - S S S S S
Single modes 774 82.6 S S S S S 45.2 11.1 S S S S S
Truck5 771 82.3 S S S S S 45.6 12 S S S S S
For-hire truck 93 9.9 S S S S 843 40.5 15 S S S S 25
Private truck S S S S S S 51 S S S S S S 16.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,544 S S S S S S 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,544 S S S S S S 8.3

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 14.7 - S
Single modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 14.7 - S
Truck5 S S S S - 100 S S S S S 14.7 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck - 97.2 - 98.3 S S 60 24.7 2.8 25.1 1.7 S S 25.5

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 373 100 56 100 S S 1,066 32.4 - 45.5 - S S 13.7
Single modes 197 52.9 48 85.8 S S 734 47 12.4 50 13.9 S S 22.1
Truck5 176 47.2 S S S S 440 48 11.6 S S S S 26.8
For-hire truck 164 44 S S S S 751 48.9 13.1 S S S S 23.9
Private truck 12 3.2 5 8.3 S S 59 42.6 2.6 45.5 10.9 S S 47.8
Air (incl truck and air) 21 5.7 1 1.5 S S 1,266 45.2 16.4 35.2 6.3 S S 9
Multiple modes 170 45.5 6 11.1 8 18 1,142 34.2 12.9 27.5 14.3 45.2 15.8 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 164 44.1 4 7.9 4 8.6 1,141 34 13 23.1 14.8 31.1 17.4 11.8
Truck and rail 5 1.4 2 3.1 4 9.3 2,450 29.8 1.2 31.3 6.1 31.1 9.5 0.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,791 100 481 100 228 100 527 17.9 - 29.7 - 44.3 - 14.1
Single modes 1,371 76.6 434 90.3 169 74.2 223 22.2 6.2 26.5 2.9 30.2 7.6 20.8
Truck5 1,365 76.2 434 90.2 169 74.1 221 22.3 6.2 26.5 2.9 30.2 7.5 21.1
For-hire truck 680 38 248 51.7 144 63.3 715 21.5 4.6 36.8 6.4 35.7 5.6 10.1
Private truck 685 38.2 185 38.5 25 10.8 S 33.8 7.3 31.9 7.9 26.4 6.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) 6 0.3 - - S S 678 49.8 0.2 47.6 - S S 23.6
Multiple modes 389 21.7 S S S S 956 41.4 6.3 S S S S 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 353 19.7 5 1 4 1.8 956 46.4 6.5 25.2 0.6 33.4 0.9 10.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 126 100 184 100 92 100 448 39.2 - 29.9 - 34.5 - 19.4
Single modes 106 83.9 152 82.4 64 69.5 376 38.6 5.8 31.6 7.9 41.1 11.4 20.6
Truck5 106 83.9 152 82.4 64 69.5 376 38.6 5.8 31.6 7.9 41.1 11.4 20.6
For-hire truck 82 64.8 127 68.8 59 64.1 408 44.1 14.1 31.4 12.4 42 13.7 22.5
Private truck S S 25 13.6 S S 203 S S 32.2 18.4 S S 23.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 827 100 1,687 100 231 100 201 12.7 - 27.8 - 13.9 - 33.5
Single modes 790 95.5 1,670 99 213 92.4 127 13.6 2.2 28.2 1.6 16.3 5.3 17.5
Truck5 790 95.5 1,670 99 213 92.4 127 13.6 2.2 28.2 1.6 16.3 5.3 17.5
For-hire truck 214 25.9 690 40.9 119 51.5 333 18.2 7.1 33.3 8.2 18.2 8.3 37.5
Private truck 576 69.7 981 58.1 94 40.9 96 18.9 8.3 32.8 9 29 8.7 12.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,869 S S S S S S 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,863 S S S S S S 20.8
Truck and rail 4 0.5 S S S S 3,194 42.1 3.4 S S S S 17.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 9 0.5 S S S S S 42.6 1.4 S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 510 100 244 100 188 100 989 19.2 - 25.2 - 29.3 - 14.1
Single modes 479 93.9 241 98.6 185 98.7 879 19 1.9 25.4 0.7 29.5 0.6 14.3
Truck5 468 91.7 237 97.3 174 92.8 856 19.3 2.6 25.6 1.7 30.9 3.6 14.2
For-hire truck 382 75 175 71.9 146 77.9 1,005 20 9.1 34 13.5 36.2 12.9 9
Private truck S S S S S S 563 S S S S S S 27.3
Rail 7 1.5 3 1.3 11 5.9 3,340 31.3 1.3 47.7 3.2 49.1 7.8 1.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,087 S S S S S S 16.3
Multiple modes 28 5.6 1 0.4 1 0.5 1,125 30.5 2.1 45.8 0.5 44.2 0.5 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 27 5.2 - 0.2 - 0.2 1,125 35.8 2.2 29.3 0.4 30.8 0.4 16.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 142 100 73 100 S S S 47.1 - 44.1 - S S S
Single modes 130 91.7 70 96.9 S S 128 47 19.7 42.4 17.2 S S 30.8
Truck5 130 91.7 70 96.9 S S 128 47 19.7 42.4 17.2 S S 30.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 102 71.8 60 82.1 4 24.8 64 40.3 16.4 38 14.5 49.6 18.1 22.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,091 S S S S S S 17
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,091 S S S S S S 17
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 949 100 185 100 103 100 662 19.5 - 25.8 - 29.9 - 18.2
Single modes 557 58.7 172 92.9 92 89.4 S 20.9 8.9 27.5 2.8 33.3 5.6 S
Truck5 554 58.4 171 92.7 92 89.1 S 21 8.9 27.4 2.8 33.4 5.6 S
For-hire truck 393 41.4 135 73.1 89 87 S 25.7 8.4 35.8 10.3 34.3 5.6 S
Private truck 161 16.9 S S S S S 49.2 9.1 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.2 - 0.2 763 S S 49.1 0.2 45.3 0.4 32.7
Multiple modes 379 40 13 6.9 11 10.6 954 37.3 9 26.4 2.7 34.2 5.6 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 379 40 13 6.8 11 10.5 954 37.3 9 26.9 2.7 34.4 5.6 22
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - 0.2 - 0.1 S S S 43.1 0.6 38.5 0.3 S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,586 100 138 100 116 100 1,391 42.3 - 26.1 - 26.5 - 10.3
Single modes 1,014 28.3 89 64.5 82 70.6 1,183 33.2 12 37.5 12.4 35.5 12.8 10.9
Truck5 1,009 28.1 89 64.5 82 70.5 1,181 33.5 11.7 37.5 12.4 35.5 12.8 11
For-hire truck 912 25.4 52 37.4 70 60.1 1,214 35.7 10.6 30.5 10.4 38.2 11.8 14.3
Private truck 97 2.7 S S S S 858 33.6 2.4 S S S S 18.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 1,801 S S 47.1 0.1 42.4 0.5 35.3
Multiple modes S S 46 33.7 34 29.2 1,421 S S 46.8 12.1 28.3 12.8 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 46 33.4 34 29.2 1,421 S S 47.2 12.3 28.5 12.8 13
Truck and water S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S 7.7
Other and unknown modes 30 0.8 2 1.8 S S S 48.4 0.9 37.2 1.4 S S S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 648 100 3,380 100 249 100 287 17.1 - 19.1 - 32.3 - 22.9
Single modes 530 81.8 2,624 77.6 215 86.1 200 17.2 6.1 21.4 9.4 31 4.6 21
Truck5 530 81.8 2,624 77.6 215 86.1 199 17.2 6.1 21.4 9.4 31 4.6 21.1
For-hire truck 252 39 1,314 38.9 168 67.5 298 17.8 6.1 23.5 7.2 33.1 8.6 48.4
Private truck 278 42.9 1,310 38.7 46 18.6 173 21.8 6.5 29.6 10.8 24.3 8.6 29.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 885 S S S S S S 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 885 S S S S S S 23.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,253 100 317 100 63 100 220 21.9 - 25 - 20.7 - 23
Single modes 1,025 81.9 281 88.7 46 73.9 174 21.7 5.5 27.8 7.4 21.6 9.7 24.6
Truck5 1,008 80.5 280 88.2 46 73.2 164 21.2 5.5 27.7 7.4 21.8 9.7 26.1
For-hire truck 365 29.1 76 23.8 29 45.9 608 23.2 8.9 47.8 7.8 29.1 9.9 14.3
Private truck 643 51.3 204 64.3 17 27.2 67 27.5 7 30.7 8.2 30.8 7.8 10.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 1,711 S S 16.8 - 25.5 0.9 23.2
Multiple modes 191 15.2 6 1.8 3 4.3 671 48.5 4.7 35.3 0.7 35.6 3.2 26.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 189 15.1 4 1.1 2 3.5 673 49.2 4.7 30.4 0.7 43.4 3.3 26.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,026 100 164 100 35 100 799 18.6 - 28.4 - 33.2 - 20.6
Single modes 744 72.5 153 93.8 30 86.1 S 17.4 5.3 29.9 4 31.7 3.3 S
Truck5 741 72.2 153 93.7 30 85.7 S 17.3 5.4 29.9 4.1 31.8 3.6 S
For-hire truck 175 17.1 19 11.7 S S 672 28.7 2.9 29.9 2.5 S S 24.1
Private truck 566 55.1 134 82 14 40.2 52 16.9 7.3 30.1 4.7 17.6 10 19.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 978 S S S S S S 24.9
Multiple modes 253 24.7 5 3.1 S S 1,183 30.1 4.7 38.5 0.9 S S 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 253 24.7 5 3.1 S S 1,183 30.1 4.7 38.5 0.9 S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes 29 2.8 S S S S S 41.4 1.5 S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,226 100 183 100 115 100 508 26.5 - 34.9 - 37.1 - 30.3
Single modes 1,516 68.1 169 92.2 110 95.4 371 23.5 6 37.1 2.8 36.8 2.5 42.2
Truck5 1,457 65.5 168 91.4 108 94.3 333 23.6 6.6 37.4 3.1 36.9 2.7 49.3
For-hire truck 1,124 50.5 137 74.9 106 92 611 25.7 6.3 45.3 7.8 37.2 3.4 37.4
Private truck 333 15 30 16.5 3 2.3 53 43.2 5 31.1 7.7 40.9 1.8 30.3
Air (incl truck and air) 59 2.7 S S S S 1,227 40.1 1.4 S S S S 27.3
Multiple modes 674 30.3 5 3 5 4.3 713 41.8 5.9 39.2 1.2 49.3 2.5 32.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 674 30.3 5 3 5 4.3 713 41.8 5.9 39.2 1.2 49.3 2.5 32.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,337 100 147 100 121 100 727 20.2 - 12.4 - 12.7 - 18.9
Single modes 4,172 56.9 121 82.2 100 82.4 506 34.1 6.4 15.4 4.1 14.4 3.4 26.6
Truck5 2,080 28.3 116 79 96 79.3 S 11.8 4.7 17.4 6.3 16.1 5.9 S
For-hire truck 1,693 23.1 85 57.8 93 76.9 998 15.7 4.2 15.5 7.3 16.9 5.7 9.1
Private truck 387 5.3 S S 3 2.5 S 22.1 1.7 S S 45.8 1.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,070 S S S S S S 31.3
Multiple modes 2,998 40.9 20 13.6 20 16.5 1,070 15.6 6.5 24.2 4.4 25.6 3.4 8.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,989 40.7 20 13.5 20 16.5 1,070 15.8 6.6 24.7 4.5 25.9 3.4 8.5
Truck and water S S S S - 0.1 532 S S S S 48.2 0.5 12.6
Other and unknown modes 167 2.3 S S 1 1 S 44.9 1.1 S S 47.1 0.4 S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,087 100 S S 44 100 378 33 - S S 31.2 - 36.9
Single modes 842 77.5 S S 38 85.7 S 32 8.9 S S 29.9 6.4 S
Truck5 841 77.4 S S 38 85.7 S 32 8.9 S S 29.9 6.4 S
For-hire truck 485 44.6 45 33.8 33 75.6 543 27.1 10.7 28.2 12.7 31.4 8.4 29.4
Private truck S S S S S S 49 S S S S S S 14.7
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.1 - - - 0.1 759 47.7 0.1 33.9 0.1 38 0.2 9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 799 S S S S S S 25.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 799 S S S S S S 25.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 1.7 S S S S S 42.9 12.9 S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 742 100 S S 2 100 1,154 16 - S S 30.9 - 10.9
Single modes 504 67.9 S S S S 716 22 12.5 S S S S 26
Truck5 446 60.2 S S S S 693 22.2 12.6 S S S S 29.7
For-hire truck 243 32.7 S S S S S 43.2 16.2 S S S S S
Private truck 204 27.5 S S - 14.4 722 27.9 16.4 S S 33.9 18.6 7.7
Air (incl truck and air) 57 7.7 - 1.4 S S 965 34.1 3.2 36.7 4.3 S S 21.9
Multiple modes 237 32 - 8.8 1 35.5 1,593 29.4 14.8 40.3 19.6 32 15.6 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 237 32 - 8.8 1 35.5 1,593 29.4 14.8 40.3 19.6 32 15.6 7.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,757 100 11 100 13 100 1,037 29.2 - 34.3 - 43.4 - 8.6
Single modes 1,939 70.3 6 56 S S 1,177 38.7 10.9 41.4 11.1 S S 17.3
Truck5 800 29 4 33 S S 1,010 42.1 8.5 40.7 9.9 S S 27
For-hire truck 690 25 3 25.6 S S 1,328 41.8 8.6 49.4 9.9 S S 26.9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,263 S S S S S S 14.6
Multiple modes 792 28.7 4 34 S S 1,009 26.6 11.3 41.7 11.1 S S 8.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 792 28.7 4 34 S S 1,009 26.6 11.3 41.7 11.1 S S 8.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,016 S S S S S S 42.5

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 469 100 50 100 S S 574 33.2 - 39.5 - S S 28.8
Single modes 359 76.4 48 94.4 S S S 32.2 11.5 36.9 2.6 S S S
Truck5 358 76.3 47 94.2 S S S 32.1 11.5 36.9 2.7 S S S
For-hire truck 186 39.7 S S S S 673 41.3 18.5 S S S S 24.8
Private truck S S S S S S 94 S S S S S S 47.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 958 S S S S S S 33.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 957 S S S S S S 33.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,303 100 452 100 121 100 815 16.2 - 43.8 - 29.3 - 12.8
Single modes 1,573 68.3 402 88.8 77 63.7 502 16.2 3.4 42 2.8 20.6 5.6 32.6
Truck5 1,520 66 401 88.7 76 63.2 427 17.2 3.7 42.1 3.1 21.1 5.4 33.5
For-hire truck 1,133 49.2 104 23.1 59 49.1 660 19.2 4.9 31.6 10.8 21.6 5 34.2
Private truck 387 16.8 297 65.6 17 14 112 17 2.8 47.7 11.6 30.1 5 19.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 0.5 1,526 S S S S 40.1 1.8 25.8
Multiple modes 686 29.8 14 3 17 13.7 1,056 21.4 3.4 24.3 3.5 28.8 4.5 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 677 29.4 13 2.9 16 13.5 1,057 22.2 3.9 25.6 3.5 29.5 4.5 11.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 44 1.9 S S S S S 27.2 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 153 100 330 100 101 100 S 24.3 - 46 - 23.9 - S
Single modes 153 100 330 100 101 100 S 24.3 - 46 - 23.9 - S
Truck5 153 100 330 100 101 100 S 24.3 - 46 - 23.9 - S
For-hire truck 145 95.2 S S 98 97.5 S 22.4 2.1 S S 25.9 3 S
Private truck S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 26.9

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,326 100 701 100 117 100 569 26.9 - 24.4 - 24.9 - 25.8
Single modes 2,204 94.7 697 99.4 114 96.9 107 27.8 3.3 24.5 0.6 25.7 3.2 24.3
Truck5 2,204 94.7 697 99.4 114 96.9 106 27.8 3.3 24.5 0.6 25.7 3.2 24.7
For-hire truck 156 6.7 29 4.1 21 18 481 47.1 5.5 44.2 2.6 46.7 7.7 41.6
Private truck 2,048 88 668 95.3 92 78.9 91 30 5.9 25 2 27 6.5 13.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 114 4.9 3 0.5 4 3.1 1,310 38 3.1 31 0.4 37.2 3.2 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 114 4.9 3 0.5 4 3.1 1,310 38 3.1 31 0.4 37.2 3.2 20.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S 2 99.5 S S S S S 48.5 0.4 S S S
Truck5 S S 2 99.5 S S S S S 48.5 0.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.