Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 422,581 100 230,155 100 37,087 100 5.9 - 5.8 - 9.4 -
Less than 50 miles 165,537 39.2 164,040 71.3 3,417 9.2 5.8 1.2 8.3 2.6 8.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 49,470 11.7 22,870 9.9 2,157 5.8 11.8 1.1 12.5 1.3 12.4 0.7
100 - 249 miles 60,002 14.2 18,889 8.2 4,006 10.8 10.5 0.8 7.9 0.8 8.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 33,162 7.8 8,463 3.7 4,366 11.8 9.3 0.8 11.9 0.5 18.5 2.3
500 - 749 miles 36,820 8.7 6,366 2.8 4,909 13.2 11.4 0.6 15.5 0.3 15.8 1.6
750 - 999 miles 22,451 5.3 2,244 1 2,334 6.3 19 0.9 14.4 0.1 15 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 25,967 6.1 3,690 1.6 5,691 15.3 15.3 0.7 22 0.3 26.6 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,340 1.5 546 0.2 1,093 2.9 10.1 0.2 11 - 11 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 22,831 5.4 3,047 1.3 9,115 24.6 9.7 0.5 18.8 0.3 19.9 3.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 336,605 100 213,664 100 29,447 100 6.1 - 5.8 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 146,744 43.6 155,897 73 3,170 10.8 6 1.3 8.3 2.3 8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 43,273 12.9 20,972 9.8 1,962 6.7 13.9 1.3 10.3 1.2 10.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 48,846 14.5 16,286 7.6 3,376 11.5 12.3 1.1 6.6 0.8 8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 22,912 6.8 8,026 3.8 3,938 13.4 13.9 0.9 11.4 0.5 14.3 2.3
500 - 749 miles 27,854 8.3 4,967 2.3 3,806 12.9 11.7 0.7 14.4 0.3 14.9 1.3
750 - 999 miles 14,565 4.3 1,846 0.9 1,893 6.4 20 0.9 13.4 0.1 14.1 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,398 4.9 3,371 1.6 5,234 17.8 15.1 0.6 23.4 0.3 28.5 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,754 1.1 461 0.2 909 3.1 13.7 0.2 13 - 12.8 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 12,259 3.6 1,839 0.9 5,159 17.5 9.3 0.3 13 0.1 13.4 2.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 303,512 100 173,566 100 23,719 100 6.4 - 9.5 - 4.7 -
Less than 50 miles 125,908 41.5 122,247 70.4 2,755 11.6 6.4 1.6 13.7 3.2 10.8 1.2
50 - 99 miles 42,667 14.1 20,520 11.8 1,920 8.1 13.9 1.3 9.6 1.3 10.4 1.1
100 - 249 miles 47,445 15.6 14,548 8.4 2,906 12.2 13.2 1.4 6.4 1.1 7 0.7
250 - 499 miles 21,686 7.1 5,777 3.3 2,551 10.8 14.5 0.9 7.1 0.4 7 0.7
500 - 749 miles 26,420 8.7 4,337 2.5 3,271 13.8 12.7 0.9 10.7 0.4 10.6 1.2
750 - 999 miles 11,618 3.8 1,821 1 1,862 7.9 17.9 0.6 13.5 0.2 14.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,844 4.6 2,258 1.3 3,121 13.2 13.8 0.5 14.8 0.4 16.5 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,399 1.1 456 0.3 899 3.8 14.3 0.1 13.1 0.1 12.9 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 10,523 3.5 1,602 0.9 4,435 18.7 11.9 0.4 15.7 0.2 16.2 2.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 191,416 100 72,036 100 18,989 100 9.2 - 15.4 - 6.1 -
Less than 50 miles 46,035 24 40,629 56.4 954 5 10.3 1.5 25.1 5 29.2 1.2
50 - 99 miles 24,286 12.7 7,554 10.5 720 3.8 20.9 1.6 10.6 1.3 10.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 39,167 20.5 8,944 12.4 1,856 9.8 15.9 1.7 5.1 1.5 5.3 0.5
250 - 499 miles 17,411 9.1 4,728 6.6 2,102 11.1 15.6 1.1 9.2 0.8 9.3 1
500 - 749 miles 25,287 13.2 4,077 5.7 3,089 16.3 13.3 1.4 10.8 0.9 10.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 11,513 6 1,802 2.5 1,841 9.7 17.8 0.9 13.8 0.3 14.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,818 7.2 2,251 3.1 3,112 16.4 13.9 0.8 14.8 0.9 16.5 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,389 1.8 450 0.6 888 4.7 14.4 0.3 12.8 0.1 12.7 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 10,511 5.5 1,599 2.2 4,427 23.3 11.9 0.6 15.7 0.7 16.2 3.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 112,096 100 101,529 100 4,730 100 7.4 - 14.7 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles 79,873 71.3 81,618 80.4 1,801 38.1 9.8 2.6 18.8 2.9 10.3 3.5
50 - 99 miles 18,381 16.4 12,966 12.8 1,201 25.4 12.9 1.7 12.4 1.8 13.6 2.2
100 - 249 miles 8,278 7.4 5,604 5.5 1,050 22.2 12.8 0.8 11.8 1.1 12.2 2.3
250 - 499 miles 4,275 3.8 1,049 1 448 9.5 28.8 1.2 13.9 0.2 13.9 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,133 1 260 0.3 182 3.8 16.2 0.2 24.4 0.1 24.4 1.1
750 - 999 miles 105 0.1 19 - 21 0.5 47.3 0.1 40.9 - 44.1 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 6 - 9 0.2 S S 44 - 45.7 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,393 100 5,477 100 5,028 100 42.9 - 30.4 - 44.4 -
Less than 50 miles 21 0.6 126 2.3 2 - 25.8 1.9 45.6 3.8 43.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S 94 1.7 10 0.2 S S 44.3 0.5 44.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles S S S S 355 7.1 S S S S 49.1 5.8
250 - 499 miles 764 22.5 2,246 41 1,386 27.6 25.7 8.6 41.3 11.6 40.2 12.2
500 - 749 miles 683 20.1 S S S S 48.3 5.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 27 0.8 11 0.2 13 0.3 46.1 3.9 46 2.4 45.1 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7 0.2 3 0.1 7 0.1 12.8 2.6 39 2.1 36.7 3.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 466 100 225 100 14 100 11.1 - 6 - 43.4 -
Less than 50 miles 429 92.1 211 93.9 4 25.8 9.2 2.2 5.8 1.3 - 14.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,466 100 S S 148 100 37.7 - S S 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,190 12.6 10 7.3 3 2.1 43.6 6.6 34.8 5.9 36.3 2
50 - 99 miles 233 2.5 2 1.7 3 2 37.1 3.8 42.1 3.7 48.3 2.3
100 - 249 miles 838 8.9 S S S S 49.4 3.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 461 4.9 2 1.8 1 0.7 36.6 1.7 34.8 1.4 32.2 0.6
500 - 749 miles 751 7.9 4 2.6 3 1.8 45.9 3.1 44.6 2.3 44.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 347 3.7 2 1.5 4 2.6 46.5 1.7 33.5 1.8 35.7 3
More than 2,000 miles 1,398 14.8 S S S S 21 3.5 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,716 100 17,598 100 S S 30.5 - 25.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 11,622 99.2 17,375 98.7 S S 28 6.4 22.1 6.1 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 76,073 100 13,466 100 6,245 100 11.2 - 23.5 - 20.9 -
Less than 50 miles 13,851 18.2 6,667 49.5 218 3.5 15.8 2.2 37 11.2 46.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 5,851 7.7 S S 179 2.9 13.8 1.2 S S 44.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 10,896 14.3 2,484 18.4 605 9.7 12.3 1 45.1 7.1 48.3 7.3
250 - 499 miles 7,427 9.8 344 2.6 S S 14.4 0.9 37.4 0.9 S S
500 - 749 miles 8,562 11.3 S S S S 16.8 0.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 7,346 9.7 172 1.3 185 3 26.7 1.6 30.2 1.5 31.6 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,336 12.3 225 1.7 338 5.4 25.4 1.5 15 1.4 15.1 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,443 3.2 75 0.6 161 2.6 17.6 0.3 22.1 1.2 23.7 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 10,363 13.6 1,098 8.2 3,646 58.4 12.1 1.6 35.5 7.3 35.4 11.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 68,973 100 1,534 100 1,136 100 11.2 - 10.5 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,101 16.1 276 18 11 0.9 12.5 2.1 12.4 1.9 10.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles 5,378 7.8 183 11.9 18 1.6 15.1 1.2 22.8 1.5 25.3 0.4
100 - 249 miles 9,630 14 287 18.7 59 5.2 13.2 1.6 20.5 2 20.5 0.9
250 - 499 miles 7,123 10.3 167 10.9 75 6.6 14.2 0.9 16.9 1.9 18 1.3
500 - 749 miles 8,393 12.2 161 10.5 121 10.6 16.8 1 13.9 1.1 14.2 1
750 - 999 miles 7,222 10.5 98 6.4 99 8.7 27.3 1.8 11.3 0.6 11.2 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,137 13.2 160 10.4 221 19.4 26.2 1.7 19.8 1.6 19.6 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,357 3.4 38 2.5 75 6.6 19.2 0.4 24.3 0.5 24.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 8,632 12.5 164 10.7 458 40.3 13.2 1.3 15.7 1.3 15.9 3.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,473 100 1,297 100 3,092 100 25 - 30.7 - 39.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 5 0.2 S S S S 37.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 49 2 S S S S 46.5 8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 23 0.9 15 1.2 9 0.3 25.7 0.4 41.6 1.1 40 0.5
500 - 749 miles 135 5.5 60 4.6 54 1.7 26.1 2.1 25.7 1.5 25.5 2.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 162 6.5 60 4.6 107 3.5 27.9 2.5 33.9 3 34.2 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 86 3.5 37 2.8 86 2.8 48.9 5.2 45.1 4.7 44.1 6.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,676 67.8 870 67.1 2,739 88.6 33.6 9.7 42.7 11.5 42.8 10.7

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,585 100 S S S S 40.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2 0.1 S S S S 3.1 4.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 37 2.3 5 0.3 S S 48.2 4.6 37.7 7.4 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,042 100 8,984 100 943 100 30.8 - 24.3 - 39.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,240 73.6 6,182 68.8 S S 45.7 15.6 36.5 14 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,903 100 3,025 100 S S 20.6 - 48.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,942 49.9 1,476 48.8 29 2.1 20.8 7.8 37.7 7.5 47 2.6
50 - 99 miles 346 3.5 169 5.6 15 1.1 29.4 2 39.5 1.9 39.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 260 2.6 119 3.9 24 1.7 19.7 1.5 40.6 3.7 38 4.8
250 - 499 miles S S 92 3.1 40 2.9 S S 37.6 4.4 33.7 5
500 - 749 miles 403 4.1 S S S S 36.1 1.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 209 2.1 S S S S 26.5 2.2 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.