Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 31,388 100 62,650 100 9,470 100 5 - 22.3 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,223 35.8 32,568 52 566 6 10.3 3.3 36.3 7.5 16.5 1.3
50 - 99 miles 1,967 6.3 9,663 15.4 870 9.2 17.4 1.1 29.7 4.3 30.2 3.4
100 - 249 miles 4,804 15.3 S S 2,844 30 14.5 2.7 S S 49.6 7.9
250 - 499 miles 2,771 8.8 1,409 2.2 690 7.3 21.6 1.5 18.7 0.9 16.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 3,668 11.7 2,138 3.4 1,805 19.1 16.1 1.4 19.8 1.6 22.7 4.6
750 - 999 miles 1,593 5.1 434 0.7 531 5.6 16.6 0.8 21.5 0.2 25.7 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,245 10.3 1,111 1.8 1,732 18.3 16.3 1.5 36.8 0.7 38.1 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,744 5.6 137 0.2 267 2.8 16.7 1 32.1 0.1 33 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 374 1.2 47 0.1 166 1.8 22.4 0.3 35.6 0.1 44 0.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,552 100 48,874 100 8,059 100 5.5 - 22.6 - 18.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,219 41.6 19,767 40.4 457 5.7 12.6 4.1 17.9 7 15.4 1.7
50 - 99 miles 1,807 7.4 9,573 19.6 863 10.7 16.7 1.2 29.5 4.2 30.1 3.3
100 - 249 miles 4,120 16.8 S S S S 16.3 3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,125 8.7 1,340 2.7 649 8.1 21 1.6 17.8 1 15.3 2.3
500 - 749 miles 2,267 9.2 1,983 4.1 1,651 20.5 12.7 1.2 21.9 1.5 25.4 4.5
750 - 999 miles 978 4 319 0.7 358 4.4 19.4 0.9 19.6 0.3 20.1 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,956 8 647 1.3 947 11.7 12 0.9 17.2 0.7 17.1 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 775 3.2 116 0.2 227 2.8 22.4 0.8 28.5 0.2 29.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 306 1.2 37 0.1 88 1.1 20 0.5 38.9 0.1 38.9 0.9

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,285 100 25,253 100 4,041 100 6.3 - 18.7 - 9.6 -
Less than 50 miles 8,635 42.6 16,367 64.8 353 8.7 8.3 2.9 24.2 4.3 23.3 1.5
50 - 99 miles 1,654 8.2 3,205 12.7 244 6 15.2 1.2 27 3.1 22.1 1
100 - 249 miles 2,781 13.7 2,387 9.5 491 12.2 14.1 1.8 15.6 1.8 14.9 2.9
250 - 499 miles 1,976 9.7 1,042 4.1 485 12 21.2 1.6 18.7 0.8 16.5 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,819 9 1,375 5.4 1,177 29.1 14.6 1 24.7 1.1 30.5 4.9
750 - 999 miles 751 3.7 232 0.9 258 6.4 12.1 0.3 13.6 0.3 13.5 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,821 9 491 1.9 718 17.8 12.3 1 18.8 0.6 18.5 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 567 2.8 116 0.5 226 5.6 25.4 0.9 28.7 0.3 29.6 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 281 1.4 37 0.1 88 2.2 22.1 0.6 39.3 0.1 39.4 1.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,632 100 7,659 100 2,681 100 8.7 - 9.7 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,709 19.8 3,412 44.6 80 3 24.4 3.7 12.1 3.3 18 0.7
50 - 99 miles 351 4.1 745 9.7 67 2.5 18.1 0.7 19.2 1.4 20.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 858 9.9 1,099 14.3 220 8.2 24.8 2.4 24 2.2 21.2 2.2
250 - 499 miles 1,175 13.6 515 6.7 251 9.3 34.7 3.1 16.8 1.5 17.2 2.6
500 - 749 miles 1,591 18.4 1,179 15.4 1,020 38 17.6 2.4 29.7 3.9 35.8 6.3
750 - 999 miles 587 6.8 188 2.5 210 7.8 15.3 1.1 18.1 0.8 18.2 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,572 18.2 401 5.2 580 21.6 12.6 2.4 20.5 1.2 19.9 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 508 5.9 84 1.1 166 6.2 24.8 1.2 26.6 0.3 28 2
More than 2,000 miles 281 3.3 37 0.5 88 3.3 22.1 1.1 39.3 0.4 39.4 2.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,653 100 17,594 100 1,360 100 11.7 - 25 - 12.3 -
Less than 50 miles 6,926 59.4 12,955 73.6 273 20.1 12.6 4.4 29.9 6.5 28 4
50 - 99 miles 1,303 11.2 2,460 14 177 13 21 1.8 34.5 5.5 29 4.9
100 - 249 miles 1,923 16.5 1,289 7.3 271 19.9 18.8 1.7 19.7 2 18 5.1
250 - 499 miles 801 6.9 527 3 235 17.3 34.8 1.7 30 0.9 28 4.1
500 - 749 miles 228 2 196 1.1 158 11.6 30.6 1.3 36 0.8 36.2 3.3
750 - 999 miles 164 1.4 44 0.3 48 3.5 30.9 0.4 26.5 0.2 26.2 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 249 2.1 91 0.5 138 10.2 36.4 1.1 47.6 0.6 48.4 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 60 0.5 32 0.2 60 4.4 33.2 0.4 42.6 0.2 42.4 2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,404 100 S S 3,719 100 30 - S S 39.1 -
Less than 50 miles 68 4.9 S S S S 47.6 3.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 974 69.4 S S S S 35.4 14.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 94 6.7 258 1.2 150 4 33.6 12.8 24.7 13.4 17.9 12.2
500 - 749 miles 77 5.5 358 1.6 342 9.2 25.7 5.2 34.5 7.7 32.4 7.5
750 - 999 miles 15 1.1 86 0.4 100 2.7 37.6 7.7 39.3 8.5 41.9 10.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 22 1.6 155 0.7 228 6.1 38 7.3 42 9.5 41.7 12.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 849 100 2 100 3 100 41.6 - 41.3 - 42.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 8.3 - 6.2 S S 44.2 17.8 38.4 16.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 113 13.3 - 9.4 - 9.1 46.2 4.8 31.2 7.5 30.3 8.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 208 24.5 S S S S 43.6 17 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,015 100 1,646 100 S S 48.7 - 45.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,718 100 S S S S 11.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S 10 1.3 - - S S 47.3 1 43.8 -
50 - 99 miles 111 1.9 S S - - 40.4 0.8 S S 44.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 633 11.1 S S S S 37.8 7.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 551 9.6 S S S S 30 2.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,311 22.9 149 18.4 149 12.3 29.1 3.6 36.4 12.3 37.3 12.9
750 - 999 miles 561 9.8 S S S S 14.2 2.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,230 21.5 S S S S 30.2 4.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 920 16.1 9 1.1 18 1.5 21.6 4.5 26.9 1.8 27.5 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 68 1.2 S S S S 32.5 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,582 100 62 100 55 100 11.9 - 24.8 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 111 2 S S - 0.4 40.4 0.9 S S 44.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 607 10.9 9 13.9 2 3.7 39.1 7.5 34.7 5.5 30.8 2.8
250 - 499 miles 524 9.4 10 16.5 5 10 28.3 2.1 33.6 2.9 32.2 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,286 23 12 19.8 10 17.9 30 3.8 49.1 3.5 47.7 2.8
750 - 999 miles 555 9.9 6 9.6 7 11.8 14.1 2.1 26.7 2.1 25.8 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,200 21.5 8 13.7 13 22.8 31.1 4.6 22.2 3.1 19.2 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 919 16.5 9 14.3 18 31.9 21.6 4.7 26.8 3.5 27.2 4.3
More than 2,000 miles 49 0.9 S S S S 32.6 0.6 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 116 100 S S S S 25.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 5 4.1 S S S S 32.2 10.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 6 4.9 S S S S 28.4 11.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,118 100 S S S S 45.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 95 8.5 34 0.3 20 9.7 19 7.1 31.3 12.9 30.7 17.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 21 0.2 22 11 S S 48.6 6 46.3 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 59 5.3 S S S S 44.6 14.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 49 4.4 S S S S 49.5 2.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.