Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 31,388 100 62,650 100 9,470 100 478 5 - 22.3 - 15.9 - 14.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,208 16.6 64 0.1 30 0.3 649 12.6 2.3 15.8 - 22 0.1 12.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,551 4.9 45 0.1 14 0.1 304 21 0.9 14.6 - 18.4 - 21
100 - 499 lbs 3,723 11.9 344 0.5 49 0.5 155 21.5 2 12.8 0.2 8.6 0.1 37
500 - 749 lbs 1,300 4.1 219 0.3 30 0.3 140 16.6 0.6 16.4 0.1 12.2 0.1 35.7
750 - 999 lbs 869 2.8 201 0.3 31 0.3 156 23.8 0.6 14.8 0.1 16.6 0.1 49.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,050 16.1 2,615 4.2 355 3.8 133 15.3 2.6 12.6 1.5 10.6 0.5 20
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,704 24.5 13,841 22.1 3,235 34.2 222 10.4 2.5 15.6 8 11.9 5.4 16.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,683 5.4 5,649 9 633 6.7 111 17.8 0.8 16.4 3 16.7 2.3 20.4
More than 100,000 lbs 4,299 13.7 39,672 63.3 5,093 53.8 451 25.6 3.3 38.1 11.5 29.6 7.4 20.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,552 100 48,874 100 8,059 100 123 5.5 - 22.6 - 18.1 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs 1,383 5.6 32 0.1 3 - 107 29.3 2.1 20.9 0.1 16.2 - 12
50 - 99 lbs 558 2.3 31 0.1 4 - 122 15.4 0.3 15.2 - 27.1 - 28.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,882 11.7 322 0.7 35 0.4 108 21.2 2.1 13.1 0.1 8.3 0.1 19.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,162 4.7 213 0.4 27 0.3 127 18.3 0.9 16.5 0.1 15.8 0.1 41.7
750 - 999 lbs 832 3.4 198 0.4 29 0.4 S 24.5 0.8 15 0.1 18.7 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,896 19.9 2,590 5.3 349 4.3 130 15.9 3.2 12.7 1.3 10.6 0.4 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,404 30.2 13,576 27.8 3,014 37.4 214 9.8 2.8 15.8 7.3 11.5 6.9 16.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,627 6.6 5,525 11.3 534 6.6 97 17.6 0.9 17 3.6 16.1 2 21.2
More than 100,000 lbs 3,808 15.5 26,388 54 4,064 50.4 272 29.4 3.8 43.9 10.6 37.4 8.5 42

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,285 100 25,253 100 4,041 100 109 6.3 - 18.7 - 9.6 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,090 5.4 31 0.1 3 0.1 76 35.2 2.4 21.2 0.1 15.6 - 11.2
50 - 99 lbs 443 2.2 31 0.1 4 0.1 119 17.7 0.3 15.2 - 28 - 29.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,727 13.4 322 1.3 34 0.8 106 22.9 2.3 13.1 0.3 9 0.1 19.8
500 - 749 lbs 980 4.8 213 0.8 27 0.7 127 19.3 0.8 16.5 0.2 15.8 0.1 41.6
750 - 999 lbs 804 4 197 0.8 28 0.7 S 23.5 0.8 15 0.2 18.8 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,815 23.7 2,588 10.2 348 8.6 129 15 3.4 12.7 2.2 10.7 1.4 19.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,343 36.2 13,508 53.5 2,955 73.1 211 10.1 4.2 16 4.6 12.6 3.4 16.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,595 7.9 5,509 21.8 529 13.1 97 17.5 1.2 17 3.3 16.3 2.6 21.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,632 100 7,659 100 2,681 100 440 8.7 - 9.7 - 12.9 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 - 1 - 313 S S 50 - 25.2 - 33.5
50 - 99 lbs 111 1.3 2 - S S 436 45.4 0.5 34.5 - S S 26.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,162 13.5 23 0.3 12 0.5 489 35.8 3.7 22.9 0.1 18.8 0.1 26.8
500 - 749 lbs 270 3.1 16 0.2 9 0.3 545 24.8 0.9 27.5 0.1 28.7 0.1 30.6
750 - 999 lbs 296 3.4 13 0.2 12 0.4 877 36.3 1.4 33 0.1 37.4 0.2 13.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,157 13.4 299 3.9 169 6.3 603 18 2.9 24.4 0.9 23.1 1 9.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,397 50.9 4,925 64.3 2,243 83.7 492 13.7 6.1 12.8 3.4 15.2 2.6 12
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 655 7.6 2,259 29.5 195 7.3 85 20.8 1.4 13.1 3.3 22.2 2.2 11.9
More than 100,000 lbs 101 1.2 120 1.6 S S S 32.8 0.4 37.7 0.8 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,653 100 17,594 100 1,360 100 73 11.7 - 25 - 12.3 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 608 5.2 29 0.2 2 0.2 59 22.4 1.5 23.7 0.1 18 - 28
50 - 99 lbs 332 2.8 29 0.2 3 0.2 99 15.2 0.5 15.1 - 26.8 0.1 22.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,565 13.4 299 1.7 22 1.6 73 16.6 1.3 13.7 0.4 14.4 0.4 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 710 6.1 197 1.1 18 1.3 90 21 0.8 17.9 0.3 22.1 0.4 13.7
750 - 999 lbs 508 4.4 184 1 17 1.2 S 21.1 0.6 16.6 0.3 15.6 0.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,658 31.4 2,290 13 179 13.2 84 16.9 3.8 16 3.8 14 4.1 13.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,946 25.3 8,583 48.8 712 52.4 S 12.6 3.1 20.7 5.4 18.2 5.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 940 8.1 3,250 18.5 334 24.5 105 27.4 1.3 22.6 3.7 23.7 5.3 31.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 25.1

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,404 100 S S 3,719 100 731 30 - S S 39.1 - 12.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 184 S S S S S S 38.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 864 S S S S S S 28.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5 0.3 7 - 5 0.1 661 47.6 0.4 26.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 33.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1,348 96 S S 3,656 98.3 693 30.3 1.8 S S 38.8 0.6 16.3

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 849 100 2 100 3 100 1,423 41.6 - 41.3 - 42.1 - 6
Less than 50 lbs 293 34.5 - 17.5 1 18 1,415 38 16.5 38.1 13.1 38 14.1 11.7
50 - 99 lbs S S - 2.9 - 3.3 1,683 S S 31.9 8 42.3 6.4 14.8
100 - 499 lbs S S - 17.7 S S 1,562 S S 33.6 8.9 S S 22.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,685 S S S S S S 18.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,015 100 1,646 100 S S S 48.7 - 45.5 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs 2 0.1 - - S S S 37.6 7.9 37.5 0.4 S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 27 1.3 9 0.5 S S S 28.2 0.7 26.3 1.1 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,972 97.9 1,634 99.3 S S S 48.5 4.5 45.7 1.8 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,718 100 S S S S 1,008 11.7 - S S S S 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,734 65.3 29 3.6 27 2.2 1,018 9.3 4.7 25.6 6.5 25.6 6.1 7.7
50 - 99 lbs 893 15.6 12 1.5 10 0.8 829 30.6 3.2 27 3 21.9 3.1 18.3
100 - 499 lbs 805 14.1 16 1.9 13 1.1 824 28.5 3 32.3 2.3 28.3 2.1 18.5
500 - 749 lbs 117 2 3 0.4 3 0.3 1,119 38.3 1.3 25 0.5 49 0.4 20.5
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.2 S S 966 S S 46.8 0.6 S S 27.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 51 0.9 71 8.8 S S 1,840 44.1 0.4 46.1 9.6 S S 46.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 40 0.7 S S S S 978 34 0.6 S S S S 9.8
More than 100,000 lbs 43 0.7 S S S S 1,602 31.3 0.7 S S S S 19.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,582 100 62 100 55 100 1,007 11.9 - 24.8 - 23.3 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,734 66.9 29 47.3 27 48.4 1,018 9.3 4.7 25.6 4.6 25.6 4 7.7
50 - 99 lbs 893 16 12 19.4 10 18.2 829 30.6 3.2 27 2.4 21.9 3.1 18.3
100 - 499 lbs 805 14.4 16 25.5 13 24.2 824 28.5 3.2 32.3 4 28.3 4 18.5
500 - 749 lbs 117 2.1 3 5 3 6.2 1,119 38.3 1.4 25 3.2 49 2.1 20.5
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 2.8 2 3 976 S S 43.1 2.2 47.9 2 31.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 116 100 S S S S 1,236 25.6 - S S S S 15.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 33 28.5 S S S S 930 26.1 14 S S S S 12.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 978 S S S S S S 9.8
More than 100,000 lbs 43 36.9 S S S S 1,602 31.3 17.9 S S S S 19.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 7,933 S S S S S S 27.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 8,259 S S S S S S 41.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,118 100 S S S S S 45.9 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 91 8.1 3 - - 0.1 S 31.2 3.7 43.4 0.8 19.1 0.4 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 2 - - 0.1 S S S 31.3 1.9 22.1 1.7 S
100 - 499 lbs 36 3.3 6 - - 0.2 S 32.2 2.8 36.1 6.7 48.3 7 S
500 - 749 lbs S S 3 - - - 22 S S 35.5 0.7 42.6 0.2 29.4
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 - S S 30 S S 32.5 1.5 S S 34.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 152 13.6 24 0.2 6 2.8 430 37.2 8.5 40.6 6.3 40 14 30.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 248 22.2 S S 87 43.5 344 29.8 10.7 S S 46.7 13.1 46
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 16 1.5 24 0.2 S S 70 40.7 10.6 38.7 18.9 S S 24.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.