Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 31,388 100 62,650 100 9,470 100 478 5 - 22.3 - 15.9 - 14.9
Single modes 24,552 78.2 48,874 78 8,059 85.1 123 5.5 2.3 22.6 9.5 18.1 5.9 6.2
Truck5 20,285 64.6 25,253 40.3 4,041 42.7 109 6.3 3.1 18.7 12.2 9.6 6.8 6.4
For-hire truck 8,632 27.5 7,659 12.2 2,681 28.3 440 8.7 2.3 9.7 4.2 12.9 4.7 11.9
Private truck 11,653 37.1 17,594 28.1 1,360 14.4 73 11.7 3.9 25 8.8 12.3 3.1 8.9
Rail 1,404 4.5 S S 3,719 39.3 731 30 1.5 S S 39.1 8.1 12.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 849 2.7 2 - 3 - 1,423 41.6 1.1 41.3 - 42.1 - 6
Pipeline6 2,015 6.4 1,646 2.6 S S S 48.7 3 45.5 1.7 S S S
Multiple modes 5,718 18.2 S S S S 1,008 11.7 1.7 S S S S 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,582 17.8 62 0.1 55 0.6 1,007 11.9 1.7 24.8 0.1 23.3 0.2 8.1
Truck and rail 116 0.4 S S S S 1,236 25.6 0.1 S S S S 15.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,933 S S S S S S 27.8
Other and unknown modes 1,118 3.6 S S S S S 45.9 1.5 S S S S S

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 103 100 S S 26 100 46 48.5 - S S 45 - 20.5
Single modes 103 100 S S 26 100 46 48.5 - S S 45 - 20.5
Truck5 103 100 S S 26 100 46 48.5 - S S 45 - 20.5
For-hire truck 92 89.9 590 89.2 23 88.9 45 42.5 3.8 44.6 4 42.9 4.1 17.8
Private truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 43.1

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 144 100 55 100 S S 128 40.1 - 29.7 - S S 42.9
Single modes 138 95.9 54 98.5 S S 122 42 4.1 29.9 1.1 S S 45
Truck5 138 95.9 54 98.5 S S 122 42 4.1 29.9 1.1 S S 45
For-hire truck S S S S 20 86.2 1,424 S S S S 45.2 13.4 11.7
Private truck 64 44.8 39 71.7 S S 90 47.3 17.9 38.3 14.2 S S 33.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S 423 71.6 S S S S S 48.5 10.5 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 229 S S S S S S 43.8

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 557 100 88 100 46 100 S 40.8 - 28.3 - 33.2 - S
Single modes 555 99.7 87 99.4 46 99.2 S 40.9 0.4 28.3 0.5 32.9 0.4 S
Truck5 555 99.7 87 99.4 46 99.2 S 40.9 0.4 28.3 0.5 32.9 0.4 S
For-hire truck 129 23.1 22 25 15 33.1 S 35 15.2 33.4 15.6 34.7 11.3 S
Private truck S S 65 74.4 31 66.2 S S S 36.3 10 29.2 10.5 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 594 100 1,394 100 306 100 S 24.8 - 24.4 - 39.4 - S
Single modes 590 99.3 1,392 99.8 305 99.8 S 25.1 1.3 24.4 0.1 39.5 0.4 S
Truck5 590 99.3 1,392 99.8 305 99.8 S 25.1 1.3 24.4 0.1 39.5 0.4 S
For-hire truck 210 35.4 811 58.2 154 50.3 S 45.7 11.1 16.6 8.7 41.7 10.5 S
Private truck 380 63.9 581 41.6 S S S 35 10.3 33.7 9.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 290 S S S S S S 2.5

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,772 100 1,662 100 798 100 S 21.7 - 23.1 - 32.9 - S
Single modes 2,566 92.6 1,496 90 708 88.8 S 21.3 1.8 22.5 3.2 32.2 2.8 S
Truck5 2,562 92.4 1,495 90 707 88.7 S 21.2 1.8 22.5 3.2 32.3 2.8 S
For-hire truck 1,508 54.4 541 32.6 614 77 1,194 31.1 9.7 40 11.7 36.5 6.5 6.7
Private truck 1,054 38 955 57.4 93 11.7 S 33.2 11.2 31.5 11.2 43.7 11.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,852 S S S S S S 19.6
Multiple modes 26 0.9 3 0.2 4 0.5 1,217 38.9 0.7 44.9 0.3 35.7 0.9 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 26 0.9 3 0.2 4 0.5 1,217 38.9 0.7 44.9 0.3 35.7 0.9 13.4
Other and unknown modes 180 6.5 162 9.8 85 10.7 S 5 2.4 35.3 5.8 29.4 3.3 S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 728 100 523 100 97 100 180 19 - 23 - 39.8 - 22.6
Single modes 721 99 521 99.7 95 98.7 63 18.7 0.6 22.9 0.2 40.5 3.5 17.2
Truck5 667 91.6 424 81.2 57 59.3 62 20.7 4.7 26.7 9.1 39 12.8 16.9
Private truck 667 91.6 424 81.2 57 59.3 62 20.7 4.7 26.7 9.1 39 12.8 16.9
Rail S S S S S S 394 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 52 100 1 100 - 100 44 8.3 - 14.9 - 27.6 - 17
Single modes 52 100 1 100 - 100 44 8.3 - 14.9 - 27.6 - 17
Truck5 52 100 1 100 - 100 44 8.3 - 14.9 - 27.6 - 17
Private truck 52 100 1 100 - 100 44 8.3 - 14.9 - 27.6 - 17

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 175 S S S S S S 39.3
Single modes S S S S S S 183 S S S S S S 39.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 183 S S S S S S 39.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 204 S S S S S S 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 171 S S S S S S 41.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5 100 358 100 15 100 32 23.6 - 21.9 - 32.4 - 29.7
Single modes 5 100 358 100 15 100 32 23.6 - 21.9 - 32.4 - 29.7
Truck5 5 100 358 100 15 100 32 23.6 - 21.9 - 32.4 - 29.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 4 92.5 330 92.2 14 92.7 32 25.3 9 24.6 12.1 35.1 13.1 29.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29 100 S S S S 21 40.1 - S S S S 42.6
Single modes 29 100 S S S S 21 40.1 - S S S S 42.6
Truck5 29 100 S S S S 21 40.1 - S S S S 42.6
For-hire truck 1 2.1 45 2.1 1 1.7 25 14.8 5.1 9.2 19.1 16.5 10.2 9.4
Private truck 29 97.9 S S S S 21 40.2 1.3 S S S S 45.2

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 29 100 20 100 523 S S 41.5 - 40 - 39.1
Single modes S S 29 99.9 20 99.8 442 S S 41.5 0.7 40 1 41.1
Truck5 S S 29 99.9 20 99.7 420 S S 41.5 0.7 40 1 43.9
For-hire truck S S 16 53.9 19 93.9 1,166 S S 34.9 17.8 28.9 2.5 6.5
Private truck S S S S S S 104 S S S S S S 30
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - 0.5 - 0.1 - 0.2 1,711 16.2 9.1 33.6 3.8 34.5 5.5 3.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.5 - 0.1 - 0.2 1,711 16.2 9.1 33.6 3.8 34.5 5.5 3.9

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 870 100 482 100 180 100 705 37.9 - 43.5 - 39.1 - 26.3
Single modes 870 100 482 100 180 100 705 37.9 - 43.5 - 39.1 - 26.3
Truck5 S S S S S S 1,262 S S S S S S 40.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,890 S S S S S S 38
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 306 S S S S S S 5.6

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 884 100 33,279 100 2,845 100 S 43.3 - 34.7 - 47.3 - S
Single modes S S S S 2,739 96.3 S S S S S 45.8 2.1 S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S 2,725 95.8 115 S S S S 46.3 2.4 7.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,259 100 1,678 100 110 100 56 22.6 - 21.7 - 48.1 - 25.4
Single modes 1,253 99.5 1,671 99.6 110 99.8 56 22.8 2.7 22 2.2 48.2 2.6 25.6
Truck5 1,181 93.8 1,528 91.1 S S 55 24.9 5.2 24.4 5.7 S S 25.7
For-hire truck 632 50.2 836 49.8 S S S 27.9 17.2 26 17.4 S S S
Private truck 549 43.6 692 41.2 S S 71 39.4 14.3 37.8 14.8 S S 22.2
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 6 0.5 7 0.4 S S 53 36.6 9.3 39.4 7.6 S S 15

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,451 100 2,318 100 S S 74 38.5 - 39 - S S 25.8
Single modes 1,446 99.7 2,311 99.7 S S 75 38.6 0.4 39.2 0.4 S S 28.9
Truck5 918 63.3 1,373 59.2 S S 59 44.8 12.1 45.3 13 S S 22
For-hire truck S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 13.7
Private truck 866 59.7 1,298 56 S S 60 45 12.6 45.7 13.4 S S 22.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 10.7

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,071 100 3,041 100 495 100 65 29.7 - 20.8 - 34.7 - 24.7
Single modes 3,045 99.1 2,904 95.5 356 71.8 59 29.7 0.4 20.6 1.4 46.8 9.1 28
Truck5 1,590 51.8 2,282 75 204 41.2 59 24.2 13.7 24.9 9.1 22.4 13.1 28
For-hire truck 197 6.4 586 19.3 77 15.6 130 25.2 8.7 22.1 8.2 20.6 11.8 17.5
Private truck 1,393 45.4 1,696 55.8 127 25.6 57 27.4 12.5 28.2 9.4 35.4 11 29.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 25 0.8 137 4.5 140 28.2 1,021 18.1 1.1 5.5 2.1 5.5 15 -
Truck and rail 25 0.8 137 4.5 140 28.2 1,021 18.1 1.1 5.5 2.1 5.5 15 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 19.8

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 378 100 S S 179 S S 47.6 - S S 28.7
Single modes S S 369 97.7 S S 175 S S 46.6 0.7 S S 25.2
Truck5 S S 369 97.7 S S 173 S S 46.6 0.7 S S 25.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 910 S S S S S S 26.3
Private truck 182 40.2 195 51.6 S S 83 29.7 13.4 28 12.5 S S 18.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 808 S S S S S S 30.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,087 S S S S S S 38.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 41.6 - 46.7 0.1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,170 100 10 100 10 100 1,001 47.1 - 26.6 - 38.9 - 19.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 56.2 5 52.9 1,115 S S 39.3 16.5 49.9 17.3 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 56.2 5 52.9 1,115 S S 39.3 16.5 49.9 17.3 14.5

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 224 100 1,093 100 S S 352 38.1 - 44.6 - S S 38
Single modes 207 92.6 998 91.4 S S 330 38.9 3.4 45.6 3.6 S S 37.7
Truck5 114 50.9 437 40 S S S 30.1 14.8 34 17.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 110 49.2 415 38 S S 199 30.1 15.8 35.2 18.8 S S 49.8
Rail 93 41.7 562 51.4 549 66.6 979 28.1 8.8 31.4 6.3 35.3 9.1 5.7
Multiple modes 17 7.4 94 8.6 113 13.6 1,221 46.3 6.7 41.1 6.7 45.3 8.9 28
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 17 7.4 94 8.6 113 13.6 1,192 34.2 9.1 25.4 8.8 32.5 11.3 36

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 397 100 124 100 31 100 766 31 - 37.9 - 28 - 22.4
Single modes 212 53.3 119 95.8 27 86.4 166 32.4 12.7 39 2.9 27.8 4.2 15
Truck5 212 53.3 119 95.8 27 86.4 166 32.4 12.7 39 2.9 27.8 4.2 15.2
For-hire truck 62 15.6 36 29.2 17 54.4 S 29 13.9 30.9 10.8 29.1 9.2 S
Private truck 150 37.7 S S S S 138 47.7 10.6 S S S S 24
Air (incl truck and air) - - - - - - 1,889 45.8 - 5.1 - 41.8 - 41.8
Multiple modes 184 46.4 5 3.9 4 13.5 932 44.8 15.2 37.6 4.3 42.8 5.8 24.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 184 46.4 5 3.9 4 13.5 932 44.8 15.2 37.6 4.3 42.8 5.8 24.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 563 100 111 100 29 100 363 30.8 - 35.9 - 48.4 - 24.4
Single modes 395 70.2 103 92.8 19 66.7 83 32.2 9.8 38 6.7 48 11.3 22.6
Truck5 395 70.2 103 92.8 19 66.7 83 32.2 9.8 38 6.7 48 11.3 22.6
For-hire truck 34 6.1 S S S S S 41.5 8.8 S S S S S
Private truck 361 64.1 87 78.3 S S 84 32.5 8.9 42.4 9.5 S S 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 857 S S S S S S 23.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 857 S S S S S S 23.2
Other and unknown modes S S 3 2.3 S S S S S 46.6 7.3 S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 5 100 - 100 S S S 20.7 - 27.7 - S
Single modes 5 99.7 4 81.8 - 89 S 45.6 0.2 23.8 12.9 23.8 7.8 S
Truck5 5 99.7 4 81.8 - 89 S 45.6 0.2 23.8 12.9 23.8 7.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 652 100 1,009 100 S S 175 20.8 - 37.6 - S S 36.5
Single modes 641 98.3 997 98.8 S S 184 21.1 1.4 38.2 1.6 S S 34.7
Truck5 637 97.8 991 98.2 S S 184 21.3 1.8 38.5 2.3 S S 34.9
For-hire truck 253 38.9 S S S S 626 42.2 9.8 S S S S 24.6
Private truck 384 58.9 381 37.8 36 7.7 42 22 9 26.4 14 23.4 18.9 9.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 21.3 - S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.5 - - S S S 49 3 36.9 2.2 S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 265 100 449 100 290 100 346 32.8 - 36.6 - 38.4 - 26
Single modes 264 99.7 449 100 290 100 364 32.9 2.2 36.6 2 38.4 10.5 25.6
Truck5 246 92.8 414 92.2 254 87.5 356 33.1 3.1 36.7 3 38.5 9.8 25.7
For-hire truck 211 79.6 382 85.2 241 83.1 575 31.2 13.9 31.1 14.8 32.7 14.9 18.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 18 6.9 35 7.8 36 12.5 1,033 6.3 9.7 6.1 8.7 20.2 11.7 19
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 134 100 78 100 61 100 300 36.2 - 37.8 - 40.2 - 39.5
Single modes 130 96.9 77 98 57 94.6 173 37.3 9.2 38.5 5.3 40.3 5 29.4
Truck5 130 96.9 77 98 57 94.6 173 37.3 9.2 38.5 5.3 40.3 5 29.4
For-hire truck 90 67.1 61 77.6 55 91.2 S 22 6.8 25.4 7.1 26.3 8 S
Private truck 40 29.8 S S S S 121 41.8 16.6 S S S S 14.6
Multiple modes 2 1.5 S S S S S 42 12.6 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.5 - 0.1 S S S 47.6 12.8 42.1 0.6 S S S
Truck and water 1 1 1 1.2 3 5.3 3,417 27.6 1.2 27.9 1.4 27.9 6.1 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 141 100 S S S S S 49.7 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 43.7
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 33 23.5 S S S S 323 17.6 10.6 S S S S 2.8
Private truck 96 68.3 S S S S 19 49.6 13.2 S S S S 40.3
Air (incl truck and air) - 0.1 - - S S 1,527 16.2 5.4 16.3 3.7 S S 11.7
Multiple modes S S 1 1.6 S S 796 S S 43.5 19.1 S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 1.6 S S 796 S S 43.5 19.1 S S 22
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 47.7 0.3 S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 327 100 51 100 45 100 938 27.2 - 38.4 - 38.9 - 19.8
Single modes 251 76.6 49 96.3 43 95.8 353 36.9 13.6 40.4 14.1 41.3 18.7 37.8
Truck5 251 76.6 49 96.3 43 95.8 353 36.9 13.6 40.4 14.1 41.3 18.7 37.8
For-hire truck 198 60.4 43 83.9 S S 923 34.3 18 33.6 18.3 S S 20.6
Private truck 53 16.2 S S S S S 45.2 11.8 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 17.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 17.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 904 100 9,149 100 S S S 27.2 - 42.7 - S S S
Single modes 867 95.8 8,664 94.7 571 41.3 S 26.7 1.1 40.6 1.6 21.7 17.6 S
Truck5 862 95.3 8,664 94.7 571 41.3 66 27.1 9.4 40.6 1.7 21.7 16.8 20.8
For-hire truck 332 36.7 1,788 19.5 394 28.5 224 23.3 8.3 31 9.7 25.6 15.2 30.8
Private truck 531 58.7 6,875 75.1 177 12.8 30 37.7 9.3 48.9 8.2 34.7 10.7 24.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,075 S S S S S S 25.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 0.6 S S - - 458 40.3 0.9 S S 47 - 47.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,695 S S S S S S 30.5
Other and unknown modes 6 0.6 S S S S 10 30.4 0.6 S S S S 12.7

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 536 100 217 100 118 100 404 30 - 28.8 - 43.9 - 46.4
Single modes 495 92.4 192 88.3 117 99.2 S 32.4 8.5 32.2 7.1 44.3 4.3 S
Truck5 492 91.7 173 79.7 105 89.4 S 32.8 9.9 36.8 10.6 49.8 9.5 S
For-hire truck 327 60.9 S S S S 811 49 14.8 S S S S 31.5
Private truck 165 30.8 S S S S 41 45.7 14.3 S S S S 33.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 889 S S 36.4 - 39.8 0.2 6.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,323 S S S S S S 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,323 S S S S S S 19.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 19

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,250 100 229 100 81 100 473 28.6 - 21.1 - 34.3 - 29.8
Single modes 1,015 81.2 195 85.1 70 87.1 201 27.2 4.7 22.6 6.5 33.3 6 49.7
Truck5 1,015 81.2 195 85.1 70 87.1 201 27.2 4.7 22.6 6.5 33.3 6 49.7
For-hire truck 369 29.5 87 38.2 54 67.2 954 48.8 6.6 37.2 7.5 34.7 10 17.7
Private truck 646 51.7 108 47 16 19.8 81 34.7 9.6 16.7 10.3 37.1 9.2 48.1
Multiple modes S S 7 3.1 S S 1,155 S S 48.6 1.4 S S 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 7 3.1 S S 1,154 S S 48.1 1.4 S S 13.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 53 4.3 S S S S S 35.6 2.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,181 100 72 100 19 100 703 23.9 - 30.1 - 32.6 - 22.1
Single modes 716 60.6 56 77.6 11 58.9 S 21.6 9.3 26.2 5.6 25.6 9.7 S
Truck5 715 60.5 56 77.6 11 58.9 S 21.6 9.3 26.2 5.6 25.6 9.7 S
For-hire truck 311 26.4 25 34.4 8 45 354 31.7 12.5 34.7 12.5 33.6 11.3 32.8
Private truck 404 34.2 31 43.2 3 13.9 59 32.4 9.2 37.8 9.5 44.8 7.2 22.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 344 29.1 S S S S 1,044 47.1 8.6 S S S S 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 344 29.1 S S S S 1,044 47.1 8.6 S S S S 14.5
Other and unknown modes 122 10.3 S S S S S 44.4 6 S S S S S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,344 100 75 100 36 100 495 21.8 - 18.2 - 28.5 - 15.1
Single modes 2,666 61.4 67 89.8 32 88.5 S 31.1 9.6 21.7 9.5 33.5 11.9 S
Truck5 1,977 45.5 66 88.3 31 84.5 S 37.3 8.8 21.8 9.3 33.2 12.5 S
For-hire truck 1,397 32.2 45 59.7 28 76.9 766 38.7 6.6 30.8 12 36.8 13.8 28.4
Private truck 580 13.4 21 28.6 3 7.6 67 44.4 3.6 43.5 8.3 49.5 4.7 33.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,354 S S S S S S 17.7
Multiple modes 1,535 35.3 6 7.4 4 10.7 755 16.2 10 34.8 8.4 33.6 9.8 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,535 35.3 6 7.4 4 10.7 755 16.2 10 34.8 8.4 33.6 9.8 10.3
Other and unknown modes 143 3.3 S S S S S 44 3.5 S S S S S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 313 100 30 100 S S S 20.4 - 36.8 - S S S
Single modes 282 89.8 18 61.1 S S S 24.7 8.3 30.9 16.9 S S S
Truck5 282 89.8 18 61.1 S S S 24.7 8.3 30.9 16.9 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 42.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 46.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 749 S S S S S S 28.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7 2.1 - 1.5 - 3.3 749 31.4 1.9 37 3.5 36.7 10.8 28.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 1 100 2 100 1,440 S S 12.4 - 11.5 - 9
Single modes S S 1 58 1 50.6 1,428 S S 25.8 13.6 16.5 13.9 6.4
Truck5 S S 1 51.1 1 43.7 1,442 S S 27.2 11.8 18.3 11.4 14.8
For-hire truck S S S S - 7 1,655 S S S S 45.3 4.3 24.8
Private truck 81 6.9 1 42.3 1 36.7 1,377 49.8 15.6 34.6 15.3 22 14.7 11.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 7 - 6.9 1,376 S S 37.7 10.2 30.4 10.9 5.6
Multiple modes S S 1 41.1 1 48.2 1,440 S S 37 14.6 34.9 14.5 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 41.1 1 48.2 1,440 S S 37 14.6 34.9 14.5 18.7
Other and unknown modes S S - 0.9 - 1.2 1,580 S S 25.4 1.7 16.9 3.4 8.1

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 45.8 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 524 S S S S S S 47.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 524 S S S S S S 47.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 129 100 10 100 S S 484 46.5 - 38.4 - S S 30.9
Single modes 121 93.9 9 97 S S S 48.9 5.6 39.1 1.6 S S S
Truck5 121 93.9 9 97 S S S 48.9 5.6 39.1 1.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 969 S S S S S S 25.2
Private truck S S 6 63.3 S S S S S 35.4 12 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,220 S S S S S S 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,220 S S S S S S 16.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,955 100 S S S S 1,118 22.9 - S S S S 14.6
Single modes 666 34.1 S S S S 522 41 6.4 S S S S 26.3
Truck5 539 27.6 175 48 S S 200 37.5 5.5 49.8 13.4 S S 30.3
For-hire truck S S 25 6.9 S S 841 S S 38.7 20 S S 28.9
Private truck 222 11.4 S S S S 116 26.5 3.7 S S S S 36.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,430 S S S S S S 8.6
Multiple modes 1,274 65.2 10 2.7 10 3.8 1,199 22.4 6.6 43.8 11.4 35.3 16.1 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,262 64.6 5 1.4 6 2.5 1,199 23 7.5 30.4 11.3 29.5 13.1 9.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 41.4 0.4 S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 212 100 S S 631 S S 46.5 - S S 33.6
Single modes S S 210 98.8 S S 634 S S 46.5 0.6 S S 33.8
Truck5 S S 205 96.6 S S 634 S S 48.1 6.1 S S 34.2
For-hire truck S S 205 96.6 S S 650 S S 48.1 6.1 S S 32.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,838 100 556 100 66 100 317 25.9 - 24.1 - 19.1 - 34.5
Single modes 1,559 84.8 542 97.5 61 92 104 29.2 6.7 24.6 1.5 21.2 4.1 41.4
Truck5 1,559 84.8 542 97.5 61 92 103 29.2 6.7 24.6 1.5 21.2 4.1 31.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,468 79.9 504 90.7 58 87.3 104 32.1 9.7 27.9 7.8 23.4 6.8 30.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 4 6.1 680 S S S S 48.8 3.7 30.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 4 6.1 680 S S S S 48.8 3.7 30.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S S 28.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 1 97 S S S S 86 27.4 1.9 S S S S 29.4
Truck5 1 97 S S S S 86 27.4 1.9 S S S S 29.4
Private truck 1 97 S S S S 86 27.4 1.9 S S S S 29.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.