Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 549,674 100 335,782 100 73,793 100 2.5 - 5.3 - 17 -
Less than 50 miles 210,517 38.3 214,649 63.9 4,290 5.8 4.5 1.1 7.9 2.7 8.8 0.9
50 - 99 miles 51,125 9.3 33,414 10 3,202 4.3 5.2 0.6 9.6 1.1 9.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 88,144 16 41,014 12.2 9,494 12.9 5.9 0.9 8.7 1 9.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 53,824 9.8 15,834 4.7 7,297 9.9 4.7 0.4 14.2 0.8 15.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 38,813 7.1 10,204 3 8,070 10.9 6.9 0.4 15.8 0.5 16.6 1.3
750 - 999 miles 27,695 5 4,822 1.4 4,948 6.7 4.6 0.3 24.9 0.3 24.1 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 35,559 6.5 7,289 2.2 10,317 14 4.8 0.3 22.8 0.4 20.7 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,155 1.7 S S S S 10.9 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 34,844 6.3 6,672 2 22,359 30.3 10.7 0.6 36.8 0.6 45.1 6.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 408,041 100 319,128 100 56,176 100 2.5 - 5 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 175,598 43 207,288 65 4,124 7.3 5.4 1.6 8.1 2.9 7.9 1.1
50 - 99 miles 44,937 11 32,946 10.3 3,152 5.6 5.7 0.8 10 1.2 10 0.9
100 - 249 miles 67,249 16.5 39,519 12.4 8,995 16 5.7 1 8.7 1 8.9 1.5
250 - 499 miles 36,490 8.9 14,957 4.7 6,857 12.2 6.3 0.5 14.9 0.8 16.1 1.3
500 - 749 miles 24,915 6.1 8,228 2.6 6,320 11.2 5.8 0.3 19.3 0.5 20.4 1.1
750 - 999 miles 17,713 4.3 4,526 1.4 4,632 8.2 9.9 0.4 26.1 0.3 25.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,395 4.8 6,451 2 8,998 16 5.7 0.2 26.3 0.5 24.3 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,465 1.3 S S S S 17.5 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 16,279 4 3,415 1.1 9,458 16.8 5.8 0.2 33.3 0.3 34.1 2.4

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 394,628 100 310,977 100 52,917 100 2.7 - 5.3 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 173,737 44 205,171 66 4,115 7.8 5.4 1.6 8.3 2.8 7.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 43,456 11 32,114 10.3 3,087 5.8 6.1 0.9 9.8 1.2 9.7 1
100 - 249 miles 65,337 16.6 37,038 11.9 8,147 15.4 6.2 1 8.2 1 8.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 34,712 8.8 13,494 4.3 6,087 11.5 7.1 0.6 14.8 0.7 16.1 1.3
500 - 749 miles 23,869 6 7,695 2.5 5,899 11.1 5.6 0.3 18.7 0.5 19.8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 16,496 4.2 4,428 1.4 4,520 8.5 9.6 0.4 26.7 0.3 25.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,897 4.5 5,969 1.9 8,298 15.7 6.8 0.2 28.8 0.5 26.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,733 1.2 S S S S 20 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 14,391 3.6 3,370 1.1 9,332 17.6 8.5 0.3 33.8 0.3 34.6 2.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 200,253 100 117,826 100 41,997 100 6.5 - 12.6 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 49,817 24.9 53,556 45.5 1,284 3.1 20.9 2.8 19.9 3.8 24.7 0.9
50 - 99 miles 14,619 7.3 11,691 9.9 1,115 2.7 9.6 0.8 12.8 1.5 13.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 34,894 17.4 21,188 18 4,850 11.5 10.6 1.7 13.8 1.3 13.3 1.5
250 - 499 miles 27,757 13.9 9,716 8.2 4,487 10.7 7.6 1.3 15.2 1 16.5 1.2
500 - 749 miles 20,770 10.4 6,744 5.7 5,211 12.4 6.2 0.7 21.2 0.8 22.3 1
750 - 999 miles 15,554 7.8 3,947 3.3 4,072 9.7 10.7 0.8 21.6 0.5 21.1 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,791 8.9 5,928 5 8,233 19.6 6.6 0.6 28.7 1 26.6 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,697 2.3 S S S S 19.9 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 14,355 7.2 3,370 2.9 9,331 22.2 8.5 0.5 33.8 0.7 34.6 2.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 194,375 100 193,151 100 10,919 100 3.2 - 8 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 123,920 63.8 151,616 78.5 2,831 25.9 6.1 2.4 9.7 2 8.1 2.2
50 - 99 miles 28,838 14.8 20,423 10.6 1,971 18.1 10.9 1.7 12.6 1.3 12.5 2.1
100 - 249 miles 30,443 15.7 15,850 8.2 3,298 30.2 7.8 1.6 9.6 0.9 11.8 2
250 - 499 miles 6,955 3.6 3,778 2 1,600 14.7 11.2 0.4 21 0.5 20.3 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,099 1.6 950 0.5 689 6.3 16.3 0.2 23.4 0.1 22.5 1.2
750 - 999 miles 943 0.5 S S S S 22.9 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 105 0.1 S S S S 49.6 - S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 36 - S S S S 45.9 - S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,759 100 6,410 100 3,144 100 25.9 - 24.5 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles S S 484 7.5 3 0.1 S S 28.8 8 31.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 2,449 38.2 838 26.7 S S 35.8 7.4 41 6.6
250 - 499 miles 627 22.7 1,439 22.4 756 24 30.3 3.7 24.6 3.6 24.2 6.3
500 - 749 miles 135 4.9 525 8.2 415 13.2 35.7 3.5 38.5 3.9 39.8 5.3
750 - 999 miles S S 91 1.4 105 3.4 S S 42.4 0.5 45.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 96 1.5 201 6.4 S S 44.4 1.1 45.2 4.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,293 100 93 100 108 100 8.8 - 19.8 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,164 11.3 9 10 2 2 24.8 2.7 47.3 2.6 47.5 1
50 - 99 miles S S 2 1.7 1 1 S S 23.9 1.4 28.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 924 9 9 9.7 6 5.2 16.3 2.2 37.4 4.7 44 3.1
250 - 499 miles 1,151 11.2 24 25.8 15 13.9 21.4 1.8 40.4 5.9 39.6 4.7
500 - 749 miles 911 8.9 8 9 5 4.7 32.8 3.2 47.3 2 39.5 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,098 10.7 7 7.5 7 6 35.2 4.9 38.8 2.8 41.1 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,289 12.5 11 11.8 15 13.5 22.8 2.6 21.1 4.8 21.1 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 507 4.9 4 4.3 7 6.5 39.9 1.5 46.2 1.1 45 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,838 17.9 19 20.3 51 47.1 23.7 4 25.1 3.9 24.4 5.9

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 1,624 100 S S S S 26 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,624 100 S S S S 26 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 127,459 100 11,018 100 S S 5.1 - 37.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 26,072 20.5 2,797 25.4 S S 8.9 1.9 42.5 6.2 S S
50 - 99 miles 5,902 4.6 177 1.6 19 0.1 9.7 0.5 9.2 0.8 8.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 19,061 15 1,243 11.3 443 2.6 15.4 2.1 25.9 5.9 38.5 5.2
250 - 499 miles 16,354 12.8 717 6.5 368 2.2 5.1 0.7 13.4 3.2 13.8 2.6
500 - 749 miles 13,542 10.6 1,795 16.3 1,614 9.5 12.4 0.7 45.7 4.8 45.8 5.6
750 - 999 miles 9,809 7.7 273 2.5 292 1.7 8.9 0.6 19.2 1.3 19.7 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,009 11.8 745 6.8 1,185 7 9.6 1.1 31.2 2 30.7 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,599 2.8 78 0.7 160 0.9 13.7 0.2 19.4 0.5 19.8 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 18,111 14.2 S S S S 21.8 2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 119,215 100 1,943 100 1,505 100 3.8 - 5.6 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 25,020 21 347 17.9 12 0.8 9.1 1.9 11.6 2.4 12 0.2
50 - 99 miles 5,838 4.9 129 6.6 14 0.9 9.8 0.5 7.8 0.5 8.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 18,481 15.5 313 16.1 72 4.8 15.8 2 8.4 1.4 8 0.5
250 - 499 miles 15,708 13.2 302 15.5 144 9.6 4.7 0.6 15.7 1.9 18.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 12,779 10.7 250 12.9 192 12.8 12.8 1.1 18.5 1.8 18 1.3
750 - 999 miles 9,507 8 147 7.6 151 10 8.9 0.7 11.6 0.6 11.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,040 11.8 215 11 301 20 10.5 1.1 9.9 0.9 9.9 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,513 2.9 59 3 118 7.8 13.9 0.3 19.5 0.5 19.7 1
More than 2,000 miles 14,331 12 180 9.3 502 33.3 8 0.8 10.1 0.7 10 1.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,101 100 5,779 100 S S 45.6 - 44.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles 610 10 S S S S 35.1 6.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 42 0.7 30 0.5 3 - 29 0.8 16.8 2.2 23.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 352 5.8 784 13.6 S S 27.8 5.5 43.1 8.8 S S
250 - 499 miles 159 2.6 238 4.1 127 1.4 24.7 1.1 22.9 4.8 25.4 3.2
500 - 749 miles 376 6.2 S S S S 35.1 5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 299 4.9 125 2.2 139 1.5 32.1 6 28.7 3.7 29.6 4.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 815 13.4 285 4.9 467 5.2 40.7 8 33.5 3.2 31.8 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 20 0.3 43 0.5 S S 39.2 1.1 40.1 1.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,924 100 S S S S 40 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 228 11.9 S S S S 44.2 4.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 446 23.2 S S S S 45.4 12.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S 15 100 S S S S 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 210 100 S S 85 100 46 - S S 34.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 11 1.4 S S S S 8.5 17.9 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,174 100 S S 673 100 18.2 - S S 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 8,847 62.4 S S 28 4.2 25.6 6.1 S S 30.6 2.7
50 - 99 miles 286 2 S S S S 26.2 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,833 12.9 252 4.5 57 8.5 25.7 3.4 23.1 2.7 22.8 2.4
250 - 499 miles 979 6.9 161 2.8 72 10.6 31.2 2.1 29.8 1.5 28.4 3.3
500 - 749 miles 356 2.5 S S S S 29.2 0.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 173 1.2 23 0.4 24 3.6 22.7 0.5 22.1 0.6 22.9 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,154 8.1 93 1.7 134 19.9 33.4 2.1 27.8 1.1 28.9 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 91 0.6 8 0.1 15 2.2 43.7 0.4 39.1 0.1 38.7 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 455 3.2 64 1.1 176 26.1 40.4 3.4 38 3.5 38.1 7.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.