Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 363,549 100 267,770 100 52,366 100 3.8 - 5.1 - 2.6 -
Less than 50 miles 95,155 26.2 146,858 54.8 3,331 6.4 5.4 1.6 8.4 2.6 7.6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 35,434 9.7 36,486 13.6 3,573 6.8 5 0.5 10.5 1.2 10.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 58,129 16 37,436 14 8,064 15.4 5.1 0.6 9.2 1.6 9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 79,336 21.8 24,788 9.3 12,118 23.1 10.3 1.4 4.2 0.7 4.9 0.9
500 - 749 miles 54,514 15 12,407 4.6 9,689 18.5 8.5 1.1 5.6 0.3 5.9 0.9
750 - 999 miles 14,105 3.9 4,212 1.6 4,542 8.7 5.2 0.2 8.2 0.2 8.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,787 2.7 2,916 1.1 4,197 8 3 0.1 9.6 0.1 10.7 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,423 1.2 700 0.3 1,518 2.9 7 0.1 12.9 - 13.6 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 12,666 3.5 1,966 0.7 5,334 10.2 6.3 0.2 6.1 0.1 5.9 0.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 321,289 100 258,844 100 46,632 100 3.2 - 4.9 - 2.1 -
Less than 50 miles 89,194 27.8 145,045 56 3,232 6.9 5.2 1.6 8.5 2.7 7.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles 32,410 10.1 35,761 13.8 3,484 7.5 5.1 0.5 10.8 1.3 10.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 52,300 16.3 36,265 14 7,743 16.6 5.1 0.6 8.9 1.5 8.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 69,602 21.7 22,366 8.6 10,815 23.2 9.9 1.5 4.6 0.7 5.2 1
500 - 749 miles 46,698 14.5 11,179 4.3 8,649 18.5 9 1.2 5.3 0.3 5.6 0.8
750 - 999 miles 11,326 3.5 3,771 1.5 4,023 8.6 6.1 0.2 8.2 0.2 8.5 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,681 2.4 2,281 0.9 3,222 6.9 4.9 0.1 7.7 0.1 8.1 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,253 1 560 0.2 1,173 2.5 8.5 0.1 12.3 - 13.5 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 8,825 2.7 1,616 0.6 4,292 9.2 7.2 0.2 8 0.1 8.4 0.9

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 311,617 100 248,060 100 41,290 100 3.1 - 4.9 - 1.9 -
Less than 50 miles 88,887 28.5 142,560 57.5 3,206 7.8 5.2 1.7 8.5 2.8 7.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles 31,976 10.3 33,963 13.7 3,155 7.6 5.2 0.5 10.5 1.4 10 0.7
100 - 249 miles 51,148 16.4 34,570 13.9 7,272 17.6 5.4 0.6 9.7 1.6 9.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 65,215 20.9 20,159 8.1 9,451 22.9 9.7 1.5 3.6 0.6 3.7 0.7
500 - 749 miles 44,920 14.4 9,788 3.9 7,381 17.9 9.6 1.3 4.7 0.3 4.8 0.8
750 - 999 miles 10,967 3.5 3,190 1.3 3,344 8.1 5.7 0.2 8 0.1 7.8 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,375 2.4 1,820 0.7 2,485 6 5.5 0.1 7 0.1 7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,953 0.9 514 0.2 1,063 2.6 8.6 0.1 9.2 - 9.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 8,175 2.6 1,495 0.6 3,933 9.5 8.5 0.2 8.7 0.1 8.8 0.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 197,509 100 136,806 100 33,330 100 4.8 - 6 - 3.1 -
Less than 50 miles 23,638 12 65,275 47.7 1,421 4.3 13.9 1.5 11.9 3.7 8.9 0.4
50 - 99 miles 13,542 6.9 16,683 12.2 1,550 4.6 9.3 0.5 15.4 1.4 15.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 29,062 14.7 21,747 15.9 4,647 13.9 8.6 0.9 14.9 2.4 15.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 58,236 29.5 16,847 12.3 8,068 24.2 11.1 2.3 4.2 1.1 4.3 0.8
500 - 749 miles 44,198 22.4 9,428 6.9 7,107 21.3 9.7 1.9 4.8 0.7 5 0.9
750 - 999 miles 10,629 5.4 3,088 2.3 3,236 9.7 5.9 0.3 8 0.3 7.8 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,252 3.7 1,787 1.3 2,441 7.3 5.4 0.2 7.1 0.1 7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,927 1.5 501 0.4 1,039 3.1 8.8 0.1 9.1 - 9 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 8,025 4.1 1,452 1.1 3,821 11.5 8.3 0.4 7.7 0.1 7.9 1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 114,108 100 111,254 100 7,960 100 3.1 - 5.3 - 5.8 -
Less than 50 miles 65,249 57.2 77,286 69.5 1,785 22.4 7.6 3.3 7.3 2.5 8 2.1
50 - 99 miles 18,434 16.2 17,280 15.5 1,606 20.2 5.7 0.9 13.2 1.9 12 1.8
100 - 249 miles 22,087 19.4 12,823 11.5 2,624 33 8.8 2.4 6.7 0.8 7.3 1.8
250 - 499 miles 6,979 6.1 3,312 3 1,383 17.4 11.5 0.7 13.2 0.4 12.7 1.5
500 - 749 miles 722 0.6 360 0.3 274 3.4 9.4 0.1 19.8 0.1 19.6 0.6
750 - 999 miles S S 102 0.1 108 1.4 S S 24.8 - 24.9 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 123 0.1 33 - 44 0.6 33.4 - 19.3 - 20.6 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,235 100 10,721 100 5,232 100 19.8 - 16.2 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 306 7.2 2,485 23.2 S S 31.6 1.9 31.9 5.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 432 10.2 1,798 16.8 S S 39.6 3.5 42.8 6.5 S S
100 - 249 miles 948 22.4 1,693 15.8 471 9 20.9 2.8 18.2 1.7 21 1.3
250 - 499 miles 811 19.1 2,198 20.5 1,359 26 26.9 4 23.7 6 25.5 5.7
500 - 749 miles 938 22.2 1,378 12.9 1,254 24 27.7 3.4 22.5 2.6 22 2.7
750 - 999 miles 277 6.5 578 5.4 676 12.9 36.1 3.5 34.6 2.4 36.8 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 222 5.3 459 4.3 734 14 33.1 3.3 31.4 3.8 32.9 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 247 5.8 92 0.9 282 5.4 21 2.5 34.3 0.6 35.2 3.1

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,399 100 62 100 110 100 36.1 - 28.8 - 38.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1 - - - - - 28.1 0.1 33.3 0.1 43.9 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 203 3.8 S S S S 40.6 1.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 9 14.1 5 4.8 S S 20 6.7 21.4 4.8
500 - 749 miles 802 14.9 12 19.8 13 11.4 41 8.4 29.9 7.8 28.3 7.1
750 - 999 miles 82 1.5 2 3.6 2 2 22.8 0.7 47.7 1.7 47.5 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 84 1.5 2 3 3 2.3 28.5 0.6 45.7 1.9 48.3 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 248 4.6 S S S S 37.9 3.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 403 7.5 S S S S 25.6 4.5 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,719 100 6,401 100 4,727 100 9.7 - 13.3 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,249 6.9 954 14.9 S S 15.6 1 46.8 5.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 2,803 8.6 S S S S 22.3 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,052 15.4 797 12.5 252 5.3 8.1 0.9 18.9 2.1 21.5 0.9
250 - 499 miles 8,149 24.9 1,975 30.8 1,073 22.7 12.7 1.5 15 2.4 15.1 2.7
500 - 749 miles 6,193 18.9 847 13.2 756 16 15.3 1.7 22.8 1.8 24.3 2.8
750 - 999 miles 2,084 6.4 327 5.1 393 8.3 17.1 0.6 32.2 1.2 30 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,852 5.7 597 9.3 923 19.5 8.9 0.7 30.9 2.6 30.9 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 927 2.8 115 1.8 291 6.2 19.8 0.6 45.4 1 45 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,410 10.4 294 4.6 895 18.9 17.2 0.9 15.9 1.5 15.7 4.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 28,975 100 896 100 628 100 10.3 - 15.5 - 17.7 -
Less than 50 miles 2,149 7.4 74 8.3 3 0.4 17.1 1.1 17 1.6 20.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,550 8.8 89 9.9 9 1.4 21.5 1.9 12.9 1.5 13.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 4,606 15.9 162 18.1 36 5.7 9.2 0.9 16 1 18 0.5
250 - 499 miles 7,107 24.5 199 22.2 99 15.8 13 1.7 19.8 1.1 19.4 1
500 - 749 miles 5,615 19.4 190 21.2 145 23.1 16.2 1.8 25.7 2.1 25.9 2
750 - 999 miles 1,851 6.4 50 5.6 53 8.4 16 0.6 20 0.7 20 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,432 4.9 46 5.2 65 10.4 6.6 0.6 13.4 0.5 13 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 870 3 22 2.5 47 7.5 22 0.6 17.7 0.7 17.8 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,794 9.6 63 7.1 172 27.4 22 1.1 20.3 0.8 21.8 2.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,873 100 4,970 100 3,764 100 14.1 - 17.9 - 18.3 -
Less than 50 miles 100 3.5 880 17.7 S S 42.6 2.2 47.3 8.7 S S
50 - 99 miles S S 100 2 12 0.3 S S 46 0.9 40.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 291 10.1 562 11.3 178 4.7 29.2 3.1 25.2 2.8 27.2 1.3
250 - 499 miles 915 31.8 1,719 34.6 936 24.9 17.5 3.3 17.9 4.8 17.4 3.4
500 - 749 miles 305 10.6 600 12.1 542 14.4 22.6 3.2 28.5 3.2 30.9 3.9
750 - 999 miles 172 6 251 5.1 291 7.7 39.2 2.4 34.3 1.9 32.1 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 411 14.3 548 11 852 22.6 27 3.3 26.1 3.8 26 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 52 1.8 S S S S 33 1.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 566 19.7 220 4.4 652 17.3 24.1 7.8 23.6 3.4 23.4 7.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 847 100 S S 320 100 30.9 - S S 19.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 193 22.8 S S S S 49.1 13.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 146 17.2 72 14.2 38 11.9 32.6 9.9 33.2 11.4 40.3 5.1
250 - 499 miles 120 14.1 37 7.3 26 8.2 40.8 5.5 30.2 8.1 29.8 3.3
500 - 749 miles 265 31.3 54 10.6 67 20.9 40.5 10.1 37.9 7.6 38.9 8.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 49 5.8 11 2.1 71 22.3 27.8 7.3 27.3 9.2 23.5 14.6

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22 100 7 100 5 100 37.6 - 43.3 - 29.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,541 100 2,525 100 1,007 100 22.3 - 17.8 - 26.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,712 38.9 859 34 22 2.2 24.3 7.7 15.3 5.7 16.2 1.8
50 - 99 miles 221 2.3 229 9.1 21 2.1 13.8 0.6 44.1 3.2 41.5 1.5
100 - 249 miles 777 8.1 373 14.8 70 6.9 21 1.1 38.9 5.1 37.4 6.2
250 - 499 miles 1,585 16.6 448 17.7 230 22.8 33.5 2.5 38.7 3.3 44 3.7
500 - 749 miles 1,623 17 381 15.1 284 28.2 36 3.2 41.4 3.7 39 4.7
750 - 999 miles 695 7.3 114 4.5 126 12.5 35.2 1.7 33.7 1.6 35.2 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 243 2.5 26 1 53 5.3 30.1 0.5 36.4 0.3 36.7 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 431 4.5 56 2.2 148 14.7 49.6 1.4 40.4 1.1 41 5.9

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.