Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 363,549 100 267,770 100 52,366 100 463 3.8 - 5.1 - 2.6 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 29,589 8.1 633 0.2 308 0.6 560 6.5 0.4 7.4 - 11.6 0.1 7.1
50 - 99 lbs 8,917 2.5 491 0.2 217 0.4 448 10 0.2 9.1 - 18.4 0.1 10.9
100 - 499 lbs 29,901 8.2 2,868 1.1 865 1.7 304 9.1 0.6 5.8 0.1 6.1 0.1 5.7
500 - 749 lbs 9,783 2.7 1,579 0.6 390 0.7 253 10.7 0.2 6.8 - 8.5 0.1 9.2
750 - 999 lbs 8,496 2.3 1,412 0.5 335 0.6 235 12.8 0.3 7.6 - 9.3 0.1 7.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 87,474 24.1 22,057 8.2 5,542 10.6 256 6.9 1.2 6 0.5 4.8 0.6 4.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 168,197 46.3 178,048 66.5 31,681 60.5 186 4.3 1.7 6.2 2.3 3.2 2.1 6.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,954 4.1 45,824 17.1 5,069 9.7 107 23.1 0.9 12 1.9 13.7 1.3 6
More than 100,000 lbs 6,239 1.7 14,858 5.5 7,958 15.2 604 14.7 0.2 7.5 0.4 12.8 1.6 10.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 321,289 100 258,844 100 46,632 100 232 3.2 - 4.9 - 2.1 - 4.9
Less than 50 lbs 9,014 2.8 226 0.1 46 0.1 236 9.3 0.3 6.1 - 7.1 - 10.7
50 - 99 lbs 4,179 1.3 278 0.1 61 0.1 214 10.7 0.1 9.9 - 6.7 - 11.1
100 - 499 lbs 24,252 7.5 2,516 1 666 1.4 255 9.7 0.7 6.2 0.1 6 0.1 5.8
500 - 749 lbs 9,082 2.8 1,505 0.6 350 0.8 238 11.4 0.3 6.9 - 9 0.1 9.3
750 - 999 lbs 8,361 2.6 1,388 0.5 324 0.7 232 13 0.4 7.7 - 10.2 0.1 8.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 85,356 26.6 21,641 8.4 5,331 11.4 252 6.9 1.3 6 0.5 4.5 0.6 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 161,729 50.3 174,947 67.6 29,913 64.1 177 4 1.9 6.1 2.3 3.5 1.7 7.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,694 4.6 44,790 17.3 4,579 9.8 99 23.5 0.9 12 2 14.9 1.5 6.9
More than 100,000 lbs 4,621 1.4 11,554 4.5 5,362 11.5 520 15.1 0.2 9.8 0.5 11.7 1.2 10.6

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 311,617 100 248,060 100 41,290 100 216 3.1 - 4.9 - 1.9 - 5.1
Less than 50 lbs 7,946 2.6 220 0.1 40 0.1 193 9.3 0.3 6.4 - 8.3 - 13.6
50 - 99 lbs 3,914 1.3 276 0.1 59 0.1 209 11.5 0.1 9.9 - 7.2 - 11.4
100 - 499 lbs 23,794 7.6 2,506 1 655 1.6 252 9.9 0.7 6.2 0.1 6.4 0.1 5.9
500 - 749 lbs 8,791 2.8 1,502 0.6 343 0.8 233 11.7 0.3 6.9 - 9.2 0.1 9
750 - 999 lbs 8,156 2.6 1,377 0.6 315 0.8 226 13.5 0.4 7.6 - 10.2 0.1 8.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 82,141 26.4 21,556 8.7 5,256 12.7 248 6.4 1.3 5.9 0.5 4.6 0.7 4.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 161,154 51.7 172,385 69.5 29,560 71.6 178 4 1.9 6.1 2.4 3.7 2 7.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,583 4.7 44,340 17.9 4,487 10.9 99 23.7 1 12.1 2 15.1 1.5 6.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,137 0.4 3,898 1.6 576 1.4 148 20.6 0.1 17.3 0.3 21.1 0.3 25.2

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 197,509 100 136,806 100 33,330 100 529 4.8 - 6 - 3.1 - 4.3
Less than 50 lbs 3,535 1.8 54 - 28 0.1 565 19.9 0.4 15 - 10.7 - 11.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,723 0.9 66 - 46 0.1 697 15 0.1 8.6 - 9.8 - 5.9
100 - 499 lbs 13,029 6.6 841 0.6 551 1.7 662 11.9 0.7 9.9 - 7.2 0.1 4.1
500 - 749 lbs 5,193 2.6 466 0.3 280 0.8 606 17.3 0.3 13.9 - 10.8 0.1 9.8
750 - 999 lbs 4,759 2.4 422 0.3 242 0.7 568 21.1 0.6 20.6 0.1 11.5 0.1 9.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 52,151 26.4 6,811 5 3,917 11.8 612 7.7 1.4 3.9 0.3 4.1 0.6 3.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 105,521 53.4 100,878 73.7 24,472 73.4 261 5.4 2 5.5 2.8 4.5 2.1 8.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,715 5.4 25,652 18.8 3,410 10.2 128 34.4 1.6 19.4 3 21.1 1.9 6.5
More than 100,000 lbs 883 0.4 1,615 1.2 383 1.1 296 27.9 0.1 25.7 0.3 16.6 0.2 23.4

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 114,108 100 111,254 100 7,960 100 69 3.1 - 5.3 - 5.8 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 4,411 3.9 165 0.1 12 0.1 66 13.4 0.6 8.3 - 8.5 - 9.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,192 1.9 210 0.2 13 0.2 62 15.1 0.3 13.4 - 13.8 - 5
100 - 499 lbs 10,764 9.4 1,664 1.5 104 1.3 63 19.9 1.7 9.2 0.2 8.3 0.2 4.8
500 - 749 lbs 3,599 3.2 1,036 0.9 62 0.8 60 9.3 0.3 5.8 0.1 12 0.1 8.9
750 - 999 lbs 3,397 3 955 0.9 72 0.9 75 9.9 0.3 8.3 0.1 11.8 0.1 13.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29,989 26.3 14,745 13.3 1,339 16.8 91 5.1 1.9 7.6 1.2 12 1.7 8.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 55,633 48.8 71,507 64.3 5,087 63.9 74 6.7 2.3 8.6 3.5 5.1 2.2 7.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,868 3.4 18,688 16.8 1,077 13.5 58 18 0.6 16.1 2.5 18.2 2.1 5.5
More than 100,000 lbs 254 0.2 2,283 2.1 194 2.4 66 28.1 0.1 30.2 0.6 43.2 0.9 30.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,235 100 10,721 100 5,232 100 244 19.8 - 16.2 - 14.8 - 27.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - S S S S S 32.2 0.1 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 - - - S S S 50 0.2 38.6 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 78 1.8 51 0.5 S S S 47.5 0.9 38.1 0.3 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 533 12.6 2,560 23.9 352 6.7 S 30 3.4 35.3 5.9 28.4 2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 111 2.6 S S 92 1.8 S 42.4 1.4 S S 33.6 0.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 3,484 82.3 7,655 71.4 4,785 91.5 694 21.6 4 14.3 5.9 14.8 1.8 8.6

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,399 100 62 100 110 100 775 36.1 - 28.8 - 38.8 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,067 19.8 6 9.1 6 5.6 737 36.4 7.9 19.8 5.2 15.5 5.3 28.6
50 - 99 lbs 265 4.9 2 3.2 2 1.6 930 29.3 2.8 34.3 2 24.9 2 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 452 8.4 9 13.9 12 10.6 1,119 21.1 3.6 35.3 3.7 32.3 5 9.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 3 4.8 S S 2,396 S S 44.5 4.4 S S 24.8
750 - 999 lbs 184 3.4 S S 9 8.6 1,256 38.4 1.6 S S 37.7 6 24.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 34 55.4 S S 2,072 S S 47.2 10.5 S S 14.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4 0.1 1 1.2 1 1 1,504 40 0.7 15.2 10 18.5 18.1 10.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,719 100 6,401 100 4,727 100 720 9.7 - 13.3 - 14.4 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs 18,984 58 379 5.9 260 5.5 715 9.8 1.6 12.3 2 14.7 1.8 7
50 - 99 lbs 4,239 13 194 3 155 3.3 804 12.7 0.9 21.3 0.9 25.2 1.2 6.2
100 - 499 lbs 5,161 15.8 285 4.5 195 4.1 687 17 1.5 18.3 1.5 18.5 1.5 5.7
500 - 749 lbs 648 2 61 1 39 0.8 639 19.1 0.4 26.1 0.3 29.5 0.3 13
750 - 999 lbs 99 0.3 13 0.2 10 0.2 768 34.8 0.2 39.2 0.1 39.6 0.1 45.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 289 0.9 87 1.4 71 1.5 780 27.8 0.3 40 0.5 34.4 0.4 31.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,658 5.1 1,572 24.6 1,098 23.2 742 26 1.3 22.2 4.4 16.1 5.9 28.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 125 0.4 713 11.1 326 6.9 458 24.3 0.1 37.1 3.8 32.2 2.7 19.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,518 4.6 3,096 48.4 2,572 54.4 896 23.2 1.1 20.4 6.7 24.7 8.4 14

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 28,975 100 896 100 628 100 719 10.3 - 15.5 - 17.7 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs 18,981 65.5 379 42.2 260 41.4 715 9.8 1.8 12.3 2.4 14.7 2.3 7
50 - 99 lbs 4,236 14.6 194 21.6 155 24.7 806 12.8 0.9 21.3 1.4 25.2 2.4 6.1
100 - 499 lbs 5,090 17.6 272 30.3 182 29 676 17.2 1.7 18.2 1.6 19 2 6
500 - 749 lbs 598 2.1 47 5.3 29 4.6 609 22.3 0.4 29.7 0.9 31.5 0.8 22.6
750 - 999 lbs 70 0.2 5 0.6 2 0.4 451 37.6 0.1 18.7 0.2 18.6 0.1 26.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,873 100 4,970 100 3,764 100 662 14.1 - 17.9 - 18.3 - 29.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 3 0.1 S S S S S 31.8 0.3 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 65 2.3 13 0.3 10 0.3 S 32.6 1.8 45.7 0.2 33.5 0.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 44 1.5 14 0.3 S S 662 37.8 1.7 43 0.3 S S 25.7
750 - 999 lbs 26 0.9 S S S S 618 36 0.6 S S S S 18.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 200 7 81 1.6 54 1.4 638 33.5 2.4 41.6 0.7 38.5 1.2 48.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 981 34.1 1,315 26.5 844 22.4 S 25.5 8.7 26.7 7.3 20 8.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 97 3.4 693 13.9 315 8.4 S 24.5 1.6 38.8 4.3 34.1 3.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,455 50.7 2,846 57.3 2,529 67.2 902 25.7 8.4 24.4 8.4 25.6 9.9 13.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 847 100 S S 320 100 2,860 30.9 - S S 19.1 - 19.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - S S S 9.4 0.2 47.7 - S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 5 0.6 S S S S 6,635 31.6 0.6 S S S S 32.4
500 - 749 lbs 6 0.7 - - 1 0.4 5,858 42.4 2.5 36.7 0.1 46.6 0.7 31.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 7,211 S S S S S S 45.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 5 1 S S 3,772 S S 27.6 1.3 S S 26
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 668 78.9 255 49.8 253 79.1 1,099 29.9 5 29.1 13.3 18.2 5.2 26.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 9 2.7 546 S S S S 30.2 15.6 19.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22 100 7 100 5 100 580 37.6 - 43.3 - 29.6 - 40.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,541 100 2,525 100 1,007 100 101 22.3 - 17.8 - 26.8 - 23.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,591 16.7 28 1.1 2 0.2 92 46 7.2 17.8 0.5 41.3 0.3 31.6
50 - 99 lbs S S 19 0.7 1 0.1 66 S S 16.1 0.2 28.3 - 35.6
100 - 499 lbs 488 5.1 67 2.6 3 0.3 54 24 1.6 18 1 20.9 0.3 22.6
500 - 749 lbs 53 0.6 12 0.5 1 0.1 S 40.7 0.3 34.6 0.4 25.4 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 36 0.4 12 0.5 1 0.1 S 44.7 0.2 44.2 0.4 43.8 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,829 19.2 329 13 141 14 382 20.5 5.3 14.7 3.7 33.2 6.8 33.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,810 50.4 1,529 60.6 670 66.5 501 44.1 9.2 19.2 4.4 28.1 6.4 14.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 469 S S S S S S 24.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S 208 8.2 24 2.4 S S S 45.8 6.6 24 3.6 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.