Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,743 100 95,671 100 31,700 100 10.3 - 21.7 - 22.5 -
Less than 50 miles 6,510 24.3 61,557 64.3 1,615 5.1 14.1 2.2 30.1 6.6 28.3 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,255 12.2 5,155 5.4 479 1.5 18.7 2.1 31.1 1.4 31.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 4,863 18.2 6,347 6.6 1,545 4.9 13.3 2.8 14.9 2.1 20.2 1.6
250 - 499 miles 2,093 7.8 4,539 4.7 1,903 6 20.8 0.8 37.6 1.2 34.6 2.1
500 - 749 miles 2,698 10.1 3,223 3.4 2,717 8.6 20.7 1.1 27.3 0.7 26.3 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,299 8.6 S S S S 31.7 2.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,877 18.2 9,805 10.2 16,777 52.9 24 2.8 29.7 2 28.1 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 94 0.3 48 0.1 101 0.3 40.7 0.1 33.9 - 34.3 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,018 100 64,697 100 29,404 100 10.3 - 22.8 - 23.1 -
Less than 50 miles 6,046 25.2 32,174 49.7 992 3.4 14.6 2.4 41.9 8.1 34.8 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,068 12.8 5,059 7.8 469 1.6 19.9 2.2 32 1.7 32.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 4,475 18.6 6,285 9.7 1,531 5.2 14 3 15 3.3 20.4 1.9
250 - 499 miles 1,777 7.4 4,071 6.3 1,719 5.8 24.5 1 43.1 4 39.4 2.5
500 - 749 miles 2,363 9.8 2,958 4.6 2,490 8.5 22.1 1.2 29.1 1.4 28.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 2,032 8.5 S S S S 35.2 2.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,196 17.5 9,377 14.5 15,928 54.2 27.4 3.2 30.4 2.9 28.8 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 61 0.3 43 0.1 87 0.3 36.9 0.1 27.7 - 27.3 0.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,626 100 41,610 100 5,506 100 12 - 33.4 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 5,773 31 30,406 73.1 910 16.5 13.2 2.2 41.1 6.7 33.7 4
50 - 99 miles 3,018 16.2 4,207 10.1 409 7.4 19.7 2.4 33.1 2.1 33.1 1.7
100 - 249 miles 3,544 19 3,720 8.9 752 13.7 11.5 2.4 13.4 2.8 13.7 2.5
250 - 499 miles 1,186 6.4 929 2.2 432 7.8 18.2 0.6 18.7 1 18 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,679 9 689 1.7 545 9.9 27.4 1.3 19.9 0.6 20.2 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,077 5.8 415 1 470 8.5 43 1.4 24.7 0.7 24.8 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,306 12.4 1,217 2.9 1,933 35.1 39.7 2.7 30.2 1.1 30.2 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 44 0.2 27 0.1 55 1 41.2 0.1 27.9 0.1 28.3 0.4
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,480 100 9,298 100 3,667 100 23.4 - 17.7 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,021 12 3,087 33.2 S S 40.5 3.2 48.6 6.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 953 11.2 1,462 15.7 144 3.9 21.9 3.1 34 3.8 37.4 1.7
100 - 249 miles 1,562 18.4 2,092 22.5 423 11.5 18.5 4.2 13.7 3.8 12.7 2.6
250 - 499 miles 675 8 626 6.7 296 8.1 24.9 1.6 21.5 1.5 20.9 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,237 14.6 554 6 439 12 34.8 1.6 21.4 1.8 21.7 3.5
750 - 999 miles S S 348 3.7 395 10.8 S S 27.9 1 28 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,079 24.5 1,111 12 1,769 48.2 44.8 3.9 32.6 4 32.5 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 37 0.4 19 0.2 38 1 49.7 0.4 39.3 0.1 38.7 0.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,146 100 32,313 100 1,839 100 11.2 - 41.7 - 21.2 -
Less than 50 miles 4,752 46.8 27,319 84.5 747 40.6 11.7 2.1 46.3 6.9 41.5 7.6
50 - 99 miles 2,065 20.4 2,745 8.5 264 14.4 20.1 2.1 34 3 32.2 2.6
100 - 249 miles 1,982 19.5 1,629 5 328 17.9 9.1 1.9 17 3.2 18.6 4.4
250 - 499 miles 511 5 303 0.9 137 7.4 29.8 1 23.3 1.2 22.6 3.2
500 - 749 miles 442 4.4 135 0.4 106 5.8 45.5 1.3 20.2 0.4 19.7 1.6
750 - 999 miles 160 1.6 68 0.2 75 4.1 37.9 0.4 23.9 0.2 25.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 227 2.2 105 0.3 165 9 27.3 0.6 37.4 0.3 36.7 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 8 - 17 0.9 S S 32.6 0.2 33.2 2.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,821 100 22,288 100 23,737 100 21 - 23 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 49 1 851 3.8 60 0.3 47.5 0.6 41.5 3.4 40.2 0.3
100 - 249 miles 371 7.7 S S S S 38.4 2.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 591 12.3 S S 1,287 5.4 48.4 3.9 S S 49.1 3.1
500 - 749 miles 683 14.2 2,269 10.2 1,945 8.2 25.4 2.3 34.2 2 32.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,881 39 8,160 36.6 13,994 59 30.6 4.4 31.3 4.9 29.5 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17 0.4 16 0.1 32 0.1 41.7 3.2 20.3 0.5 18.3 1.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,209 100 1,367 100 1,597 100 14.5 - 24.9 - 25.1 -
Less than 50 miles 35 1.6 2 0.1 - - 13.8 0.2 17.2 0.2 19.1 -
50 - 99 miles 162 7.3 6 0.4 1 - 30.4 1.5 19.3 0.4 17.7 -
100 - 249 miles 343 15.5 29 2.2 7 0.5 16.3 2.8 32.4 1.7 40.4 0.3
250 - 499 miles 314 14.2 S S S S 16.2 1.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 320 14.5 232 17 199 12.5 20 1.6 31 4.5 32.3 3.1
750 - 999 miles 267 12.1 261 19.1 335 21 32.9 2.6 44.3 5.3 44.7 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 681 30.8 428 31.3 849 53.2 19.3 3.6 22.1 6.5 25 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,415 100 49 100 30 100 14.3 - 12.9 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 35 2.5 2 3.3 - 0.2 13.8 0.4 17.2 0.9 19.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles 162 11.4 6 11.9 1 1.8 30.4 2.9 19.3 1.9 17.8 0.7
100 - 249 miles 337 23.9 16 32.8 3 11.3 17 2.9 16.5 3.4 16.2 3.2
250 - 499 miles 210 14.8 8 16.5 4 12 16.9 2.3 14.4 1.9 14.1 3.5
500 - 749 miles 219 15.5 4 9.2 4 12.5 22.5 2.2 28.6 1.5 20.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 145 10.2 4 7.8 4 14.1 28.7 1.9 25.7 1.5 25 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 296 21 9 17.4 13 44.6 25.8 4.4 28.3 4.4 29.1 7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 0.8 1 1 1 3.3 35 0.2 35.4 0.3 35.2 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S - - S S S S 30.8 -

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 617 100 1,270 100 1,434 100 23.9 - 26.9 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 104 16.9 S S S S 37.6 6.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 94 15.3 227 17.9 195 13.6 32 4.2 26.9 6.4 28.5 6.2
750 - 999 miles 122 19.8 257 20.3 331 23.1 39.5 8.6 37 6.6 37.4 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 292 47.2 381 30 754 52.6 25.2 7.6 26 9.4 29.1 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 95 100 11 100 S S 48.8 - 42.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S - 0.1 S S S S 17.2 9.5
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 81 100 S S S S 32.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 64 79.7 S S S S 15.5 16.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 516 100 29,607 100 699 100 20.5 - 36.4 - 27.3 -
Less than 50 miles 428 83 29,381 99.2 623 89.1 26.7 9.1 36.9 15.4 34.1 19.4
50 - 99 miles 26 5 S S S S 41.1 2.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 45 8.7 33 0.1 6 0.9 43.3 7.5 45.7 3.7 45.3 8.1
250 - 499 miles 1 0.3 69 0.2 S S 40.3 1.1 49.2 16.5 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.