Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,743 100 95,671 100 31,700 100 386 10.3 - 21.7 - 22.5 - 17.2
Less than 50 lbs 1,662 6.2 47 - 17 0.1 466 12.1 0.7 14.1 - 22.9 - 18.8
50 - 99 lbs 365 1.4 30 - 7 - 230 14 0.2 15.7 - 21 - 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,328 5 159 0.2 29 0.1 190 15 0.7 12.3 - 13.9 - 9.3
500 - 749 lbs 412 1.5 65 0.1 10 - 157 16.2 0.2 10.1 - 15.3 - 8.7
750 - 999 lbs 420 1.6 61 0.1 10 - 161 22.8 0.4 12.1 - 22.4 - 17.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,661 17.4 1,181 1.2 S S 278 37.4 3.7 14.9 0.4 S S 21.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,652 28.6 11,732 12.3 3,103 9.8 237 14.3 2.9 37 2.5 25 2 26.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,702 13.8 17,162 17.9 1,381 4.4 75 17.9 2.3 38.8 5.5 12.4 1.6 36.5
More than 100,000 lbs 6,540 24.5 65,234 68.2 26,722 84.3 783 16.4 3.3 23.5 7.8 25 3.7 9.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,018 100 64,697 100 29,404 100 130 10.3 - 22.8 - 23.1 - 13.4
Less than 50 lbs 680 2.8 23 - 2 - 61 15.3 0.6 18.1 - 22 - 22.4
50 - 99 lbs 188 0.8 21 - 3 - 128 16.7 0.1 20.7 - 24.2 - 19.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,042 4.3 138 0.2 19 0.1 139 17.6 0.7 13 0.1 15.6 - 7.2
500 - 749 lbs 375 1.6 61 0.1 9 - 143 17.6 0.3 10.1 - 15.1 - 8
750 - 999 lbs 406 1.7 60 0.1 10 - 159 23.4 0.4 12.1 - 23 - 18
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,548 18.9 1,159 1.8 377 1.3 264 37.1 4 14.8 0.5 48.5 0.8 20
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,323 30.5 11,408 17.6 2,827 9.6 222 14.6 3 38.3 2.2 28 1.8 26.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,668 15.3 17,083 26.4 1,323 4.5 73 18.3 2.5 39 5 12.5 1.7 34.7
More than 100,000 lbs 5,787 24.1 34,744 53.7 24,835 84.5 770 15.8 3.5 20 6.5 25.7 3.5 10.5

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,626 100 41,610 100 5,506 100 111 12 - 33.4 - 16.1 - 12.9
Less than 50 lbs 679 3.6 23 0.1 2 - 60 15.3 0.7 18.1 - 22.1 - 21.1
50 - 99 lbs 183 1 21 - 2 - 120 17.5 0.2 21.4 - 26.4 - 18.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,042 5.6 138 0.3 19 0.3 139 17.6 1.2 12.9 0.2 15.6 0.1 7.2
500 - 749 lbs 371 2 61 0.1 9 0.2 142 16.8 0.4 10.1 0.1 15 - 7.8
750 - 999 lbs 405 2.2 60 0.1 9 0.2 155 23.4 0.7 12.1 0.1 23.7 0.1 18.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,546 24.4 1,158 2.8 377 6.8 264 37.1 4.7 14.8 1.7 48.6 3.2 20
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,187 38.6 11,371 27.3 2,774 50.4 218 14.7 3.7 38.4 2.6 28.3 5.3 26.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,623 19.4 17,045 41 1,276 23.2 71 18.7 2.4 39.1 5.6 13.4 3.6 32.9
More than 100,000 lbs 591 3.2 11,733 28.2 1,038 18.8 S 31.7 1.8 37 7.7 37.4 6.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,480 100 9,298 100 3,667 100 393 23.4 - 17.7 - 19.2 - 18.1
Less than 50 lbs 59 0.7 2 - - - S 29.7 0.3 36.5 - 32.8 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S 1 - S S S S S 41.1 - S
100 - 499 lbs 315 3.7 15 0.2 6 0.2 474 30.1 1.6 23.7 0.1 20.6 0.1 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 166 2 11 0.1 4 0.1 338 32.4 0.9 27.2 - 37.9 - 22.6
750 - 999 lbs 148 1.7 11 0.1 5 0.1 434 33.8 0.7 27.4 0.1 43.4 0.1 21.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 320 3.4 S S 763 S S 46.9 1.5 S S 13.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,276 38.6 3,119 33.5 1,991 54.3 633 13.4 6.1 21.3 6.2 36 6.6 11.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,513 17.8 4,964 53.4 792 21.6 161 28.7 3.6 31.6 6.5 15.1 4.9 17
More than 100,000 lbs 329 3.9 S S S S 904 46.3 5 S S S S 21.4

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,146 100 32,313 100 1,839 100 71 11.2 - 41.7 - 21.2 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs 620 6.1 21 0.1 2 0.1 53 16.9 1.2 19.7 0.1 22.2 - 18.9
50 - 99 lbs 155 1.5 19 0.1 2 0.1 101 16.4 0.4 20.4 0.1 26 0.1 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 727 7.2 123 0.4 13 0.7 101 13.1 1.4 13.7 0.5 16.8 0.3 6.2
500 - 749 lbs 205 2 50 0.2 5 0.3 102 10.9 0.2 10.4 0.2 18.3 0.1 9.5
750 - 999 lbs 257 2.5 49 0.2 4 0.2 90 34.3 1.1 11.2 0.1 10.4 0.1 8.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,900 18.7 838 2.6 107 5.8 115 10.9 1.5 8.1 2.3 12.3 2.1 12.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,911 38.5 8,252 25.5 783 42.6 89 18.2 3 47.5 3.9 20.8 3.9 29.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,109 20.8 S S 484 26.3 S 19.6 2.7 S S 20.6 3.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs 262 2.6 10,879 33.7 440 23.9 41 34.1 0.7 39.2 8.7 43.4 5.8 29.6

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,821 100 22,288 100 23,737 100 1,062 21 - 23 - 27.4 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - S S S 38.2 - 20.3 - S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 137 2.8 37 0.2 53 0.2 1,345 40.9 1.3 47.7 0.1 46.6 0.1 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 37 0.2 47 0.2 1,195 S S 34.3 0.1 47.4 0.1 23.3
More than 100,000 lbs 4,636 96.2 22,212 99.7 23,637 99.6 1,063 20.8 1 23 0.1 27.4 0.1 10.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,817 S S S S S S 17
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,161 S S S S S S 21.8
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,209 100 1,367 100 1,597 100 846 14.5 - 24.9 - 25.1 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs 948 42.9 21 1.6 15 0.9 867 17.8 4.1 15.7 1.4 23.8 0.9 14.3
50 - 99 lbs 166 7.5 8 0.6 4 0.3 543 18.2 0.9 15.3 0.4 22.5 0.1 10.3
100 - 499 lbs 264 12 17 1.3 10 0.6 557 13.1 3.6 16.1 1.5 18.8 0.8 12.8
500 - 749 lbs 31 1.4 2 0.2 1 0.1 590 38.9 0.6 29 0.3 43.4 0.1 22.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - 378 S S S S 33.6 0.1 34.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,993 S S S S S S 32.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 278 12.6 124 9.1 209 13.1 1,718 30.9 4.2 44.3 8.9 37.9 11 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 32 1.5 S S S S 1,555 46.7 5.2 S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 406 18.4 1,154 84.4 1,263 79.1 1,106 19.9 2.5 23.2 2.4 24 4.1 11

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,415 100 49 100 30 100 843 14.3 - 12.9 - 19.7 - 14
Less than 50 lbs 948 67 21 43.8 15 49.6 867 17.8 3.8 15.7 3.7 23.8 5 14.3
50 - 99 lbs 166 11.7 8 15.5 4 13.5 543 18.2 1.2 15.3 1.3 22.5 1.4 10.3
100 - 499 lbs 264 18.6 17 35.2 10 32 556 13.1 3.8 16.2 4.2 19 5.2 12.7
500 - 749 lbs 25 1.7 2 4.6 1 4.5 589 45.5 0.7 30 1.4 45.7 1.7 23.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 311 S S S S S S 36.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 617 100 1,270 100 1,434 100 1,190 23.9 - 26.9 - 27.8 - 7.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S S S S 43.3 0.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 1.8 2 0.2 2 0.1 S 21.1 3 35.4 1.4 16.5 0.8 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 175 28.3 S S S S 1,503 32.9 12.9 S S S S 5.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 32 5.2 S S S S 1,555 46.7 13 S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 398 64.5 1,136 89.4 1,232 86 1,101 20.2 9 23.7 3.1 25.1 4 11.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 95 100 11 100 S S 6,617 48.8 - 42.2 - S S 25.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8,816 S S S S S S 29
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,755 S S S S S S 3.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 81 100 S S S S 2,030 32.3 - S S S S 13.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 73 90.4 S S S S 2,071 25.4 7.6 S S S S 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 516 100 29,607 100 699 100 42 20.5 - 36.4 - 27.3 - 25.3
Less than 50 lbs 34 6.5 2 - - - 32 22.5 3.8 21.7 0.3 25.3 - 22.3
50 - 99 lbs 12 2.3 2 - - - 29 24.1 1.9 25.2 0.4 29.9 - 22.6
100 - 499 lbs 22 4.2 4 - - - S 26.9 3.2 47.6 0.9 46.5 0.5 S
500 - 749 lbs 6 1.1 2 - - - 31 48.3 2.5 30 0.7 30.6 0.3 33
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 13.6 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 43 8.4 16 0.1 2 0.3 165 32.2 5 26.8 4.1 32.8 8 43.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 286 S S S S S S 30.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 346 67.1 29,337 99.1 624 89.3 41 31.5 16.8 33.5 16.3 30.2 19.5 26.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.