Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 26,743 100 95,671 100 31,700 100 386 10.3 - 21.7 - 22.5 - 17.2
Single modes 24,018 89.8 64,697 67.6 29,404 92.8 130 10.3 1 22.8 8.7 23.1 1.7 13.4
Truck5 18,626 69.7 41,610 43.5 5,506 17.4 111 12 4 33.4 10.1 16.1 4.3 12.9
For-hire truck 8,480 31.7 9,298 9.7 3,667 11.6 393 23.4 3.7 17.7 5 19.2 3.2 18.1
Private truck 10,146 37.9 32,313 33.8 1,839 5.8 71 11.2 4 41.7 8.3 21.2 1.8 13.9
Rail 4,821 18 22,288 23.3 23,737 74.9 1,062 21 3.3 23 5.6 27.4 4.6 9.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,817 S S S S S S 17
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,209 8.3 1,367 1.4 1,597 5 846 14.5 0.9 24.9 0.4 25.1 1 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,415 5.3 49 0.1 30 0.1 843 14.3 0.7 12.9 - 19.7 - 14
Truck and rail 617 2.3 1,270 1.3 1,434 4.5 1,190 23.9 0.5 26.9 0.4 27.8 0.7 7.5
Truck and water 95 0.4 11 - S S 6,617 48.8 0.2 42.2 - S S 25.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 81 0.3 S S S S 2,030 32.3 1.2 S S S S 13.8
Other and unknown modes 516 1.9 29,607 30.9 699 2.2 42 20.5 0.3 36.4 8.7 27.3 0.8 25.3

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,530 100 18,835 100 15,707 100 471 29.1 - 28.9 - 44.4 - 24.8
Single modes 3,486 98.8 18,600 98.8 15,587 99.2 470 28.9 0.4 28.6 0.4 44.4 0.8 25.1
Truck5 812 23 3,819 20.3 498 3.2 137 41.3 15 36.3 14.8 23.8 13.9 21
For-hire truck 605 17.1 2,852 15.1 434 2.8 167 45.9 13.7 39.1 13.9 24.4 12.8 27.9
Private truck 208 5.9 968 5.1 64 0.4 70 36.4 4.7 38.6 2.7 28.6 1.7 27.4
Rail 2,674 75.7 14,781 78.5 15,089 96.1 913 37.8 14.7 36.3 14.6 45.9 14 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S 120 0.8 S S S S S 44.2 2.9 S
Truck and rail S S S S 120 0.8 S S S S S 44.2 2.9 S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,607 100 4,539 100 2,315 100 410 22.8 - 28 - 30.2 - 23.4
Single modes 1,529 95.2 4,337 95.5 2,086 90.1 387 24.4 3.2 29.8 3.5 31.6 5.2 23.8
Truck5 1,057 65.8 2,835 62.5 926 40 358 26.9 7 28.8 7.4 41.9 8.8 25.2
For-hire truck 687 42.8 1,880 41.4 805 34.8 471 32 8.9 32.5 9 49.2 9.5 23.8
Private truck 369 23 S S 122 5.2 229 45.4 3.7 S S 33.8 2.1 26
Rail 472 29.4 1,502 33.1 1,159 50.1 865 36.1 7.5 42.6 8 35.5 10.3 21.2
Multiple modes 78 4.8 202 4.5 229 9.9 1,051 46.6 4.4 38.6 5 42.7 7 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - S S S 49 0.1 10.7 - S S S
Truck and rail 76 4.7 199 4.4 225 9.7 1,325 41.2 6.2 30 7 35.4 9.4 12.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 379 100 3,154 100 4,210 100 702 22 - 20.9 - 27.6 - 19.7
Single modes 366 96.6 3,066 97.2 4,068 96.6 759 21.6 0.9 21 1.1 28.1 1.5 18.1
Truck5 161 42.4 811 25.7 382 9.1 403 32.2 7.6 18.8 7.4 19.3 6.8 18.8
For-hire truck 83 21.9 505 16 264 6.3 598 26.5 7.7 19.2 4.4 23.5 7.2 12.7
Private truck 78 20.5 307 9.7 118 2.8 S 45.9 8 27.7 8.2 44.4 3.2 S
Rail 206 54.2 2,254 71.5 3,686 87.5 1,598 25.3 7.7 26.9 7.4 30.2 6.7 10.2
Multiple modes 7 1.9 76 2.4 140 3.3 1,784 29.1 1 29.6 1.4 31.6 2.3 12.3
Truck and rail 7 1.9 76 2.4 140 3.3 1,784 29.1 1 29.6 1.4 31.6 2.3 12.3
Other and unknown modes S S 12 0.4 S S S S S 35 0.4 S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 18.7
Single modes S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 18.2
Truck5 S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 18.2
For-hire truck S S S S 13 85.7 S S S S S 45.9 9.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S 56 S S S S S S 23.6
Other and unknown modes 1 0.4 - 0.3 S S 44 31.6 0.6 26.1 0.7 S S 32.9

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 671 100 1,313 100 868 100 S 18.4 - 27.5 - 27.2 - S
Single modes 593 88.3 1,115 84.9 756 87.1 S 19.1 4.6 31.6 6.2 28.3 5 S
Truck5 473 70.5 750 57.1 260 30 S 18.8 7.8 45.6 10.1 22.3 14.8 S
For-hire truck 200 29.7 203 15.5 159 18.3 803 20.6 10.6 19.7 11.9 19 11.7 17.2
Private truck 273 40.7 S S 101 11.6 S 33.2 11.6 S S 41.9 14 S
Rail 120 17.8 366 27.8 496 57.1 1,367 21.1 13.6 25.3 16.3 24.6 12.9 6.2
Multiple modes 78 11.6 196 15 111 12.8 S 31.7 6.5 23.6 8.8 27.1 6.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 66 9.8 194 14.8 111 12.7 601 36.7 3.8 24.2 8.2 27.6 6.5 17.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,172 100 3,817 100 3,911 100 266 14.2 - 16.7 - 16.9 - 19.7
Single modes 1,905 87.7 3,374 88.4 3,312 84.7 244 14.8 2.8 18.2 3.2 17.3 4.8 18.3
Truck5 924 42.6 1,450 38 866 22.1 160 19.9 5.7 28.2 6.9 41.3 6.6 24.7
For-hire truck 614 28.3 1,079 28.3 788 20.1 552 30.5 6.7 31.2 6.3 45.6 6.6 20.5
Private truck 310 14.3 S S S S 90 35.9 5.3 S S S S 16.7
Rail 981 45.2 1,924 50.4 2,446 62.5 1,252 19.7 6.8 20.2 7.6 18.9 7.8 6.2
Multiple modes 257 11.8 431 11.3 596 15.3 1,368 25.7 2.7 29.4 3.2 36.7 5.1 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 47.4 - 35.1 - S
Truck and rail 257 11.8 431 11.3 596 15.2 1,404 25.7 2.7 29.4 3.2 36.7 5.1 8.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 309 100 277 100 211 100 100 16.2 - 24.8 - 44.7 - 35.4
Single modes 285 92.1 266 95.8 189 89.7 98 18.3 6 24.8 3.2 44.1 7.4 16.2
Truck5 197 63.6 130 46.9 S S 87 17.5 9.5 10.9 12.4 S S 9.2
Private truck 197 63.6 130 46.9 S S 87 17.5 9.5 10.9 12.4 S S 9.2
Rail 88 28.5 136 48.9 180 85.2 1,441 22.3 8.2 34.3 11.5 37.2 12 15.8
Multiple modes S S 11 4 S S 1,601 S S 16.3 19.7 S S 34.1
Truck and rail S S 11 4 S S 1,601 S S 16.3 19.7 S S 34.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 65 S S S S S S 20.6

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 22 100 S S S S 29 42.9 - S S S S 19.7
Single modes 22 100 S S S S 29 42.9 - S S S S 19.7
Truck5 22 100 S S S S 29 42.9 - S S S S 19.7
Private truck 22 100 S S S S 29 42.9 - S S S S 19.7

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 10 100 S S S S 23 36.2 - S S S S 25.6
Single modes 6 56.9 S S S S 22 32.2 17.1 S S S S 27.6
Truck5 6 56.9 S S S S 22 32.2 17.1 S S S S 27.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 19.4
Private truck S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 29.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 31.7
Single modes S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 31.7
Truck5 S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 31.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 32.5
Private truck S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 31.5

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,407 S S S S S S 39.7
Single modes S S S S S S 1,404 S S S S S S 39.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 1,345 S S S S S S 39.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 448 100 39,742 100 1,072 100 41 31.7 - 31.1 - 32.6 - 14.3
Single modes S S S S 452 42.1 42 S S S S 36.4 16.9 13.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 13.2
Private truck S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 13.2
Rail 9 2.1 732 1.8 48 4.5 66 35.7 1.8 26.1 1.5 26.5 3.6 -
Other and unknown modes 333 74.5 29,303 73.7 621 57.9 23 32.3 12.1 33.5 12.3 30.3 13.8 11.1

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,016 100 1,344 100 116 100 58 12.6 - 13.5 - 13.7 - 14.4
Single modes 1,016 100 1,344 100 116 100 58 12.6 - 13.5 - 13.7 - 14.4
Truck5 969 95.4 1,279 95.2 103 88.8 57 12.1 3.3 12.8 3.3 14.9 7.5 15.3
For-hire truck S S 164 12.2 S S 78 S S 26.4 19.4 S S 18.9
Private truck 827 81.5 1,115 83 91 77.9 55 18.2 10.3 18.1 9.8 19.5 12.1 18.5
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,621 100 2,381 100 S S 44 38.8 - 38.8 - S S 17.3
Single modes 1,621 100 2,381 100 S S 44 38.8 - 38.8 - S S 17.3
Truck5 1,038 64 1,508 63.3 S S 33 13.1 11.5 14.1 11.4 S S 15.4
For-hire truck 152 9.4 224 9.4 S S 44 32.5 15.8 41.9 14.4 S S 43.7
Private truck 886 54.7 1,284 53.9 66 19.8 32 16.4 11.4 16.8 11.3 24.7 16.9 17.2
Rail 70 4.3 139 5.8 S S 798 29.1 5.6 8.3 7.5 S S 19.4
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 259 100 461 100 36 100 S 25.9 - 25 - 37.4 - S
Single modes 258 99.9 461 100 36 100 S 25.9 0.2 25 - 37.4 - S
Truck5 240 92.8 458 99.2 31 84.8 32 24.5 3.5 25 0.5 42.4 8 24.7
For-hire truck S S S S 12 32.4 S S S S S 44.3 18.5 S
Private truck 220 85.1 367 79.5 19 52.5 29 25.6 7.3 25.3 10.1 43.4 12.8 25.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 173 100 216 100 S S 380 32.8 - 48.1 - S S 49.3
Single modes 141 81.2 209 96.5 S S 112 40.3 7.3 48.4 3.4 S S 31.7
Truck5 125 72.3 182 84.1 S S 105 45.7 11.6 44.5 6.2 S S 30.3
For-hire truck S S 117 54 S S 197 S S 43.8 13.2 S S 9.1
Private truck S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 29.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,148 S S S S S S 48.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,148 S S S S S S 49.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 493 100 S S S S 1,235 26.5 - S S S S 17.1
Single modes 225 45.6 S S S S 159 47.7 15.2 S S S S 25.4
Truck5 225 45.6 S S S S 159 47.7 15.2 S S S S 25.4
Private truck 225 45.6 S S S S 159 47.7 15.2 S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes 250 50.7 S S S S 1,277 22.4 15.6 S S S S 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 250 50.7 S S S S 1,277 22.4 15.6 S S S S 13.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 373 S S S S S S 34

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 82 S S S S S S 26.5
Single modes S S S S S S 78 S S S S S S 25.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 78 S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 124 S S S S S S 21
Private truck S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 29.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 492 100 103 100 S S 243 34.8 - 42.7 - S S 18.7
Single modes 447 90.8 99 96.2 S S 94 39 8.9 44.6 8.8 S S 28.3
Truck5 447 90.8 99 96.2 S S 94 39 8.9 44.6 8.8 S S 28.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 380 77.2 60 58.4 5 37.3 69 38.8 8.6 41.8 12.2 47.4 15.7 43
Multiple modes 44 8.9 4 3.4 1 9.8 420 47.2 10.1 45.3 9.9 40.6 13.8 30.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 44 8.9 4 3.4 1 9.8 420 47.2 10.1 45.3 9.9 40.6 13.8 30.6
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 S S S S 49 44.8 2.7 S S S S 32.8

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 448 100 165 100 84 100 193 15.3 - 18.6 - 25.2 - 28.6
Single modes 421 94 162 98 83 98.4 137 15.4 1.1 18.9 0.7 25.5 0.7 25.2
Truck5 418 93.4 161 97.7 83 98.3 136 15.1 1 18.8 0.7 25.5 0.7 25.1
For-hire truck 208 46.4 96 57.9 71 84.3 609 23.8 6.9 31 9.3 31.2 10.4 16.4
Private truck 210 47 66 39.8 12 14.1 75 22.5 7 21.3 9.5 29.4 10.2 23.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22 4.9 2 1.2 1 1.5 470 30.4 1 27.8 0.4 29.9 0.7 29.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20 4.5 2 1 1 0.9 469 32.8 1 33.1 0.4 28.2 0.5 28.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 1 0.3 - 0.1 S S S 46.9 2.1 12.7 0.8 S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 1.1 S S S S S 47.4 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 425 100 185 100 49 100 200 25.8 - 17.8 - 24.2 - 14.1
Single modes 415 97.6 183 99.1 49 99.7 207 26.6 2.1 17.4 0.3 24.7 0.2 11.1
Truck5 415 97.6 183 99.1 49 99.7 207 26.6 2.1 17.4 0.3 24.7 0.2 11.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 373 87.6 138 74.9 40 81.5 211 31.1 14.3 28.8 14.4 31.4 15.3 16.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 141 S S S S S S 19.6
Single modes 16 83.9 S S S S 150 48.7 4.2 S S S S 20.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 21.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 91 S S S S S S 19.4
Private truck S S S S S S 135 S S S S S S 21.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 2.9 S S S S 218 43.8 0.4 S S S S 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 2.2 - 0.6 - 0.2 211 34.6 0.6 46.9 0.5 42.3 2 14.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 74 100 50 100 11 100 458 28.4 - 35.6 - 42 - 26.5
Single modes 59 79.2 49 97.7 10 87 70 27.3 10.1 35.2 7.9 49.3 11.2 34.3
Truck5 59 79.2 49 97.7 10 87 70 27.3 10.1 35.2 7.9 49.3 11.2 34.3
For-hire truck S S 1 2.7 - 2.9 255 S S 32.6 5.5 43 2.3 23.7
Private truck 52 70.6 47 95 9 84.2 68 30.4 12.9 35.5 10.5 49.8 12.3 35.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,184 S S S S S S 24
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,184 S S S S S S 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 195 100 S S 7 100 207 39.1 - S S 38.2 - 34.5
Single modes 142 72.9 S S 6 80.7 S 48 10.2 S S 47.1 14.5 S
Truck5 142 72.6 S S 5 77.8 S 47.8 10.1 S S 47.7 14.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 47 24.3 3 5.4 1 18.8 635 37.1 9 49.4 11.3 42.4 14.6 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 47 24.3 3 5.4 1 18.8 635 37.1 9 49.4 11.3 42.4 14.6 17.6
Other and unknown modes 5 2.8 S S S S S 37.2 4.6 S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 258 100 9 100 6 100 716 39.3 - 27.3 - 29.7 - 18.1
Single modes S S 5 59.8 4 62.5 408 S S 36.3 7.8 36.8 7.3 47.3
Truck5 S S 5 59.8 4 62.5 408 S S 36.3 7.8 36.8 7.3 47.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,295 S S S S S S 28.2
Private truck S S S S S S 277 S S S S S S 40.4
Multiple modes 192 74.5 3 35.5 2 37.4 838 47.9 11.6 34.6 10.1 40 9.4 11.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 192 74.5 3 35.5 2 37.4 838 47.9 11.6 34.6 10.1 40 9.4 11.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 41 0.1 S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 348 100 1,893 100 126 100 76 22.7 - 27.9 - 33.8 - 15.3
Single modes 345 99.1 1,884 99.5 125 98.9 74 22.8 0.6 27.9 0.3 34 0.9 15.3
Truck5 345 99.1 1,884 99.5 125 98.9 74 22.8 0.6 27.9 0.3 34 0.9 15.3
For-hire truck 94 27 108 5.7 12 9.3 128 38 14.3 36.9 9.9 35.9 13.6 18.6
Private truck 251 72.1 1,775 93.8 113 89.6 71 31.4 10.8 29.3 6.8 36.8 9.4 15
Multiple modes S S S S S S 327 S S S S S S 50
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 320 S S S S S S 37.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 38

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 552 100 362 100 94 100 280 37 - 39.6 - 44.6 - 39.8
Single modes 523 94.7 359 99.1 91 97.1 95 39.5 10.2 40 9.2 45.6 14.3 42.8
Truck5 522 94.6 359 99 91 96.9 95 39.5 10.2 40.1 9.2 45.7 14.5 42.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 538 S S S S S S 38
Private truck 266 48.3 198 54.8 S S 57 28.8 10.7 35.7 9.1 S S 20.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29 5.3 3 0.9 S S 904 43.8 12.9 41.2 11.7 S S 21.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28 5.1 S S S S 909 45.6 12.9 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 23.6 - S S S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 417 100 157 100 47 100 124 19.5 - 20.5 - 20 - 27.2
Single modes 391 93.7 154 98.6 47 98.8 83 20.9 2.1 20.7 0.7 20.2 1.1 35.6
Truck5 391 93.7 154 98.6 47 98.8 83 20.9 2.1 20.7 0.7 20.2 1.1 35.6
For-hire truck 124 29.9 48 30.4 29 61.5 540 21.1 6.2 23 8.5 23.1 7.2 19.4
Private truck 266 63.9 107 68.2 18 37.3 50 28.7 6.3 24.9 8.7 28.1 7.3 38.7
Multiple modes 21 5.1 1 0.8 1 1.1 288 45 1.9 28.9 0.3 25.4 1.1 21.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21 5.1 1 0.8 1 1.1 288 45 1.9 28.9 0.3 25.4 1.1 21.1
Other and unknown modes 5 1.2 S S S S S 47.5 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,685 100 613 100 S S S 44.9 - 37.9 - S S S
Single modes 4,316 92.1 581 94.8 S S S 47.1 3.7 39.1 3.6 S S S
Truck5 4,294 91.7 579 94.4 S S S 47.5 3.8 39.3 3.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 830 S S S S S S 19.4
Private truck 1,381 29.5 231 37.7 S S S 44.5 10.8 34.6 9.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,663 S S S S S S 29.7
Multiple modes 313 6.7 24 3.9 S S 510 31.9 3.8 39.5 3.6 S S 21.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 225 4.8 8 1.3 4 0.8 486 38 2.3 30.1 1.1 34 1.8 21.9
Truck and rail S S 11 1.9 S S 1,402 S S 43.1 10.8 S S 16.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 41.6

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,485 100 90 100 39 100 264 19.3 - 17.2 - 29.1 - 11.4
Single modes 996 67.1 71 78.7 20 51.9 84 19.9 5.1 17.7 3.6 29.3 7.9 23.7
Truck5 991 66.8 71 78.7 20 51.8 80 19.7 5.2 17.7 3.6 29.3 7.9 24.1
For-hire truck 658 44.3 28 31.3 17 43.5 257 27.6 7.1 25.5 5.3 34 7.5 28.1
Private truck 333 22.4 43 47.4 3 8.4 45 22.1 6 19.9 5.7 19.7 7.6 16.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,117 S S S S S S 41.4
Multiple modes 465 31.3 15 17 18 47.6 523 26.3 5.1 27.7 3.8 35.4 7.9 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 392 26.4 7 7.9 5 11.9 521 25.6 5.7 20.6 3.8 31.2 9.5 12.6
Truck and rail 66 4.4 8 9 14 35.6 1,690 34.3 2.4 24.3 5.4 26.9 11 3.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24 1.6 4 4.4 S S 25 31.6 1.3 26.5 1.8 S S 43.7

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,453 100 279 100 237 100 158 21.2 - 24.1 - 42.4 - 46.6
Single modes 1,267 87.2 203 72.6 145 61.3 S 19.9 3.3 22.8 9.1 38.1 11.1 S
Truck5 1,177 81 187 67 121 51 S 19 3.9 21.9 9.1 37.2 12.1 S
For-hire truck 745 51.3 123 44.2 104 44 S 28.2 10.3 32.3 10.8 39.2 10.8 S
Private truck 432 29.7 64 22.9 16 7 S 33.2 14 27.7 16 35.9 16.1 S
Rail 89 6.2 16 5.6 24 10.3 1,572 33.2 7.5 33 8.5 28.6 14.6 12.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 165 11.3 S S S S 258 48 3.3 S S S S 26.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 55 3.8 2 0.9 1 0.3 246 25.6 1.3 28.7 0.7 24.1 0.6 13.8
Truck and water 29 2 7 2.4 25 10.7 3,755 28.3 3.4 31.8 3.5 35.6 7.2 3.6
Other multiple modes 81 5.5 S S S S 2,030 32.3 9.7 S S S S 13.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 3 100 S S S S S 25.8 - S S S
Single modes S S 3 94.6 S S S S S 33.1 7.7 S S S
Truck5 S S 3 94.6 S S S S S 33.1 7.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 643 S S S S S S 25.3
Single modes S S S S S S 699 S S S S S S 39.3
Truck5 S S S S S S 699 S S S S S S 39.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,932 S S S S S S 32.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 457 S S S S S S 44.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 457 S S S S S S 44.3

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 196 100 41 100 29 100 203 22.3 - 25.4 - 25.3 - 37.2
Single modes 193 98.2 41 99 29 99.7 194 22.6 1.3 25.7 0.7 25.4 1.1 41.9
Truck5 193 98.2 41 99 29 99.7 194 22.6 1.3 25.7 0.7 25.4 1.1 41.9
For-hire truck 130 66.2 32 77.3 28 96.9 489 26.4 7.5 30.6 6.9 25.6 3 25.4
Private truck 63 32 9 21.6 1 2.9 49 29 8 32.2 7.6 35.4 2.8 15.7
Multiple modes 3 1.6 S S S S 343 50 1.1 S S S S 22.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 1.6 S S S S 343 50 1.1 S S S S 22.4
Other and unknown modes - 0.2 S S S S 6 40.8 3.1 S S S S 33.4

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 221 100 28 100 18 100 522 36 - 38.6 - 35.9 - 24.5
Single modes 177 80 25 89.7 16 90.3 329 43.9 17.3 42.4 17.8 38.7 20 30.7
Truck5 177 80 25 89.7 16 90.3 329 43.9 17.3 42.4 17.8 38.7 20 30.7
For-hire truck 111 50.3 20 70.3 14 76.1 507 30.8 12.9 47.9 12.4 34.1 13.5 46.3
Private truck S S S S 3 14.3 123 S S S S 48.6 6.9 45.8
Multiple modes 44 20 3 10.3 S S 588 38.7 17.6 49 18.5 S S 23.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 44 20 3 10.3 S S 588 38.7 17.6 49 18.5 S S 23.5
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 37.2 0.1 S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 118 100 245 100 139 100 735 33.8 - 25 - 22.7 - 14.9
Single modes 89 75.5 227 92.8 111 79.6 565 32.6 8.6 27 3.8 28.6 9.9 15.2
Truck5 54 45.5 38 15.7 28 19.8 720 45.5 16.6 35.4 19.4 46.6 19.2 24.9
For-hire truck S S 20 8 22 15.9 1,113 S S 20.5 4.5 43.5 11.9 26.2
Private truck S S S S S S 317 S S S S S S 41.4
Rail 36 30 189 77.1 83 59.8 442 18.3 17.5 22.9 8 24.5 11.7 11.1
Multiple modes 29 24.5 18 7.2 28 20.4 1,603 45.1 8.6 39 6.7 39 16.7 0.3
Truck and rail 29 24.5 18 7.2 28 20.4 1,603 45.1 8.6 39 6.7 39 16.7 0.3

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,298 100 413 100 69 100 129 20.5 - 20.6 - 20.6 - 19.2
Single modes 1,263 97.3 410 99.4 68 99 107 20.7 4.7 20.7 3.7 20.4 8.4 12.9
Truck5 1,263 97.3 410 99.4 68 99 107 20.7 4.7 20.7 3.7 20.4 8.4 12.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,260 97.1 406 98.4 62 90.9 107 20.8 4.7 21 3.8 23.5 10.4 7.6
Multiple modes 32 2.4 S S 1 1 S 45.9 5.2 S S 46.1 9.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32 2.4 S S 1 1 S 45.9 5.2 S S 46.1 9.4 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 36.6

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 162 S S S S S S 23.5
Single modes S S S S S S 120 S S S S S S 32.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 120 S S S S S S 32.4
Private truck S S S S S S 120 S S S S S S 32.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 197 S S S S S S 36.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 197 S S S S S S 36.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.