Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 563,187 100 475,857 100 96,370 100 4.7 - 3.7 - 7.1 -
Less than 50 miles 138,022 24.5 268,380 56.4 5,867 6.1 4.9 1.1 5.6 1.9 6.9 0.4
50 - 99 miles 59,737 10.6 54,339 11.4 5,230 5.4 5.2 0.5 5 0.6 7.3 0.5
100 - 249 miles 107,568 19.1 64,310 13.5 14,255 14.8 5.3 0.3 4.6 0.5 5.3 0.9
250 - 499 miles 125,670 22.3 50,734 10.7 24,519 25.4 6.7 0.8 10.9 0.9 11.2 1.3
500 - 749 miles 47,252 8.4 17,299 3.6 14,018 14.5 9.3 0.4 9.5 0.4 11.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 25,515 4.5 7,982 1.7 8,914 9.3 8.2 0.3 21.6 0.3 20.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23,369 4.1 7,899 1.7 11,826 12.3 10 0.4 20.4 0.4 21.2 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22,084 3.9 3,203 0.7 7,368 7.6 13.7 0.4 7.7 - 8.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 13,970 2.5 1,711 0.4 4,373 4.5 11.9 0.3 6.9 - 6.3 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 473,247 100 450,725 100 81,054 100 4.9 - 3.4 - 7.8 -
Less than 50 miles 128,569 27.2 260,894 57.9 5,457 6.7 5.4 1.4 5.9 2.2 6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 55,887 11.8 51,632 11.5 4,890 6 5.4 0.5 4.6 0.6 7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 93,866 19.8 59,991 13.3 13,007 16 5.6 0.5 4.3 0.6 5 1
250 - 499 miles 100,777 21.3 47,514 10.5 22,872 28.2 7.5 0.9 10.9 1 11.3 1.1
500 - 749 miles 36,766 7.8 15,103 3.4 11,671 14.4 10.5 0.5 8.3 0.3 8.6 1
750 - 999 miles 19,415 4.1 6,723 1.5 7,286 9 11.6 0.4 25.2 0.3 25.4 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,208 3.4 5,262 1.2 7,596 9.4 11.2 0.4 17.4 0.2 18.5 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,025 2.8 2,254 0.5 4,921 6.1 14 0.3 7.6 - 7.7 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 8,735 1.8 1,354 0.3 3,354 4.1 11.6 0.2 8.6 - 8.7 0.4

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 437,806 100 370,509 100 58,488 100 5.6 - 5.8 - 6.5 -
Less than 50 miles 121,960 27.9 227,108 61.3 4,776 8.2 5.8 1.6 8.6 2 7.6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 51,053 11.7 40,963 11.1 3,843 6.6 6.4 0.6 5.1 0.6 5.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 86,295 19.7 45,798 12.4 9,577 16.4 6.8 0.6 5.7 0.8 5.8 0.7
250 - 499 miles 94,242 21.5 34,774 9.4 15,807 27 8.3 0.9 9.7 0.9 10.1 1.3
500 - 749 miles 33,755 7.7 10,217 2.8 7,357 12.6 11 0.5 6.8 0.2 6.9 0.4
750 - 999 miles 18,416 4.2 4,890 1.3 5,094 8.7 12.6 0.4 12.3 0.2 12.1 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,384 3.1 3,744 1 5,234 8.9 9.2 0.3 10.7 0.1 11.2 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,361 2.6 1,960 0.5 4,240 7.3 15.2 0.3 8.9 - 9.1 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 7,338 1.7 1,057 0.3 2,559 4.4 14.1 0.3 9.6 - 9.5 0.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 289,777 100 188,590 100 46,505 100 6.1 - 5 - 7.1 -
Less than 50 miles 45,629 15.7 87,400 46.3 2,036 4.4 9 1.7 9.4 2.7 9.1 0.4
50 - 99 miles 28,050 9.7 21,895 11.6 2,073 4.5 5.8 0.6 5.7 0.7 5.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 60,104 20.7 30,198 16 6,568 14.1 7.3 0.8 4.3 1.1 4.4 0.8
250 - 499 miles 80,202 27.7 29,713 15.8 13,503 29 9.4 1.2 10.6 1.5 11.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 29,457 10.2 8,502 4.5 6,146 13.2 11.3 0.7 7.3 0.3 7.1 0.4
750 - 999 miles 16,454 5.7 4,488 2.4 4,664 10 13.9 0.5 12.7 0.3 12.4 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,583 4 3,402 1.8 4,764 10.2 9.6 0.3 11.9 0.2 12.5 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,012 3.8 1,938 1 4,199 9 13.9 0.4 8.8 0.1 9 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 7,286 2.5 1,054 0.6 2,551 5.5 14 0.3 9.8 0.1 9.6 0.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 148,029 100 181,919 100 11,983 100 7.8 - 9.6 - 9.2 -
Less than 50 miles 76,331 51.6 139,708 76.8 2,740 22.9 10.3 2.1 11.8 1.8 9.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 23,004 15.5 19,068 10.5 1,771 14.8 9.1 1 8.8 1 9.8 1.4
100 - 249 miles 26,191 17.7 15,600 8.6 3,009 25.1 7.4 0.8 11.8 0.9 12.1 2
250 - 499 miles 14,040 9.5 5,061 2.8 2,304 19.2 9.8 0.8 17 0.4 18.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 4,298 2.9 1,715 0.9 1,211 10.1 12.7 0.4 17.4 0.2 17.5 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,962 1.3 402 0.2 430 3.6 27.1 0.3 22.3 - 23.7 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,802 1.2 341 0.2 469 3.9 29.3 0.4 13.1 - 13.5 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 22 - 41 0.3 S S 31.7 - 33.3 0.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,740 100 59,644 100 19,719 100 21.6 - 20.4 - 18.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,725 7.3 23,239 39 341 1.7 16.1 1.7 33.6 6.6 43.1 0.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S 399 2 S S S S 46.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 5,984 25.2 11,561 19.4 2,921 14.8 46.6 6.1 24.9 4.9 26.1 4.4
250 - 499 miles 5,153 21.7 12,246 20.5 6,714 34 11.3 3.5 20.8 2.9 19.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,479 10.4 4,179 7 3,400 17.2 32.6 3.2 23.4 4.1 22.8 4.4
750 - 999 miles 802 3.4 S S S S 30.7 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,538 10.7 S S S S 36.8 2.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,447 6.1 291 0.5 674 3.4 48.7 2.7 17.7 0.2 17.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,032 4.3 290 0.5 777 3.9 34.6 1.6 24.7 0.2 24.7 1.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 457 100 7,591 100 2,041 100 22 - 33.7 - 32.4 -
Less than 50 miles 78 17.1 2,749 36.2 137 6.7 14.2 16.2 17.7 9.4 17.7 11
50 - 99 miles 93 20.3 2,988 39.4 S S 10.3 16.7 9.3 7.8 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 145 31.7 S S 900 44.1 48.1 19.1 S S 32.7 16.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 457 100 7,591 100 2,041 100 22 - 33.7 - 32.4 -
Less than 50 miles 78 17.1 2,749 36.2 137 6.7 14.2 16.2 17.7 9.4 17.7 11
50 - 99 miles 93 20.3 2,988 39.4 S S 10.3 16.7 9.3 7.8 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 145 31.7 S S 900 44.1 48.1 19.1 S S 32.7 16.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,173 100 172 100 133 100 11.7 - 49.2 - 38.7 -
Less than 50 miles 66 2.1 2 0.9 2 1.5 43.1 0.9 34 1.1 44.3 2.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 376 11.8 20 11.6 7 5.4 27.2 2.9 34.7 5.5 30.3 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,251 39.4 S S S S 18.3 3.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 382 12 S S 10 7.8 21.7 3.2 S S 48.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 183 5.8 4 2.2 4 2.8 36.3 1.5 30.8 1.6 30.8 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 285 9 10 5.6 12 9.3 17.3 1.6 37.2 2.6 36.6 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 216 6.8 3 1.8 6 4.5 28.1 2.1 44.7 1.2 46.5 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 365 11.5 7 4.1 19 14.3 31.2 3.3 29.4 3.9 31.2 7.1

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,071 100 12,808 100 S S 30.1 - 27.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,740 58.7 7,798 60.9 S S 39.3 11.7 34.8 11.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 2,111 26.2 3,152 24.6 S S 26.4 11.1 22 10.7 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 81,159 100 19,033 100 14,200 100 7 - 13.8 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 6,266 7.7 S S S S 11.4 0.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 3,225 4 S S S S 10.2 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 12,132 14.9 3,919 20.6 1,156 8.1 7.3 1 18.7 3.6 23.4 2.6
250 - 499 miles 23,474 28.9 2,650 13.9 1,362 9.6 9.2 1.4 28.3 3.4 22.7 1.6
500 - 749 miles 9,907 12.2 2,082 10.9 2,265 15.9 9.6 0.8 32.8 3.4 37.8 5
750 - 999 miles 5,699 7 1,072 5.6 1,457 10.3 12.7 1 38.8 2.7 43.9 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,417 7.9 2,533 13.3 4,065 28.6 17.6 1.2 40.5 4.7 40.1 7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,875 10.9 898 4.7 2,332 16.4 26.2 2.1 16.3 1.1 17.4 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 5,165 6.4 337 1.8 957 6.7 19.1 1.1 16.3 0.7 13.5 2.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 68,898 100 1,383 100 1,010 100 8.1 - 4 - 5.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,898 8.6 132 9.6 4 0.4 12 0.9 12.1 1.3 11.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles 3,056 4.4 87 6.3 9 0.9 10.2 0.5 4.7 0.2 5.8 -
100 - 249 miles 10,308 15 229 16.6 52 5.1 8.4 1 4.5 0.6 4.7 0.2
250 - 499 miles 21,319 30.9 383 27.7 180 17.8 9.3 1.3 6.6 1.4 5.9 1
500 - 749 miles 8,344 12.1 182 13.1 132 13.1 10.9 0.6 4.1 0.4 4.5 0.6
750 - 999 miles 4,811 7 111 8 115 11.4 12.5 0.9 10.7 0.8 11.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,868 5.6 84 6.1 116 11.4 16 0.8 13.1 0.7 13.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,681 9.7 89 6.4 193 19.1 33.7 2 9 0.6 9.2 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 4,611 6.7 85 6.1 210 20.8 22.1 1.3 15.3 0.7 15.1 2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,228 100 14,228 100 9,993 100 16.6 - 16 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 368 3.3 S S S S 19.5 1.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 140 1.2 S S S S 31.3 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,730 15.4 1,816 12.8 409 4.1 25.2 2.9 24.3 4.3 25 1.8
250 - 499 miles 2,066 18.4 2,240 15.7 1,146 11.5 21.9 3.4 33.8 3.7 27.4 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,290 11.5 844 5.9 674 6.7 31.6 2.8 25.6 1.6 25.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles S S 566 4 699 7 S S 40.7 1.7 40.5 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,488 22.2 2,447 17.2 3,944 39.5 32.1 3.5 41.6 5.8 41 9.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,094 18.6 770 5.4 1,919 19.2 32.2 3.6 18.9 1.4 19.4 5.2
More than 2,000 miles 511 4.6 235 1.7 611 6.1 22.3 1.2 25.3 1.3 24.9 3.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 606 100 793 100 S S 36.7 - 48.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 61 10.2 S S S S 45.6 4.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 52 8.5 S S S S 45 12.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 47 7.7 24 3 120 12.6 40.5 9.5 30.4 4.2 32.8 18
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 119 100 1,554 100 608 100 39.9 - 49.4 - 45.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1,542 99.3 567 93.2 S S 24.6 0.5 23.6 3.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S 3 0.4 S S S S 23.5 8.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 309 100 S S 1,635 100 38.4 - S S 46.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 221 71.4 1,041 96.8 1,435 87.8 43 15 44.7 10 44.4 17.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,781 100 6,100 100 1,116 100 15.2 - 27.5 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles 3,187 36.3 4,222 69.2 100 9 16.8 4.8 27.7 4.4 16.9 2
50 - 99 miles 625 7.1 430 7 44 3.9 26.2 2.1 28.8 1.4 31.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 1,570 17.9 400 6.6 92 8.2 42 4.2 35.1 2.6 46.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 1,420 16.2 570 9.3 284 25.5 21 3.8 49.3 2 46.6 5.7
500 - 749 miles 578 6.6 114 1.9 82 7.3 25.7 1.8 26.6 0.4 25.3 3.8
750 - 999 miles 402 4.6 S S S S 21.9 1.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 70 0.8 21 0.3 62 5.6 30.2 0.3 30.1 0.2 34.6 3.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.