Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 563,187 100 475,857 100 96,370 100 580 4.7 - 3.7 - 7.1 - 6.3
Single modes 473,247 84 450,725 94.7 81,054 84.1 315 4.9 0.7 3.4 0.6 7.8 1.8 17
Truck5 437,806 77.7 370,509 77.9 58,488 60.7 308 5.6 1.6 5.8 2.9 6.5 3.1 17.9
For-hire truck 289,777 51.5 188,590 39.6 46,505 48.3 635 6.1 1.7 5 1.7 7.1 2.3 14.5
Private truck 148,029 26.3 181,919 38.2 11,983 12.4 100 7.8 1.5 9.6 3 9.2 1.3 17.5
Rail 23,740 4.2 59,644 12.5 19,719 20.5 516 21.6 1 20.4 2.8 18.1 2.3 11.9
Water 457 0.1 7,591 1.6 2,041 2.1 S 22 - 33.7 0.7 32.4 1 S
Shallow draft 457 0.1 7,591 1.6 2,041 2.1 S 22 - 33.7 0.7 32.4 1 S
Air (incl truck and air) 3,173 0.6 172 - 133 0.1 1,121 11.7 0.1 49.2 - 38.7 - 6.6
Pipeline6 8,071 1.4 12,808 2.7 S S S 30.1 0.4 27.6 0.7 S S S
Multiple modes 81,159 14.4 19,033 4 14,200 14.7 782 7 0.8 13.8 0.5 14.8 1.9 3.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 68,898 12.2 1,383 0.3 1,010 1 782 8.1 0.7 4 - 5.9 0.1 3.2
Truck and rail 11,228 2 14,228 3 9,993 10.4 787 16.6 0.4 16 0.4 19.2 1.7 13.2
Truck and water 606 0.1 793 0.2 S S 2,586 36.7 - 48.5 0.1 S S 28.7
Rail and water 119 - 1,554 0.3 608 0.6 2,076 39.9 - 49.4 0.2 45.8 0.5 31.1
Other multiple modes 309 0.1 S S 1,635 1.7 2,948 38.4 - S S 46.7 0.7 24.3
Other and unknown modes 8,781 1.6 6,100 1.3 1,116 1.2 60 15.2 0.2 27.5 0.3 27.1 0.2 44.6

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 71 100 53 100 16 100 199 39.4 - 47.3 - 42.1 - 24.8
Single modes 71 100 53 100 16 100 199 39.4 - 47.3 - 42.1 - 24.8
Truck5 71 100 53 100 16 100 199 39.4 - 47.3 - 42.1 - 24.8
For-hire truck 49 68.8 S S 12 75.8 289 45.3 12.6 S S 43.1 12.3 27.1
Private truck S S S S S S 113 S S S S S S 24.1

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,732 100 17,180 100 7,015 100 149 10.5 - 9.9 - 18.7 - 31.4
Single modes 2,614 95.7 16,509 96.1 6,109 87.1 126 11.3 1.9 10.3 1.8 17.9 4.9 36.5
Truck5 1,500 54.9 8,743 50.9 818 11.7 86 24.2 10.4 25.3 10.2 34 6.9 25.5
For-hire truck 581 21.3 2,446 14.2 S S 189 49.7 7.4 42.9 5.6 S S 22.9
Private truck 919 33.6 6,297 36.7 S S 47 31.7 8.7 33.3 9.2 S S 19
Rail 1,030 37.7 7,122 41.5 4,575 65.2 582 19 9.9 18.8 9.8 21.5 6.9 9.8
Water 84 3.1 645 3.8 716 10.2 1,121 35.6 3 38.9 3.3 32.4 9.5 10.3
Shallow draft 84 3.1 645 3.8 716 10.2 1,121 35.6 3 38.9 3.3 32.4 9.5 10.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 118 4.3 668 3.9 906 12.9 822 37.8 2.3 41.7 2.1 42 5.7 32
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S 1 - 511 10.1 - S S 15.8 - 22.8
Truck and rail S S 95 0.6 S S 1,549 S S 37.9 0.8 S S 38.6
Other multiple modes 84 3.1 572 3.3 784 11.2 1,367 38.8 4.9 36 4.5 35.4 11.2 1.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,644 100 5,848 100 2,636 100 237 20.5 - 17.4 - 24.7 - 27.2
Single modes 2,338 88.5 4,773 81.6 1,524 57.8 94 21.7 4.4 17 6 19 10.3 26.8
Truck5 1,724 65.2 2,664 45.6 267 10.1 89 29.7 7.3 22.4 8.8 35.1 9.5 27.1
For-hire truck S S 480 8.2 S S S S S 44.8 3.2 S S S
Private truck 1,165 44 2,185 37.4 152 5.7 54 31.3 6.8 21.4 7.4 27.7 5.1 16
Rail 505 19.1 1,749 29.9 832 31.6 584 23.5 4.9 22.8 5.2 22.2 11.2 13.1
Water 110 4.1 S S S S 1,182 47.2 16.8 S S S S 14.6
Shallow draft 110 4.1 S S S S 1,182 47.2 16.8 S S S S 14.6
Multiple modes 304 11.5 1,074 18.4 1,112 42.2 808 31.9 5.2 38.9 6.8 38.8 10.4 32
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 815 S S S S S S 29.2
Truck and rail 170 6.4 611 10.4 472 17.9 S 39.4 8.5 49.6 10.6 31.7 12.8 S
Other multiple modes 127 4.8 463 7.9 639 24.2 1,381 32.9 7 37.2 7.1 37.8 15 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,145 100 10,027 100 2,861 100 210 48.2 - 25 - 30 - 20.2
Single modes 6,216 87 9,230 92.1 2,453 85.7 187 42.9 3.2 23.7 2 32.5 4.3 20.7
Truck5 6,013 84.2 8,269 82.5 1,812 63.3 184 44.7 2.9 27.3 4.3 46.1 8.4 21
For-hire truck 3,259 45.6 3,356 33.5 960 33.5 250 36.4 8.3 22.1 5.8 28.6 5.1 13.2
Private truck S S 4,913 49 S S 161 S S 38.1 9.2 S S 26.9
Rail 203 2.8 961 9.6 641 22.4 654 24 4.9 20.9 5.8 21.7 13.6 12.3
Multiple modes 125 1.8 412 4.1 344 12 695 38.8 1 45.6 2.1 49.4 4.7 26.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 671 S S S S S S 34.8
Truck and rail 108 1.5 397 4 S S 917 46.8 1.2 47 2.3 S S 32.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,089 100 1,250 100 359 100 249 18.6 - 21.8 - 32.3 - 40.6
Single modes 4,019 98.3 1,237 99 354 98.7 S 17.9 0.7 21.4 0.4 32.3 2.5 S
Truck5 4,019 98.3 1,237 99 354 98.7 S 17.9 0.7 21.4 0.4 32.3 2.5 S
For-hire truck 1,759 43 538 43.1 301 83.8 412 30.5 8.3 36.3 8.3 36.2 6.1 28.4
Private truck 2,259 55.2 699 55.9 53 14.9 56 20.2 8.7 18.3 8.5 21.1 5.1 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S 5 1.3 800 S S S S 45.2 6.7 17.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 800 S S S S S S 17.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 23.3 - S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,360 100 5,002 100 1,626 100 410 14.7 - 20.2 - 16.7 - 18.1
Single modes 7,011 95.3 4,927 98.5 1,567 96.4 122 15.1 2.3 20.2 0.7 16.6 1.3 42.3
Truck5 6,992 95 4,915 98.3 1,538 94.6 121 15.1 2.3 20.3 0.8 16.9 1.6 41.8
For-hire truck 3,694 50.2 2,393 47.8 1,117 68.7 468 13.8 2.9 18.8 5.3 22 7.3 17.1
Private truck 3,298 44.8 2,523 50.4 421 25.9 S 17.8 3.3 31 5.4 26.9 7.3 S
Rail 18 0.3 12 0.2 29 1.8 2,417 13.6 0.2 24.5 0.3 26.7 1.8 4
Multiple modes S S 30 0.6 52 3.2 S S S 39.4 0.5 43.5 1.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 12.7
Truck and rail 40 0.5 17 0.3 41 2.5 2,471 39.8 1.4 27.2 0.9 26.7 3.7 0.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 120 1.6 45 0.9 S S 90 46.2 1.2 47.9 0.9 S S 17.8

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 24,694 100 28,552 100 6,349 100 157 18.3 - 19.6 - 12 - 15.9
Single modes 24,183 97.9 27,713 97.1 5,861 92.3 86 18.8 0.9 20.6 1.3 13.6 2.5 21.6
Truck5 23,619 95.6 26,518 92.9 5,068 79.8 83 19.1 1.3 21.7 2.2 18.1 5.4 20.2
For-hire truck 14,854 60.2 11,709 41 3,938 62 222 23.7 4.5 13.7 5.3 19.1 5.4 23
Private truck 8,765 35.5 14,809 51.9 1,130 17.8 42 14.7 3.5 32.6 6 21.8 2.8 13.3
Rail 443 1.8 1,169 4.1 790 12.4 886 16 1 20.2 1.7 20.3 4.8 19.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 508 2.1 832 2.9 488 7.7 831 35.3 0.9 26.7 1.3 25.9 2.5 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 830 S S S S S S 13.8
Truck and rail 219 0.9 787 2.8 448 7.1 627 21.2 0.6 22.9 1.6 22 2.8 41.5
Truck and water 31 0.1 S S S S 1,793 17.4 0.3 S S S S 19.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 49.5 - S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,851 100 5,819 100 1,143 100 37 10.5 - 17.8 - 27.2 - 17.4
Single modes 5,828 99.6 5,810 99.9 1,115 97.5 36 10.5 0.3 17.9 0.2 28.3 4.1 17.9
Truck5 5,776 98.7 5,725 98.4 1,064 93.1 35 10.6 0.7 18 1 28.8 4.4 18
For-hire truck 2,639 45.1 3,270 56.2 957 83.7 S 28.8 8.2 33.2 10.9 30 10 S
Private truck 3,137 53.6 2,455 42.2 107 9.3 27 13.8 8.2 11.6 11.1 25.1 9.8 6.8
Rail S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 40.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - S S S S S 46.5 - S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,339 S S S S S S 46.5
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 44 - S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 649 100 11 100 1 100 45 26.3 - 32.1 - 26.8 - 20.1
Single modes 637 98.2 10 98.5 S S 42 26.6 0.8 33.9 0.9 S S 19.8
Truck5 637 98.2 10 98.5 S S 42 26.6 0.8 33.9 0.9 S S 19.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 487 S S S S S S 48
Private truck 625 96.3 10 96.7 - 84.9 42 26.2 1.1 32.7 1.1 24.4 4.2 19.8
Multiple modes 9 1.3 - 1.2 - 5.5 213 24.8 1.9 26.5 2.3 32.5 4.2 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9 1.3 - 1.2 - 5.5 213 24.8 1.9 26.5 2.3 32.5 4.2 8.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 31.4

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 127 100 205 100 S S 89 37.9 - 44.6 - S S 45
Single modes 127 100 205 100 S S 89 37.9 - 44.6 - S S 45
Truck5 127 100 205 100 S S 89 37.9 - 44.6 - S S 45
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 306 100 30,316 100 734 100 31 29.9 - 46.9 - 24.6 - 39.8
Single modes 294 96.3 30,132 99.4 730 99.5 29 32.1 8.2 47.3 1.8 24.8 1.1 37.8
Truck5 294 96.3 30,132 99.4 730 99.5 29 32.1 8.2 47.3 1.8 24.8 1.1 37.8
For-hire truck 178 58.3 11,011 36.3 553 75.3 66 32.7 9.2 25.5 10.7 31.1 7.1 25.8
Private truck S S S S 178 24.2 S S S S S 36.2 6.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,136 S S S S S S 25.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 - - - - 1,146 5.2 0.6 47 - 15.8 - 33.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 183 0.6 3 0.4 14 S S 38.2 3.7 32.5 2.4 37.5

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 513 100 66,239 100 3,304 100 35 24.7 - 23.2 - 34.5 - 14
Single modes 501 97.7 64,024 96.7 2,775 84 32 23.7 0.8 21.8 1.3 33.5 5.9 14.1
Truck5 477 93.1 61,273 92.5 2,065 62.5 30 22.1 1.8 20.8 2.2 33.5 12.4 15.7
For-hire truck 239 46.7 32,832 49.6 1,319 39.9 35 16.7 5.5 18.3 5.8 34.5 10.3 13.8
Private truck 238 46.4 28,441 42.9 745 22.6 25 33.2 4.4 32.7 4.4 37.8 4.7 20.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 150 0.2 2 0.1 S 41.9 0.7 37.4 0.5 41.6 0.2 S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 798 100 14,921 100 1,330 100 120 31 - 32.1 - 36.6 - 26.7
Single modes 753 94.4 14,129 94.7 1,232 92.6 83 32.8 3.4 32.9 2.7 37.2 2.9 27.1
Truck5 746 93.5 13,119 87.9 1,012 76.1 81 33 3.9 35.6 6.8 39.1 8.7 27.8
For-hire truck 432 54.2 S S S S 142 43.7 10.7 S S S S 45.2
Private truck 314 39.3 8,746 58.6 502 37.7 S 25.9 11.7 36.8 10.8 28.6 11.3 S
Rail 7 0.9 S S S S 295 16.5 1.7 S S S S 32.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,040 S S 45.2 - 46.2 0.1 9.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 523 S S S S S S 43.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - 1 - 529 S S 40.4 - 30.6 0.1 43.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.6 S S S S 23 45.8 1.1 S S S S 46.4

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 35
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 348 S S S S S S 47.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 348 S S S S S S 47.1

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 992 100 35,313 100 2,818 100 116 24.7 - 25.3 - 28.5 - 13.3
Single modes 897 90.4 31,586 89.4 1,893 67.2 102 26.5 3.9 27.1 4.2 33.3 9.2 17.8
Truck5 152 15.4 4,924 13.9 366 13 102 13.3 15 11.9 15.1 25.5 10.7 18.8
For-hire truck 98 9.9 3,117 8.8 168 5.9 90 23.5 12.9 23.6 13 30.3 7.1 20.1
Private truck 54 5.5 1,807 5.1 199 7.1 127 36.9 16 37.4 16 47.3 15.9 25.4
Rail 553 55.7 20,128 57 S S 59 43.5 12.3 43.2 12.5 S S 28
Water 192 19.3 6,534 18.5 832 29.5 126 10.5 16.5 14.5 16 37.1 19.1 21.5
Shallow draft 192 19.3 6,534 18.5 832 29.5 126 10.5 16.5 14.5 16 37.1 19.1 21.5
Multiple modes S S S S 925 32.8 S S S S S 45.6 10.6 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 9 0.9 312 0.9 S S 396 32.2 5.3 33.3 5.5 S S 0.1
Rail and water 41 4.1 1,542 4.4 567 20.1 367 26.2 7.1 24.6 7.9 23.6 18.7 1.7

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 22,222 100 29,884 100 1,122 100 32 17.1 - 15.6 - 16 - 16.6
Single modes 21,850 98.3 29,354 98.2 1,090 97.1 31 17.6 1 16 1 15.6 1.1 16.9
Truck5 17,032 76.6 22,335 74.7 741 66.1 32 17.6 6.8 14.8 6.6 11.6 7.7 17
For-hire truck 6,580 29.6 8,967 30 314 28 36 30 8.9 28.4 8.5 24.6 9.3 21
Private truck 10,452 47 13,368 44.7 427 38.1 30 24.5 6 20.2 5.4 16.9 3.7 16.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 4,818 21.7 7,018 23.5 S S S 33.8 6.1 32.7 5.9 S S S
Other and unknown modes 373 1.7 530 1.8 32 2.9 58 13.3 2.5 18.2 2.5 30 2.2 13.8

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 9,007 100 14,203 100 771 100 33 16.6 - 17.3 - 28 - 21.1
Single modes 8,652 96.1 13,631 96 740 96.1 29 16.1 1.3 16.8 1.3 27.7 1.1 5.3
Truck5 5,475 60.8 8,194 57.7 424 55.1 29 15.2 9.1 15.5 9.4 22.3 11.2 6.3
For-hire truck 2,258 25.1 3,471 24.4 259 33.6 60 29.7 7.9 30.1 7.6 36.4 8.7 43.5
Private truck 3,217 35.7 4,723 33.3 165 21.5 23 16.6 6.6 16 6.4 20.6 9.2 7.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 3,177 35.3 5,437 38.3 S S S 36.2 8.1 33.6 8 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 355 3.9 571 4 30 3.9 49 13.5 2.2 11.1 2.2 9.7 1.4 4.6

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 16,674 100 S S 84 S S 33.2 - S S 25.2
Single modes S S 14,980 89.8 S S 44 S S 34.3 5.2 S S 37.8
Truck5 2,058 26.9 7,727 46.3 361 10.1 35 12.1 18.3 17.8 14 20.9 17.7 40.8
For-hire truck 699 9.2 4,333 26 284 7.9 106 11.3 6.9 13.2 11.2 26.4 12.7 28.5
Private truck 1,359 17.8 3,393 20.4 77 2.1 26 17.2 12.9 33.4 6 20.9 5.3 21.5
Rail S S S S S S 368 S S S S S S 31.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 570 S S S S S S 23.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 39 0.5 3 - S S 548 47.8 1.1 46.7 - S S 17.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,521 100 12,513 100 S S 291 18.2 - 46.5 - S S 24.2
Single modes 6,832 90.8 11,997 95.9 S S 172 18.5 3.5 45.1 1 S S 29.3
Truck5 5,425 72.1 6,678 53.4 2,032 35.5 153 15.9 4.9 25.8 10 35.8 12.3 30.9
For-hire truck 4,146 55.1 3,582 28.6 1,634 28.5 478 19.8 5.1 38.3 7.9 42.4 8.7 6.8
Private truck 1,278 17 3,096 24.7 398 6.9 46 14.1 3.3 32.9 9.5 40.7 6.2 34.3
Rail 1,373 18.3 S S S S 671 35.7 4.4 S S S S 8.8
Air (incl truck and air) 15 0.2 S S 1 - 802 39.9 0.2 S S 49.4 0.1 22.7
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 36 0.3 39 0.7 424 S S 44.2 0.1 31.2 0.5 26.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 423 S S S S S S 26.6
Truck and rail 78 1 25 0.2 29 0.5 1,447 47.2 0.6 40.2 0.1 24 0.6 20.9
Truck and water S S - - - - 942 S S 14.3 0.1 5.8 0.4 24.7
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 419 S S S S S S 27.7

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 31,674 100 411 100 67 100 410 37.3 - 48.6 - 36.2 - 18.3
Single modes 13,861 43.8 S S 43 63.2 100 43.1 8.4 S S 41.6 8.9 23.9
Truck5 13,858 43.8 S S 43 63.2 99 43.1 8.4 S S 41.6 8.9 23.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 287 S S S S S S 32
Private truck S S S S 11 16.9 74 S S S S 39.1 10.3 11.6
Air (incl truck and air) 3 - S S S S 493 25.9 0.3 S S S S 17.1
Multiple modes 17,801 56.2 56 13.5 25 36.8 508 38.4 8.4 20.8 12.9 29 8.9 16
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 17,792 56.2 53 13 22 32.7 508 38.4 8.4 21.6 13 29.6 9.4 16
Truck and rail 5 - S S S S S 17.4 0.1 S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 99 S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,042 100 2,694 100 596 100 184 16.8 - 16.2 - 21.9 - 22.7
Single modes 1,007 96.7 2,597 96.4 577 96.8 179 18.6 6.5 18.3 8.7 23.2 10 23.5
Truck5 915 87.8 2,344 87 481 80.7 175 18.9 5.9 18.3 7.9 23.8 9.6 24.5
For-hire truck 388 37.2 1,018 37.8 370 62.1 459 16.8 7.1 17.8 7.6 26.4 10.1 12.8
Private truck 526 50.5 1,325 49.2 111 18.6 S 26.2 9.6 26.5 9.2 48.3 5.7 S
Rail 93 8.9 253 9.4 96 16.1 416 26.8 4.3 26 4.2 25.5 8.5 13.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 170 S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 170 S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,178 100 11,711 100 5,657 100 595 18.2 - 21.9 - 24 - 11.7
Single modes 27,429 94 11,220 95.8 5,129 90.7 394 19.1 1.7 21.6 0.7 24 1.9 10.5
Truck5 26,923 92.3 10,668 91.1 4,947 87.4 389 19.4 2.1 22.8 2.9 24.9 2 10.3
For-hire truck 24,829 85.1 8,807 75.2 4,608 81.5 617 20.6 3.8 22.4 4.1 25.7 2.9 6
Private truck 2,094 7.2 1,861 15.9 339 6 65 14.4 1.9 33.9 3.2 20.5 1.4 17.9
Rail 428 1.5 531 4.5 169 3 S 37 0.8 41.2 3.8 27.1 2 S
Air (incl truck and air) 78 0.3 S S S S 1,738 49.7 0.3 S S S S 22.1
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,475 5.1 345 2.9 460 8.1 751 17.3 1.8 36.5 0.7 41.9 1.8 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 937 3.2 52 0.4 30 0.5 744 24.5 1.5 17.8 0.4 14.6 0.4 17.1
Truck and rail 528 1.8 290 2.5 423 7.5 1,532 37.3 0.7 45.4 0.7 46.1 1.9 15.4
Truck and water S S 1 - S S 8,499 S S 49.6 - S S 32.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,403 100 10,024 100 4,584 100 498 7 - 9.5 - 7.7 - 8.5
Single modes 26,635 90.6 9,582 95.6 4,160 90.7 282 7.7 0.8 9.7 0.5 8 1.6 12
Truck5 25,742 87.5 9,024 90 3,789 82.6 279 8 1.2 10 1.8 7.8 2.6 12.2
For-hire truck 19,090 64.9 6,621 66 3,324 72.5 511 6.4 2.7 10 3.6 8.5 2.8 4.9
Private truck 6,652 22.6 2,403 24 464 10.1 90 18.8 2.6 20.2 2.8 11.5 1 12
Rail 873 3 555 5.5 368 8 1,167 28.6 0.8 30.2 1.6 27.5 2 14.7
Air (incl truck and air) 20 0.1 4 - 3 0.1 832 28.1 - 45 - 41.6 - 18.9
Multiple modes 2,486 8.5 342 3.4 369 8.1 730 8.1 0.8 15.8 0.5 19.9 1.6 6.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,930 6.6 104 1 71 1.6 727 8.1 0.6 6.4 0.1 8.8 0.2 6.7
Truck and rail 526 1.8 231 2.3 270 5.9 1,949 21.2 0.4 23.2 0.5 27 1.7 13.7
Truck and water 22 0.1 S S S S 5,198 34.8 0.1 S S S S 33.4
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 283 1 100 1 55 1.2 S 27.6 0.3 36 0.3 37.4 0.4 S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,381 100 6,215 100 1,280 100 449 17.1 - 15.6 - 15.4 - 20.1
Single modes 6,111 95.8 6,094 98.1 1,172 91.6 216 16.8 1 15.9 1 17.2 3.7 18.5
Truck5 6,097 95.5 6,074 97.7 1,148 89.7 215 16.9 1.1 16 1.1 16.9 3.8 18.6
For-hire truck 2,956 46.3 2,559 41.2 839 65.6 514 28.9 5.9 24.9 5.7 21.6 5.5 12.6
Private truck 3,141 49.2 3,516 56.6 309 24.1 53 18 6 18.2 5.6 20 4 13.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 243 3.8 75 1.2 85 6.6 1,147 41.8 1 40.2 0.9 37.1 3.6 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 132 2.1 11 0.2 S S 1,158 41.8 0.8 44.4 0.1 S S 14.1
Truck and rail S S 61 1 68 5.3 S S S 41.7 0.9 37 3.4 S
Truck and water S S - - 2 0.2 8,143 S S 43.2 - 36.9 0.6 9.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 27 0.4 46 0.7 S S S 31.9 0.2 39.7 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,282 100 4,625 100 1,828 100 266 9.5 - 4.1 - 6.4 - 13
Single modes 5,044 95.5 4,544 98.3 1,705 93.3 193 10.4 1 4.4 0.4 7.5 2.5 18.9
Truck5 5,023 95.1 4,494 97.2 1,655 90.5 192 10.5 1.2 4.4 0.6 7.7 2.8 19.1
For-hire truck 3,853 73 3,490 75.5 1,514 82.8 406 16.6 5.9 10 6 10.4 5.1 5.3
Private truck 1,170 22.1 1,004 21.7 140 7.7 57 19.3 5.2 20.7 5.6 28.7 2.8 34.9
Rail 21 0.4 50 1.1 S S 873 49.2 0.6 41.4 1 S S 46.7
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - S S 1,096 33.5 - 28.4 - S S 41.6
Multiple modes 191 3.6 60 1.3 117 6.4 556 20.3 1.1 31.7 0.5 34.2 2.5 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 108 2 9 0.2 5 0.3 542 27.7 0.6 21.8 - 30.2 0.1 11.4
Truck and rail 46 0.9 48 1 104 5.7 2,111 35 0.6 32.2 0.6 33.6 3.5 16.2
Truck and water S S 3 0.1 8 0.4 2,581 S S 32.7 0.2 37.7 1.3 8.3
Other and unknown modes 47 0.9 21 0.4 S S S 41.9 0.4 40.6 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,756 100 3,138 100 756 100 373 13.7 - 10.9 - 15.6 - 22.3
Single modes 4,428 93.1 3,100 98.8 712 94.1 98 12.9 1.6 11 0.4 17.2 3 16.4
Truck5 4,428 93.1 3,100 98.8 712 94.1 98 12.9 1.6 11 0.4 17.2 3 16.6
For-hire truck 2,809 59.1 1,919 61.1 626 82.8 309 16.1 6.2 17.5 6.7 19.8 4 13.3
Private truck 1,619 34 1,182 37.6 86 11.3 32 32.1 5.3 25.2 6.6 14.4 2.3 29.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 298 6.3 30 0.9 39 5.1 799 38 1.6 37.9 0.3 43.4 2.6 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 276 5.8 21 0.7 S S 796 41.7 1.7 48.3 0.3 S S 13.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,485 S S S S S S 0.7
Truck and water 1 - - - 2 0.2 6,375 28.7 0.1 18.9 - 39.9 0.8 30.9
Other and unknown modes 30 0.6 8 0.3 S S S 42.5 0.4 41.2 0.1 S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,332 100 1,730 100 592 100 562 14.5 - 23.9 - 19.3 - 9
Single modes 4,215 66.6 1,599 92.4 503 85.1 158 15.6 5.6 25.3 2.6 23 6.1 26.4
Truck5 4,159 65.7 1,588 91.8 495 83.7 150 16 5.3 25.6 3.7 23.7 7.2 26.8
For-hire truck 2,506 39.6 801 46.3 421 71.1 471 19.1 5 24.6 5.5 24.7 6.4 11.6
Private truck 1,653 26.1 787 45.5 74 12.6 39 21.4 5.3 30.8 6.6 34.6 3.5 12.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 751 S S S S S S 34.2
Multiple modes 2,019 31.9 116 6.7 85 14.4 654 20.6 5.6 15.6 2.8 15.6 6.1 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,018 31.9 116 6.7 85 14.4 654 20.6 5.6 15.5 2.8 15.5 6.1 7.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 99 1.6 15 0.9 3 0.5 S 29.3 0.5 43.6 0.3 39.5 0.2 S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 24,667 100 929 100 543 100 998 14.2 - 12.6 - 15.7 - 6.3
Single modes 13,066 53 717 77.3 360 66.3 1,123 32.9 11 17.2 5.5 22 7.2 18.5
Truck5 13,022 52.8 717 77.2 359 66.1 1,117 33 11 17.2 5.5 22.1 7.2 21.3
For-hire truck 10,805 43.8 588 63.3 336 61.8 1,633 31.5 9.3 16.4 4.2 21.7 6.1 20.7
Private truck 2,217 9 129 13.9 23 4.3 471 44.2 2.8 31.6 4 32.5 1.4 25.7
Air (incl truck and air) 44 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.2 1,935 38.5 0.1 32.1 - 45.1 0.2 20.7
Multiple modes 11,428 46.3 195 21 172 31.7 968 23.5 11.2 21.9 5.7 20.3 7.3 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,408 46.2 193 20.8 171 31.6 968 23.6 11.2 22.4 5.8 20.7 7.4 7.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 173 0.7 16 1.8 S S 147 48.6 0.3 48 0.7 S S 45.9

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,654 100 35,158 100 4,297 100 272 3.7 - 11.4 - 9.1 - 14.2
Single modes 7,996 92.4 34,043 96.8 3,938 91.6 180 3.5 1.1 11.6 1.2 9.7 1.7 14
Truck5 7,946 91.8 33,564 95.5 3,744 87.1 178 3.6 1 11.7 1.5 10.1 3 14
For-hire truck 5,240 60.6 9,818 27.9 2,792 65 430 5.1 2.8 15.1 2.9 11.4 2.8 14
Private truck 2,706 31.3 23,746 67.5 953 22.2 60 10.9 3.1 13.2 3.5 13.3 2.9 15.8
Rail 38 0.4 479 1.4 193 4.5 S 32.6 0.3 48.4 1 37.9 3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 398 4.6 281 0.8 310 7.2 737 23.8 1.1 28.2 0.3 24.2 1.7 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 184 2.1 18 0.1 15 0.4 729 25.6 0.5 23.5 - 32.8 0.2 11.2
Truck and rail 195 2.3 250 0.7 234 5.5 1,137 30.8 0.7 32.7 0.3 31.9 1.8 22.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 14 0.2 S S S S S 37.4 0.3 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 260 3 834 2.4 49 1.1 S 43.8 1.1 32.6 1 34.9 0.7 S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 40,830 100 37,931 100 12,459 100 294 9.6 - 13.8 - 16.5 - 6.9
Single modes 37,665 92.2 34,702 91.5 10,429 83.7 244 9.5 1 13.4 1.3 15.2 3.9 8.6
Truck5 32,789 80.3 27,548 72.6 7,848 63 240 7.7 3.1 8 4.1 11 6.8 8.9
For-hire truck 27,065 66.3 23,423 61.8 7,334 58.9 357 9.2 2.8 9 3.7 11.9 6.7 7.4
Private truck 5,724 14 4,125 10.9 515 4.1 77 11.5 2.2 18.7 2.3 25.3 1.2 10.2
Rail 4,662 11.4 7,014 18.5 2,457 19.7 268 35.4 2.7 38.9 3.7 43.1 4.5 10.4
Water S S 53 0.1 68 0.5 1,018 S S 6.6 0.4 36.3 1.4 47.9
Shallow draft S S 53 0.1 68 0.5 1,018 S S 6.6 0.4 36.3 1.4 47.9
Air (incl truck and air) 143 0.4 S S S S 948 34.4 0.1 S S S S 18.8
Multiple modes 3,006 7.4 3,097 8.2 1,972 15.8 485 18.1 1 24.7 1.4 43.5 4.1 12.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 846 2.1 27 0.1 13 0.1 476 11.3 0.4 17.4 - 22.3 - 14.7
Truck and rail 1,859 4.6 2,645 7 1,327 10.6 537 24.1 0.9 21.2 1 30.7 2.4 12.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,719 S S S S S S 44.9
Other multiple modes 1 - 1 - 2 - 1,483 - - - - - - -
Other and unknown modes 159 0.4 133 0.3 S S S 24.3 0.1 40.5 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 28,474 100 12,328 100 6,008 100 518 8.9 - 23.6 - 18.9 - 9.7
Single modes 22,321 78.4 10,510 85.3 3,296 54.9 283 11.9 3.1 27.5 4.7 10.9 10.7 9.5
Truck5 22,145 77.8 10,425 84.6 3,140 52.3 277 12 3.1 27.8 4.6 11.4 10.1 9.5
For-hire truck 14,371 50.5 5,307 43 2,460 40.9 442 8.6 3.1 8.8 6.1 6.7 8.5 11.7
Private truck 7,774 27.3 S S 680 11.3 69 26.2 3.9 S S 44.3 4.7 16.1
Rail S S 82 0.7 S S 2,112 S S 42.6 0.9 S S 21.2
Air (incl truck and air) 77 0.3 4 - 3 - 750 23.4 0.1 43.3 - 28.2 - 12.3
Multiple modes 5,737 20.1 1,742 14.1 2,665 44.4 700 17 3.2 38.2 4.8 40.1 11 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,482 15.7 128 1 82 1.4 699 15.6 2.6 13.1 0.3 14.2 0.5 10.5
Truck and rail 1,214 4.3 1,601 13 2,514 41.8 1,385 25.7 2.4 32.4 7 32.9 11.3 14.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,014 S S S S S S 24.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 416 1.5 75 0.6 S S 38 34.1 0.4 44.3 0.2 S S 46

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 49,016 100 5,761 100 2,330 100 443 12.7 - 20.2 - 18.1 - 11.2
Single modes 42,136 86 5,289 91.8 1,814 77.9 342 14.5 2.2 21.5 1.7 17.7 4.1 10.3
Truck5 41,153 84 5,240 90.9 1,740 74.7 314 14.9 2.7 21.7 1.6 17.8 4.1 10.7
For-hire truck 27,763 56.6 2,967 51.5 1,376 59 532 11.7 4 13.3 4.9 19.4 5.7 7.6
Private truck 13,390 27.3 2,273 39.5 364 15.6 74 25.6 4 37.9 5.3 30.5 2.4 9.8
Rail S S 39 0.7 62 2.6 1,485 S S 2.5 2.1 27.3 7.8 30.9
Air (incl truck and air) 974 2 11 0.2 13 0.6 1,063 30.4 0.9 19.9 0.1 17.3 0.2 7.6
Multiple modes 5,575 11.4 236 4.1 266 11.4 591 8.3 2.2 14.3 1.4 14.7 3.6 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,067 10.3 102 1.8 61 2.6 590 9 2.2 11 0.5 7 1.1 8.2
Truck and rail 428 0.9 124 2.1 147 6.3 S 22.6 0.3 22.3 1.3 19.5 3.9 S
Truck and water 80 0.2 S S S S 3,579 27.6 0.1 S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 1,305 2.7 237 4.1 S S S 37.2 0.7 41 1.2 S S S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,324 100 2,345 100 1,063 100 652 14.5 - 21.9 - 25.2 - 7.3
Single modes 20,298 69.2 1,845 78.7 880 82.8 442 21.2 5.1 20.1 3.5 26.2 2.8 15.5
Truck5 19,647 67 1,777 75.8 772 72.6 406 21.7 5.2 19.7 4 22.7 4.6 14.7
For-hire truck 14,623 49.9 1,196 51 669 62.9 617 23 5 20.6 6.2 23.6 5.5 13.2
Private truck 5,024 17.1 581 24.8 103 9.7 154 25.2 2.5 31.5 3.2 47.7 1.7 34.6
Rail S S S S S S 1,599 S S S S S S 26.9
Air (incl truck and air) 291 1 4 0.2 6 0.6 1,169 42.3 0.5 39.7 0.2 39.2 0.6 11.1
Multiple modes 8,654 29.5 166 7.1 152 14.3 763 9.9 5.1 20.9 1.9 31 3.1 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,473 28.9 139 5.9 125 11.8 763 10.8 5.2 22.4 2.1 37.5 3.5 5.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,669 S S S S S S 11.1
Other and unknown modes 372 1.3 S S 31 2.9 S 23.3 0.3 S S 44.8 0.8 S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 68,660 100 12,149 100 5,022 100 508 10.7 - 10 - 13.2 - 9.5
Single modes 61,521 89.6 11,166 91.9 4,074 81.1 346 11.1 1.9 9.8 1.8 11.6 3.9 14.1
Truck5 54,195 78.9 10,413 85.7 3,192 63.6 339 11 4.1 9.6 3.2 9.1 7.3 14.9
For-hire truck 41,060 59.8 7,379 60.7 2,651 52.8 526 11.9 5.4 8.9 4 9.9 6.3 6.2
Private truck 13,135 19.1 3,034 25 541 10.8 114 21.1 2.5 16.3 2.9 13 2.1 19.8
Rail 7,221 10.5 746 6.1 878 17.5 1,125 28.8 3.3 30.1 2.5 31.4 5.5 11
Air (incl truck and air) 105 0.2 S S 4 0.1 944 24.1 0.1 S S 38.4 - 8.7
Multiple modes 5,970 8.7 854 7 906 18 785 20.4 1.6 29.1 1.7 28.3 3.9 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,590 2.3 62 0.5 45 0.9 784 9 0.4 11.8 0.1 9.9 0.1 8.7
Truck and rail 4,379 6.4 792 6.5 860 17.1 1,102 26.6 1.5 31.6 1.7 29.7 3.9 6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,169 1.7 128 1.1 42 0.8 45 29.2 0.6 32.9 0.4 49.1 0.5 40.8

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,555 100 200 100 129 100 552 24.4 - 37.1 - 50 - 22.1
Single modes 1,900 53.4 132 65.9 54 42.1 337 34 9.7 36.2 9.8 38.1 12.8 49.6
Truck5 1,694 47.7 131 65.6 54 41.6 S 33.9 9 36.2 9.8 38.2 12.7 S
For-hire truck 1,483 41.7 74 36.9 38 29.7 722 38.1 10.5 40.5 10.8 44 12.4 19.2
Private truck 212 6 57 28.7 15 12 51 22.4 7.9 38.4 7.7 44 7.1 41.7
Air (incl truck and air) 206 5.8 1 0.3 1 0.4 762 31.3 2 37.7 0.1 47.6 0.6 28.8
Multiple modes 1,583 44.5 S S S S 637 36 8.9 S S S S 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,486 41.8 4 2.1 3 2.1 636 38.5 9.3 29.5 8.9 29.9 14.9 18
Truck and rail 97 2.7 63 31.5 S S 1,166 45.3 2.3 45.4 16.9 S S 16.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,522 100 135 100 111 100 490 25.2 - 29.6 - 35.3 - 14.1
Single modes 7,510 65.2 94 70 81 72.9 461 36.5 8.9 36.6 7.2 43 9.7 38.3
Truck5 6,688 58 81 60.1 67 59.8 325 38.2 8.9 39.7 8.2 48.2 10.3 26.5
For-hire truck 2,196 19.1 S S S S 560 49.5 4 S S S S 30.8
Private truck 4,493 39 34 24.9 18 15.9 101 38.4 7.8 29.7 5.6 42.4 5.6 23.4
Air (incl truck and air) 822 7.1 13 9.9 15 13.1 1,153 32 2.9 35.3 4.4 40.4 7.7 16.9
Multiple modes 3,202 27.8 25 18.8 20 18 508 14.4 9.7 17.7 7.1 26.4 9.7 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,202 27.8 25 18.8 20 18 508 14.4 9.7 17.7 7.1 26.4 9.7 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S 15 11.2 10 9.1 S S S 44.5 4.8 49.6 4.8 S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,059 100 1,524 100 699 100 626 9.8 - 20.8 - 35.8 - 10.2
Single modes 6,597 93.5 1,495 98.1 673 96.2 354 10.3 1.6 21.2 0.4 37.1 1.6 14.1
Truck5 6,590 93.4 1,493 98 671 95.9 354 10.3 1.6 21.2 0.4 37.1 1.6 14.1
For-hire truck 3,620 51.3 821 53.9 505 72.2 587 17.1 4.3 29.9 5.9 47.2 6.2 10.5
Private truck 2,971 42.1 672 44.1 166 23.7 122 13 4.4 27.4 5.9 48.6 6.4 13.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,053 S S S S S S 27.3
Multiple modes 391 5.5 21 1.4 19 2.7 897 21.5 1.7 18.2 0.4 23.2 1.6 6.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 382 5.4 20 1.3 19 2.6 897 22.1 1.7 18.4 0.3 24.6 1.5 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 8 0.5 S S S S S 45.8 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 23,355 100 3,598 100 1,409 100 753 10 - 24 - 14.9 - 8.5
Single modes 16,141 69.1 3,374 93.8 1,195 84.8 251 14.7 3.6 25.5 1.2 15.3 2.3 21.2
Truck5 15,929 68.2 3,363 93.4 1,188 84.3 248 14.9 3.7 25.6 1.5 15.4 2.3 21.6
For-hire truck 11,437 49 1,793 49.8 999 70.9 630 21.9 5.3 13.9 6.3 15.8 3.2 7.2
Private truck 4,492 19.2 S S 189 13.4 54 15.7 2.6 S S 20.9 2.4 42.2
Rail S S S S 5 0.3 S S S S S 8.1 1.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 184 0.8 S S S S 1,121 42.6 0.3 S S S S 17.7
Multiple modes 6,191 26.5 176 4.9 180 12.8 873 13.7 3.9 19.1 1.1 26.5 2.6 4.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,065 26 153 4.2 125 8.9 873 14 3.8 19.1 1 23.6 1.8 4.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,455 S S S S S S 42.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 49 1.4 34 2.4 S S S 30.2 0.7 47.5 1.6 S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,213 100 12,970 100 2,919 100 210 13.9 - 14 - 21.9 - 22
Single modes 4,759 91.3 11,805 91 1,853 63.5 135 15.2 1.8 15.5 2 15.5 9 20.1
Truck5 4,029 77.3 9,261 71.4 1,245 42.7 129 18.6 4.5 20.5 6.7 23.8 6.7 22.4
For-hire truck 3,066 58.8 6,464 49.8 1,036 35.5 160 22.1 5.3 21.2 5 23.3 5 23.6
Private truck 963 18.5 2,797 21.6 209 7.2 66 21.9 3.3 27.2 4.9 43.7 2.4 19.9
Rail 730 14 2,544 19.6 608 20.8 238 23.4 4 24.4 5.1 18.9 7.7 32.1
Multiple modes 430 8.3 1,130 8.7 1,064 36.5 1,532 17.5 1.9 22.5 2 49.8 9.1 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 815 S S 34.9 - S S 39
Truck and rail 365 7 1,110 8.6 S S 1,523 17.7 1.4 23.3 2.1 S S 23.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 45 0.9 12 0.1 78 2.7 6,528 17.2 2.3 17.9 0.3 15.9 9.6 -
Other and unknown modes S S 34 0.3 S S S S S 19.1 1.3 S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 43,033 100 14,978 100 2,472 100 292 7.2 - 10.1 - 14.1 - 13.8
Single modes 41,324 96 14,880 99.3 2,428 98.2 150 7.7 1.1 10.1 0.2 14.4 0.6 12.6
Truck5 41,306 96 14,878 99.3 2,426 98.2 148 7.7 1.1 10.1 0.2 14.4 0.5 12.8
For-hire truck 21,292 49.5 6,948 46.4 1,608 65.1 397 13.2 4.1 16.2 4.9 22.2 6 13.7
Private truck 20,014 46.5 7,930 52.9 818 33.1 76 6.3 3.5 7.7 4.8 6.9 5.5 17.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,134 S S S S S S 17.5
Multiple modes 1,437 3.3 67 0.4 42 1.7 556 21.5 1.1 21.7 0.1 19.4 0.6 13.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,435 3.3 66 0.4 40 1.6 556 21.6 1.1 22 0.1 20.5 0.6 13.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.1 S S S S S 46.5 - S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18 100 12 100 S S S 35.3 - 43.5 - S S S
Single modes 15 83.1 12 97.9 S S S 35.5 6.2 45.6 6.9 S S S
Truck5 15 83.1 12 97.9 S S S 35.5 6.2 45.6 6.9 S S S
For-hire truck 3 19.4 S S S S 301 33.4 13.7 S S S S 25.8
Private truck 11 63.7 S S S S S 47.5 11.1 S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 12 S S S S S 27.6 5.7 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 12 S S S S S 27.6 5.7 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S 46

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.