Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 116,806 100 184,134 100 40,620 100 7.7 - 8 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 36,654 31.4 93,429 50.7 2,228 5.5 13.5 2.3 15.6 4.8 14.6 1
50 - 99 miles 12,320 10.5 25,585 13.9 2,462 6.1 12.4 0.9 11.2 1.5 11.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles 20,302 17.4 27,428 14.9 5,742 14.1 13.8 1.3 12 1.5 14.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 18,580 15.9 19,638 10.7 9,884 24.3 7.5 1.2 16.2 2.5 17.8 3.1
500 - 749 miles 12,497 10.7 8,264 4.5 7,019 17.3 8 0.9 10 0.8 9.7 1.6
750 - 999 miles 6,906 5.9 4,802 2.6 5,470 13.5 8.7 0.6 17.2 0.6 17.4 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,620 7.4 4,738 2.6 7,261 17.9 6.1 0.7 12.1 0.3 11.5 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 858 0.7 245 0.1 527 1.3 19.2 0.2 16.8 - 17 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 68 0.1 S S S S 45 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,260 100 175,266 100 35,411 100 8.5 - 9 - 6.1 -
Less than 50 miles 34,849 33.1 91,576 52.2 2,144 6.1 14.1 2.5 16.4 4.9 15.4 1.1
50 - 99 miles 11,477 10.9 24,167 13.8 2,276 6.4 12.9 1 12.8 1.6 13.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 19,009 18.1 26,557 15.2 5,578 15.8 14.6 1.3 12.1 1.6 14.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 16,703 15.9 17,702 10.1 8,573 24.2 8.2 1.4 15.3 2.3 15.2 2.8
500 - 749 miles 10,446 9.9 7,175 4.1 5,918 16.7 8.6 0.8 10.3 0.8 10.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 5,864 5.6 3,695 2.1 4,158 11.7 9.8 0.6 10.9 0.3 12.1 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,421 6.1 4,217 2.4 6,384 18 6.4 0.7 15 0.3 14.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 460 0.4 175 0.1 372 1 14 0.1 17.6 - 20.2 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 93,940 100 144,915 100 22,498 100 8.2 - 10 - 4.5 -
Less than 50 miles 29,114 31 80,180 55.3 2,015 9 12.8 2.3 17.8 4.7 15.6 1.4
50 - 99 miles 11,210 11.9 23,460 16.2 2,225 9.9 13 1 12.3 1.8 12.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 18,657 19.9 21,376 14.8 4,229 18.8 14.9 1.4 8.3 1.6 7.4 1.1
250 - 499 miles 14,381 15.3 11,303 7.8 5,159 22.9 5.9 1 13.6 1.7 13.5 2.7
500 - 749 miles 9,416 10 3,903 2.7 3,000 13.3 7.9 0.7 7.1 0.3 6.5 0.9
750 - 999 miles 5,243 5.6 2,680 1.8 2,914 13 8.1 0.6 11.9 0.3 12.1 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,491 5.8 1,884 1.3 2,693 12 6.7 0.6 6.9 0.2 6.6 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 423 0.5 129 0.1 263 1.2 13.9 0.1 18.3 - 18 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 50,069 100 57,832 100 13,682 100 13.6 - 16 - 6.5 -
Less than 50 miles 7,648 15.3 24,806 42.9 510 3.7 32.9 2.5 33.9 8 30.6 1.2
50 - 99 miles 4,127 8.2 8,765 15.2 840 6.1 27.7 1.2 20.9 2.1 22.2 1.3
100 - 249 miles 11,279 22.5 10,795 18.7 2,238 16.4 25 2.1 13 3 12.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 10,488 20.9 7,147 12.4 3,500 25.6 9.6 1.4 16.2 3.9 18.2 3
500 - 749 miles 7,358 14.7 2,929 5.1 2,256 16.5 8.1 1.3 7.1 1 6.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 4,008 8 1,655 2.9 1,772 13 9.4 1.6 9.9 0.8 9.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,758 9.5 1,613 2.8 2,315 16.9 8 1.4 8.2 0.6 8.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 399 0.8 123 0.2 250 1.8 15.4 0.1 18.7 0.1 18.4 0.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 43,872 100 87,083 100 8,816 100 7.1 - 9 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 21,467 48.9 55,374 63.6 1,504 17.1 10.8 3.4 12.9 4.1 13.1 2.3
50 - 99 miles 7,083 16.1 14,695 16.9 1,385 15.7 12.6 1.4 15.3 2.4 14.8 1.2
100 - 249 miles 7,378 16.8 10,581 12.2 1,991 22.6 7.6 1.2 11.7 1.3 10.5 2.4
250 - 499 miles 3,893 8.9 4,156 4.8 1,659 18.8 19.8 1.7 32.2 1.3 29.7 3.8
500 - 749 miles 2,058 4.7 974 1.1 744 8.4 13 0.4 19.3 0.2 18.5 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,236 2.8 1,025 1.2 1,142 13 24.1 0.6 33.3 0.4 33.8 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 733 1.7 271 0.3 377 4.3 25.1 0.3 26.5 0.1 28.6 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,381 100 20,680 100 12,777 100 19.9 - 16.6 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 584 10.9 2,023 9.8 28 0.2 49.7 4.2 45.4 5.1 30.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 335 6.2 5,180 25.1 1,348 10.6 27.5 0.9 45.2 5.3 49 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,120 39.4 6,397 30.9 3,412 26.7 42.1 8.7 24.7 5.5 23.2 4.7
500 - 749 miles 942 17.5 3,271 15.8 2,917 22.8 20.6 4.8 20.8 3.8 19.9 4.1
750 - 999 miles 580 10.8 1,015 4.9 1,242 9.7 36.7 3 20.9 1.6 21.4 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 778 14.5 2,329 11.3 3,687 28.9 32.5 2.8 25.8 1.4 24.5 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13 0.2 S S S S 36.2 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 550 100 11 100 S S 32.3 - 36.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 16 3 - 4.1 S S 33.3 1.3 38.7 2.7 S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2 19.1 S S S S 35 5 S S
500 - 749 miles 88 16 1 11.5 1 7.2 49.7 3.5 25.9 2.6 24.7 4.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 152 27.7 4 31.4 4 23.4 32.1 8.9 47 5.6 46.1 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 25 4.5 S S S S 45 2.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,389 100 9,660 100 S S 36.2 - 43.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 5,151 95.6 9,373 97 S S 38.2 4.4 44.8 4.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,085 100 7,224 100 4,659 100 8.2 - 23 - 20.8 -
Less than 50 miles 822 10.2 S S S S 21.8 1.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 381 4.7 1,336 18.5 S S 20.1 0.7 49.4 7.8 S S
100 - 249 miles 1,019 12.6 S S 138 3 9.3 1.9 S S 40.2 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,592 19.7 S S S S 19.3 2.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,269 15.7 949 13.1 992 21.3 7.4 1.2 15.1 7.5 16.4 7.8
750 - 999 miles 927 11.5 S S S S 16.8 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,799 22.3 409 5.7 707 15.2 9.5 1.6 19.7 3.6 19.6 5.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 238 2.9 42 0.6 99 2.1 20.2 0.8 33.5 0.5 33.9 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,826 100 169 100 122 100 8.3 - 10.9 - 12.5 -
Less than 50 miles 803 11.8 19 10.9 1 0.5 22.5 1.9 18.5 1.5 27.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles 370 5.4 10 6.1 1 0.8 20.6 0.9 17.5 0.7 16.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles 946 13.9 24 14.3 5 4.2 10.1 2.3 12 0.9 10.7 0.3
250 - 499 miles 1,222 17.9 31 18.1 15 12 17.6 2.1 13.7 1.8 12.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,047 15.3 26 15.2 20 16.4 12.1 1.7 13.8 1.1 13.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 712 10.4 22 12.7 22 18.3 13.3 1.1 15.4 1.1 14.7 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,499 22 34 20.1 50 40.7 11.1 2.1 15.6 2 15.8 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 211 3.1 4 2.3 8 6.4 22.5 0.9 26.2 0.4 26.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 16 0.2 - 0.1 1 0.8 43.9 0.1 42.8 - 49 0.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 969 100 6,718 100 4,013 100 13.8 - 24.5 - 25.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 10 1.1 1,326 19.7 179 4.5 28.2 1.3 39.2 14.3 40.4 3.6
100 - 249 miles 74 7.6 S S 133 3.3 36 3 S S 42.1 2.1
250 - 499 miles 227 23.4 S S S S 29.4 4.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 177 18.3 797 11.9 791 19.7 22.8 7.1 17.4 8 17.3 8.5
750 - 999 miles 156 16.1 S S S S 41.8 6.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 279 28.8 374 5.6 652 16.2 29.7 6.2 21.2 5.5 21 7.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 27 2.8 38 0.6 91 2.3 11.8 2.4 12.5 2.2 12.8 4.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 290 100 S S S S 25.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 143 49.3 S S S S 29 17.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,461 100 1,644 100 550 100 22.3 - 20.9 - 36.3 -
Less than 50 miles 982 28.4 843 51.3 10 1.9 26.4 6.8 40.7 12.6 34.6 7.6
50 - 99 miles 462 13.4 82 5 7 1.3 39.5 4.3 40.1 3.1 38.5 1
100 - 249 miles 274 7.9 108 6.6 26 4.8 28.8 3.3 33.6 4.7 36.6 3.8
250 - 499 miles 285 8.2 S S S S 31.7 1.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 782 22.6 S S S S 49.8 5.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 400 11.5 113 6.9 170 30.9 31.5 2.5 34.4 2 35.7 6.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.