Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 116,806 100 184,134 100 40,620 100 344 7.7 - 8 - 6 - 7.7
Less than 50 lbs 7,528 6.4 127 0.1 56 0.1 485 7.4 0.4 7.6 - 11.7 - 9.8
50 - 99 lbs 4,290 3.7 107 0.1 29 0.1 274 37.7 1 11.5 - 11.1 - 10.8
100 - 499 lbs 6,670 5.7 733 0.4 150 0.4 209 10.7 0.5 8.9 - 7.4 - 13.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,965 1.7 395 0.2 73 0.2 186 15.6 0.3 9.3 - 8.2 - 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,702 1.5 588 0.3 72 0.2 120 15.5 0.3 26.8 0.1 10.8 - 17.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,463 17.5 8,963 4.9 1,533 3.8 168 8.4 1.2 9 0.4 6.9 0.4 5.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 46,076 39.4 82,888 45 16,285 40.1 205 4.9 2.5 12.4 3.3 3 1.7 10.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,731 13.5 50,739 27.6 5,523 13.6 108 27.3 2.3 12.8 2.3 14.1 2.1 11.2
More than 100,000 lbs 12,381 10.6 39,595 21.5 16,898 41.6 530 16.6 1.5 14.7 3 13.3 3.4 7.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,260 100 175,266 100 35,411 100 171 8.5 - 9 - 6.1 - 8.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,556 2.4 52 - 8 - 192 26 0.4 10.4 - 12 - 18.7
50 - 99 lbs 3,486 3.3 73 - 9 - 126 48.1 1.1 12.2 - 13 - 12.8
100 - 499 lbs 5,246 5 616 0.4 109 0.3 171 13.6 0.5 8.5 - 6.5 - 10.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,680 1.6 363 0.2 57 0.2 157 16.1 0.3 10.3 - 9.5 - 10.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,662 1.6 583 0.3 70 0.2 116 16.1 0.3 27.1 0.1 11.4 - 18.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,776 18.8 8,828 5 1,472 4.2 165 7.8 1.2 9 0.4 6.7 0.4 5.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,606 41.4 81,857 46.7 15,240 43 193 5.5 2.9 12.5 3.2 3.8 1.6 10.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,618 14.8 50,530 28.8 5,415 15.3 106 27.5 2.4 12.8 2.2 14.1 2.2 11.4
More than 100,000 lbs 11,630 11 32,364 18.5 13,032 36.8 548 17.4 1.6 17.3 2.6 13 3 7

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 93,940 100 144,915 100 22,498 100 163 8.2 - 10 - 4.5 - 8.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,424 2.6 52 - 7 - 180 27.7 0.5 10.5 - 12.8 - 20.5
50 - 99 lbs 3,450 3.7 73 0.1 9 - 119 48.7 1.2 12.3 - 13.3 - 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 5,080 5.4 614 0.4 106 0.5 166 14 0.6 8.5 0.1 6.1 - 11.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,675 1.8 362 0.3 56 0.3 156 16.1 0.3 10.3 - 9.4 - 10.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,578 1.7 582 0.4 68 0.3 113 16.5 0.3 27.2 0.1 11.5 - 17.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,464 20.7 8,815 6.1 1,463 6.5 164 7.8 1.5 9 0.7 6.7 0.4 5.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,123 45.9 81,441 56.2 15,052 66.9 191 5.1 3.3 12.5 2.8 4.1 2.8 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,599 16.6 50,331 34.7 5,368 23.9 106 27.5 2.7 12.9 2.8 14.5 2.8 11.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,645 1.8 368 1.6 S S S 28.9 0.4 29.1 0.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 50,069 100 57,832 100 13,682 100 419 13.6 - 16 - 6.5 - 11.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,364 2.7 11 - 4 - 584 40.5 0.6 12.3 - 12 - 15.4
50 - 99 lbs S S 17 - 6 - 340 S S 17.7 - 25.4 - 23
100 - 499 lbs 2,945 5.9 144 0.2 77 0.6 521 20.8 0.9 12.8 0.1 10.2 0.1 9.1
500 - 749 lbs 841 1.7 74 0.1 39 0.3 531 16.6 0.3 15.3 - 11.1 - 13.5
750 - 999 lbs 858 1.7 100 0.2 48 0.4 487 21.1 0.4 16.8 - 12.5 - 10.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,402 20.8 2,169 3.8 933 6.8 440 14.1 2.5 13.9 0.7 8.4 0.7 12.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22,633 45.2 34,423 59.5 9,920 72.5 321 9.2 4.6 18.3 4 6.4 2.2 16.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 20,301 35.1 2,389 17.5 116 S S 23.4 4.4 19.6 2.4 24
More than 100,000 lbs S S 594 1 266 1.9 459 S S 41.3 0.3 36.3 0.7 18.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 43,872 100 87,083 100 8,816 100 72 7.1 - 9 - 12.6 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 1,059 2.4 41 - 3 - 63 16.1 0.5 12.6 - 16.4 - 23.6
50 - 99 lbs 551 1.3 56 0.1 3 - 57 13.6 0.2 14 - 11.9 - 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,135 4.9 470 0.5 29 0.3 61 10 0.6 11.1 0.1 11 0.1 5.4
500 - 749 lbs 833 1.9 288 0.3 17 0.2 58 20.5 0.5 13.6 0.1 16.3 0.1 7.2
750 - 999 lbs 720 1.6 482 0.6 20 0.2 39 14 0.3 31.8 0.1 14.3 0.1 22.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,062 20.7 6,646 7.6 531 6 76 7.9 1.8 11 0.8 10.2 0.5 7.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,490 46.7 47,018 54 5,133 58.2 109 7.8 3 10.5 2.7 11.7 4.2 7.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 8,594 19.6 30,031 34.5 2,979 33.8 99 27.5 3.3 13.2 2.8 23.2 4.4 14.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,051 2.4 102 1.2 S S S 37.3 0.7 32 0.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,381 100 20,680 100 12,777 100 608 19.9 - 16.6 - 13.2 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 9 - S S 531 S S 44.5 - S S 26.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 464 8.6 414 2 181 1.4 505 49.3 3.6 41.8 2.2 48.1 1.1 33.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 18 0.3 S S S S 237 35 0.4 S S S S 30.3
More than 100,000 lbs 4,875 90.6 20,060 97 12,546 98.2 631 21.2 3.4 17.7 2.2 13.8 1.1 7.7

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 550 100 11 100 S S 1,062 32.3 - 36.8 - S S 6
Less than 50 lbs 132 24.1 - 4.3 1 3.3 1,039 15.5 7.2 20.1 2.7 25.5 3.4 6.4
50 - 99 lbs 35 6.3 1 5.2 1 2.9 909 35.5 1.9 40.1 2.6 24.5 4.1 25.1
100 - 499 lbs 164 29.9 2 21.5 3 16.1 1,168 41.8 7.9 36 7.7 36.1 9.2 13.2
500 - 749 lbs 4 0.8 - 1.7 - 1.3 1,246 46.1 1.7 21.3 4.5 31.9 6.2 26.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 11.5 2 8.9 1,285 S S 22.9 3.7 29.8 4.7 12.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 29.2 4 21.6 1,218 S S 32.7 9.8 39.4 9.7 16.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,389 100 9,660 100 S S S 36.2 - 43.1 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs 1 - - - S S S 24.1 0.4 24.1 - S S S
100 - 499 lbs 1 - - - S S S 21.5 2.6 21.4 - S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 - S S S S S 43.7 1.1 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5,207 96.6 9,657 100 S S S 37.4 10.1 43.1 0.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,085 100 7,224 100 4,659 100 674 8.2 - 23 - 20.8 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 4,706 58.2 63 0.9 48 1 669 8.3 2.6 13.2 0.5 13 0.3 9.2
50 - 99 lbs 729 9 25 0.3 19 0.4 764 17.3 1.1 12.8 0.2 14.1 0.1 5.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,170 14.5 60 0.8 39 0.8 667 12.2 1.2 14.1 0.6 17.1 0.3 5.3
500 - 749 lbs 212 2.6 20 0.3 15 0.3 764 19.9 0.5 21.8 0.2 26.8 0.2 7.4
750 - 999 lbs 23 0.3 2 - 2 - S 43.6 0.1 36.8 - 35 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 45 0.6 5 0.1 12 0.3 2,285 39.4 0.3 22.8 0.1 46.7 0.3 46
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 535 6.6 456 6.3 660 14.2 1,481 29 1.7 22.4 3.3 23.5 5.7 4.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 79 1.1 71 1.5 872 S S 38.2 1.3 35.3 1.9 22.6
More than 100,000 lbs 649 8 6,514 90.2 3,792 81.4 495 18.2 1.5 26.2 4.7 27.9 6.7 25.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,826 100 169 100 122 100 673 8.3 - 10.9 - 12.5 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 4,705 68.9 63 37.2 48 39.5 669 8.3 2.2 13.2 3.4 13 3.5 9.2
50 - 99 lbs 729 10.7 25 14.9 19 15.9 764 17.3 1.4 12.8 1.2 14.1 1.2 5.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,169 17.1 59 35.2 39 31.5 666 12.1 1.5 14 2.1 17.1 1.9 5.3
500 - 749 lbs 211 3.1 20 11.7 15 12.3 743 20.1 0.6 22 1.9 28 2.3 8.2
750 - 999 lbs 12 0.2 2 1 1 0.8 604 44.8 0.1 39.3 0.5 39.6 0.6 23.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 969 100 6,718 100 4,013 100 770 13.8 - 24.5 - 25.2 - 15.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5 0.5 2 - 2 - 708 31.1 1.1 31 0.1 37.1 0.2 44.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 400 41.2 421 6.3 603 15 1,432 35.6 9 22.4 4.5 23 6.1 4.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 79 1.2 71 1.8 872 S S 38.2 1.4 35.3 1.9 22.6
More than 100,000 lbs 548 56.5 6,215 92.5 3,337 83.1 491 19.4 8.5 27.1 4.7 32.1 6.2 25.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 290 100 S S S S 3,190 25.5 - S S S S 14.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 7,184 S S S S S S 14.8
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S 2,479 S S 38.4 1.6 S S 40
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - - S S 6,346 S S 49.7 0.9 S S 36.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,468 S S S S S S 41.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 135 46.6 S S S S 1,989 44.3 17.3 S S S S 13.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 299 88.6 455 86.9 1,523 S S 6.6 9.9 9.3 11.8 11.7

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,461 100 1,644 100 550 100 52 22.3 - 20.9 - 36.3 - 49.4
Less than 50 lbs 266 7.7 12 0.7 - 0.1 23 28.5 3.8 34.9 0.3 33.1 0.4 45.7
50 - 99 lbs 76 2.2 8 0.5 - - S 31.3 2.1 38.7 0.3 39.6 0.7 S
100 - 499 lbs 253 7.3 S S 2 0.4 S 29.3 3.4 S S 33.1 0.5 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 291 S S S S S S 28.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 643 18.6 131 8 49 8.9 297 38.6 5.4 29.9 1.6 44.8 8.8 17.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,935 55.9 575 35 385 70 661 43 12.7 32.1 12.5 45.4 14.1 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 95 2.8 S S S S S 30.6 2 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 716 43.6 S S S S S 35.5 10.2 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.