Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 146,886 100 184,738 100 49,849 100 5.8 - 13 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 51,165 34.8 123,108 66.6 2,402 4.8 5.7 1 13.4 2.1 14.3 0.4
50 - 99 miles 7,530 5.1 11,345 6.1 1,045 2.1 9.3 0.4 12.7 1.3 12.3 0.4
100 - 249 miles 23,911 16.3 17,423 9.4 3,311 6.6 8.4 0.8 20.7 0.9 21.6 0.7
250 - 499 miles 12,352 8.4 7,606 4.1 3,723 7.5 6.2 0.5 14.7 0.3 14.7 0.4
500 - 749 miles 8,730 5.9 5,915 3.2 5,063 10.2 12.1 0.6 32.7 0.6 34.4 1.6
750 - 999 miles 10,070 6.9 5,482 3 6,248 12.5 14.1 0.6 17.3 0.3 17.8 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,388 3.7 3,494 1.9 5,319 10.7 17.1 0.4 45.5 0.5 39 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,050 8.9 6,156 3.3 10,228 20.5 9.2 1 33.3 0.8 13.1 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 14,688 10 4,209 2.3 12,510 25.1 8.9 0.6 14.7 0.3 14.4 3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 111,590 100 165,677 100 38,252 100 7.9 - 12.3 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 43,662 39.1 112,615 68 2,349 6.1 7.1 0.7 13.7 2.1 14.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 6,738 6 11,131 6.7 1,025 2.7 10.1 0.4 12.5 1.5 12.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles 20,828 18.7 16,242 9.8 2,911 7.6 8.3 0.8 18.6 0.8 15.3 0.7
250 - 499 miles 10,551 9.5 6,672 4 3,299 8.6 6.9 0.8 11.1 0.4 11.7 0.7
500 - 749 miles 5,428 4.9 3,548 2.1 2,896 7.6 17.9 0.5 8.3 0.3 9.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 6,979 6.3 4,348 2.6 4,970 13 17.9 0.5 13.9 0.2 14.6 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,856 3.5 S S 4,601 12 23.3 0.5 S S 44.3 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,675 6 5,140 3.1 7,769 20.3 6.9 0.4 35.3 0.8 12.6 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 6,873 6.2 2,884 1.7 8,431 22 15.9 0.5 14.2 0.2 14 2.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 101,093 100 149,917 100 27,962 100 7.6 - 11.9 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles 41,882 41.4 106,832 71.3 2,240 8 7.3 0.8 13.5 2.4 14.6 1.1
50 - 99 miles 6,652 6.6 10,878 7.3 990 3.5 10.4 0.4 12.6 1.5 12.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 20,035 19.8 14,290 9.5 2,784 10 7.9 0.7 19.7 0.9 15.8 0.8
250 - 499 miles 8,477 8.4 5,582 3.7 2,613 9.3 9.8 0.7 11.2 0.4 11.7 1.3
500 - 749 miles 4,468 4.4 2,569 1.7 2,001 7.2 12.5 0.3 11.4 0.3 12.4 0.8
750 - 999 miles 5,931 5.9 2,955 2 3,182 11.4 19.1 0.6 18.9 0.2 20.3 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,990 3 S S S S 14.6 0.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,268 5.2 2,210 1.5 4,852 17.4 8.6 0.5 12 0.2 11.9 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 5,391 5.3 1,949 1.3 5,504 19.7 11.2 0.4 19.1 0.2 18.7 2.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 55,081 100 74,555 100 24,746 100 10.1 - 18.9 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 13,472 24.5 42,997 57.7 1,020 4.1 15.3 2.5 22.8 4.1 20.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 2,116 3.8 6,058 8.1 548 2.2 17.1 0.5 22.6 2.2 21.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 9,234 16.8 8,663 11.6 1,690 6.8 13.6 1.1 27 1.3 20.5 0.5
250 - 499 miles 6,261 11.4 4,535 6.1 2,190 8.8 11.7 1.5 12.2 0.8 12.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles 4,463 8.1 2,568 3.4 2,000 8.1 12.5 0.4 11.4 0.7 12.4 0.9
750 - 999 miles 5,913 10.7 2,929 3.9 3,155 12.7 19.1 0.9 19.2 0.4 20.6 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,978 5.4 S S S S 14.6 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,264 9.6 2,208 3 4,846 19.6 8.6 1.2 12 0.6 11.9 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 5,381 9.8 1,949 2.6 5,503 22.2 11.1 1 19.1 0.6 18.7 3.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,012 100 75,363 100 3,216 100 7.4 - 13.9 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 28,410 61.7 63,835 84.7 1,220 37.9 9.1 1.8 16.3 2.1 16.9 3.7
50 - 99 miles 4,537 9.9 4,820 6.4 442 13.8 9.2 0.6 15.5 1.5 15.2 2.6
100 - 249 miles 10,801 23.5 5,628 7.5 1,094 34 7.4 1.6 12.6 1.1 12 3.2
250 - 499 miles 2,215 4.8 1,046 1.4 423 13.2 7.5 0.4 9.7 0.2 10.4 1.7
500 - 749 miles 6 - S S S S 46.7 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12 - S S 3 0.1 40.3 - S S 45.2 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - S S S S 4.9 - S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,353 100 7,204 100 9,889 100 10 - 12.1 - 19 -
Less than 50 miles 520 15.5 794 11 22 0.2 28.9 6.1 27.6 5.3 37.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 135 4 346 4.8 94 1 25.5 1.2 30.2 1.9 30.1 0.5
250 - 499 miles 424 12.7 1,090 15.1 686 6.9 22.1 2.2 21.9 1.8 22.4 1.2
500 - 749 miles 375 11.2 855 11.9 779 7.9 18.6 1.5 19.9 1.4 22.5 1.7
750 - 999 miles 568 16.9 1,391 19.3 1,785 18 15.5 2.7 21.2 3.6 22.7 4.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 267 7.9 442 6.1 804 8.1 27.8 3.4 24.6 1.6 22.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 541 16.1 1,158 16.1 2,896 29.3 18.2 2.5 28.5 2.9 29 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 438 13.1 885 12.3 2,788 28.2 25 2.4 25.9 2.5 25.7 4.2

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,859 100 8,454 100 379 100 28.3 - 37.2 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles 875 47.1 4,899 58 86 22.6 35.4 15.7 39.7 14.4 26.8 15.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 24 1.3 125 1.5 S S 8.2 2 5.9 1.4 S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,657 100 8,274 100 119 100 26.3 - 35.4 - 28.5 -
Less than 50 miles 875 52.8 4,899 59.2 86 72.1 35.4 17.1 39.7 14.6 26.8 13.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 180 100 261 100 S S 45.2 - 38 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,262 100 13 100 21 100 38.7 - 13.5 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1 6.4 - 0.5 S S 34.2 2.2 25.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 299 5.7 1 5 - 0.9 35.2 6.4 34.4 1.5 37.5 0.2
250 - 499 miles 1,650 31.4 1 6.3 1 2.6 49.6 13.1 35.6 3 36 1.2
500 - 749 miles S S 1 4.9 - 2 S S 33.3 1.8 32.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 480 9.1 3 20.4 3 14.5 38.4 5.4 35.4 5.9 34.2 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 317 6 2 17.6 5 21.6 27.9 2.9 29.6 6.6 24.9 7.7
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 32.2 11 51.7 S S 27.2 5.5 27.4 7.6

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23 100 89 100 S S 17 - 35.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 23 100 89 100 S S 17 - 35.8 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 28,450 100 8,312 100 11,083 100 9.7 - 44.8 - 22.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3,078 10.8 S S 4 - 12 0.9 S S 34.9 -
50 - 99 miles 473 1.7 S S S S 23 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,798 9.8 S S S S 20.4 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,683 5.9 S S S S 17.5 0.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3,001 10.5 S S S S 26.1 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,800 9.8 1,113 13.4 1,257 11.3 12.9 1.3 46.2 6.6 43.7 5.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,426 5 381 4.6 689 6.2 13 0.7 30.7 1.9 30 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,918 20.8 977 11.7 2,374 21.4 20 2.3 26.8 4.5 27.4 4.2
More than 2,000 miles 7,272 25.6 1,235 14.9 3,833 34.6 7.2 1.8 17.2 8 16.2 8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,706 100 361 100 427 100 12 - 14.4 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3,028 12.3 51 14 2 0.4 12.1 1.1 17 2.4 11 0.1
50 - 99 miles 413 1.7 16 4.5 2 0.4 18.8 0.3 26.4 0.6 23.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,513 10.2 68 18.9 14 3.3 24.1 1.5 33.2 3 31.7 0.8
250 - 499 miles 1,277 5.2 38 10.6 18 4.2 14.8 0.5 21.2 1.2 21 0.9
500 - 749 miles 2,697 10.9 22 6 17 3.9 30.2 2 9.8 0.7 8.8 0.6
750 - 999 miles 2,465 10 21 5.7 23 5.5 14.2 1.6 9.9 0.9 9.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,168 4.7 22 6.2 37 8.6 16.6 0.6 32.7 1.4 32.3 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,066 20.5 60 16.6 133 31.1 25 2.6 22.3 2.2 22.3 3
More than 2,000 miles 6,078 24.6 63 17.4 182 42.6 9.9 2.5 10.4 2 10.4 2.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,566 100 S S 9,376 100 15.5 - S S 28.7 -
Less than 50 miles 51 2 S S S S 41.2 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 9 0.4 S S 4 - 33.7 1 S S 42.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 210 8.2 S S S S 46.8 2.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 292 11.4 S S S S 49.2 3.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 312 12.1 1,030 13.8 1,152 12.3 23.5 3 48.4 7.8 45.9 6.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 358 4.8 647 6.9 S S 33.4 2.4 32.7 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 731 28.5 855 11.5 2,067 22 22.1 4.7 30.4 5.3 31.2 4.9
More than 2,000 miles 613 23.9 882 11.9 2,689 28.7 18 6.2 23.8 9.2 23.1 8.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,153 100 482 100 1,184 100 33.5 - 34.8 - 39.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 75 6.5 52 10.8 24 2 43.7 7.5 43 10.4 45.9 4.8
250 - 499 miles S S 32 6.6 26 2.2 S S 40.2 3.2 41.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 13 1.1 S S S S 9.7 4.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 23 2 63 13 81 6.8 21.5 13.6 32.1 18.2 31.8 17.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 44 9.2 103 8.7 S S 34.8 7.4 32.3 8.8
More than 2,000 miles 572 49.6 S S 938 79.2 38.5 9.2 S S 49.4 13.4

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11 100 13 100 35 100 19.9 - 7.9 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 9 81.8 S S S S 5.1 18.2 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,846 100 10,749 100 514 100 22.7 - 41 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles 4,425 64.6 10,153 94.5 49 9.5 26 7.2 43.5 12.4 34.6 8.2
50 - 99 miles S S 159 1.5 14 2.7 S S 43.1 0.8 40.4 3.2
100 - 249 miles 285 4.2 225 2.1 44 8.6 33 2.8 44.5 9.6 44.2 9.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 14 0.1 11 2.2 S S 34.2 0.9 33.8 3.5
750 - 999 miles 291 4.2 20 0.2 21 4.2 44.3 2.2 49.7 1.2 47.4 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 457 6.7 39 0.4 85 16.6 41.4 3.6 42.7 1 45 3.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.