Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 489,415 100 500,393 100 88,690 100 6.5 - 9.4 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 132,999 27.2 294,019 58.8 7,711 8.7 7.8 1.7 11.9 2.6 12.5 1.1
50 - 99 miles 79,193 16.2 83,507 16.7 8,988 10.1 11.5 1 20.9 2.3 22.8 1.8
100 - 249 miles 86,215 17.6 55,132 11 13,818 15.6 7.1 1 10.3 1.6 14.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 69,817 14.3 39,948 8 21,051 23.7 5.9 0.5 10.3 1.3 14.1 2.9
500 - 749 miles 34,993 7.1 11,308 2.3 8,791 9.9 9.7 0.4 10.3 0.3 11.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles 22,417 4.6 5,828 1.2 6,947 7.8 9.3 0.3 20.7 0.3 28.1 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 28,229 5.8 5,245 1 7,722 8.7 16.9 0.7 10.4 0.1 10.3 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,415 1.9 1,486 0.3 3,046 3.4 28.1 0.4 20.4 - 21.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 26,138 5.3 3,920 0.8 10,615 12 19.4 0.7 14.3 0.1 14.9 1.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 405,226 100 483,263 100 77,177 100 8 - 9.7 - 6.7 -
Less than 50 miles 123,950 30.6 292,146 60.5 7,672 9.9 8.2 2 12 2.6 12.6 1.1
50 - 99 miles 68,252 16.8 79,014 16.4 7,984 10.3 10.6 0.9 19.8 2 19.5 1.5
100 - 249 miles 70,641 17.4 53,167 11 13,359 17.3 7.4 0.9 10.2 1.6 14.7 2.4
250 - 499 miles 55,421 13.7 35,219 7.3 17,653 22.9 7.7 0.5 9.8 1 15.8 2.6
500 - 749 miles 26,447 6.5 10,617 2.2 8,251 10.7 13.5 0.4 9.9 0.3 11.6 1.1
750 - 999 miles 15,487 3.8 4,150 0.9 4,312 5.6 16.5 0.4 9.7 0.1 9.6 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,825 4.9 4,295 0.9 6,255 8.1 20.4 0.6 8.7 0.1 9.1 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,990 1.7 1,198 0.2 2,443 3.2 39.6 0.4 20.7 - 22.5 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 18,213 4.5 3,457 0.7 9,247 12 29.4 0.8 16.6 0.1 17.7 1.6

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 374,836 100 410,469 100 54,596 100 7.1 - 10.7 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 119,557 31.9 273,754 66.7 6,581 12.1 7.6 1.7 11.7 1.7 13.8 1
50 - 99 miles 61,867 16.5 59,375 14.5 5,930 10.9 7.6 0.9 15.4 1.1 16.2 1.1
100 - 249 miles 67,829 18.1 35,544 8.7 7,610 13.9 8.2 0.7 8 0.6 7.8 1
250 - 499 miles 49,328 13.2 21,508 5.2 9,546 17.5 8.7 0.5 9.9 0.7 10.4 1.2
500 - 749 miles 25,331 6.8 9,109 2.2 6,784 12.4 14.1 0.6 7.8 0.2 7.5 0.4
750 - 999 miles 14,871 4 3,886 0.9 3,996 7.3 17.7 0.5 9.7 0.1 9.7 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,696 4.7 3,541 0.9 5,020 9.2 19 0.6 9.8 0.1 10.3 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,017 1.6 1,060 0.3 2,138 3.9 33 0.4 17.8 - 19.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 12,341 3.3 2,692 0.7 6,989 12.8 10.1 0.2 8.4 0.1 8.3 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 221,090 100 202,960 100 43,133 100 10.2 - 12.4 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 38,643 17.5 112,827 55.6 3,202 7.4 10.9 1.4 15.2 2.7 20.2 1.2
50 - 99 miles 27,994 12.7 31,190 15.4 3,147 7.3 9.5 1 20.8 1.7 21.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 40,660 18.4 22,008 10.8 4,900 11.4 8.5 0.9 8.6 1 7.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 41,028 18.6 17,654 8.7 7,874 18.3 10.8 0.7 10.7 1.3 11.4 1.4
500 - 749 miles 23,526 10.6 8,374 4.1 6,275 14.5 15 0.7 8 0.4 7.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 14,219 6.4 3,750 1.8 3,850 8.9 18.9 0.6 10.1 0.3 10.1 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,319 7.8 3,470 1.7 4,931 11.4 19.3 0.8 10.2 0.2 10.6 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,987 2.7 1,055 0.5 2,130 4.9 33.2 0.5 17.9 0.1 19.4 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 11,714 5.3 2,632 1.3 6,825 15.8 10.4 0.4 7.6 0.2 7.2 1.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 153,746 100 207,509 100 11,463 100 8.4 - 15.1 - 14.7 -
Less than 50 miles 80,913 52.6 160,927 77.6 3,379 29.5 8 1.9 15.7 1.8 16.4 2
50 - 99 miles 33,873 22 28,185 13.6 2,784 24.3 8.2 0.9 18.6 1.2 18.8 1.6
100 - 249 miles 27,169 17.7 13,537 6.5 2,711 23.6 13.4 1.6 14.6 0.6 16.1 1.2
250 - 499 miles 8,300 5.4 3,854 1.9 1,672 14.6 13.5 0.4 18.5 0.3 18.4 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,805 1.2 735 0.4 509 4.4 24.6 0.2 17.9 0.1 18.7 1.3
750 - 999 miles S S 136 0.1 146 1.3 S S 27.2 - 28 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 377 0.2 71 - 89 0.8 21.8 - 30.8 - 29.7 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,514 100 53,673 100 21,077 100 31.7 - 22.5 - 24.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,588 8.6 12,133 22.6 885 4.2 16.6 2.9 34.9 6.8 41.8 1.8
50 - 99 miles 897 4.8 6,846 12.8 860 4.1 37.2 1.2 36.4 3.7 38 1.1
100 - 249 miles 2,308 12.5 17,615 32.8 5,746 27.3 33.2 5.6 38.4 8.3 40.1 7.1
250 - 499 miles 5,347 28.9 13,705 25.5 8,103 38.4 23 9.1 30 6.6 39.8 7.7
500 - 749 miles 631 3.4 1,495 2.8 S S 18.6 1.7 45.5 1.6 S S
750 - 999 miles 200 1.1 255 0.5 306 1.5 16.4 0.4 23 0.2 24.7 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 743 1.4 1,220 5.8 S S 19 0.6 18.9 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 134 0.2 294 1.4 S S 48.1 0.4 49.4 1.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,136 100 69 100 107 100 8.4 - 18.1 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.6 - 0.1 S S 35.3 0.3 38.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 505 12.2 7 10.7 3 2.7 29.9 4.1 24.1 2 27.3 1
250 - 499 miles 746 18 6 8.4 3 3.2 17.2 5.1 26.7 2.5 25.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 473 11.4 7 9.5 6 5.2 32.4 3.3 37.7 2.4 44.6 2.3
750 - 999 miles 416 10.1 10 14.1 10 9.5 32.6 2.6 38.6 3.7 38 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 575 13.9 10 14.4 14 13.1 22.6 2.8 27.7 4.2 29.5 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 107 2.6 S S S S 27.3 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 745 18 18 26.1 S S 19.5 3 49.4 6.9 S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,713 100 16,997 100 S S 42.4 - 42.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 75,080 100 13,269 100 9,732 100 8.5 - 27.7 - 33.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,202 6.9 328 2.5 18 0.2 9.1 0.7 22.6 2.1 38.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 9,989 13.3 S S S S 22.5 2.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 14,773 19.7 1,364 10.3 308 3.2 14.5 2.1 45.9 5.5 42.3 2
250 - 499 miles 13,424 17.9 S S S S 10.7 1.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 7,469 9.9 449 3.4 365 3.7 11.8 0.9 21 2.6 21.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 6,278 8.4 S S S S 17.9 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,929 10.6 602 4.5 1,008 10.4 17.4 1.8 12.6 2.3 12.4 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,307 3.1 99 0.7 211 2.2 13.5 0.4 24.5 0.5 25.6 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 7,710 10.3 373 2.8 1,128 11.6 14.6 1.3 10.4 2.4 10.9 6.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 68,187 100 1,561 100 1,126 100 10.6 - 9.4 - 13.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,015 7.4 164 10.5 7 0.6 9.2 0.8 12.5 1 10.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 8,398 12.3 192 12.3 21 1.9 23.1 2.1 9.2 0.8 8 0.2
100 - 249 miles 14,066 20.6 326 20.9 72 6.4 14.7 2.1 8.6 1.6 8.4 0.7
250 - 499 miles 12,562 18.4 289 18.5 135 12 11.7 1 12.2 0.9 12.4 0.7
500 - 749 miles 7,136 10.5 165 10.5 122 10.9 12.5 0.8 13.6 0.8 13.7 0.8
750 - 999 miles 5,228 7.7 121 7.7 124 11 17.6 0.6 13.7 0.6 13.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,455 9.5 120 7.7 167 14.8 20.4 1.4 13.3 0.8 13.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,244 3.3 48 3.1 94 8.4 13.9 0.4 11.8 0.3 11.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 7,083 10.4 137 8.8 384 34.1 14.7 1.1 20.5 1 22.9 2.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,238 100 S S 3,873 100 32 - S S 44 -
Less than 50 miles 187 5.8 165 2.9 S S 30.1 4.8 37.7 5.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 32 0.8 S S S S 46.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 97 3 S S S S 36.8 2.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 430 13.3 S S S S 36.7 3.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 330 10.2 281 5 240 6.2 30.4 3.6 29.2 5.3 29 2.9
750 - 999 miles 162 5 64 1.1 76 2 46.5 5.3 34.4 1.3 34.3 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 407 7.2 695 17.9 S S 23.7 6.8 23.3 7.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 63 1.9 51 0.9 117 3 35 1.7 45.1 3.8 43 5.2
More than 2,000 miles 472 14.6 223 3.9 649 16.8 17.2 5.5 17.8 4.6 18.2 8.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 31 1.3 10 0.3 S S 37 8.6 34.5 1.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 85 3.7 61 2.5 111 2.9 30.2 11 41.8 15.3 39.2 16.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S 12 0.5 89 2.4 S S 29.7 6.3 30.5 19.5

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,109 100 3,860 100 1,781 100 13.7 - 19.4 - 46.6 -
Less than 50 miles 3,846 42.2 1,545 40 21 1.2 21.2 5.2 22.4 7.4 30.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 953 10.5 291 7.5 29 1.6 33.7 3.6 29.3 3.8 29 2.3
100 - 249 miles 801 8.8 601 15.6 151 8.5 24.9 1.6 46.2 4.2 49.5 2.5
250 - 499 miles 972 10.7 474 12.3 227 12.8 34.7 2.7 30.1 2.9 31.5 5.3
500 - 749 miles 1,077 11.8 242 6.3 175 9.8 38.8 3.6 44.6 4.5 41.9 7.1
750 - 999 miles 652 7.2 81 2.1 85 4.8 36.6 3.4 23.7 1 25.4 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 475 5.2 S S S S 29.5 1.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 118 1.3 S S S S 24 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 215 2.4 90 2.3 240 13.5 20 0.8 27.7 0.4 28.4 3.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.