Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 489,415 100 500,393 100 88,690 100 639 6.5 - 9.4 - 6 - 11.3
Single modes 405,226 82.8 483,263 96.6 77,177 87 186 8 1.9 9.7 0.9 6.7 3.4 7.1
Truck5 374,836 76.6 410,469 82 54,596 61.6 165 7.1 1.7 10.7 2.2 7.7 4.3 6.6
For-hire truck 221,090 45.2 202,960 40.6 43,133 48.6 516 10.2 2.2 12.4 2.7 7.7 3.3 8.4
Private truck 153,746 31.4 207,509 41.5 11,463 12.9 54 8.4 1.9 15.1 4 14.7 1.9 4.8
Rail 18,514 3.8 53,673 10.7 21,077 23.8 822 31.7 0.9 22.5 2.9 24.6 4.7 24.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 4,136 0.8 69 - 107 0.1 1,194 8.4 0.1 18.1 - 25.4 - 4.9
Pipeline6 6,713 1.4 16,997 3.4 S S S 42.4 1 42.7 2.3 S S S
Multiple modes 75,080 15.3 13,269 2.7 9,732 11 886 8.5 1.7 27.7 0.8 33.4 3.3 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 68,187 13.9 1,561 0.3 1,126 1.3 886 10.6 1.9 9.4 - 13.4 0.2 6.5
Truck and rail 3,238 0.7 S S 3,873 4.4 962 32 0.1 S S 44 2 21
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,647 S S S S S S 25.2
Rail and water S S S S S S 5,838 S S S S S S 0.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 9,109 1.9 3,860 0.8 1,781 2 173 13.7 0.3 19.4 0.1 46.6 0.8 29.2

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 124 S S S S S S 24.7
Single modes S S S S S S 126 S S S S S S 40.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 126 S S S S S S 40.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 116 S S S S S S 49.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 27.1
Single modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 27.1
Truck5 S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 27.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 46 S S S S S S 28.9
Private truck S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 33.1

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,047 100 2,677 100 602 100 92 18.7 - 16.7 - 27.6 - 41.9
Single modes 2,912 95.6 2,663 99.5 592 98.4 56 20 4.1 16.9 0.6 28.5 3.3 35.3
Truck5 2,889 94.8 2,637 98.5 514 85.5 56 20.2 4.1 16.9 0.9 22.1 5.5 35.5
For-hire truck 630 20.7 529 19.8 325 54.1 473 31.8 4.4 31.5 4.1 28.6 6.2 40.9
Private truck 2,259 74.1 2,107 78.7 189 31.4 40 18.9 6.1 16.1 4.5 17.9 8.4 25.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 835 S S S S S S 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 835 S S S S S S 20
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,852 100 5,656 100 1,066 100 169 29.5 - 25.7 - 23 - 29.9
Single modes 2,707 94.9 5,565 98.4 913 85.6 127 29.6 2.2 25.5 0.7 22.1 5.9 41.8
Truck5 2,707 94.9 5,565 98.4 913 85.6 127 29.6 2.2 25.5 0.7 22.1 5.9 41.8
For-hire truck 1,305 45.8 2,532 44.8 607 57 273 33.1 5.5 36.4 7.3 25.4 6.7 25.3
Private truck 1,402 49.2 3,033 53.6 305 28.7 74 30.2 5.4 28.9 7.4 22.4 5.8 37.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S 421 S S 49.7 0.1 S S 15.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,917 S S S S S S 21.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S 16 1.5 S S S S S 32.6 5.6 S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,240 100 2,597 100 639 100 157 14.8 - 15.1 - 21 - 27.5
Single modes 8,024 97.4 2,558 98.5 607 95 104 14.5 1.1 15.4 1.1 22.1 2.8 41.9
Truck5 8,024 97.4 2,558 98.5 607 95 104 14.5 1.1 15.4 1.1 22.1 2.8 41.9
For-hire truck 2,819 34.2 937 36.1 359 56.2 463 30.8 7.4 49 8.2 41.6 8.9 11.9
Private truck 5,206 63.2 1,621 62.4 248 38.9 73 19.2 7.5 15.7 8.4 19.9 9.4 7.9
Multiple modes S S 17 0.7 S S 563 S S 44.3 0.4 S S 24.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 573 S S S S S S 28.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 12 0.2 5 0.2 2 0.4 S 47.8 1 49.5 0.7 34.5 5 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 386 S S S S S S 35.9

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,918 100 5,091 100 1,853 100 637 21.5 - 22.8 - 23.6 - 26.8
Single modes 7,043 79 4,950 97.2 1,718 92.7 S 18.3 6.2 23.3 1.4 22 2.3 S
Truck5 7,022 78.7 4,934 96.9 1,694 91.4 S 18.3 6.2 23.1 1.3 22.1 2.3 S
For-hire truck 4,343 48.7 2,738 53.8 1,479 79.8 601 24 6.5 26.7 7.9 24.8 6.5 8.4
Private truck 2,679 30 2,196 43.1 214 11.6 S 18.4 5.2 23.9 7.5 22.5 6.3 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,188 S S S S S S 27.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,188 S S S S S S 27.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 27,882 100 23,685 100 6,960 100 134 11.9 - 11.2 - 15.6 - 17.7
Single modes 26,619 95.5 23,293 98.3 6,623 95.2 95 11 1.2 11.1 0.5 15.4 1.4 21.5
Truck5 26,241 94.1 23,100 97.5 6,520 93.7 88 11 1.2 11.1 0.7 15.4 1.8 24.1
For-hire truck 15,755 56.5 12,908 54.5 5,574 80.1 256 16.4 5.2 18 6.7 18.4 5.3 36.4
Private truck 10,486 37.6 10,192 43 946 13.6 51 16 5.3 21.5 7.2 27.1 5.7 16.1
Rail 353 1.3 192 0.8 S S 1,417 29.9 0.9 32.7 0.6 S S 38.8
Air (incl truck and air) 24 0.1 1 - 2 - 1,465 27.7 0.1 27.9 - 25.1 - 11
Multiple modes S S 126 0.5 192 2.8 S S S 32.1 0.2 32.1 1.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 463 S S S S S S 20.2
Truck and rail S S 67 0.3 102 1.5 1,308 S S 39.1 0.2 26.6 0.9 32.3
Truck and water S S 20 0.1 77 1.1 7,295 S S 23.1 0.1 6.6 1.6 28.6
Other and unknown modes S S 266 1.1 S S S S S 38.4 0.6 S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,543 100 3,199 100 227 100 25 21.3 - 14.2 - 34.9 - 13
Single modes 3,528 99.6 3,179 99.4 226 99.8 25 21.4 0.4 14 0.4 34.8 0.1 13.4
Truck5 3,528 99.6 3,179 99.4 226 99.8 25 21.4 0.4 14 0.4 34.8 0.1 13.4
For-hire truck 406 11.5 622 19.5 141 62 235 34.8 15.3 45.6 15 36 13.2 30.9
Private truck 3,122 88.1 2,557 79.9 86 37.8 22 25.2 6.6 13.2 7.7 14.1 16.8 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 25

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,388 100 52 100 15 100 165 12.1 - 20 - 32.4 - 42.6
Single modes 1,362 98.1 51 98.9 15 97.1 S 12 0.9 20.4 1.3 33.9 9.6 S
Truck5 1,362 98.1 51 98.9 15 97.1 S 12 0.9 20.4 1.3 33.9 9.6 S
For-hire truck 528 38 S S 12 79.9 885 8.1 17.4 S S 19.1 6.4 7.9
Private truck 834 60.1 37 71.3 3 17.2 32 16.4 12.9 27.6 11.8 34.8 19.4 35.1
Multiple modes 17 1.3 - 0.9 - 2.9 1,077 34.6 0.5 28.9 0.8 31.4 13.1 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 17 1.3 - 0.9 - 2.9 1,077 34.6 0.5 28.9 0.8 31.4 13.1 19.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 23
Single modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 22.6
Truck5 S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 22.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 326 S S S S S S 48.2
Private truck S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 7.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 654 S S S S S S 42.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 654 S S S S S S 42.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 230 100 14,412 100 863 100 60 27.8 - 28.9 - 26.7 - 25.7
Single modes 226 98.2 14,277 99.1 820 94.9 47 28.4 1.5 29.1 0.7 27.4 3.3 22.5
Truck5 221 96.1 14,004 97.2 659 76.3 45 29.3 3 29.8 2.5 31.9 8.1 16.7
For-hire truck 80 35.1 5,383 37.4 325 37.6 63 24.1 6.9 26.8 5.6 27.2 5 19.7
Private truck 140 61 8,620 59.8 334 38.7 35 35.5 9.4 33.4 8.1 40.8 11.3 14.7
Rail 5 2.1 273 1.9 161 18.6 588 19.2 7.3 19.6 6.4 19.5 14 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 779 100 95,103 100 4,699 100 33 16.7 - 17.6 - 36.4 - 11.6
Single modes 756 97 91,924 96.7 3,016 64.2 32 16.3 1.6 17.5 1.9 19.5 11.7 11.7
Truck5 741 95.2 90,399 95.1 3,007 64 32 16.2 2.3 17.6 2.8 19.5 11.8 11.6
For-hire truck 358 45.9 45,576 47.9 1,851 39.4 40 20.4 5 24.3 5.6 26.9 8.5 11.7
Private truck 384 49.3 44,823 47.1 1,156 24.6 24 17.9 4.2 16.7 4.7 16.7 7.2 8.4
Rail 14 1.8 S S S S 6 16.3 4.6 S S S S 11.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 648 100 35,924 100 1,379 100 82 27.6 - 43.2 - 28.9 - 46.1
Single modes 618 95.3 35,216 98 1,238 89.8 S 28.1 1.7 44 1.5 24.7 3.8 S
Truck5 595 91.7 33,471 93.2 936 67.9 S 29.1 3.5 46.5 5 26.4 10.8 S
For-hire truck 294 45.3 8,355 23.3 489 35.4 S 26.8 7.4 28.8 11 18.6 10 S
Private truck 301 46.4 S S 447 32.4 S 36.1 8.2 S S 38.6 10.1 S
Rail 23 3.6 S S S S S 16.7 7 S S S S S
Multiple modes 24 3.7 S S S S 1,722 49.4 2.9 S S S S 46.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,920 100 568 100 S S 567 43.5 - 49.6 - S S 23.2
Single modes 1,742 90.7 567 99.8 S S 270 41.4 2.8 49.6 0.3 S S 22.5
Truck5 1,742 90.7 567 99.8 S S 270 41.4 2.8 49.6 0.3 S S 22.5
For-hire truck 1,631 85 S S S S 376 42.9 3.6 S S S S 16.8
Private truck 111 5.8 S S S S 126 35.4 17.8 S S S S 49.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,141 S S S S S S 25.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,141 S S S S S S 26.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,526 100 79,915 100 15,744 100 67 24.2 - 22.3 - 35.6 - 17.7
Single modes 3,506 99.4 79,706 99.7 15,707 99.8 66 24.1 0.2 22.3 0.1 35.7 0.2 18.8
Truck5 1,984 56.3 42,546 53.2 2,892 18.4 65 35.6 10.3 33.8 11.3 39.9 15.1 19
For-hire truck 1,841 52.2 39,913 49.9 2,707 17.2 65 39.4 10.8 37.1 11.1 43.9 12.9 22.9
Private truck 142 4 2,632 3.3 185 1.2 63 40 6.6 30.4 6.5 47 8.4 17.8
Rail 1,522 43.2 37,160 46.5 12,814 81.4 547 30.9 10.3 30.1 11.4 39.9 11.6 31
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 38 - S S S 36.1 0.1 21 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18,155 100 33,842 100 2,715 100 67 25.1 - 30.1 - 42.7 - 19.6
Single modes 17,048 93.9 31,036 91.7 2,005 73.8 64 24.2 2.4 28.4 2.9 34.1 8 20.5
Truck5 10,091 55.6 13,954 41.2 S S 58 18.7 13.5 18.8 17 S S 23.3
For-hire truck 3,788 20.9 5,586 16.5 300 11.1 57 32.1 8.3 33.9 9.5 42.8 12.8 16.8
Private truck 6,304 34.7 8,369 24.7 431 15.9 59 19.8 7.2 18.1 9 29.5 13.4 34.1
Rail 31 0.2 45 0.1 4 0.2 91 28.8 0.9 7 1 11.2 2.8 7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 5,898 32.5 14,982 44.3 S S S 20.8 19.5 21.2 16.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 251 S S S S S S 25.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 1,103 6.1 2,797 8.3 709 26.1 254 41.6 11 39.6 10.6 39.6 14.4 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 15,852 100 S S 1,744 100 20 38.7 - S S 41.4 - 13.5
Single modes 15,485 97.7 S S 1,543 88.5 20 40.1 5 S S 47.8 9.2 14.2
Truck5 15,111 95.3 S S 1,478 84.7 20 39.3 4.8 S S 47.3 9.1 13.8
For-hire truck 1,596 10.1 2,638 7.4 285 16.3 92 25.9 3.8 24.8 4.7 35 10.1 19.8
Private truck 13,515 85.3 S S S S 18 42.9 5.7 S S S S 15.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 366 2.3 1,145 3.2 S S S 47.2 1.6 47.2 1.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 237 S S S S S S 28.7
Truck and rail 16 0.1 26 0.1 3 0.2 114 49.6 0.7 34 0.7 16.9 1.6 20.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 9,730 100 19,304 100 1,957 100 67 49.9 - 34.1 - 18 - 14.1
Single modes S S 19,182 99.4 1,929 98.6 53 S S 34.3 0.4 18.3 0.9 13.9
Truck5 S S 16,852 87.3 1,250 63.9 51 S S 40.1 7.2 18 7.8 14.6
For-hire truck 1,780 18.3 6,510 33.7 931 47.6 234 14.9 10.3 21.6 10.3 19.1 8 14.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 16.5
Rail 622 6.4 1,460 7.6 615 31.4 S 40.4 4.2 44 4.1 44.8 8.1 S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 35 0.4 S S S S 689 20.4 0.2 S S S S 14.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24 0.2 3 - 2 0.1 668 25.9 0.2 20.4 - 33.3 0.1 14.7
Truck and rail 8 0.1 S S S S S 49.6 0.2 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,543 100 14,331 100 3,839 100 294 12.3 - 43.2 - 29.5 - 28.8
Single modes 10,460 90.6 14,165 98.8 3,588 93.5 S 10.6 2.8 43.8 1.1 31.2 3 S
Truck5 8,212 71.1 10,917 76.2 1,900 49.5 S 10.8 6.9 46.8 8.1 29 10.9 S
For-hire truck 5,301 45.9 2,318 16.2 1,044 27.2 809 12.1 6.4 14.8 7.9 13.9 10.7 12.3
Private truck 2,911 25.2 S S S S 49 23.5 5.1 S S S S 36.5
Rail 2,117 18.3 3,247 22.7 1,687 43.9 S 43.4 11 36 11.3 32.5 11.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,118 S S S S S S 14.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 803 S S S S S S 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 22 0.2 S S 797 S S 50 0.1 S S 11.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,563 S S S S S S 27.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 16 0.1 5 - S S S 38 0.1 43.4 - S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,102 100 S S 429 100 543 21.4 - S S 29.5 - 16.4
Single modes 19,035 65.4 S S 341 79.5 S 24.5 6.4 S S 34.9 6.7 S
Truck5 18,421 63.3 S S 337 78.5 S 24.7 6.5 S S 35.1 7 S
For-hire truck 12,635 43.4 271 16.7 212 49.3 S 30.2 6.8 24.6 9.3 36.8 8.5 S
Private truck 5,786 19.9 S S S S 58 28.3 7.9 S S S S 43.2
Air (incl truck and air) 614 2.1 5 0.3 4 1 1,038 33 3.2 35.2 2.5 33.3 2.7 23.8
Multiple modes 9,613 33 119 7.4 86 20 658 29.3 6.4 27.9 3.2 37.7 7 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,485 32.6 92 5.7 45 10.6 658 27.4 5.9 20.5 3 38.8 7.4 10.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,253 S S S S S S 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 829 S S S S S S 29.6

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 631 100 S S 173 100 S 29.5 - S S 21 - S
Single modes 622 98.6 S S 158 91.4 S 29.9 0.6 S S 21 4.4 S
Truck5 610 96.6 S S 143 82.6 S 30.9 3.7 S S 21.7 6.5 S
For-hire truck 134 21.2 340 8 88 51 397 28.8 12.8 33 15.7 29.6 9.3 27.4
Private truck 476 75.4 S S 55 31.7 S 42.5 14.2 S S 39.6 9.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 15 8.4 1,109 S S S S 48.1 9.3 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 2 0.3 4 0.1 S S 1,382 47.7 2.5 1.9 3.9 S S 4.7
Other and unknown modes 4 0.7 10 0.2 S S S 18 2.3 27.8 3.1 S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 13,952 100 5,308 100 1,981 100 473 10.6 - 16.7 - 12.8 - 16.1
Single modes 12,771 91.5 5,122 96.5 1,817 91.7 281 11.4 1.8 17.7 1.4 13.5 2.8 24.5
Truck5 12,621 90.5 5,081 95.7 1,802 91 273 11.7 2 17.7 1.4 13.5 3 23.8
For-hire truck 10,541 75.6 4,229 79.7 1,652 83.4 404 13 4.4 17.5 4 12.5 3 16.7
Private truck 2,080 14.9 851 16 150 7.6 72 22.5 3.6 28.9 3.3 35.9 2 15.9
Rail S S S S 13 0.6 S S S S S 0.6 1.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - 1 0.1 1,264 S S 38 - 29.1 - 9.6
Multiple modes 1,080 7.7 174 3.3 154 7.8 769 24.5 1.8 35.5 1.4 42.7 2.7 13.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 805 5.8 51 1 26 1.3 768 26 1.5 32.6 0.4 30.6 0.4 13.9
Truck and rail 248 1.8 114 2.1 114 5.7 820 12.8 0.7 31.6 1.7 39.8 3.1 45.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,115 S S S S S S 23.7
Other and unknown modes 102 0.7 12 0.2 S S S 33.7 0.6 31 0.2 S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18,777 100 8,186 100 3,909 100 434 9.4 - 11.2 - 11.7 - 12.9
Single modes 16,454 87.6 7,394 90.3 3,357 85.9 224 8.9 2.1 13.1 4.3 13.4 4.7 13.8
Truck5 15,342 81.7 6,310 77.1 2,548 65.2 208 9.2 3.2 14.3 4.8 16.9 5.9 13.7
For-hire truck 10,369 55.2 4,324 52.8 2,266 58 544 9.3 3.5 13.8 5.2 16.1 4.8 5.7
Private truck 4,973 26.5 1,986 24.3 282 7.2 58 13.4 2.3 23.8 3.7 31.8 1.9 18.1
Rail 1,057 5.6 1,081 13.2 806 20.6 775 22.7 1.3 19.8 3.4 12.1 5.2 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 4 0.1 1,685 S S S S 47 - 18.4
Multiple modes 2,080 11.1 377 4.6 356 9.1 675 28.9 2.2 29.2 1.6 27.3 2.2 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,733 9.2 77 0.9 44 1.1 672 31.3 2 19.7 0.2 23.6 0.1 11.1
Truck and rail 314 1.7 288 3.5 276 7.1 2,031 26.7 0.4 33.6 1.7 24.4 1.9 14.5
Truck and water 29 0.2 12 0.1 S S S 29 0.1 43 0.1 S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 243 1.3 S S S S 109 33.1 0.4 S S S S 47.4

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 260 100 390 100 98 100 207 25.3 - 22.3 - 46 - 20.6
Single modes 235 90.7 342 87.8 50 50.7 167 27.7 6.3 27.2 8.3 26.2 15.1 22
Truck5 235 90.7 342 87.8 50 50.7 167 27.7 6.3 27.2 8.3 26.2 15.1 22
For-hire truck 156 60.3 177 45.3 35 36.1 295 36.4 12.4 36.7 14.7 38.8 17.9 18.4
Private truck 79 30.5 166 42.5 14 14.7 89 46.3 13.2 43.5 13 39.2 16.6 18.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,246 100 9,021 100 2,414 100 196 13 - 15.9 - 18.3 - 20
Single modes 7,996 97 8,978 99.5 2,378 98.5 157 12.8 1.1 16 0.2 18.6 1.1 11.1
Truck5 7,864 95.4 8,793 97.5 2,167 89.8 154 12.3 1 15.3 0.9 15 3.3 10.7
For-hire truck 3,297 40 3,975 44.1 1,645 68.1 504 16.2 4.4 19 5 15.1 5.3 14.3
Private truck 4,567 55.4 4,818 53.4 522 21.6 88 14 4.2 20.7 5.4 25.7 5 7.4
Rail S S S S S S 1,217 S S S S S S 38.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,546 S S S S S S 10.7
Multiple modes 72 0.9 S S S S 872 36.9 0.2 S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 57 0.7 3 - 3 0.1 867 42.4 0.2 31 - 41.7 - 19.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,707 S S S S S S 27.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 30 0.3 S S S S S 30.4 0.1 S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,540 100 4,661 100 1,855 100 147 19.9 - 25.3 - 28.5 - 28.1
Single modes 4,454 98.1 4,580 98.3 1,749 94.3 128 20.3 0.7 25.5 1.3 28 2.1 22.1
Truck5 4,338 95.5 4,292 92.1 1,654 89.2 126 20.9 1.3 27.5 3.6 28.9 3.5 23.5
For-hire truck 2,823 62.2 2,994 64.3 1,453 78.3 426 29.4 5.6 32.4 5.1 27.3 3.3 7.2
Private truck 1,515 33.4 1,298 27.9 S S 81 19 5.7 25.9 6.2 S S 15.1
Rail 113 2.5 285 6.1 S S S 42.1 2.2 38.6 6 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 85 1.9 74 1.6 S S 264 30 0.7 40.1 1.3 S S 26.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 59 1.3 8 0.2 2 0.1 254 42.2 0.6 37.8 0.1 26 0.1 26.8
Truck and rail S S 39 0.8 75 4.1 2,131 S S 4.2 2.2 49.9 6.1 45.1
Truck and water 10 0.2 S S S S 754 21 1 S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,020 100 4,237 100 1,311 100 259 14 - 20.9 - 23.3 - 20.6
Single modes 7,698 96 4,158 98.1 1,242 94.8 143 14.1 1 20.8 0.6 23 1.1 26.1
Truck5 7,698 96 4,157 98.1 1,241 94.7 143 14.1 1 20.8 0.6 22.9 1.1 26.1
For-hire truck 4,946 61.7 2,806 66.2 1,050 80.1 382 21.9 8.1 30.2 7.5 23.4 4.3 20.6
Private truck 2,752 34.3 1,352 31.9 192 14.6 70 18.5 7.8 18.8 7.8 28.7 4.6 26.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 236 2.9 39 0.9 47 3.6 616 29.4 1.1 38.6 0.3 37.3 0.6 19.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 194 2.4 14 0.3 S S 613 39.4 1.2 44.8 0.3 S S 19.6
Truck and rail 33 0.4 14 0.3 33 2.5 2,247 26.3 0.2 26.3 0.1 31.4 0.8 12
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,622 100 5,382 100 2,552 100 839 14.1 - 26 - 35.5 - 16.8
Single modes 9,116 78.4 4,455 82.8 1,491 58.4 S 18.6 3.1 20 4.9 19 10.1 S
Truck5 8,998 77.4 4,446 82.6 1,477 57.9 S 18.8 3 20 4.9 19.3 10.1 S
For-hire truck 6,610 56.9 3,704 68.8 1,409 55.2 767 16.8 3.1 21.7 6.4 18.8 9.7 19
Private truck 2,389 20.6 742 13.8 68 2.7 S 26.7 3 34.7 3.4 48.6 1.2 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,627 S S S S S S 22.1
Multiple modes 2,358 20.3 149 2.8 158 6.2 1,089 15.2 3 18.2 1.5 19.9 4.5 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,326 20 130 2.4 104 4.1 1,090 15.5 3 19.6 1.1 22.3 3 8.7
Truck and rail 27 0.2 18 0.3 52 2 S 27.9 0.3 45.6 1.2 47.8 6.5 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,793 S S S S S S 45.1
Other and unknown modes 147 1.3 S S S S 410 40.6 0.6 S S S S 32.3

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 858 S S S S S S 6.5
Single modes S S S S S S 796 S S S S S S 11.6
Truck5 S S S S S S 738 S S S S S S 10
For-hire truck S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 4.9
Private truck 1,049 2.6 120 4.1 15 0.4 96 21 2.8 34.6 5.3 31.4 2.3 23.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 31 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,402 29.9 0.4 48.3 0.1 40 0.2 21.7
Multiple modes 5,955 14.6 218 7.4 S S 888 27.5 8.1 43.3 3.3 S S 6.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,969 12.2 139 4.7 108 2.8 888 26.3 8.6 26.3 3.9 31.1 6.7 6.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 499 1.2 S S S S S 45.9 1.9 S S S S S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 8,445 100 1,138 100 633 S S 22.7 - 34.7 - 17.4
Single modes S S 7,909 93.7 1,097 96.4 314 S S 24.4 5.1 35.3 2.4 14.4
Truck5 S S 7,906 93.6 1,092 95.9 313 S S 24.4 5.1 35.4 2.5 14.5
For-hire truck 1,632 29.8 3,773 44.7 775 68.1 493 25.6 7.1 26.5 7.3 22.6 5.4 15.6
Private truck S S 4,132 48.9 S S 232 S S 39.2 7.9 S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 2,769 S S S S S S 33.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 662 12.1 40 0.5 28 2.5 831 46.8 4.1 45.6 0.7 44.9 1.9 12.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 661 12.1 37 0.4 27 2.3 831 46.9 4.1 47.6 0.7 46.2 1.9 12.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 575 S S S S S S 22.8
Truck and water S S S S - - S S S S S 16.2 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 87 1.6 S S 12 1.1 S 25 1.1 S S 33.3 0.6 S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 40,826 100 23,474 100 11,034 100 328 8.6 - 10.7 - 27.6 - 10.7
Single modes 38,249 93.7 20,380 86.8 7,083 64.2 238 9.7 3 10.8 5.8 17.3 10.1 10.7
Truck5 33,846 82.9 16,531 70.4 5,278 47.8 230 9.5 3.6 8.7 5.9 15.6 8.7 10.8
For-hire truck 26,286 64.4 12,458 53.1 4,747 43 481 10.2 3.8 11.9 5.4 16.5 7.9 4.1
Private truck 7,560 18.5 4,073 17.3 532 4.8 67 19.6 3.2 16.8 4.6 25.3 2.4 9.8
Rail 4,360 10.7 3,848 16.4 1,804 16.3 456 35.3 3.1 27.5 3.5 30.3 4.4 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) 43 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,357 43.8 0.1 48.6 - 42.4 - 15
Multiple modes 2,362 5.8 S S S S 751 48.9 2.9 S S S S 12.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 621 1.5 18 0.1 S S 737 46.8 0.7 38.9 - S S 13.4
Truck and rail 580 1.4 606 2.6 640 5.8 1,187 27.4 0.5 38.5 1.3 30.6 2.5 26.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,191 S S S S S S 39.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 214 0.5 S S S S 193 43.9 0.4 S S S S 30.3

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 20,610 100 5,905 100 2,349 100 437 12.7 - 14.6 - 16.7 - 13.2
Single modes 16,574 80.4 5,631 95.4 2,190 93.2 239 13.8 3.7 15.3 1.2 17 1.4 9.8
Truck5 15,802 76.7 5,309 89.9 1,951 83.1 229 13.4 3.5 15.2 2.7 17.6 4.1 10.1
For-hire truck 10,420 50.6 3,298 55.9 1,604 68.3 554 15.7 4.7 13.6 3.5 15.1 5.1 9.7
Private truck 5,382 26.1 2,011 34.1 S S 80 25.8 2.8 22.4 3.8 S S 25.8
Rail S S 313 5.3 225 9.6 S S S 42.8 4.1 48.6 7 S
Air (incl truck and air) 109 0.5 S S S S 1,097 39.2 0.2 S S S S 26.5
Multiple modes 3,618 17.6 214 3.6 144 6.1 587 22.2 3.3 19.5 0.6 32.9 1.5 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,443 16.7 113 1.9 56 2.4 586 23.4 3.3 20.1 0.4 19.8 0.5 11.4
Truck and rail 135 0.7 93 1.6 69 2.9 S 29.2 0.2 30.6 0.6 48.6 1.3 S
Truck and water 40 0.2 S S S S 3,619 41.6 0.2 S S S S 30.1
Other and unknown modes 418 2 60 1 15 0.6 42 45.6 1.8 35.4 1.3 47.1 0.3 47.7

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 21,929 100 1,906 100 923 100 351 12 - 14.6 - 16.6 - 18.8
Single modes 16,785 76.5 1,767 92.7 850 92.1 198 12.1 2.4 14.8 1.2 17.7 2 19.1
Truck5 16,172 73.7 1,755 92.1 832 90.2 171 12.6 3.3 14.9 1.2 18.5 4.1 19.8
For-hire truck 12,034 54.9 1,231 64.6 783 84.8 601 11.5 5.1 17 5.5 19.2 4.6 6.6
Private truck 4,138 18.9 524 27.5 50 5.4 47 33 3.1 33.8 5.4 33.6 2.3 9.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 12 0.6 17 1.9 1,358 S S 48.3 0.7 47 2.5 39.1
Multiple modes 4,083 18.6 91 4.8 62 6.7 527 17.3 2 19.8 1 21.7 1.6 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,887 17.7 68 3.6 45 4.9 527 15.8 1.9 19.7 1 22.4 1.2 14.1
Truck and rail S S 17 0.9 10 1.1 S S S 49.5 1.3 43.3 1.1 S
Truck and water S S S S 7 0.8 S S S S S 45.1 4.3 S
Other and unknown modes 1,062 4.8 47 2.5 11 1.2 S 42.1 2.2 40.8 1 36.6 1 S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 27,611 100 1,929 100 1,616 100 671 9.4 - 14.7 - 21.6 - 5.3
Single modes 14,372 52.1 1,713 88.8 1,475 91.2 384 7.3 3.6 17.7 4.2 24.7 4.6 11.7
Truck5 13,189 47.8 1,693 87.8 1,430 88.5 279 7.4 3.7 17.8 4.5 24.5 4.9 12.7
For-hire truck 10,318 37.4 1,451 75.2 1,400 86.6 590 8.2 3.5 21.8 7 25 5.1 11.9
Private truck 2,871 10.4 242 12.5 30 1.9 50 14.4 1.4 31 5.5 32.4 0.8 17.4
Rail 76 0.3 S S S S 1,827 27.7 0.2 S S S S 35.7
Air (incl truck and air) 1,107 4 6 0.3 7 0.4 1,033 21.8 0.7 32.9 0.1 32.7 0.1 17.4
Multiple modes 11,996 43.4 160 8.3 120 7.4 779 18.1 4.1 20.4 4.1 20.7 4.4 5.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,933 43.2 156 8.1 108 6.7 779 18.2 4.1 21.4 4.1 23.8 4.4 5.7
Truck and rail S S 4 0.2 11 0.7 2,301 S S 39.3 0.4 39.9 2.3 18.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,243 4.5 55 2.9 S S S 34.5 1.3 30.1 1.1 S S S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 17,786 100 2,101 100 1,045 100 262 11.1 - 13 - 12.3 - 21.1
Single modes 14,583 82 1,817 86.5 895 85.6 237 13.7 2.8 15.1 3 15.9 5.4 22.7
Truck5 14,510 81.6 1,808 86.1 878 84 235 13.8 2.8 15.3 3.1 16.7 6.4 23.2
For-hire truck 9,327 52.4 973 46.3 751 71.9 1,081 13.3 4 19.5 6.1 18.8 6.8 12.8
Private truck 5,183 29.1 835 39.8 127 12.1 45 19.6 3.3 19.6 4.7 20.9 2.3 19.3
Rail 7 - 2 0.1 S S S 37.4 0.2 10.3 0.4 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 67 0.4 S S S S 1,832 49.6 0.3 S S S S 30.7
Multiple modes 1,025 5.8 47 2.2 21 2 390 26.7 1.8 24.4 0.5 32.7 0.4 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,021 5.7 46 2.2 20 1.9 390 26.8 1.8 24.8 0.5 33.7 0.4 19.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,178 12.2 236 11.3 130 12.4 S 21.5 2.2 22.4 2.8 40.3 5.3 S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,705 100 734 100 S S 837 30.9 - 46.7 - S S 11.6
Single modes 6,069 90.5 720 98.1 S S 789 32.3 8.2 46.1 7.4 S S 13.1
Truck5 5,916 88.2 678 92.3 S S 781 32.9 8.1 49.1 11.2 S S 14.5
For-hire truck 5,679 84.7 S S S S 838 34.2 8.7 S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 410 S S S S S S 22.1
Rail 66 1 S S S S 1,904 34.5 3.5 S S S S -
Air (incl truck and air) 87 1.3 S S - 0.1 963 32.4 0.9 S S 41.2 0.3 13.3
Multiple modes 484 7.2 2 0.3 2 0.3 868 17.1 8.7 28.6 5.8 27.1 9.2 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 483 7.2 2 0.3 2 0.3 868 17.2 8.7 29.1 5.8 27.5 9.2 13.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,570 S S S S S S 41.7

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,610 100 146 100 102 100 861 17.6 - 24.1 - 20 - 10.9
Single modes 3,183 37 75 51.1 55 54 800 19.4 7.9 18.4 9.4 22.5 10.1 20.8
Truck5 2,511 29.2 72 48.9 52 50.7 649 20.8 6.1 18.6 8.9 23.2 9.3 18
For-hire truck 2,126 24.7 59 40 49 48.3 806 24.1 5.4 20.4 9 23.1 9.8 10.9
Private truck 385 4.5 13 8.9 S S 74 28.7 2.5 40.4 5.3 S S 35.3
Air (incl truck and air) 672 7.8 3 2.3 3 3.3 1,041 28 2.8 21.3 0.8 25.6 1.8 14.9
Multiple modes 5,013 58.2 64 43.5 43 42.2 880 28.9 8.4 38.7 8.9 33.4 9.8 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,451 51.7 61 41.7 42 41.3 881 27.2 7 39.6 7.2 33.5 9.1 9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,270 100 1,287 100 610 100 486 19.9 - 20.9 - 28.3 - 15
Single modes 6,707 92.3 1,214 94.4 549 90.1 284 20.7 1.5 21.1 1.3 29.2 6.3 23.9
Truck5 6,690 92 1,214 94.3 549 89.9 280 20.6 1.5 21 1.3 29.2 6.3 24.1
For-hire truck 3,872 53.3 826 64.2 489 80.2 567 26.3 8.6 28.8 9.1 32.7 9.8 12.2
Private truck 2,818 38.8 387 30.1 59 9.7 113 37.8 9.1 29.7 9.2 34.4 5.8 23
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,149 S S S S S S 38.8
Multiple modes 421 5.8 59 4.6 57 9.3 860 19.3 1.3 31.9 1.2 30.6 6.4 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 418 5.7 58 4.5 57 9.3 860 19 1.3 31.3 1.2 30.2 6.4 8.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 142 2 14 1.1 4 0.6 172 40.2 1.5 39.3 0.9 41.4 1.1 34.1

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 30,245 100 5,319 100 1,884 100 929 21.4 - 34.4 - 25.5 - 7.4
Single modes 14,022 46.4 5,037 94.7 1,663 88.3 552 18.2 8 35.6 1.1 28.1 2.5 13.3
Truck5 13,751 45.5 5,034 94.6 1,660 88.1 465 18.6 7.8 35.6 1.1 28.2 2.5 14.8
For-hire truck 9,917 32.8 3,752 70.5 1,502 79.7 776 25.7 6.3 49.8 7.3 32 4.5 8.4
Private truck 3,833 12.7 1,282 24.1 158 8.4 99 14.6 3.6 21.1 6.8 18.8 3.3 18.8
Air (incl truck and air) 272 0.9 2 - 3 0.1 1,669 36.3 0.7 23.4 - 19.8 0.1 11.3
Multiple modes 15,760 52.1 221 4.2 192 10.2 948 39.7 8.1 21.2 1.1 20.6 2.7 5.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,753 52.1 220 4.1 190 10.1 948 39.8 8.1 21.5 1.1 21.2 2.7 5.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 463 1.5 62 1.2 29 1.5 S 34.6 0.9 37.2 0.5 47.1 0.7 S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,245 100 19,337 100 2,600 100 85 21.1 - 43.1 - 30.2 - 49
Single modes 4,870 92.8 18,794 97.2 2,136 82.1 S 21.9 4.5 43.1 1 29.4 6.4 S
Truck5 4,199 80.1 17,320 89.6 1,892 72.8 S 24 5.5 47.5 6.7 34.1 6.4 S
For-hire truck 2,239 42.7 S S 1,665 64 S 23 6.5 S S 37.6 7.2 S
Private truck 1,960 37.4 S S S S S 45.2 7.8 S S S S S
Rail 670 12.8 1,474 7.6 244 9.4 166 24.1 5 20.4 6.8 22.4 6.7 25.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 666 S S S S S S 33
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 54 1 111 0.6 47 1.8 799 38.1 0.6 45.6 0.9 43.5 4.1 29
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 175 0.9 S S S S S 33.5 1.9 S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 42,630 100 10,889 100 1,477 100 268 11.7 - 12.8 - 12.4 - 17.9
Single modes 40,470 94.9 10,782 99 1,422 96.3 103 12.2 1.5 12.7 0.1 12.4 1.1 11.1
Truck5 40,451 94.9 10,781 99 1,421 96.2 101 12.2 1.5 12.7 0.1 12.4 1.1 11.4
For-hire truck 6,514 15.3 1,110 10.2 453 30.7 362 28 4.1 17.2 2.4 18.9 3.9 14
Private truck 33,937 79.6 9,672 88.8 968 65.5 82 12.2 3.9 13.7 2.4 12.8 4.4 10.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,001 4.7 81 0.7 51 3.4 603 27 1.5 22.2 0.1 28.7 1.1 16.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,000 4.7 81 0.7 49 3.3 602 27 1.5 22.3 0.1 30.9 1.1 16.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 159 0.4 26 0.2 4 0.3 S 21.3 0.1 16.3 0.1 30.8 0.1 S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 6 100 S S 309 S S 42.7 - S S 30.2
Single modes 13 22.3 5 73.8 S S 81 40.7 19.4 45.2 15.6 S S 31.9
Truck5 13 22.3 5 73.8 S S 81 40.7 19.4 45.2 15.6 S S 31.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 11 18.6 S S S S 57 46.9 16.1 S S S S 33.8
Multiple modes 19 34.2 S S S S S 40.5 15.8 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19 34.2 S S S S S 40.5 15.8 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.