Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 28,662 100 13,335 100 1,945 100 591 12.5 - 17.8 - 15.9 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 4,626 16.1 87 0.7 51 2.6 711 13.5 2.3 18.2 0.1 9.2 0.7 10.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,041 3.6 51 0.4 30 1.5 570 12.1 0.3 17.4 0.1 25.6 0.4 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 3,336 11.6 313 2.3 103 5.3 342 11.9 1.5 12.6 0.5 12.9 1.5 11.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,121 3.9 220 1.7 43 2.2 202 17.2 0.7 16.6 0.5 22.7 0.6 19.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,380 4.8 295 2.2 44 2.3 148 21.3 1.2 31.2 0.9 18.1 0.5 43.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,304 29 2,270 17 469 24.1 183 19.1 2.1 17.8 3.2 14.8 3.4 14.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,671 26.8 5,204 39 817 42 168 20.5 3.4 9.7 3.9 16.5 5.4 20
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,123 3.9 3,748 28.1 146 7.5 S 35.6 1.5 33.1 4.9 26.3 1.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs 61 0.2 S S S S S 39.8 0.1 S S S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,199 100 12,791 100 1,580 100 130 14.9 - 16.7 - 10.8 - 15.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,177 5.1 42 0.3 5 0.3 S 20.9 1 38.4 0.1 25.5 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 432 1.9 29 0.2 3 0.2 121 21.6 0.4 27.7 0.1 20.6 - 23.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,441 10.5 270 2.1 59 3.8 209 13.9 1.8 13.5 0.5 10.6 1 18.2
500 - 749 lbs 939 4 212 1.7 37 2.4 184 14.9 0.7 17.8 0.6 23.7 0.6 19
750 - 999 lbs 1,343 5.8 292 2.3 41 2.6 138 21.9 2 31.5 0.9 19.3 0.6 47.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,129 35 2,244 17.5 451 28.6 178 19.6 2.3 18 3.3 15 3.7 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,580 32.7 5,122 40 776 49.1 164 21 3.5 9.1 3.8 16.3 5.3 20.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,118 4.8 3,731 29.2 140 8.9 S 35.8 1.8 33.3 5.2 28.3 1.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,634 100 12,712 100 1,543 100 120 15.3 - 16.4 - 10.3 - 14.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,103 4.9 42 0.3 4 0.3 S 21.2 1 38.6 0.1 27 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 422 1.9 28 0.2 3 0.2 105 21.5 0.4 28 0.1 23.1 - 28.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,408 10.6 268 2.1 56 3.6 194 14.1 1.8 13.7 0.5 12.5 1 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 793 3.5 210 1.7 36 2.3 176 14.1 0.5 17.9 0.6 24.4 0.6 19.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,339 5.9 292 2.3 41 2.6 138 22 2 31.5 0.9 19.3 0.6 47
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,896 34.9 2,234 17.6 446 28.9 177 19.9 2.4 17.9 3.3 14.9 3.7 15.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,515 33.2 5,058 39.8 751 48.7 162 21.4 3.6 8.5 3.9 16.2 5.4 20.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,118 4.9 3,731 29.4 140 9.1 S 35.8 1.9 33.3 5.3 28.3 1.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,169 100 4,993 100 1,290 100 737 11.6 - 29.2 - 12.3 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 465 4.2 4 0.1 4 0.3 683 32.9 1.2 21.4 - 28.3 0.1 19.6
50 - 99 lbs 105 0.9 3 0.1 2 0.1 751 32.1 0.3 21.6 - 30.6 - 24.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,217 10.9 49 1 48 3.7 993 20.2 2.2 11.4 0.6 14.8 1.2 10
500 - 749 lbs 354 3.2 34 0.7 31 2.4 910 25.3 0.6 24.7 0.8 28.6 0.8 7.6
750 - 999 lbs 743 6.7 39 0.8 35 2.7 905 35.4 1.8 22.8 0.6 21.7 0.7 8.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,068 36.4 575 11.5 391 30.3 754 16.8 3.3 14.9 5.9 15.5 4.5 6.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,436 30.8 2,097 42 638 49.4 344 17.5 5.1 20 6.8 20.2 6.5 22.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 755 6.8 2,139 42.8 94 7.3 S 38.9 2.7 48.8 8.7 38.3 2.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 54 1.1 S S S S S 38.4 2.5 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,464 100 7,720 100 253 100 23 23.1 - 14.7 - 13.5 - 13
Less than 50 lbs 639 5.6 38 0.5 1 0.3 14 22.2 1.6 41.4 0.3 41.8 0.1 40.6
50 - 99 lbs 318 2.8 26 0.3 1 0.4 42 25.6 1.1 30.7 0.1 48.6 0.2 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,191 10.4 219 2.8 8 3.1 35 17.6 2.8 17.6 0.6 23.4 1.1 13.9
500 - 749 lbs 439 3.8 176 2.3 5 1.9 29 13.6 1.4 20.6 0.9 18.3 0.7 18.5
750 - 999 lbs 596 5.2 253 3.3 6 2.2 22 33.6 3 34.5 1.4 21.3 1 20.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,828 33.4 1,660 21.5 55 21.7 28 27.4 2.3 20.3 3.3 15.4 3.2 21.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,079 35.6 2,960 38.3 113 44.8 40 39.8 6.9 11.6 3.6 16.4 3.7 13.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 363 3.2 1,593 20.6 46 18.2 30 36.6 1.5 18.2 4.2 22.5 4.5 16.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 20.4

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 476 100 9 100 10 100 1,054 36.7 - 28.4 - 33.2 - 13
Less than 50 lbs 73 15.4 - 5.2 - 3.5 889 31.6 13.6 33.2 11 28.8 12 14.5
50 - 99 lbs 10 2.1 - 4.1 S S 1,136 38.4 2.1 42.8 2.2 S S 24.8
100 - 499 lbs 32 6.7 2 20.3 S S 2,072 31 7.5 40.1 8.9 S S 18.9
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 15.4 S S S S S 49.1 11.1 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 1 - 0.8 S S S 38.8 5.5 41.1 7.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 4 48.9 2 23.2 559 S S 40.2 8.1 39.8 4.9 21.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,212 100 S S S S 1,087 13.5 - S S S S 3.9
Less than 50 lbs 3,418 65.6 44 12.1 46 13.8 1,086 16.7 3.1 10 8.2 9.4 8.4 4.1
50 - 99 lbs 602 11.5 22 6.1 26 7.9 1,180 20.5 2.3 24.3 3.9 27.5 4 5.5
100 - 499 lbs 879 16.9 41 11.4 43 12.9 1,025 15.8 1.8 17.3 6.4 22.4 6.2 9.5
500 - 749 lbs 161 3.1 7 2 5 1.4 638 40.3 1 35.5 1.6 35.6 1.3 23.6
750 - 999 lbs 29 0.5 2 0.5 S S S 30.9 0.2 41.8 0.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 27 0.5 2 0.6 4 1.2 S 45.3 0.6 41.6 0.7 34.7 2.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,045 100 115 100 122 100 1,088 13.6 - 12.7 - 15.5 - 3.9
Less than 50 lbs 3,418 67.7 44 38 46 37.7 1,087 16.7 3.4 10 3.1 9.4 4 4.1
50 - 99 lbs 602 11.9 22 19 26 21.7 1,180 20.5 2.3 24.3 2 27.5 3.1 5.5
100 - 499 lbs 849 16.8 41 35.5 42 34.9 1,029 16.1 1.9 17.4 2.5 22.7 3.6 9.6
500 - 749 lbs 158 3.1 7 6.3 5 3.8 644 41.3 1 36.5 2.4 35.9 1.5 32.3
750 - 999 lbs 19 0.4 1 1.3 S S 1,568 39 0.3 46.4 1 S S 37.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 704 S S S S S S 34
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 502 S S S S S S 10
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 75 100 S S 5 100 S 35.1 - S S 33 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S - 4.1 - 1.8 228 S S 36.2 9.5 34.5 2 43
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 1.8 S S S S S 31.8 14.6 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9 11.8 1 13.5 3 70.9 5,471 22.5 12.6 30.4 17.8 41.3 15.3 29.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 182 S S S S S S 9.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 251 100 S S 33 100 S 39.7 - S S 33.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.3 - - 30 S S 26.9 1.3 42.8 0.1 24.9
50 - 99 lbs 7 2.6 1 0.3 S S S 32.3 3.1 21.4 2.4 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 15 6 2 1.1 S S S 40.7 3.1 22.2 5.9 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.7 S S 473 S S 42.8 1.9 S S 39.5
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.6 S S S S S 47.9 6.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 599 S S S S S S 33.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14 5.4 2 1.1 S S S 23.5 7.6 16.1 10.7 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.