Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 155,619 100 144,297 100 30,835 100 4.7 - 8.2 - 7.2 -
Less than 50 miles 31,835 20.5 73,573 51 1,887 6.1 7.8 1.4 14.6 4.4 20.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 15,742 10.1 18,962 13.1 1,816 5.9 4.6 0.5 15.4 1.5 12.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 30,069 19.3 26,557 18.4 5,665 18.4 7.5 1 15.4 2.8 14.8 2.3
250 - 499 miles 28,395 18.2 11,126 7.7 5,579 18.1 7.9 1.1 8.3 1 9.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 28,063 18 8,057 5.6 6,591 21.4 9 1.1 10.4 0.6 12.4 1.3
750 - 999 miles 10,493 6.7 3,310 2.3 3,734 12.1 11.2 0.6 13.1 0.3 16.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,931 2.5 1,311 0.9 1,856 6 8.1 0.2 17.2 0.2 17.7 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,971 1.3 334 0.2 714 2.3 16.7 0.2 12 - 11.3 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 5,120 3.3 1,069 0.7 2,994 9.7 9.7 0.3 13.1 0.1 15.7 1.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 136,910 100 138,090 100 26,477 100 4.7 - 8.6 - 4.9 -
Less than 50 miles 29,442 21.5 72,628 52.6 1,869 7.1 7.8 1.5 14.9 4.4 20.5 1.4
50 - 99 miles 14,339 10.5 18,771 13.6 1,795 6.8 4.9 0.7 15.5 1.6 12.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 27,109 19.8 25,272 18.3 5,260 19.9 7.4 1.1 16.5 2.9 16.5 2.3
250 - 499 miles 24,156 17.6 9,841 7.1 4,792 18.1 7.7 1.1 4.9 0.9 5.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 24,032 17.6 6,656 4.8 5,242 19.8 10.9 1.4 6.8 0.5 6.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 8,943 6.5 2,547 1.8 2,724 10.3 13.4 0.7 8.8 0.3 8.9 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,390 2.5 1,173 0.8 1,634 6.2 8.8 0.2 17.3 0.2 17.8 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,645 1.2 304 0.2 641 2.4 19 0.2 14.4 - 14.2 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 3,855 2.8 899 0.7 2,520 9.5 12.2 0.3 14.8 0.1 17.5 1.5

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 129,869 100 127,930 100 22,291 100 5.2 - 8.9 - 6.3 -
Less than 50 miles 28,776 22.2 68,458 53.5 1,740 7.8 7.6 1.6 14.4 4.4 22.1 1.7
50 - 99 miles 13,489 10.4 17,823 13.9 1,679 7.5 4.7 0.6 17.1 1.7 14.3 0.9
100 - 249 miles 26,398 20.3 23,400 18.3 4,683 21 7.7 1 18.1 2.9 18.9 2.5
250 - 499 miles 21,995 16.9 8,627 6.7 4,090 18.3 7.4 0.9 4.2 0.8 4.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 22,855 17.6 5,544 4.3 4,195 18.8 11.2 1.4 8.4 0.5 8.1 1.1
750 - 999 miles 8,542 6.6 2,135 1.7 2,216 9.9 14 0.7 8.7 0.2 8.7 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,059 2.4 963 0.8 1,310 5.9 7.8 0.2 14.3 0.1 13.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,503 1.2 298 0.2 629 2.8 18.8 0.2 14 - 13.7 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,252 2.5 682 0.5 1,750 7.9 11.1 0.2 13 0.1 12.9 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 88,493 100 58,482 100 15,127 100 7.1 - 8 - 5.4 -
Less than 50 miles 11,191 12.6 26,573 45.4 594 3.9 11.7 1.4 21.1 5.6 21.4 1.2
50 - 99 miles 6,541 7.4 7,279 12.4 692 4.6 11 0.7 13.4 1.9 12.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 17,299 19.5 9,810 16.8 2,058 13.6 10.9 1.1 6.6 2 7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 18,481 20.9 6,694 11.4 3,192 21.1 8.1 1.4 5.7 1 5.5 0.7
500 - 749 miles 20,260 22.9 4,675 8 3,541 23.4 11.4 1.7 10.2 1.1 9.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 7,760 8.8 1,790 3.1 1,858 12.3 15.6 0.9 10.2 0.5 10.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,520 2.8 775 1.3 1,039 6.9 6.6 0.2 17.1 0.2 16.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,413 1.6 268 0.5 566 3.7 19.9 0.3 15.1 0.1 14.8 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,029 3.4 617 1.1 1,587 10.5 8.5 0.3 10.2 0.1 10 0.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 41,376 100 69,448 100 7,163 100 6.6 - 15.9 - 17.1 -
Less than 50 miles 17,585 42.5 41,885 60.3 1,146 16 8.1 1.4 18.1 4.3 32 3
50 - 99 miles 6,948 16.8 10,544 15.2 987 13.8 4.3 1.1 26.7 1.7 22.1 1.6
100 - 249 miles 9,099 22 13,589 19.6 2,625 36.6 4.2 1.4 31.3 4 33.7 5.2
250 - 499 miles 3,514 8.5 1,932 2.8 898 12.5 16.8 0.9 11.3 0.6 11.2 2.9
500 - 749 miles 2,594 6.3 869 1.3 654 9.1 16.5 0.8 13.1 0.2 13.1 0.8
750 - 999 miles 782 1.9 345 0.5 358 5 23.9 0.3 28.8 0.2 29 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 539 1.3 187 0.3 271 3.8 23.5 0.3 29.5 0.1 31.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 90 0.2 31 - 63 0.9 35.8 0.1 46 - 45.8 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,628 100 10,054 100 3,938 100 29.7 - 29.1 - 8.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 849 15.1 947 9.4 116 2.9 37.9 6.5 33.8 3.9 35.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 620 11 1,868 18.6 574 14.6 14.5 2.6 21.7 6.8 23.8 4.1
250 - 499 miles S S 1,210 12 700 17.8 S S 15.9 4.2 17.2 2.9
500 - 749 miles 845 15 1,104 11 1,041 26.4 11.8 4.3 11.6 3.2 12.5 3.3
750 - 999 miles 333 5.9 409 4.1 505 12.8 23.3 3.1 20.3 1.8 20.2 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 167 3 205 2 317 8.1 45.9 1.4 45.1 1.4 46.3 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 293 5.2 180 1.8 556 14.1 31.1 2.5 23.2 0.7 24 3.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,318 100 43 100 69 100 14.6 - 19.1 - 26.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 91 6.9 S S S S 40.5 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 291 22.1 4 10 2 3.2 32.4 4.8 25.8 3.2 25.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 332 25.2 8 18.1 6 9.4 26.1 4.4 17.5 5.4 14.8 4.4
750 - 999 miles 68 5.2 S S 3 3.8 42.1 1.7 S S 47.7 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 163 12.4 S S S S 36.2 6.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 142 10.8 S S S S 39.8 3.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 229 17.4 13 29.6 35 50.6 29 4.1 32.6 6.9 33.9 8.5

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14 100 38 100 S S 47.3 - 46.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 14 100 38 100 S S 47.3 - 46.6 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16,217 100 S S 4,104 100 13.3 - S S 49.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,152 7.1 78 1.6 3 0.1 40.7 2.9 42.9 0.7 49.1 -
50 - 99 miles 1,238 7.6 95 1.9 12 0.3 21.3 1.5 31.6 1.3 33.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,736 16.9 1,203 24.4 386 9.4 24.9 3.1 48.9 6.1 48.8 3.6
250 - 499 miles 3,945 24.3 S S S S 22.6 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3,708 22.9 S S S S 19.4 2.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,459 9 S S S S 24.7 1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 497 3.1 114 2.3 191 4.7 10.5 0.9 39.4 2.2 41.5 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 325 2 30 0.6 73 1.8 14.4 0.5 33.9 0.7 35.1 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,157 7.1 145 2.9 412 10 17.7 1.8 29.4 1.4 29.7 4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,364 100 351 100 268 100 12.9 - 9 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,129 9.9 34 9.7 1 0.4 40.1 3.8 24.7 2.6 26.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,173 10.3 31 8.9 3 1.2 22.5 1.7 19.1 1.8 17.7 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,192 19.3 51 14.5 11 4.1 28.8 3.2 11.4 1.2 11.5 0.6
250 - 499 miles 2,156 19 67 19 33 12.4 14.2 0.8 9.1 1.7 9.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles 2,495 22 78 22.3 59 22 14.4 2.9 13.9 2.1 13.6 1.5
750 - 999 miles 828 7.3 35 9.9 36 13.4 16.8 0.9 14.4 1.2 14.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 353 3.1 14 3.9 20 7.5 12.8 0.7 15.6 0.4 15.9 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 272 2.4 10 2.8 21 7.8 18 0.6 15.4 0.5 15.5 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 765 6.7 32 9.1 84 31.2 14.1 0.9 26.7 1.4 26.5 3.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,464 100 S S S S 44 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 64 1.4 64 1.4 9 0.2 40.2 2.5 29.9 2.6 29.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 143 3.2 100 2.2 171 4.6 35.4 5.4 37.1 5.3 39.5 9.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 53 1.2 21 0.5 52 1.4 40.8 3.7 35.4 2.4 33.5 4.5
More than 2,000 miles S S 112 2.5 319 8.6 S S 34.1 2.1 34.7 5.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 379 100 79 100 94 100 36.4 - 36.8 - 36.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 137 36.1 S S S S 39.7 10.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 119 31.5 39 48.9 49 51.7 31 13.9 25.9 11 29.6 9.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 1.7 S S S S 43.8 3 S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,491 100 1,283 100 255 100 17.4 - 41.9 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,241 49.8 S S S S 29.8 7.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 166 6.7 96 7.5 9 3.5 28.8 1.7 29.9 2.8 27.6 1
100 - 249 miles 223 9 82 6.4 18 7.1 29 3.9 17.6 3.5 15.2 2.3
250 - 499 miles 294 11.8 101 7.9 46 17.9 33.3 2.7 20 2.6 18.4 6
500 - 749 miles 323 13 63 4.9 48 18.6 36 3.5 31.6 2.4 30 4.5
750 - 999 miles 92 3.7 25 2 26 10.3 21.3 0.9 19.1 1.1 18.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 44 1.8 S S 31 12.1 37.6 0.8 S S 49.2 8.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 108 4.3 25 1.9 62 24.4 46 2.5 35 1 32.7 3.9

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.