Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,677 100 52,093 100 21,268 100 3.3 - 14.8 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 7,148 26.8 25,477 48.9 796 3.7 9.1 2.2 23.6 4.4 31.1 1.7
50 - 99 miles 2,207 8.3 5,496 10.6 531 2.5 8.3 0.8 31 2 29.9 0.6
100 - 249 miles 4,981 18.7 6,146 11.8 1,347 6.3 10.3 1.7 14.9 1 13.5 1
250 - 499 miles 3,467 13 3,915 7.5 1,914 9 8.2 1 9.6 1.3 8 2.2
500 - 749 miles 2,188 8.2 2,544 4.9 2,369 11.1 9.2 0.7 23.5 1 23.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,463 5.5 1,271 2.4 1,586 7.5 8.8 0.4 25.7 0.8 27 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,999 18.7 7,062 13.6 12,356 58.1 11.5 2.1 23.1 3 22.7 6.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 219 0.8 S S S S 30.2 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 49.3 - S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,611 100 49,287 100 18,135 100 4.4 - 15.8 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,665 29.5 24,895 50.5 787 4.3 9.6 2.6 24.1 4.3 31.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 1,934 8.6 5,461 11.1 526 2.9 9.1 1 31.2 2 30.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles 4,358 19.3 5,868 11.9 1,279 7.1 11.2 1.7 14.3 1 12.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 3,001 13.3 3,716 7.5 1,811 10 10.6 1.1 11.2 1.4 9.5 2.4
500 - 749 miles 1,757 7.8 2,296 4.7 2,162 11.9 10.8 0.7 26.1 1 25.7 2
750 - 999 miles 1,079 4.8 1,159 2.4 1,432 7.9 9.6 0.3 24.6 0.8 25.8 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,683 16.3 5,718 11.6 9,779 53.9 10.9 1.6 26.7 2.4 26.4 6.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 132 0.6 S S S S 27.1 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,452 100 40,882 100 6,379 100 4.7 - 17.4 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 6,663 32.6 24,887 60.9 787 12.3 9.6 2.6 24.1 3.8 31.5 2.6
50 - 99 miles 1,934 9.5 5,461 13.4 526 8.2 9.1 1.1 31.2 2.7 30.2 2
100 - 249 miles 4,285 21 5,475 13.4 1,185 18.6 11.3 1.9 12.5 1.5 10.5 2.2
250 - 499 miles 2,768 13.5 2,820 6.9 1,300 20.4 12.6 1.5 18.4 1.6 18.3 3.2
500 - 749 miles 1,431 7 910 2.2 743 11.6 13.4 0.8 20.7 0.6 20.8 2
750 - 999 miles 960 4.7 518 1.3 605 9.5 10.6 0.4 18.4 0.3 18.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,312 11.3 747 1.8 1,114 17.5 13.8 1.4 14.5 0.3 13.2 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 100 0.5 65 0.2 119 1.9 31.8 0.1 41.3 0.1 40.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - 34.9 - 2.5 - 9 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,455 100 21,323 100 5,000 100 9.9 - 28.3 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 2,189 17.6 11,542 54.1 S S 32.3 3.4 46.6 7.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 730 5.9 2,034 9.5 206 4.1 9.1 0.8 13.4 3.6 14.9 1.3
100 - 249 miles 2,494 20 3,433 16.1 745 14.9 16.6 1.8 15.9 2.2 14.8 2.5
250 - 499 miles 2,242 18 2,075 9.7 1,000 20 10.4 1.9 23.4 3.1 22.9 3.8
500 - 749 miles 1,430 11.5 909 4.3 743 14.9 13.4 1.3 20.7 1.5 20.8 2.4
750 - 999 miles 959 7.7 518 2.4 605 12.1 10.6 0.7 18.5 0.8 18.8 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,312 18.6 747 3.5 1,114 22.3 13.8 2 14.5 1.1 13.2 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 100 0.8 65 0.3 119 2.4 31.8 0.2 41.3 0.2 40.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - 34.9 - 2.5 - 9 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,997 100 19,559 100 1,379 100 10.1 - 16.5 - 22.3 -
Less than 50 miles 4,474 55.9 13,345 68.2 318 23.1 6.5 5.8 10.4 4.4 8.9 5.8
50 - 99 miles 1,204 15.1 3,427 17.5 320 23.2 16 1.3 49.7 3.7 50 4.6
100 - 249 miles 1,791 22.4 2,042 10.4 440 31.9 28.3 4.1 22.3 1.8 22.9 3.6
250 - 499 miles 526 6.6 745 3.8 300 21.8 32.8 1.6 36.4 1.5 36.7 5.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - - - - S S 8.9 - 11.8 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,095 100 8,405 100 11,755 100 24.7 - 23.9 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S 94 0.8 S S S S 48.6 16.1
250 - 499 miles 215 10.2 896 10.7 511 4.3 31.2 4.3 30.1 4.8 32 2.1
500 - 749 miles 320 15.3 1,386 16.5 1,419 12.1 39.8 2.9 42.6 3.3 38.5 2.9
750 - 999 miles 100 4.8 640 7.6 827 7 32 3.8 31.3 7.5 31.6 6.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,361 65 4,971 59.2 8,665 73.7 28.6 4.9 31.7 7.6 30.6 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 23 1.1 S S S S 46.7 6.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 64 100 1 100 1 100 40.1 - 33.9 - 35.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 18 28.9 - 43.9 - 27.8 48.3 5.4 28.7 10.1 31.8 6.1
500 - 749 miles S S - 14.2 - 13.8 S S 49.4 12.8 46.5 12.3
750 - 999 miles 19 29.8 S S S S 49.3 19.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10 16 - 21 - 24.6 37 9.2 40.3 8.3 33.3 6.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,482 100 2,159 100 3,079 100 15.3 - 20.4 - 25.9 -
Less than 50 miles 220 6.3 8 0.4 - - 41 2.8 27.7 0.2 31.1 -
50 - 99 miles 228 6.6 27 1.3 S S 27.8 2.3 49.2 1.1 S S
100 - 249 miles 528 15.2 252 11.7 61 2 42 3.4 36.6 4.3 35.7 1.1
250 - 499 miles 424 12.2 186 8.6 98 3.2 21.2 1.1 47 3 47.3 1.3
500 - 749 miles 399 11.5 237 11 196 6.4 23.4 1.4 44.1 7.6 45.4 6.3
750 - 999 miles 310 8.9 S S S S 28 1.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,282 36.8 1,337 61.9 2,566 83.3 21.4 5.8 31.4 8.6 31.1 7.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - - S S 38.6 - 48.2 -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,685 100 75 100 52 100 16.3 - 13.9 - 19.1 -
Less than 50 miles 220 8.2 8 11.1 - 0.5 41 2.9 27.7 2.5 31.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 225 8.4 7 9 1 1.2 28.4 3 29.1 2.2 30.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 479 17.8 14 18.5 3 6 47.2 4 23.2 2.6 24.9 2.3
250 - 499 miles 382 14.2 16 21.1 7 14.1 23.8 1.3 19.9 3.7 22.9 3
500 - 749 miles 274 10.2 7 9.3 6 11.2 20.8 1.7 20.7 1.1 22 1.1
750 - 999 miles 295 11 6 8.5 7 14.3 30 2.1 22.8 1.4 26.9 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 718 26.7 14 18.4 21 40.7 23.3 5.3 26.3 3.2 26.4 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - 0.2 S S 38.6 0.1 48.2 0.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 792 100 2,083 100 3,022 100 20.2 - 21.1 - 26.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 3 0.4 20 1 S S 32.1 2 8.7 7.6 S S
100 - 249 miles 49 6.2 239 11.5 58 1.9 27.8 12.5 22 7.7 19.6 2.2
250 - 499 miles 41 5.2 170 8.2 90 3 44.7 3.9 45 4.4 45.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles S S 230 11.1 190 6.3 S S 32.9 16.7 35 13.9
750 - 999 miles 15 1.9 102 4.9 140 4.6 39.6 6.5 46.3 6.3 46.6 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 560 70.7 1,322 63.5 2,540 84 25.3 7.9 31.6 9.2 31.2 7.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4 100 1 100 4 100 32.5 - 42.8 - 47.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4 100 1 100 4 100 32.5 - 42.8 - 47.2 -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 585 100 S S 53 100 19.2 - S S 35.2 -
Less than 50 miles 263 45 S S S S 32 9.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 1 1.2 S S S S 48.1 8.8
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 43 7.3 13 2.1 5 9.9 38.4 8.7 40.9 8.5 43.4 10
500 - 749 miles 32 5.5 S S S S 41.2 4.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 74 12.7 5 0.7 6 10.6 34.8 6.4 41.3 3.7 44.9 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 33 5.6 S S 11 19.8 44.6 5.3 S S 48.2 8.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.