Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,677 100 52,093 100 21,268 100 354 3.3 - 14.8 - 14.3 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,824 10.6 60 0.1 25 0.1 463 17.8 1.9 13.4 - 17.1 - 13.9
50 - 99 lbs 964 3.6 66 0.1 16 0.1 219 18.2 0.7 17.9 - 19.8 - 20.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,749 6.6 273 0.5 58 0.3 231 11.4 0.9 10.8 0.1 12.1 0.1 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 838 3.1 153 0.3 28 0.1 179 27.8 0.8 12.4 0.1 22.7 0.1 22
750 - 999 lbs 362 1.4 125 0.2 23 0.1 180 14.6 0.2 13.2 0.1 13.8 - 18
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,711 13.9 1,749 3.4 390 1.8 204 8.9 1.1 6.3 0.5 13.5 0.6 13.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,636 32.4 11,499 22.1 3,021 14.2 238 7.7 2 12.6 2.9 13.2 3.1 9.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,553 17.1 23,043 44.2 2,344 11 103 17.2 2.7 25.1 4.4 16 3.2 10.9
More than 100,000 lbs 3,041 11.4 15,126 29 15,363 72.2 1,055 20.1 2.2 27.1 4.1 20.7 6.2 11.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,611 100 49,287 100 18,135 100 165 4.4 - 15.8 - 16.4 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 969 4.3 29 0.1 4 - 161 46 2 17.5 - 21.4 - 25.5
50 - 99 lbs 450 2 49 0.1 5 - 86 20.8 0.5 24.6 - 16.3 - 16
100 - 499 lbs 1,286 5.7 237 0.5 42 0.2 178 10.7 1 12 0.1 12.8 - 14.3
500 - 749 lbs 794 3.5 143 0.3 25 0.1 169 29.1 1 12.7 0.1 25.6 0.1 26.1
750 - 999 lbs 350 1.5 122 0.2 22 0.1 179 14.6 0.3 13.7 0.1 14.7 - 18
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,576 15.8 1,722 3.5 383 2.1 204 9.2 1.4 6.4 0.6 13.4 0.6 13.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,307 36.7 11,371 23.1 2,967 16.4 237 7.6 2 12.9 3 13.4 3.8 9.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,535 20.1 22,919 46.5 2,328 12.8 103 17.3 3 25.3 4.4 16.1 3.7 10.8
More than 100,000 lbs 2,344 10.4 12,695 25.8 12,361 68.2 998 25.5 2.2 32.4 4 24.8 7.4 13.2

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,452 100 40,882 100 6,379 100 152 4.7 - 17.4 - 11.2 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs 941 4.6 29 0.1 3 0.1 142 47.4 2.3 17.3 - 23 - 29.9
50 - 99 lbs 442 2.2 49 0.1 4 0.1 85 21.3 0.5 24.7 0.1 17.1 - 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,276 6.2 237 0.6 41 0.6 177 10.8 1 12 0.2 12.8 0.1 14.4
500 - 749 lbs 793 3.9 143 0.4 25 0.4 169 29.1 1.1 12.7 0.1 25.8 0.1 26.2
750 - 999 lbs 345 1.7 122 0.3 22 0.3 177 14.9 0.3 13.8 0.1 15 0.1 18.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,564 17.4 1,720 4.2 382 6 203 9.2 1.5 6.4 0.8 13.4 0.8 13.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,234 40.3 11,339 27.7 2,914 45.7 233 8 1.9 13 3.5 13.7 3.1 8.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,531 22.2 22,907 56 2,324 36.4 102 17.3 3.2 25.3 4.3 16.2 4.3 10.9
More than 100,000 lbs 327 1.6 S S 663 10.4 122 33.1 0.5 S S 34.3 3.1 27.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,455 100 21,323 100 5,000 100 443 9.9 - 28.3 - 13.7 - 12.4
Less than 50 lbs 127 1 5 - 2 - 503 24.9 0.3 30.1 - 35.5 - 25.6
50 - 99 lbs 56 0.4 4 - 2 - 433 16.9 0.1 18.1 - 22.2 - 22.8
100 - 499 lbs 596 4.8 61 0.3 30 0.6 548 16.7 1 21.7 0.2 18 0.2 17.5
500 - 749 lbs S S 37 0.2 20 0.4 537 S S 29.1 0.1 33 0.2 24.7
750 - 999 lbs 191 1.5 36 0.2 17 0.3 473 25.3 0.4 39.6 0.1 18.9 0.1 27.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,124 17 538 2.5 313 6.3 564 15 2.2 12.5 0.7 14.6 1 12.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,423 51.6 5,390 25.3 2,592 51.8 481 9.4 3.2 14.3 4.4 14.5 4.4 12.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,439 19.6 14,131 66.3 1,663 33.3 120 30.8 3.7 39.7 5.8 23.3 5 19.5
More than 100,000 lbs 81 0.7 1,121 5.3 361 7.2 167 34.6 0.2 27 1.9 48.4 2.9 44.5

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,997 100 19,559 100 1,379 100 58 10.1 - 16.5 - 22.3 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 24 0.1 1 0.1 58 S S 21.1 0.1 17.1 0.1 15.7
50 - 99 lbs 386 4.8 44 0.2 3 0.2 57 23.6 1.2 25.9 0.1 22 0.1 7.1
100 - 499 lbs 680 8.5 177 0.9 11 0.8 62 11.6 1.4 12.3 0.2 10.8 0.2 11.5
500 - 749 lbs 374 4.7 107 0.5 5 0.4 48 27.5 1.9 10 0.1 6.8 0.1 10.1
750 - 999 lbs 154 1.9 86 0.4 5 0.3 54 13 0.4 10.3 0.1 14.5 0.1 15.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,440 18 1,183 6 70 5.1 55 13.1 2 10.1 1.1 19.8 1 16.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,811 22.7 5,949 30.4 322 23.3 54 14.4 1.6 16.1 3.6 16 3.2 13
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,092 26.2 8,776 44.9 661 47.9 74 14.9 3.7 11.3 4.4 18 4.8 19.2
More than 100,000 lbs 246 3.1 S S S S 80 43.5 1.2 S S S S 37.1

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,095 100 8,405 100 11,755 100 1,337 24.7 - 23.9 - 25.4 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 20.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,615 S S S S S S 31.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,017 96.3 8,359 99.5 11,698 99.5 1,344 26 3.7 24.1 0.6 25.6 0.8 8

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 64 100 1 100 1 100 1,590 40.1 - 33.9 - 35.1 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs 28 44.2 S S S S 1,613 33.9 13.6 S S S S 15.6
50 - 99 lbs S S S S - 7 1,090 S S S S 46.1 9.9 36.3
100 - 499 lbs 10 15.8 - 9.2 - 10.1 1,588 34.7 6 12.8 14.7 19 13.8 15.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 8 - 13.9 2,626 S S 34.2 8.4 35.1 12.3 1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 17.7 S S - 37 1,664 39.9 4.4 S S 30.3 18.5 10
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,482 100 2,159 100 3,079 100 722 15.3 - 20.4 - 25.9 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,785 51.3 28 1.3 21 0.7 722 16.7 4.3 14.3 0.7 18.9 0.6 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 487 14 15 0.7 11 0.4 728 22.8 2 15.4 0.4 26.5 0.3 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 383 11 24 1.1 16 0.5 686 27.9 1.8 21.6 0.4 27 0.3 9.1
500 - 749 lbs 28 0.8 6 0.3 3 0.1 455 25.9 0.2 38.7 0.1 33.5 - 33.4
750 - 999 lbs 2 0.1 S S S S S 47.5 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.1 S S S S 1,913 30.5 0.1 S S S S 2.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 135 3.9 22 1 36 1.2 1,618 42.8 1.1 25.2 0.8 21.8 1.8 16.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 30 1.4 S S S S S 24.6 13.6 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 654 18.8 2,031 94.1 2,980 96.8 1,420 23.7 3.8 22 3.5 26.8 3.6 9.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,685 100 75 100 52 100 720 16.3 - 13.9 - 19.1 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,785 66.5 28 37.7 21 41 722 16.7 3.5 14.3 2.8 18.9 2.2 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 487 18.1 15 20 11 21.1 728 22.8 3.1 15.4 1.9 26.5 2.8 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 383 14.3 24 32 16 31 686 27.9 2.5 21.6 3.7 27 4 9.1
500 - 749 lbs 28 1.1 6 8.6 3 5.4 455 25.9 0.2 38.7 3.7 33.5 1.9 33.4
750 - 999 lbs 2 0.1 S S S S S 47.5 0.3 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 792 100 2,083 100 3,022 100 1,376 20.2 - 21.1 - 26.2 - 8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.3 S S S S 1,913 30.5 0.4 S S S S 2.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 131 16.5 21 1 32 1.1 1,478 42.5 7.1 23.7 1 21.5 2.1 4.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 30 1.4 S S S S S 24.6 15.1 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 654 82.5 2,031 97.5 2,980 98.6 1,420 23.7 6.1 22 2.9 26.8 2.9 9.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4 100 1 100 4 100 3,543 32.5 - 42.8 - 47.2 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4 100 1 100 4 100 3,543 32.5 - 42.8 - 47.2 - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 585 100 S S 53 100 35 19.2 - S S 35.2 - 17.4
Less than 50 lbs 70 11.9 3 0.5 - 0.1 24 32.9 3.5 39.3 2.6 38.3 0.3 14.5
50 - 99 lbs 27 4.6 2 0.3 - 0.3 66 40.5 1.5 29.6 0.8 45.3 0.4 23
100 - 499 lbs 80 13.7 12 1.8 S S 47 42.9 4.2 42.5 2.4 S S 25.6
500 - 749 lbs 16 2.7 3 0.5 S S S 39 2.5 32.4 2.7 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 26 4 6 11.6 S S S 25.4 7.9 37 12.2 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 193 33.1 106 16.3 S S S 38.2 10.8 48.2 10.1 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.