Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 433,270 100 328,935 100 67,397 100 11.4 - 14 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles 51,076 11.8 176,698 53.7 3,152 4.7 7.1 1.5 10.7 4.1 11.6 0.7
50 - 99 miles 19,683 4.5 25,498 7.8 2,405 3.6 10.4 0.5 22.9 1.6 22 1.1
100 - 249 miles 55,533 12.8 45,083 13.7 10,726 15.9 7.7 1.8 32.7 1.8 37.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 126,730 29.2 61,614 18.7 28,729 42.6 13.6 1.7 39.2 3.2 34.7 4.5
500 - 749 miles 70,283 16.2 10,782 3.3 8,373 12.4 14.6 1.5 6.9 0.5 8.5 1.8
750 - 999 miles 55,585 12.8 4,412 1.3 4,663 6.9 27.8 2 8.8 0.3 9.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 18,951 4.4 1,594 0.5 2,352 3.5 27.7 1 11.5 0.1 13 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33,178 7.7 2,905 0.9 6,070 9 22.7 1.2 14 0.2 12.1 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,250 0.5 348 0.1 928 1.4 12.8 0.1 12.1 - 12 0.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 370,535 100 313,831 100 59,836 100 12.3 - 14.9 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles 47,546 12.8 172,686 55 3,043 5.1 6.9 1.8 10.5 4 11.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 17,445 4.7 23,159 7.4 2,194 3.7 13.5 0.7 24.5 1.6 23.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 50,076 13.5 43,953 14 10,469 17.5 7.9 2.2 33.6 1.9 38.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 110,455 29.8 56,259 17.9 25,093 41.9 14.9 2 43.4 3.1 40.2 4.3
500 - 749 miles 54,770 14.8 9,721 3.1 7,304 12.2 18 1.3 6.2 0.5 6.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles 46,018 12.4 4,067 1.3 4,295 7.2 28.4 2 7.5 0.2 8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,820 4.5 1,458 0.5 2,153 3.6 30.9 1.1 11.3 0.1 12.8 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 26,120 7 2,268 0.7 4,637 7.7 28.2 1.4 18.8 0.2 16.8 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,284 0.3 260 0.1 647 1.1 12.8 0.1 10.9 - 11.2 0.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 355,137 100 298,742 100 51,159 100 13.4 - 16 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 47,012 13.2 170,709 57.1 3,005 5.9 7.1 2.1 10.6 4.4 11.5 1
50 - 99 miles 17,355 4.9 23,044 7.7 2,179 4.3 13.6 0.7 24.6 1.7 23.2 1.4
100 - 249 miles 48,127 13.6 41,980 14.1 9,817 19.2 7.2 2.4 35.4 2 41.6 1.7
250 - 499 miles 105,812 29.8 S S 20,987 41 16.3 2.2 S S 49 4.8
500 - 749 miles 51,345 14.5 8,005 2.7 5,902 11.5 19.9 1.3 7 0.4 7.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles 44,095 12.4 3,096 1 3,132 6.1 30.6 2.2 6.7 0.2 6.6 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,398 4.3 1,045 0.3 1,506 2.9 34.7 1.1 8.6 - 8.7 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24,759 7 2,022 0.7 4,048 7.9 30.7 1.5 22.1 0.2 20.3 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,233 0.3 238 0.1 585 1.1 13.7 0.1 12.4 - 12.3 0.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 289,638 100 168,907 100 44,714 100 16 - 23.5 - 31.9 -
Less than 50 miles 17,774 6.1 64,303 38.1 1,043 2.3 11.6 1.3 9.7 4.9 8.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 8,502 2.9 14,341 8.5 1,335 3 22.8 0.6 37.3 2.4 35.6 1.4
100 - 249 miles 29,330 10.1 30,271 17.9 S S 12.4 2.5 45.1 2.4 S S
250 - 499 miles 97,396 33.6 S S S S 16.7 2.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 51,205 17.7 7,929 4.7 5,841 13.1 20 1.4 7.1 0.8 7.2 2.3
750 - 999 miles 44,053 15.2 3,051 1.8 3,084 6.9 30.6 2.4 6.8 0.3 6.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,393 5.3 1,043 0.6 1,503 3.4 34.7 1.3 8.6 0.1 8.7 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24,753 8.5 2,020 1.2 4,043 9 30.7 1.6 22.1 0.3 20.4 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,233 0.4 238 0.1 585 1.3 13.7 0.1 12.4 - 12.3 0.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 65,498 100 129,835 100 6,446 100 7.5 - 11.6 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 29,238 44.6 106,405 82 1,963 30.5 7.3 3.6 14 2.9 16.4 2.9
50 - 99 miles 8,853 13.5 8,703 6.7 844 13.1 11.4 1.3 9.2 1.2 9.7 1.3
100 - 249 miles 18,797 28.7 11,709 9 2,348 36.4 16.6 2.4 11.3 1.5 11 2.2
250 - 499 miles 8,416 12.8 2,893 2.2 1,174 18.2 17.5 1.7 8.5 0.4 8.8 1.4
500 - 749 miles 140 0.2 76 0.1 61 0.9 28.3 0.1 32.3 - 33.5 0.3
750 - 999 miles 41 0.1 45 - 47 0.7 21.2 - 25.4 - 26.3 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6 - 2 - 3 - 11.9 - 22.6 - 26.3 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6 - 2 - S S 5.1 - 48.4 - S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,664 100 11,427 100 7,450 100 19.7 - 18.5 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 272 5.8 361 3.2 4 0.1 25.3 1.9 22.8 1.6 35.7 -
50 - 99 miles 89 1.9 115 1 15 0.2 47.5 1.1 25.2 0.5 29.3 0.1
100 - 249 miles 278 6 1,101 9.6 286 3.8 38.1 1.6 18.1 2.9 18.8 1
250 - 499 miles 1,647 35.3 6,497 56.9 3,297 44.3 27.3 4.3 27.3 6.7 26.7 6.1
500 - 749 miles 1,007 21.6 1,709 15 1,397 18.8 22.3 3.1 15.8 3.9 16.2 3.9
750 - 999 miles 422 9.1 969 8.5 1,161 15.6 22.7 2.7 22.6 2.7 22.8 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 654 14 411 3.6 644 8.6 30.6 4.4 36 1.2 39.8 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 271 5.8 244 2.1 586 7.9 30.2 2.3 25.1 1.2 26 3.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 709 100 3,558 100 1,199 100 25.9 - 29.8 - 38.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 239 33.8 S S S S 27.3 18.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 801 66.9 S S S S 33.5 13
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 709 100 3,558 100 1,199 100 25.9 - 29.8 - 38.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 239 33.8 S S S S 27.3 18.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 801 66.9 S S S S 33.5 13
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,008 100 30 100 26 100 39.2 - 19.1 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 3 10.3 S S S S 49.2 6.5
250 - 499 miles 2,715 27.1 9 29.6 7 26.3 47.5 6.4 31.4 7.4 30.7 7.1
500 - 749 miles S S 8 26 6 21.7 S S 45.6 6.5 44.1 5.2
750 - 999 miles 1,501 15 3 8.3 3 9.6 48.5 5 27.9 6.6 28.5 7.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 767 7.7 2 7.7 3 11.7 48.5 2.1 34.6 2.7 34.7 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,091 10.9 2 5.6 3 12 44.8 4.7 39.8 3.4 39.1 4.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 12 68.6 S S S S 29.2 14.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 56,784 100 8,089 100 6,706 100 18 - 26.8 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,516 2.7 248 3.1 9 0.1 20.3 0.9 48.9 1.2 40 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,576 2.8 S S S S 47.1 1.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4,711 8.3 742 9.2 188 2.8 22.7 1.3 25.9 3 24.4 1
250 - 499 miles 15,021 26.5 4,958 61.3 3,443 51.3 14.5 1.8 44 8.6 48.2 9.5
500 - 749 miles 15,020 26.5 961 11.9 997 14.9 23.4 2.7 17.6 5.1 28.1 5.8
750 - 999 miles 9,383 16.5 226 2.8 251 3.7 36.2 2.3 20 0.7 20.4 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,949 3.4 94 1.2 138 2.1 13.8 0.7 21.3 0.9 21.7 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,683 11.8 613 7.6 1,382 20.6 25.5 1.7 18.4 1.4 18.5 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 926 1.6 85 1.1 273 4.1 17 0.3 48.2 0.8 43.9 2.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 51,552 100 998 100 812 100 19.9 - 8 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 1,408 2.7 44 4.4 2 0.3 17.1 0.9 18.4 1 29.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,550 3 35 3.5 3 0.4 48 1.8 20.7 0.5 21.8 0.1
100 - 249 miles 4,496 8.7 117 11.7 28 3.4 24.4 1.5 18.6 1.7 19.2 0.8
250 - 499 miles 12,400 24.1 247 24.7 123 15.1 17.4 1.3 8.9 1.4 8.7 1.2
500 - 749 miles 14,287 27.7 252 25.2 189 23.3 24 2.8 6.2 2 6.9 2.3
750 - 999 miles 9,245 17.9 146 14.6 152 18.8 36.8 2.4 19 1.9 19.3 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,855 3.6 46 4.6 63 7.8 14 0.9 22.8 0.9 21.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,533 10.7 94 9.4 193 23.8 33.1 2.1 22 1.4 21.7 3
More than 2,000 miles 778 1.5 18 1.8 58 7.1 23 0.3 14.3 0.4 23.8 2.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,284 100 3,598 100 2,928 100 19 - 22.3 - 18.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 7 0.2 S S S S 45.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 22 0.5 S S S S 48.5 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 210 4.9 623 17.3 159 5.4 39.9 1.4 27.9 3.1 25.6 1.1
250 - 499 miles 1,861 43.4 1,406 39.1 762 26 26.9 6 32.2 5.6 29.9 3.7
500 - 749 miles 586 13.7 539 15 464 15.8 20.6 3.1 17.9 4.5 20.3 4.6
750 - 999 miles 138 3.2 80 2.2 98 3.4 47.7 1.7 36.5 1.8 33.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 94 2.2 48 1.3 75 2.6 48.1 5.6 38.2 1.5 36.1 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,137 26.5 516 14.3 1,169 39.9 22.6 4.7 22.9 1.8 22.8 5
More than 2,000 miles 129 3 S S S S 40.3 1.9 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5 1.1 S S 1 0.1 33.2 12.2 S S 19.9 16.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 101 20 S S S S 43.1 11.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 48.6 6.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S 0.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,950 100 7,015 100 854 100 27.7 - 26 - 22.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,014 33.8 3,764 53.7 100 11.7 18.2 8.6 31.6 5.9 33.8 2.3
50 - 99 miles 662 11.1 2,178 31 186 21.8 36.4 2.9 34.6 6.4 32.9 6.1
100 - 249 miles 746 12.5 389 5.5 68 7.9 44.2 2 30.3 2.1 24.3 3.6
250 - 499 miles S S 397 5.7 192 22.5 S S 36.9 3.5 39.2 5.7
500 - 749 miles 492 8.3 99 1.4 72 8.4 38.1 3.6 27 1.2 27.2 2.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 182 3.1 S S S S 49.1 2.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.