Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,166,608 100 1,338,753 100 252,819 100 553 5.3 - 4.7 - 5.1 - 9.6
Single modes 974,047 83.5 1,215,296 90.8 210,701 83.3 176 4.9 1 4.5 1.2 4.9 1.4 11.1
Truck5 692,717 59.4 765,518 57.2 110,160 43.6 157 5.9 1.3 4.7 2 3.8 2.1 11.1
For-hire truck 394,737 33.8 335,829 25.1 85,250 33.7 358 7.6 1.5 6.7 1.8 4.9 1.8 18.9
Private truck 297,980 25.5 429,689 32.1 24,910 9.9 58 6.8 1.1 8 2.2 6.6 0.9 6.2
Rail 75,871 6.5 153,046 11.4 70,343 27.8 724 12.9 0.8 19.7 1.8 12.3 2.4 7.7
Water 31,287 2.7 60,170 4.5 11,141 4.4 S 22.1 0.6 26.7 1.2 33 1.5 S
Shallow draft 24,402 2.1 49,349 3.7 1,841 0.7 S 28.7 0.6 32.9 1.3 49.4 0.3 S
Deep draft 6,886 0.6 10,821 0.8 9,300 3.7 2,237 20.5 0.1 22.8 0.2 33.4 1.3 30.7
Air (incl truck and air) 22,015 1.9 220 - 323 0.1 1,223 34.1 0.7 40.3 - 45.2 0.1 3.4
Pipeline6 152,157 13 236,342 17.7 S S S 10.2 1.3 9.7 1.8 S S S
Multiple modes 155,352 13.3 87,550 6.5 39,329 15.6 969 4.6 0.5 15.8 0.9 11.1 1.4 5.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 104,632 9 2,453 0.2 1,843 0.7 970 6.6 0.7 7.1 - 11.8 0.1 5.5
Truck and rail 14,494 1.2 17,263 1.3 13,775 5.4 558 7.3 0.1 11 0.1 9.3 0.7 30.1
Truck and water 7,466 0.6 17,923 1.3 4,259 1.7 2,342 24.7 0.1 29.7 0.4 25 0.3 22.1
Rail and water 7,448 0.6 15,217 1.1 9,546 3.8 1,655 13.5 0.1 32 0.3 33.5 1.2 28.2
Other multiple modes 21,312 1.8 34,694 2.6 9,906 3.9 397 22.7 0.4 20.8 0.5 32.4 1.2 46.3
Other and unknown modes 37,209 3.2 35,907 2.7 2,790 1.1 76 49.5 1.2 22.5 0.5 24.6 0.3 27.5

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 150 100 68 100 S S S 22.7 - 27.7 - S S S
Single modes 142 94.4 64 94.1 S S S 22.2 3.6 27.5 3.7 S S S
Truck5 142 94.4 64 94.1 S S S 22.2 3.6 27.5 3.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S 20 82 723 S S S S 11.1 12.7 24.4
Private truck S S S S S S 84 S S S S S S 39.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,354 100 42,578 100 4,679 100 91 29.2 - 30 - 45.1 - 21.6
Single modes 6,708 91.2 38,291 89.9 3,051 65.2 88 29 3.9 30.8 4.7 32.8 10.9 21.9
Truck5 3,007 40.9 19,743 46.4 1,151 24.6 82 23.5 15.7 23.3 14.5 28.5 18.3 21.1
For-hire truck 1,875 25.5 10,698 25.1 708 15.1 87 30 11.2 28.4 11.2 31.3 11.9 23.7
Private truck 1,132 15.4 9,045 21.2 443 9.5 74 27.5 12.9 38.7 12.7 33.5 13.5 27.4
Rail S S S S 1,840 39.3 629 S S S S 22.9 11.8 24
Water S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 12.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 12.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,057 S S S S S S 46.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 358 S S S S S S -
Other multiple modes 425 5.8 1,579 3.7 660 14.1 426 38.6 16.7 30.2 15.7 35.3 13.4 6.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,945 100 6,328 100 2,276 100 S 12.9 - 16.6 - 30.1 - S
Single modes 5,734 96.5 6,123 96.8 2,177 95.6 S 13.4 2 17.2 1.9 30.9 2.6 S
Truck5 5,649 95 6,022 95.2 2,103 92.4 S 14.1 2.6 17.5 2.2 32.7 6.1 S
For-hire truck 2,251 37.9 2,559 40.4 1,897 83.3 916 28.1 7.3 33 9 36.7 8.4 13
Private truck 3,398 57.2 3,463 54.7 205 9 29 16.4 7.9 24.5 8.8 21.6 7.2 23.2
Rail 85 1.4 S S S S 506 49.4 2.8 S S S S 22.7
Multiple modes 70 1.2 S S S S S 47.8 1.4 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 63 1.1 57 0.9 S S 852 45.5 2.7 46 1.2 S S 27.3
Other and unknown modes 140 2.4 S S S S S 44.8 2.7 S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,648 100 11,111 100 1,908 100 131 13.7 - 18 - 13.2 - 12.4
Single modes 3,456 94.7 10,880 97.9 1,744 91.4 123 14.9 3.3 18.2 0.9 13.9 3 13.2
Truck5 3,298 90.4 10,647 95.8 1,549 81.2 121 14.7 3.5 18.3 1.7 12.9 4.3 13.5
For-hire truck 1,348 36.9 3,978 35.8 927 48.6 188 17 5.8 25.5 9.3 12.3 7.5 38.3
Private truck 1,950 53.5 6,669 60 622 32.6 98 18.4 5.6 28.1 8.8 24.1 6.1 15.5
Rail 158 4.3 233 2.1 195 10.2 884 30.8 1.8 48.1 1.2 33.1 3.7 29.4
Multiple modes 106 2.9 S S 117 6.1 S 36.7 1.1 S S 47.1 3 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4 0.1 2 - - - S 30.8 0.1 19.9 - 33.4 - S
Truck and rail 88 2.4 S S 114 6 S 35.7 1.8 S S 39 5 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 58 0.5 S S 1,012 S S 47.5 0.4 S S 33.9

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 23,495 100 8,057 100 3,411 100 125 9.8 - 9.8 - 12 - 13.4
Single modes 23,279 99.1 7,977 99 3,382 99.1 120 9.7 0.4 9.8 0.4 12 0.3 13.9
Truck5 23,179 98.7 7,958 98.8 3,379 99.1 120 9.8 0.5 9.8 0.4 12 0.3 14
For-hire truck 13,518 57.5 4,140 51.4 2,850 83.5 647 13.6 4 12.6 4.4 13.6 3 7.3
Private truck 9,660 41.1 3,818 47.4 530 15.5 76 11.8 4.1 15.6 4.6 20.6 3.1 14.7
Rail 100 0.4 S S S S S 17.7 2.3 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 309 S S S S S S 42.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - S S S S 450 49.5 - S S S S 30.8
Truck and rail S S S S 15 0.4 S S S S S 48.9 0.9 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,924 100 6,147 100 2,026 100 166 7.4 - 12.8 - 24.4 - 22.1
Single modes 5,631 95.1 5,723 93.1 1,804 89.1 75 9 3.4 13.6 2.8 27.1 5.3 43.9
Truck5 5,520 93.2 5,475 89.1 1,487 73.4 74 8.8 3.3 13.3 2.8 19.2 6.1 42.3
For-hire truck 1,981 33.4 2,683 43.6 1,210 59.7 295 15.3 4.2 24.3 5.8 24.3 5 42.4
Private truck 3,539 59.7 2,792 45.4 277 13.7 45 9.8 4.3 10.6 6.7 13.1 4.6 21.3
Rail 105 1.8 240 3.9 S S 947 43.2 1.2 48.2 2.3 S S 26.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 163 2.7 179 8.8 1,128 S S 41.9 2.1 39.4 4.6 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 0.1 S S 1,127 S S 45.7 0.1 S S 11.9
Truck and rail 60 1 127 2.1 172 8.5 1,728 29.8 0.8 42.5 3.5 30.7 7.2 10.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 82 1.4 S S 42 2.1 S 37 0.4 S S 41.9 0.9 S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,241 100 29,303 100 8,092 100 146 10 - 9.2 - 8.7 - 13.4
Single modes 28,425 97.2 28,599 97.6 7,495 92.6 83 10.4 0.7 9.5 0.8 8.5 1.6 14
Truck5 28,250 96.6 28,311 96.6 7,221 89.2 83 10.4 0.7 9.4 0.8 9.7 2.7 13.9
For-hire truck 12,318 42.1 11,437 39 5,737 70.9 553 18.9 4 13.1 3.8 11.4 3.9 13.5
Private truck 15,932 54.5 16,874 57.6 1,484 18.3 53 7.9 3.8 13.3 3.9 13 2.1 12.2
Rail 174 0.6 288 1 S S 844 36.1 0.4 46.7 0.5 S S 26.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 748 2.6 604 2.1 560 6.9 614 24.8 0.7 36.6 0.8 30.8 1.6 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 255 0.9 36 0.1 S S 610 33.1 0.4 46.4 0.1 S S 16
Truck and rail 376 1.3 360 1.2 390 4.8 1,307 20.2 0.3 27.2 0.3 17.2 0.9 8.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,382 100 8,857 100 1,871 100 49 16.5 - 20.6 - 32.5 - 12.1
Single modes 11,287 99.2 8,812 99.5 1,831 97.9 48 16.6 0.5 20.7 0.3 33 1.5 11.9
Truck5 11,287 99.2 8,812 99.5 1,831 97.9 48 16.6 0.5 20.7 0.3 33 1.5 11.9
For-hire truck 2,799 24.6 3,554 40.1 1,438 76.8 431 28.9 7.9 29.2 12.5 25.7 15.4 10.9
Private truck 8,487 74.6 5,258 59.4 393 21 39 14.4 6.8 20.7 11.1 34.4 18.8 11.3
Multiple modes 51 0.4 S S S S S 42.4 0.9 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 47.2 0.1 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 75 100 14 100 215 S S 38.9 - 49.1 - 14.7
Single modes S S 68 90.4 12 85.7 151 S S 38.3 5.3 49.9 8 16.4
Truck5 S S 68 90.3 12 85.6 150 S S 38.3 5.3 49.9 8 16.4
For-hire truck S S 8 10.2 S S 1,023 S S 47 3.1 S S 14.3
Private truck 1,870 72.6 60 80.1 S S 118 48.9 9.1 35.9 7.2 S S 24.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 672 100 1,263 100 S S 219 43.6 - 26.4 - S S 33.6
Single modes 669 99.6 1,252 99.1 S S 185 43.7 0.4 26.5 0.5 S S 35.9
Truck5 669 99.6 1,252 99.1 S S 185 43.7 0.4 26.5 0.5 S S 35.9
For-hire truck S S 496 39.3 S S 527 S S 29.4 17.8 S S 26.5
Private truck S S 756 59.8 73 26.8 98 S S 40.6 13.2 32.9 19.4 26.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 946 S S S S S S 0.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 946 S S S S S S 0.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 614 100 59,104 100 3,875 100 42 24.1 - 26 - 25.9 - 24.3
Single modes 573 93.3 53,645 90.8 2,935 75.7 42 25.6 2.9 27.3 3.7 28.8 6.9 21.5
Truck5 520 84.7 50,162 84.9 2,242 57.9 40 25.3 3.1 26.2 3.7 23.3 6.9 22
For-hire truck 300 48.8 22,600 38.2 1,313 33.9 S 36.9 8 43.1 8 29.3 8 S
Private truck 220 35.9 27,562 46.6 929 24 28 36.4 7 37.2 7.9 40.3 4.3 16
Rail 53 8.6 S S 693 17.9 S 26.5 5.4 S S 35 8.7 S
Multiple modes 26 4.2 3,498 5.9 892 23 253 23.6 2 47.1 2.1 42.4 7.7 49.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 12 1.9 255 0.4 119 3.1 S 29.2 2.5 38.2 1.8 25.7 9.1 S
Truck and water 14 2.3 3,243 5.5 S S 238 18.5 7 17.5 6 S S 0.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 16.4

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,319 100 166,335 100 12,677 100 41 24.6 - 16.9 - 28 - 16.6
Single modes 1,257 95.3 155,708 93.6 11,982 94.5 41 25.8 2.4 18.4 3.1 30.2 3.3 16.2
Truck5 1,147 86.9 126,679 76.2 5,153 40.6 37 28.1 2.8 17.1 4.1 15.4 10.5 17.3
For-hire truck 769 58.3 74,921 45 3,154 24.9 39 43.1 9.1 30.6 7.6 29 5.6 30.8
Private truck 378 28.7 51,758 31.1 1,999 15.8 34 22.9 8.6 29.3 7.8 26.9 9.3 28.2
Rail 110 8.4 29,029 17.5 6,830 53.9 206 30.9 4.3 35.5 5.8 38.3 8.8 18.4
Multiple modes 32 2.5 3,184 1.9 556 4.4 S 34.3 1.6 34.2 1 34.8 4.4 S
Truck and rail 12 0.9 1,363 0.8 S S S 32.9 0.9 36 1 S S S
Truck and water 20 1.5 1,820 1.1 431 3.4 237 16.7 2.1 16 1.2 18.3 9.6 3.5
Other and unknown modes 30 2.3 7,443 4.5 139 1.1 18 29.7 3 28.7 4.3 49 3.3 12.7

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 890 100 13,208 100 1,966 100 228 24.6 - 38 - 46.2 - 18.2
Single modes 763 85.7 13,094 99.1 1,862 94.7 196 29.3 7.3 38.2 0.6 45.1 1.8 21.3
Truck5 715 80.3 7,980 60.4 S S 185 30.2 7.3 33.4 10.5 S S 23
For-hire truck 530 59.5 4,984 37.7 S S 274 35.5 10.4 50 12.6 S S 39.2
Private truck 185 20.8 2,996 22.7 288 14.6 66 32.2 7.9 31.5 10.9 46.4 5 25
Rail 44 4.9 796 6 559 28.4 721 31 3 19.9 5.6 31.8 9.1 20
Air (incl truck and air) - - - - S S S 17.3 0.1 46.2 - S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 555 S S S S S S 30.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 539 S S S S S S 44.4
Truck and rail 10 1.1 S S S S 823 36.2 1.7 S S S S 24.7
Truck and water 25 2.9 13 0.1 S S 570 23 9.5 18.9 1.3 S S 45.3
Other multiple modes 5 0.6 2 - S S S 8.2 3.1 4.9 0.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 646 100 502 100 242 100 526 36.6 - 30.4 - 29.3 - 23
Single modes 618 95.6 486 96.8 232 95.8 S 36.5 5.4 28.3 2.7 27.1 3.6 S
Truck5 460 71.1 244 48.7 80 32.9 S 29.4 9.2 26.1 9.8 32.6 13.8 S
For-hire truck 376 58.2 75 14.9 53 21.7 692 34.9 10.3 33 13 41.8 14.9 26.7
Private truck 84 13 170 33.8 27 11.2 S 38.4 7.1 26.3 2.4 28.8 1.9 S
Rail S S 241 48.1 153 62.9 627 S S 25 6.4 23.7 10.8 29.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,030 S S S S S S 26.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,033 S S S S S S 42.8
Truck and rail - - 16 3.1 10 4.1 628 7.5 0.6 6.7 4.7 3.6 6.9 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 552 S S S S S S 48.3

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,108 100 61,709 100 720 100 41 36.3 - 44.4 - 45 - 39.2
Single modes 906 81.8 S S S S 41 47 14.1 S S S S 50
Truck5 467 42.2 S S S S 43 35 18.5 S S S S 49.5
Private truck 467 42.2 S S S S 43 35 18.5 S S S S 49.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S -

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 133,686 100 193,568 100 20,126 100 43 6.2 - 6.3 - 13.4 - 12.2
Single modes 131,719 98.5 190,657 98.5 19,466 96.7 44 5.9 0.5 6 0.6 13.4 1.3 12.1
Truck5 55,203 41.3 76,930 39.7 3,640 18.1 43 12.4 3.9 13.5 4.1 25.4 4.9 12.5
For-hire truck 24,519 18.3 33,791 17.5 1,314 6.5 41 22.2 4.1 22.6 4 28.6 2.8 16.2
Private truck 30,685 23 43,139 22.3 2,326 11.6 44 11.6 2.2 12.2 2.1 28.3 3.3 15.8
Rail S S S S S S 229 S S S S S S 3.7
Water 6,404 4.8 9,448 4.9 3,698 18.4 556 35.9 3.8 30.8 3.8 42.5 13.6 31.4
Shallow draft S S 5,817 3 S S S S S 46.9 5.9 S S S
Deep draft 2,299 1.7 3,631 1.9 3,216 16 884 23 1.8 25 2.1 26.6 19 5.1
Pipeline6 69,702 52.1 103,829 53.6 S S S 10.3 5.1 10.1 5.2 S S S
Multiple modes 1,938 1.4 2,892 1.5 659 3.3 310 31.8 0.6 42.6 0.8 45.6 1.9 17
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 1,594 1.2 S S S S 234 36.5 1 S S S S 21.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 38.8

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 88,097 100 158,407 100 12,374 100 54 7.9 - 8.9 - 19.6 - 21.5
Single modes 79,806 90.6 139,876 88.3 9,776 79 54 8.9 2.7 9.6 3 26.5 8.1 23.1
Truck5 32,767 37.2 50,787 32.1 4,069 32.9 56 13.9 5 16 4.6 26.9 6.2 23.4
For-hire truck 10,477 11.9 15,350 9.7 2,423 19.6 166 28.9 3.7 30.4 3.2 42.7 5.3 30.9
Private truck 22,290 25.3 35,437 22.4 1,646 13.3 37 21.9 4.7 23.6 4.4 22.6 5.5 31.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 12,790 14.5 25,114 15.9 S S S 41.7 5.3 42.1 5.8 S S S
Shallow draft 12,043 13.7 23,911 15.1 237 1.9 S 42.8 5.7 42.8 6.2 37.4 0.9 S
Deep draft 747 0.8 1,203 0.8 S S 676 35.9 1.5 38 1.2 S S 32.9
Pipeline6 34,136 38.7 63,651 40.2 S S S 16.3 4.9 16.9 5.2 S S S
Multiple modes 8,217 9.3 18,389 11.6 2,597 21 213 28.4 2.7 28.2 3 23.8 8.8 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 3,359 3.8 7,726 4.9 982 7.9 86 39.9 2.1 35.7 2.4 44.6 4.7 31.5
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 4,841 5.5 10,627 6.7 1,608 13 S 39.6 2.8 39.2 3 34.7 9.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 21.6

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 79,522 100 114,988 100 33,012 100 98 8.9 - 10.1 - 18 - 18.7
Single modes 69,884 87.9 95,210 82.8 25,128 76.1 90 9.9 2.4 10.7 2.2 12.9 5.5 20
Truck5 27,717 34.9 28,438 24.7 5,785 17.5 79 13.1 4.3 9.1 2.8 15.9 3.7 21.4
For-hire truck 13,511 17 13,146 11.4 4,581 13.9 194 22.8 3.8 11.5 1.5 20.7 3.1 33.7
Private truck 14,206 17.9 15,292 13.3 1,204 3.6 56 14 2.3 16.3 2.6 27.8 2.3 25.3
Rail 11,024 13.9 16,433 14.3 12,127 36.7 1,001 10.6 2.1 13.6 1.8 10 6.8 9.6
Water 3,608 4.5 8,476 7.4 S S 698 37.5 2.3 46.5 4.1 S S 41.6
Shallow draft 1,687 2.1 S S S S S 34.6 2.6 S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,006 S S S S S S 27.6
Pipeline6 27,534 34.6 41,863 36.4 S S S 19.2 4.9 20.1 4.7 S S S
Multiple modes 9,295 11.7 16,645 14.5 7,664 23.2 697 16.4 2.5 23.6 2.6 43.3 5.4 17.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 35 - 3 - 2 - 752 41.6 - 45.4 - 45.6 - 15.9
Truck and rail S S S S 201 0.6 S S S S S 43.7 0.7 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water 3,192 4 7,753 6.7 S S 1,206 28.1 1 40.8 2 S S 23.9
Other multiple modes 4,458 5.6 6,489 5.6 1,649 5 189 24.1 2.1 20.1 1.8 37.8 1.6 25.2
Other and unknown modes 343 0.4 S S S S S 34.5 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 102,353 100 114,080 100 48,421 100 254 16.2 - 20.8 - 16.3 - 23
Single modes 85,035 83.1 91,656 80.3 38,483 79.5 183 14.7 2.7 20.9 3.3 16.5 4.1 33.4
Truck5 29,185 28.5 30,302 26.6 11,270 23.3 147 12.8 2.5 21.2 2.7 29.5 3.6 36
For-hire truck 18,617 18.2 19,783 17.3 10,431 21.5 414 15.5 2.5 24.1 2.4 30.7 3.4 14
Private truck 10,569 10.3 10,519 9.2 839 1.7 49 28 2 25.8 1.3 22.7 0.5 21.8
Rail 27,866 27.2 25,082 22 26,362 54.4 1,054 18 3.1 16.9 3.3 16.2 4.4 4.2
Water 7,182 7 13,635 12 496 1 S 27.2 1.6 32.6 3.6 32 0.7 S
Shallow draft 5,448 5.3 10,365 9.1 304 0.6 S 33.6 1.8 43.9 4.3 39.8 0.5 S
Deep draft 1,733 1.7 3,270 2.9 S S 2,097 27.6 0.6 49.1 1.1 S S 30
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,027 S S S S S S 14.5
Pipeline6 20,767 20.3 22,638 19.8 S S S 31.2 4.9 37.2 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes 16,352 16 21,825 19.1 9,811 20.3 920 30 2.7 30.1 3.3 26.9 4.1 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 152 0.1 S S 4 - 915 44.3 0.1 S S 35.6 - 16
Truck and rail 812 0.8 1,201 1.1 1,294 2.7 1,030 18 0.3 48.7 1.3 47.2 2.3 14.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,167 S S S S S S 39
Rail and water 4,029 3.9 4,726 4.1 2,869 5.9 1,990 14.8 2 18.6 1.6 30.5 1.4 33.2
Other multiple modes 10,470 10.2 14,635 12.8 5,494 11.3 S 45.1 2.9 38.4 3.1 42.4 3.6 S
Other and unknown modes 966 0.9 S S S S 129 49.8 0.4 S S S S 43.5

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 34,580 100 1,618 100 721 100 824 31 - 28.3 - 26.4 - 11.1
Single modes 18,821 54.4 1,419 87.7 601 83.4 172 42.7 6.3 28.6 2.4 29.7 6.5 29.7
Truck5 18,496 53.5 1,418 87.7 600 83.2 162 43.7 6.3 28.6 2.5 29.8 6.6 32.6
For-hire truck 6,626 19.2 739 45.7 539 74.7 481 29.6 6.6 26.7 6.6 32.6 10.6 20.6
Private truck S S 679 42 61 8.5 123 S S 40.2 6.8 30.8 4.6 24.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 919 S S S S S S 14.8
Multiple modes 15,589 45.1 175 10.8 98 13.6 947 40.1 6.1 27.7 2.5 32.6 6.5 7.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,570 45 173 10.7 96 13.3 947 40.1 6.1 27.7 2.5 32 6.4 7.2
Truck and rail 19 0.1 S S S S S 47.7 0.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,923 100 6,291 100 2,121 100 279 24.2 - 32.3 - 21.3 - 30.1
Single modes 1,814 94.3 5,791 92 1,901 89.6 170 23.8 1.4 31.4 1.8 20.7 2 47.8
Truck5 1,547 80.5 4,597 73.1 976 46 S 29.3 9.8 35.5 9.8 31 11 S
For-hire truck 577 30 1,765 28.1 761 35.9 504 30.9 9 34.3 9.7 34.6 11 16.5
Private truck 970 50.5 2,832 45 216 10.2 56 33.5 9.5 39.8 9.5 44.4 7.6 49.1
Rail 238 12.4 1,104 17.5 822 38.8 739 32.6 9.8 25.4 10 25.5 9.5 21.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 79 4.1 413 6.6 218 10.3 1,518 27.5 1.2 47.8 1.4 36.6 1.9 15.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 1,609 S S 47.6 - 49.3 - 4.2
Truck and rail 72 3.7 406 6.5 214 10.1 565 30.4 1.3 49 1.4 37.5 1.9 33.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 32,323 100 10,187 100 5,248 100 312 14.4 - 13.2 - 10.9 - 19.7
Single modes 24,328 75.3 8,406 82.5 4,099 78.1 196 14.7 4 11.9 3.7 12.9 3.7 38.5
Truck5 22,763 70.4 7,463 73.3 3,048 58.1 182 14.3 4 11 4.5 11.4 4.8 40.5
For-hire truck 15,997 49.5 4,602 45.2 2,764 52.7 567 15.3 3.7 12.1 5.4 11.3 4.8 14.2
Private truck 6,766 20.9 2,861 28.1 284 5.4 59 16.6 2.1 18.2 2.4 27 1 14.1
Rail 1,317 4.1 805 7.9 922 17.6 1,244 36.8 1.4 35.2 2.3 33.3 4.2 10.7
Water 6 - 5 0.1 - - 10 43 0.1 42.3 0.2 0.6 - 46.9
Shallow draft 6 - 5 0.1 - - 10 43 0.1 42.3 0.2 0.6 - 46.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,071 S S S S S S 21.4
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,758 20.9 1,517 14.9 932 17.8 490 24.1 3.9 41.7 4 26 4 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,336 16.5 210 2.1 97 1.8 488 24.9 3.5 32.3 0.4 44 0.6 15.4
Truck and rail 649 2 475 4.7 509 9.7 1,084 27 0.7 32.2 1.7 25.7 2.4 14.9
Truck and water S S 9 0.1 S S 6,700 S S 46.5 0.1 S S 41.2
Other multiple modes 734 2.3 S S S S S 44.2 7.9 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,237 3.8 264 2.6 217 4.1 S 21.8 1.3 27.1 1.1 29.6 1.7 S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 70,224 100 45,236 100 29,517 100 299 11.9 - 14.5 - 15.8 - 17.7
Single modes 60,626 86.3 38,879 85.9 22,600 76.6 220 13.5 2.6 16.7 3.3 19.3 4.4 23
Truck5 32,924 46.9 14,690 32.5 7,344 24.9 207 7.6 2.2 6.7 2.8 7 2.8 24.8
For-hire truck 22,811 32.5 11,127 24.6 7,027 23.8 696 4.4 2.6 5.6 2.3 7 2.8 9.2
Private truck 10,114 14.4 3,563 7.9 317 1.1 61 20.5 1.9 18.5 1.4 20.9 0.2 8.1
Rail 27,506 39.2 24,127 53.3 15,215 51.5 636 21.8 4.4 23.6 5.1 27.3 5.6 12.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,303 S S S S S S 11.5
Multiple modes 8,710 12.4 5,895 13 6,844 23.2 576 14.9 2.8 17 3.5 17.2 4.3 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,318 3.3 106 0.2 49 0.2 565 24.8 1 29.3 0.1 26.9 - 11.3
Truck and rail 5,990 8.5 5,497 12.2 6,360 21.5 1,286 17.3 2.4 18.6 3.5 18.9 4.4 7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 86 S S S S S S 26.2
Other and unknown modes 888 1.3 462 1 73 0.2 S 28.5 0.4 47.4 0.5 37 0.1 S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 191 S S S S S S 33.9

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 9,852 100 18,711 100 3,941 100 238 10.1 - 16.4 - 22.5 - 14.6
Single modes 9,277 94.2 17,575 93.9 3,398 86.2 128 9.6 0.8 15.9 1.1 21.1 2 14.5
Truck5 9,151 92.9 17,223 92 2,976 75.5 125 9.6 1 15.9 1.2 21.7 2.6 15.2
For-hire truck 3,742 38 7,020 37.5 2,035 51.6 421 14.2 4.4 14.5 4.5 26.5 2.6 13
Private truck 5,409 54.9 10,203 54.5 941 23.9 60 14.2 4.3 21.5 4.3 17.6 3.9 17.3
Rail 125 1.3 352 1.9 422 10.7 1,201 23.7 0.3 26.7 0.4 18.5 1.2 14.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,171 S S S S S S 27.1
Multiple modes 248 2.5 336 1.8 312 7.9 854 29 0.6 40.2 0.5 23.8 1.5 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 154 1.6 10 0.1 8 0.2 854 36 0.5 41.9 - 34 0.1 11.3
Truck and rail 91 0.9 324 1.7 287 7.3 751 45.7 0.4 40.7 0.5 25.3 1.6 45.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 327 3.3 801 4.3 S S 101 23 0.5 27.5 0.8 S S 21.5

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,084 100 4,296 100 2,686 100 204 13.5 - 15.6 - 24.3 - 23.3
Single modes 3,874 94.9 4,029 93.8 2,404 89.5 122 14.1 1.8 15.8 2.4 22.9 3.5 40.3
Truck5 3,079 75.4 2,863 66.7 1,331 49.6 111 13.9 6.1 14.4 7.7 18.9 10.9 38.4
For-hire truck 1,978 48.4 1,916 44.6 1,229 45.8 282 14.3 4.3 15.1 4.4 19.2 9.7 43.5
Private truck 1,101 27 947 22 102 3.8 38 18 4.9 19.1 6.2 33.1 1.9 17.5
Rail 795 19.5 1,166 27.2 1,073 39.9 973 19.3 6.1 17.1 5.7 18.2 5.2 17.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 167 4.1 S S S S 560 35.1 1.4 S S S S 23.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 72 1.8 12 0.3 3 0.1 548 41.9 0.5 48.4 0.1 37.6 0.1 25
Truck and rail 94 2.3 190 4.4 263 9.8 1,329 30.2 4.8 28.1 5.9 40.9 8 13.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 43 1.1 63 1.5 S S 169 33.2 0.6 34.4 0.8 S S 33.3

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,867 100 4,342 100 1,083 100 272 14.6 - 18.8 - 24.6 - 18.9
Single modes 5,419 92.4 4,227 97.4 1,004 92.6 130 15.2 1.9 19.1 1 23.3 1.9 8.6
Truck5 5,418 92.4 4,226 97.3 1,004 92.6 129 15.2 1.9 19.1 1 23.3 1.9 8.7
For-hire truck 3,016 51.4 2,173 50 796 73.5 246 17.7 6.4 20 7.3 27.6 7.9 17.3
Private truck 2,402 40.9 2,053 47.3 208 19.2 74 20.1 6 26.9 7.4 29.3 7.6 17
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 872 S S S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes 390 6.7 80 1.8 S S 584 19.7 1.7 28.9 0.8 S S 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 319 5.4 47 1.1 18 1.7 582 22.1 1.8 32.9 0.9 28.1 1.5 15.7
Truck and rail S S 33 0.7 S S 1,633 S S 46.4 1 S S 27.2
Other and unknown modes 58 1 35 0.8 S S 159 44.9 0.5 49.2 0.5 S S 45.1

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 9,773 100 1,541 100 802 100 686 10.2 - 14.3 - 21.8 - 22.4
Single modes 5,738 58.7 1,252 81.3 592 73.8 S 11 5.6 16.2 5.3 24.8 5.8 S
Truck5 5,530 56.6 1,246 80.9 584 72.9 S 11.6 6 16.2 5.4 24.7 5.9 S
For-hire truck 3,254 33.3 745 48.4 542 67.5 S 12.4 5.3 15.2 7.2 24.2 5.9 S
Private truck 2,276 23.3 501 32.5 43 5.3 59 24 3.7 39.5 6.1 46.7 2.4 15.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S 6 0.4 S S 1,211 S S 45.9 0.2 S S 7
Multiple modes 3,768 38.6 214 13.9 188 23.4 1,155 20.3 5.4 22.8 3.7 24.4 3.7 11.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,736 38.2 210 13.6 186 23.2 1,155 20.7 5.5 23.4 3.7 24.7 3.8 11.4
Truck and rail 12 0.1 S S S S 1,366 36.9 0.3 S S S S 37.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 267 2.7 75 4.9 S S 329 36.4 0.9 42.5 2.2 S S 26.5

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 13,292 100 2,029 100 750 100 934 7.6 - 17.5 - 15.1 - 3.1
Single modes 8,694 65.4 1,485 73.2 473 63.1 618 11.8 5.4 16.3 6.8 14.3 6 9.6
Truck5 7,629 57.4 1,445 71.3 419 55.8 551 13.5 6.2 17 6.7 12.7 5.4 13.8
For-hire truck 5,199 39.1 812 40 380 50.7 930 15.9 4.8 26.8 6.8 14 4.9 9.7
Private truck 2,430 18.3 633 31.2 39 5.1 62 18.1 3 22.1 5.7 23.7 1.7 41
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174 S S S S S S 39.2
Multiple modes 4,280 32.2 221 10.9 272 36.3 1,012 18.6 5.1 21.5 3.7 30.6 6 2.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,239 31.9 183 9 170 22.6 1,011 18.4 5 20.1 3.6 20.1 5.1 2.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,229 S S S S S S 24.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 5 0.7 52 S S S S 37.6 0.3 44.7

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 17,280 100 131,139 100 10,764 100 176 8.6 - 16 - 12.9 - 26.1
Single modes 16,160 93.5 127,997 97.6 9,724 90.3 93 8.5 0.6 16 0.6 12.7 2.3 19.8
Truck5 15,657 90.6 126,564 96.5 9,082 84.4 92 9.3 2.1 15.9 0.7 11.8 2.8 20.2
For-hire truck 6,258 36.2 24,349 18.6 5,356 49.8 320 9.1 3.8 17.2 3.8 13.8 4.7 15.9
Private truck 9,398 54.4 102,215 77.9 3,726 34.6 40 14.3 3.9 18.3 4.2 16.2 3.4 3.8
Rail 157 0.9 1,429 1.1 S S 625 31.6 0.5 41.6 0.7 S S 33.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,225 S S S S S S 16.4
Multiple modes 676 3.9 2,098 1.6 1,008 9.4 851 9.6 0.5 28.8 0.3 38.2 2.3 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 355 2.1 19 - 14 0.1 851 15.3 0.5 33.9 - 36.6 0.1 11
Truck and rail 278 1.6 2,068 1.6 954 8.9 670 22.7 0.3 29.4 0.3 41 2.4 25.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 39 0.2 6 - 34 0.3 5,550 30.9 0.1 32.2 - 32.7 0.2 -
Other and unknown modes 444 2.6 1,044 0.8 32 0.3 S 38 0.7 39.9 0.5 33.4 0.1 S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 36,381 100 24,518 100 7,015 100 312 12.1 - 13.8 - 15.4 - 18.5
Single modes 32,673 89.8 23,100 94.2 6,032 86 182 10.9 2.1 13.5 1.6 15.3 3.9 11.8
Truck5 31,426 86.4 22,279 90.9 5,600 79.8 180 10.7 2.5 13.6 1.7 14.5 3.8 11.9
For-hire truck 21,000 57.7 12,038 49.1 4,789 68.3 406 11.9 4.1 12.8 5.2 16.1 4.6 7.8
Private truck 10,426 28.7 10,241 41.8 812 11.6 58 15.2 3.3 21.3 4.6 15.1 1.8 15.2
Rail 1,195 3.3 820 3.3 430 6.1 477 39.9 1 27 1.3 34.3 1.7 45.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 1 - 1,025 S S 36.1 - 35.7 - 23.8
Multiple modes 2,985 8.2 844 3.4 889 12.7 894 33.6 1.9 49.7 1.3 40.5 3.5 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 519 1.4 29 0.1 20 0.3 890 31.5 0.6 35.2 0.1 38.4 0.1 10.6
Truck and rail 2,445 6.7 794 3.2 853 12.2 1,255 37.8 2.3 49.9 1.5 37.7 3.7 15.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 724 2 574 2.3 S S 128 27.1 0.4 32.1 0.9 S S 26.5

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 45,802 100 17,953 100 5,666 100 436 7 - 15.6 - 8.6 - 7.7
Single modes 39,316 85.8 16,792 93.5 5,025 88.7 256 7.7 2.3 17.2 2.9 8.3 3.1 7.8
Truck5 39,119 85.4 16,632 92.6 4,960 87.5 250 7.8 2.3 17.1 2.8 8.6 3.3 7.6
For-hire truck 27,268 59.5 9,023 50.3 4,092 72.2 605 12.3 4.5 12.5 8.6 10.4 6.3 9.1
Private truck 11,850 25.9 7,609 42.4 868 15.3 47 18.6 4.8 42.9 9 46 5.7 8.1
Rail 142 0.3 S S S S 1,338 42 0.4 S S S S 33.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224 S S S S S S 12.1
Multiple modes 4,590 10 S S 470 8.3 757 19.1 1.6 S S 45.8 3.2 6.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,981 8.7 120 0.7 79 1.4 755 19.2 1.3 22.2 0.2 21.1 0.3 6.3
Truck and rail 172 0.4 103 0.6 S S 1,835 46.5 0.2 49.6 0.2 S S 15.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,896 4.1 464 2.6 170 3 210 39.5 1.7 46.2 1.8 44.1 1.1 27.8

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 57,434 100 6,546 100 3,347 100 370 8.6 - 17.5 - 15.5 - 11.7
Single modes 43,295 75.4 6,128 93.6 3,204 95.7 187 8.8 4.1 17.6 1.3 15.8 0.7 18.9
Truck5 42,061 73.2 6,103 93.2 3,182 95.1 174 8.5 4.2 17.7 1.4 16 1 18.9
For-hire truck 29,337 51.1 3,711 56.7 2,863 85.5 652 11 4.1 12.8 5.5 16.4 3.6 6.4
Private truck 12,724 22.2 2,392 36.5 S S 43 11.9 3 35.3 5.4 S S 11.8
Rail S S - - - - 30 S S 18.4 - 20.2 - 2.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,015 1.8 14 0.2 22 0.7 1,068 38.9 0.5 26.8 0.1 44.4 0.5 7.3
Multiple modes 10,813 18.8 152 2.3 120 3.6 689 26.3 4.3 10.4 0.7 15.1 0.5 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,595 18.4 132 2 73 2.2 687 27.4 4.4 12.7 0.7 13 0.6 8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,709 S S S S S S 3.4
Truck and water 48 0.1 5 0.1 21 0.6 S 41.7 0.1 34.5 0.1 44.8 0.5 S
Other and unknown modes 3,325 5.8 265 4.1 23 0.7 60 24.6 1.2 35.5 1 28.9 0.3 19.1

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 108,929 100 4,038 100 2,851 100 845 20 - 10.6 - 12.3 - 8.7
Single modes 81,847 75.1 3,560 88.2 2,574 90.3 420 28.4 5.7 12.1 2.4 14.4 3 16.8
Truck5 66,082 60.7 3,528 87.4 2,544 89.2 363 31.4 5.4 12.1 2.4 14.5 3 18.7
For-hire truck 56,071 51.5 2,849 70.5 2,474 86.8 746 32.3 5.4 11.7 2.5 14.8 3.8 8.3
Private truck 10,011 9.2 680 16.8 70 2.4 32 29.4 1 23.2 2.9 28.2 1.4 19
Rail 39 - 1 - 1 - 659 48.3 0.2 6 0.2 10.9 0.2 5.4
Air (incl truck and air) 15,726 14.4 S S 29 1 1,254 44.5 4.5 S S 30.5 0.3 5.2
Multiple modes 24,561 22.5 278 6.9 247 8.7 1,078 15.3 5.2 12 1.7 12.2 2.5 6.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24,508 22.5 271 6.7 229 8 1,078 15.3 5.2 11.9 1.5 11 1.9 6.5
Truck and rail 47 - S S S S 1,962 38.1 0.1 S S S S 4.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,521 2.3 200 5 30 1 S 26.6 0.8 36.1 1.4 26.4 0.6 S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 74,740 100 10,073 100 2,381 100 283 47.1 - 33.2 - 18.3 - 15.8
Single modes 52,579 70.3 7,748 76.9 2,281 95.8 160 37 6.8 25.1 7 18.2 1.4 9.5
Truck5 52,302 70 7,732 76.8 2,258 94.8 120 37.1 6.6 25 6.9 18 1.5 15.8
For-hire truck 32,995 44.1 3,297 32.7 1,822 76.5 574 40.7 7.8 29.3 10.2 15 4.4 16.2
Private truck S S 4,436 44 S S 50 S S 37.3 8.2 S S 22.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 256 0.3 6 0.1 10 0.4 1,221 24.9 0.2 28.3 - 44.5 0.1 16.4
Multiple modes 1,835 2.5 90 0.9 78 3.3 707 18.1 1.9 24.4 0.5 29.5 1.3 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,741 2.3 75 0.7 52 2.2 706 18.4 1.8 25.4 0.5 26.7 1.1 9.2
Truck and rail 94 0.1 14 0.1 26 1.1 1,757 26.8 0.4 49.3 0.2 48.1 0.8 1.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,332 100 745 100 333 100 974 16.8 - 34.4 - 35.7 - 7.1
Single modes 4,604 55.3 579 77.7 175 52.5 707 22.2 5.6 39.6 9.7 40.7 9.2 14.8
Truck5 3,385 40.6 563 75.6 156 46.8 501 22.8 5.5 39.3 6.6 43.3 7.4 19.4
For-hire truck 1,822 21.9 169 22.6 122 36.7 1,110 19.7 4.5 48.9 9.8 46.5 6.1 12.7
Private truck 1,563 18.8 S S 34 10.1 55 30.8 3.6 S S 41.6 3.3 30
Rail S S 13 1.8 15 4.5 1,077 S S 29.4 3.1 43.3 7 12.9
Air (incl truck and air) 1,185 14.2 S S 4 1.1 1,185 37.4 5.6 S S 41.9 4.7 7.5
Multiple modes 3,669 44 S S 156 46.9 1,087 17.1 5.4 S S 45.3 9 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,251 39 8 1.1 7 2 1,086 20.7 5.7 24.4 3.4 18.5 9.2 7
Truck and rail 417 5 145 19.5 149 44.9 1,482 39.9 5.6 45 18.6 36.1 12.4 26.9
Other and unknown modes 59 0.7 S S 2 0.7 S 35.5 0.5 S S 41.6 0.6 S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 14,103 100 S S S S 606 10.6 - S S S S 10.6
Single modes 6,907 49 199 31.6 112 30.1 387 13.9 4.3 33.8 12.8 44.7 11.1 30.4
Truck5 5,932 42.1 195 30.9 106 28.5 265 14.4 3.6 34.4 12.6 46.7 9.9 39.5
For-hire truck 3,945 28 156 24.8 103 27.6 667 16.9 3.1 42 8.4 48.5 8.7 19.4
Private truck 1,987 14.1 39 6.2 3 0.9 31 20.8 2.7 43.5 6.9 38.9 1.6 42.3
Air (incl truck and air) 974 6.9 5 0.7 6 1.6 1,053 33.7 2.1 48.4 0.6 42.3 2.1 45
Multiple modes 6,659 47.2 S S 46 12.2 669 13.4 3.1 S S 39.9 8.6 11.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,654 47.2 S S 45 12.2 669 13.4 3.1 S S 40.1 8.6 11.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S - - S S S S S 37.4 0.8 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 13,182 100 2,526 100 S S 994 13.3 - 32.4 - S S 16.6
Single modes 10,736 81.4 1,874 74.2 983 49.7 403 15 4.1 21.4 5.4 26.5 10.6 16.8
Truck5 10,699 81.2 1,868 74 977 49.4 401 15 4.1 21.5 5.4 26.7 10.4 16.8
For-hire truck 6,335 48.1 975 38.6 797 40.3 673 20.4 3.8 19.5 4.9 22.7 9.9 12.3
Private truck 4,363 33.1 893 35.4 S S 125 14.2 4.7 29.8 3.9 S S 21.2
Rail S S 5 0.2 S S S S S 10.1 1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 1 0.1 1,394 S S 26 0.1 22.7 0.4 10.4
Multiple modes 1,959 14.9 S S S S 1,162 33.1 4.2 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,730 13.1 S S S S 1,188 37.9 4.3 S S S S 8.1
Truck and rail S S 22 0.9 S S S S S 5.2 3.5 S S S
Truck and water S S S S 122 6.2 5,975 S S S S 30.5 7.2 18.5
Other and unknown modes 487 3.7 S S S S S 37.1 2 S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 40,827 100 7,943 100 4,555 100 971 11.9 - 12.7 - 18.4 - 4.6
Single modes 24,395 59.8 7,237 91.1 3,871 85 541 10.1 4.2 11.9 1.8 20.9 5.6 13.2
Truck5 23,929 58.6 7,180 90.4 3,812 83.7 509 10.4 4.2 12 1.8 21.3 5.6 14.2
For-hire truck 17,662 43.3 5,245 66 3,543 77.8 894 12.4 3.3 16.1 4 22.9 6.6 9.4
Private truck 6,267 15.4 1,936 24.4 269 5.9 64 12.7 2.7 11.4 4.2 12.9 2.3 16.4
Rail 10 - 47 0.6 45 1 978 33 0.1 14.5 1.1 37.7 2 22
Air (incl truck and air) 456 1.1 10 0.1 14 0.3 1,258 15.5 0.3 23 - 28.4 0.2 17.4
Multiple modes 15,675 38.4 421 5.3 572 12.6 1,093 23.4 4.5 18.2 1.3 27.3 5.9 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,380 37.7 333 4.2 307 6.7 1,092 23.8 4.4 20.5 1.3 20.5 2.7 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,323 S S S S S S 11.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,460 S S S S S S 48.1
Other and unknown modes 758 1.9 S S S S 280 42.3 0.7 S S S S 30.2

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,330 100 9,450 100 3,554 100 255 12.4 - 20.1 - 27.1 - 28.4
Single modes 3,781 87.3 8,087 85.6 2,383 67 199 13.5 2.2 22.1 4.7 30.1 6.3 34.1
Truck5 3,162 73 6,299 66.7 1,386 39 170 15.5 6.4 26.1 8.1 31.9 10.1 40.9
For-hire truck 2,254 52.1 4,670 49.4 1,270 35.7 283 19.4 8.3 32.7 8.8 30.8 9.2 27.8
Private truck S S 1,629 17.2 116 3.3 S S S 32.4 7.5 45.9 1.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 555 S S S S S S 11.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 548 12.7 1,360 14.4 1,170 32.9 1,045 16.3 2.2 25.4 4.7 29 6.3 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 31.9 - S S S
Truck and rail 503 11.6 1,267 13.4 1,084 30.5 1,078 15.5 1.5 27.2 4.5 32.2 6.2 16.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 64,564 100 30,491 100 4,694 100 337 13.5 - 19.9 - 14.7 - 13.2
Single modes 61,035 94.5 30,158 98.9 4,599 98 198 14.5 1.6 20.3 1.1 14.7 0.5 12.4
Truck5 61,006 94.5 30,158 98.9 4,598 97.9 195 14.5 1.6 20.3 1.1 14.7 0.5 12.6
For-hire truck 20,868 32.3 13,653 44.8 2,663 56.7 594 16.5 5.5 29.2 7.2 23.7 4.7 13
Private truck 40,138 62.2 16,504 54.1 1,935 41.2 94 20.2 5.6 20.8 6.9 15.9 4.7 9.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 - 2,636 S S S S 48.8 - 28
Multiple modes 2,952 4.6 137 0.5 70 1.5 681 28.5 1.4 28.3 0.1 35 0.5 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,945 4.6 117 0.4 62 1.3 681 28.5 1.4 25.8 0.1 37.7 0.4 9.6
Truck and rail 7 - S S S S S 1.8 0.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 26 0.5 S S S S S 46.1 0.4 S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 101 100 22 100 S S S 42.5 - 34.3 - S S S
Single modes 93 92.7 22 99 S S S 46.3 11.8 34.2 0.4 S S S
Truck5 93 92.7 22 99 S S S 46.3 11.8 34.2 0.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 45 45 10 44.7 S S 45 43.7 17.4 38.3 19.7 S S 34.9
Multiple modes 5 5.4 - 0.2 - 1.7 1,363 50 12.3 23 0.4 29.9 1.5 23.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 5.4 - 0.2 - 1.7 1,363 50 12.3 23 0.4 29.9 1.5 23.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.