Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 106,690 100 123,245 100 40,249 100 14.5 - 12.4 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 31,032 29.1 63,001 51.1 1,882 4.7 10.3 3.1 19.6 5.5 17 1.1
50 - 99 miles 4,810 4.5 8,017 6.5 869 2.2 11.7 0.8 12.4 1.8 12.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 8,434 7.9 20,391 16.5 4,358 10.8 10.3 0.6 28.8 3.6 30.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 11,689 11 12,214 9.9 6,627 16.5 9.1 1.3 11.5 1.4 12.1 2.8
500 - 749 miles 16,587 15.5 8,167 6.6 7,180 17.8 14.9 1.7 12.7 0.7 12.3 2.3
750 - 999 miles 2,275 2.1 2,492 2 2,947 7.3 11.1 0.3 40.7 0.7 39.9 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,700 16.6 6,345 5.1 10,960 27.2 43.2 3 34.6 1.3 36.1 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12,670 11.9 2,438 2 4,983 12.4 42.5 2.2 41.6 0.5 40.7 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,492 1.4 180 0.1 443 1.1 16.9 0.2 31.2 - 31 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 84,999 100 118,834 100 36,417 100 14.8 - 12.6 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 28,876 34 62,676 52.7 1,873 5.1 10.9 3.4 19.6 5.5 16.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 4,241 5 7,880 6.6 857 2.4 13 0.8 12.6 1.9 12.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 7,629 9 20,318 17.1 4,345 11.9 11.1 0.7 28.9 3.7 30.8 1.7
250 - 499 miles 9,884 11.6 10,167 8.6 5,452 15 10.5 1.4 12.2 1.1 13.6 2.5
500 - 749 miles 12,883 15.2 7,283 6.1 6,311 17.3 17.9 2 13 0.6 12.6 2.1
750 - 999 miles 1,495 1.8 2,396 2 2,825 7.8 14.5 0.4 42.5 0.7 41.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,198 15.5 5,877 4.9 10,171 27.9 48.9 3.4 34.5 1.3 36.4 4.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2,130 1.8 4,328 11.9 S S 44.5 0.5 43.9 4
More than 2,000 miles 429 0.5 108 0.1 256 0.7 14.3 0.1 35.4 - 34.4 0.5

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,493 100 79,625 100 13,250 100 7.2 - 16 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 25,721 40.5 54,353 68.3 1,678 12.7 10.4 1.9 21.6 4 20.3 2.2
50 - 99 miles 4,060 6.4 7,060 8.9 732 5.5 12.7 0.7 14 2 14.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 7,010 11 6,429 8.1 1,372 10.4 12.2 1 15.5 1.1 15.5 1.3
250 - 499 miles 9,198 14.5 5,607 7 2,676 20.2 10.9 1.2 9.3 1 9.8 1.6
500 - 749 miles 9,564 15.1 3,801 4.8 2,930 22.1 14.3 1.5 17.5 0.9 17.7 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,025 1.6 431 0.5 514 3.9 11.7 0.2 18.1 0.1 17.3 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,415 7 1,282 1.6 1,983 15 14.7 1 12 0.4 12.2 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,223 3.5 565 0.7 1,138 8.6 11.9 0.6 17.1 0.1 17.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 277 0.4 97 0.1 226 1.7 19.7 0.1 40.2 - 39.8 0.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 37,160 100 36,097 100 11,006 100 9.2 - 16.3 - 9.6 -
Less than 50 miles 6,539 17.6 18,337 50.8 933 8.5 20.8 2.6 28.2 6.9 32.6 2.5
50 - 99 miles 1,585 4.3 3,964 11 456 4.1 26.4 1 20.2 2.3 21.6 0.8
100 - 249 miles 4,169 11.2 3,535 9.8 758 6.9 17.8 1.4 18.3 1.6 17.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 7,472 20.1 4,162 11.5 2,148 19.5 11.7 2.2 8.9 2.8 9.9 2
500 - 749 miles 9,471 25.5 3,759 10.4 2,897 26.3 14.5 2.1 18 1.7 18.1 2.5
750 - 999 miles 1,022 2.8 420 1.2 499 4.5 11.8 0.4 18.7 0.2 17.9 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,402 11.8 1,259 3.5 1,951 17.7 14.8 1.5 11.2 1.2 11.5 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,223 6 565 1.6 1,138 10.3 11.9 1.3 17.1 0.4 17.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 277 0.7 97 0.3 226 2.1 19.7 0.1 40.2 0.1 39.8 0.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,332 100 43,529 100 2,244 100 6.8 - 23 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 19,182 72.8 36,017 82.7 746 33.2 9.3 3 27.2 4.3 25.5 4.8
50 - 99 miles 2,475 9.4 3,096 7.1 275 12.3 15.3 1.8 17.6 2.5 14.1 2.1
100 - 249 miles 2,842 10.8 2,894 6.6 615 27.4 8.7 0.9 13.8 1.3 14.7 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,726 6.6 1,445 3.3 528 23.6 19.7 1.1 24.3 1.2 23.3 4.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3 - S S S S 27.6 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 33,058 100 22,768 100 S S 27.8 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles 429 2.8 S S S S 31.2 4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 25 0.2 596 1.8 109 0.5 34.5 4.7 43.5 6.2 45.9 3.4
100 - 249 miles 431 2.8 12,392 37.5 2,800 12.3 45.2 4 47.9 8.3 47.9 3.1
250 - 499 miles 384 2.5 4,501 13.6 2,759 12.1 39.5 8 21.5 5.5 22.7 7.6
500 - 749 miles S S 3,219 9.7 3,241 14.2 S S 18.5 3.2 16.4 4.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S 2,302 10.1 S S S S 49.8 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 4,591 13.9 8,181 35.9 S S 43.3 3.1 44.5 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2 - 9 - 25 0.1 43.1 0.2 49.9 - 50 0.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,028 100 29 100 S S 44.5 - 41.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 2.6 - 0.7 S S 48.3 1.2 43.8 0.5
500 - 749 miles S S 11 37.8 9 20 S S 30.3 8.2 34.4 7.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 408 13.5 4 13.6 7 14.4 32.8 5.7 26.2 6.6 28.7 8.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 230 7.6 S S S S 26.9 2.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 149 4.9 S S S S 26.6 1.6 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,296 100 6,121 100 S S 31 - 26.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,727 82.7 4,090 66.8 S S 22.3 7 18.6 14 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 187 5.7 S S S S 12.4 5.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,504 100 3,632 100 3,426 100 14.3 - 24.7 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,487 8 34 0.9 1 - 19.6 1.9 23 0.8 26.1 -
50 - 99 miles 465 2.5 12 0.3 1 - 30.6 0.6 18.4 0.3 16.2 -
100 - 249 miles 709 3.8 21 0.6 5 0.1 19.9 1 27.1 0.4 28.2 0.1
250 - 499 miles 1,601 8.7 1,953 53.8 1,129 33 11.3 1.5 43.9 11.8 38.9 9.9
500 - 749 miles 3,587 19.4 799 22 805 23.5 17.1 1.9 34.6 7.5 36 6.7
750 - 999 miles 761 4.1 S S S S 17.2 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,326 23.4 415 11.4 696 20.3 29.5 4 44.2 4.1 38.6 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,622 25 247 6.8 523 15.3 23.8 2.5 43 2.4 38.9 3.2
More than 2,000 miles 946 5.1 S S S S 25.3 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,296 100 350 100 409 100 15.8 - 19.1 - 23.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,485 9.7 33 9.5 1 0.2 19.7 1.9 23.8 3.5 27.3 -
50 - 99 miles 464 3 11 3 1 0.2 30.7 0.6 22.5 0.5 20.2 0.1
100 - 249 miles 709 4.6 21 6.1 5 1.2 19.9 1.1 27.1 1.7 28.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,495 9.8 38 10.7 19 4.6 12.2 1.2 13.8 1.4 13.8 0.8
500 - 749 miles 3,280 21.4 69 19.7 53 13 19.7 1.4 21 1.4 20.9 1.1
750 - 999 miles 749 4.9 20 5.6 24 5.9 17.4 0.8 17.4 0.7 18.4 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,620 17.1 61 17.4 95 23.2 15.7 1.1 27.9 1.6 28 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,603 23.6 77 22.1 161 39.5 24.1 2.4 26.6 2.3 26.7 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 890 5.8 21 5.9 50 12.2 28 0.8 25.9 0.7 25.8 1.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 3,265 100 2,937 100 S S 27.7 - 24.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S 1,915 58.7 1,110 37.8 S S 42.1 11.1 36.3 11.7
500 - 749 miles 236 7.9 725 22.2 741 25.2 25 14.7 36 10.9 36.9 10.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 558 19 S S S S 49.5 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 10 100 35 100 S S 43.1 - 43.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 779 100 S S S S 41.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 669 21 290 37.3 S S 25.4 11.4 38.6 12.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 175 5.5 53 6.8 94 23.2 36.4 5.8 47 2.5 48.7 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.