Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 106,690 100 123,245 100 40,249 100 1,180 14.5 - 12.4 - 19.2 - 11.7
Less than 50 lbs 15,168 14.2 292 0.2 296 0.7 1,341 13.1 1.9 19.4 0.1 31.5 0.4 9.4
50 - 99 lbs 3,133 2.9 126 0.1 47 0.1 368 13.9 0.5 14.6 - 13.8 - 9
100 - 499 lbs 7,327 6.9 714 0.6 189 0.5 276 9.4 0.9 10.5 0.1 13.8 0.1 22.6
500 - 749 lbs 2,847 2.7 336 0.3 85 0.2 255 24.3 0.7 8 - 12.4 - 12.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,736 1.6 260 0.2 64 0.2 246 20.8 0.4 14.2 - 8.5 - 14.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,195 14.2 5,176 4.2 1,130 2.8 229 8.8 1.7 9 0.6 7.9 0.7 6.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34,667 32.5 44,357 36 9,498 23.6 195 15.8 1.7 21.4 4.3 13.9 4.8 17.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,949 5.6 26,130 21.2 2,623 6.5 103 19.6 1.4 18.3 2.8 16 1 10.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 45,855 37.2 26,317 65.4 709 S S 18.3 4.8 26.8 6.1 12.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 84,999 100 118,834 100 36,417 100 206 14.8 - 12.6 - 19.7 - 13.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,539 4.2 73 0.1 12 - 241 15.7 0.6 19.3 - 11.4 - 20.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,450 1.7 80 0.1 9 - 105 15 0.2 16.5 - 13 - 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 5,306 6.2 611 0.5 117 0.3 183 10.9 1 10.8 0.1 16.5 0.1 18.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,394 2.8 302 0.3 68 0.2 228 24.9 0.9 6.3 - 14.3 0.1 15.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,667 2 244 0.2 58 0.2 236 21.6 0.5 12.5 - 9.4 - 15.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,375 16.9 5,061 4.3 1,060 2.9 216 9.1 2 8.9 0.6 8.3 0.8 7.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 32,142 37.8 43,408 36.5 8,687 23.9 183 12.3 1.8 21.5 4.4 12.1 4.8 18.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,914 7 26,071 21.9 2,605 7.2 103 19.3 1.6 18.3 3.2 16 1.2 10.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 42,984 36.2 23,802 65.4 669 S S 19.7 5.2 28 6.4 13

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,493 100 79,625 100 13,250 100 166 7.2 - 16 - 9.1 - 17
Less than 50 lbs 2,686 4.2 70 0.1 9 0.1 154 23 0.7 20 - 16.3 - 30.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,293 2 79 0.1 8 0.1 97 17.7 0.3 16.6 - 14.2 - 16.4
100 - 499 lbs 4,598 7.2 608 0.8 114 0.9 178 9.2 0.8 10.8 0.2 17 0.2 19.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,708 2.7 301 0.4 67 0.5 226 5.7 0.2 6.3 0.1 14.7 0.1 15.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,223 1.9 240 0.3 52 0.4 216 13.3 0.2 12.3 0.1 8.6 0.1 16.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,101 22.2 4,906 6.2 1,021 7.7 206 8.8 1.8 7.6 0.9 8.3 1 8.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,484 48 42,375 53.2 8,454 63.8 183 11 3.1 21.2 3.9 12.5 2.5 18.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,712 9 25,691 32.3 2,563 19.3 103 19.4 1.5 18.2 4.3 16.4 2.6 11.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 5,354 6.7 962 7.3 227 S S 30.9 1.1 20.3 1.8 31.2

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 37,160 100 36,097 100 11,006 100 643 9.2 - 16.3 - 9.6 - 10
Less than 50 lbs 1,394 3.8 8 - 7 0.1 809 41.4 1.2 18.1 - 22.6 - 16.8
50 - 99 lbs 516 1.4 8 - 5 - 636 34 0.4 12 - 19 - 11.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,936 5.2 106 0.3 85 0.8 802 15 0.9 11.3 0.1 18.9 0.2 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 802 2.2 71 0.2 55 0.5 804 10.8 0.3 12.8 0.1 16.9 0.1 11.7
750 - 999 lbs 608 1.6 66 0.2 42 0.4 632 12.3 0.2 10.8 - 9.9 0.1 8.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,901 21.3 1,318 3.7 786 7.1 623 12.4 2.6 9.1 0.8 9.5 1 6.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,794 56 14,969 41.5 7,294 66.3 481 13.8 3.8 18.5 4.6 13.1 2.9 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,813 7.6 16,504 45.7 1,956 17.8 124 27.8 1.7 25.2 6.3 17.9 2.8 28.8
More than 100,000 lbs 397 1.1 3,046 8.4 776 7.1 422 33.6 0.4 12.4 2.4 22.7 2.3 24

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,332 100 43,529 100 2,244 100 45 6.8 - 23 - 12.4 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,292 4.9 62 0.1 2 0.1 37 8.7 0.4 22.7 0.1 17.8 - 14.5
50 - 99 lbs 777 3 71 0.2 3 0.1 36 13.9 0.4 18.1 0.1 14.9 - 5
100 - 499 lbs 2,662 10.1 502 1.2 29 1.3 53 9.7 1.2 12.1 0.4 15.3 0.3 12
500 - 749 lbs 906 3.4 231 0.5 12 0.5 50 8.4 0.3 8.4 0.1 18.5 0.1 12.6
750 - 999 lbs 616 2.3 174 0.4 10 0.5 58 21.2 0.5 16.6 0.1 18.1 0.1 18.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,200 23.5 3,588 8.2 234 10.4 69 8.7 1.7 8.8 1.3 8.2 1.1 7.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,690 36.8 27,406 63 1,160 51.7 41 11.3 3 26.4 3.7 12.6 4 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,899 11 9,187 21.1 608 27.1 68 16.7 2.1 19.3 4.1 17 4.8 18.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 22.5

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 33,058 100 22,768 100 737 S S 27.8 - 29.9 - 15
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S S S S 13.1 - S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15 0.1 S S S S 1,493 41.2 1.1 S S S S 29.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,032 S S S S S S 33
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 31 0.2 138 0.4 S S 252 40.2 0.2 24.2 0.2 S S 34
More than 100,000 lbs S S 32,700 98.9 22,542 99 723 S S 27.8 0.4 30 1.2 12.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,028 100 29 100 S S 1,380 44.5 - 41.4 - S S 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 853 28.2 2 7.5 3 6.4 1,368 29.7 10.8 26.2 7.4 26 8.4 8.1
50 - 99 lbs 157 5.2 1 1.9 1 1.6 1,283 49.6 2.7 38.4 1 34.1 1 6.6
100 - 499 lbs S S 3 8.8 3 7.3 1,242 S S 32.6 3.7 45.5 3 14.7
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 2.7 1 1.6 920 S S 25.6 2.9 21.3 2.2 15.4
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 10.6 S S 1,836 S S 49.8 5.5 S S 6.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 159 5.3 S S S S 1,937 24.5 8.3 S S S S 17.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 994 S S S S S S 47.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,296 100 6,121 100 S S S 31 - 26.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,432 73.8 4,930 80.5 S S S 23.6 10.6 27.9 9.3 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,504 100 3,632 100 3,426 100 1,459 14.3 - 24.7 - 21.6 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 11,403 61.6 210 5.8 283 8.3 1,471 18.4 6.1 27.5 3.7 33.1 3.8 5.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,598 8.6 40 1.1 38 1.1 931 14.5 1.8 16.6 1 16.4 1 4.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,868 10.1 75 2.1 70 2.1 927 15.3 2.1 13.3 1.1 19.4 1 9
500 - 749 lbs 410 2.2 20 0.5 16 0.5 763 34.2 0.5 31.7 0.4 36 0.4 30
750 - 999 lbs 48 0.3 5 0.1 6 0.2 S 21.2 0.1 39.6 0.1 25.3 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,840 S S S S S S 16.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 569 3.1 S S 473 13.8 1,163 48.9 1 S S 47.9 8.9 22
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,835 78.1 2,515 73.4 1,199 S S 32.8 8.8 28.9 8.8 7.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,296 100 350 100 409 100 1,459 15.8 - 19.1 - 23.8 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 11,395 74.5 210 60.2 283 69.3 1,471 18.5 3.2 27.5 4.5 33.1 5.1 5.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,597 10.4 40 11.5 38 9.2 930 14.5 1.7 16.6 1.9 16.4 2 4.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,863 12.2 74 21.3 70 17.1 925 15.3 2 13.4 3.4 19.5 4.3 9.1
500 - 749 lbs 398 2.6 19 5.5 15 3.6 718 35.5 0.9 32.9 1.1 40.7 1 33.4
750 - 999 lbs 35 0.2 5 1.4 3 0.8 S 30.7 0.2 37.4 1.3 39.6 0.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 3,265 100 2,937 100 1,132 S S 27.7 - 24.8 - 7.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - 2,042 S S S S 43.9 - 15.6
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,537 S S S S S S 6.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,556 S S S S S S 26
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 417 14.2 980 S S S S 46.6 11.7 25.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,835 86.9 2,515 85.7 1,199 S S 32.8 6.2 28.9 6.3 7.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 10 100 35 100 2,918 S S 43.1 - 43.6 - 7.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 9.4 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S - 1 - 0.6 2,310 S S 49.9 8 43.7 8.1 19.5
500 - 749 lbs S S - 3.8 1 2.6 2,324 S S 47.7 4.1 42.1 4.2 17.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,071 S S S S S S 8.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,308 S S S S S S 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,143 S S S S S S 12.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 7,100 S S S S S S 30.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 7,896 S S S S S S -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 6,260 S S S S S S 39.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 779 100 S S 237 S S 41.5 - S S 26.6
Less than 50 lbs 227 7.1 8 1.1 1 0.3 269 30.2 4 31.3 1.1 38.9 2.5 26.3
50 - 99 lbs 85 2.7 6 0.8 - 0.1 S 34.5 3.9 34.2 1 42.3 1.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 152 4.8 S S 2 0.4 S 42.7 3.5 S S 32.2 0.7 S
500 - 749 lbs 43 1.4 S S S S S 40.2 0.8 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 22 0.7 S S S S S 41.1 3.3 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 665 20.9 106 13.7 45 11.1 499 32.8 11.5 23.7 9.6 34.6 17.3 29
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 511 65.6 S S 660 S S 48.7 9.9 S S 26.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 309 S S S S S S 35.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1 - S S - 0.1 S 20.9 0.1 S S 24.7 0.6 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.