Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,919 100 16,034 100 3,643 100 12.4 - 14.9 - 24.7 -
Less than 50 miles 6,841 38.2 10,875 67.8 166 4.6 21.4 3.7 17.3 4.6 16.8 1.9
50 - 99 miles 1,473 8.2 1,152 7.2 127 3.5 11.7 1.3 14.9 1.3 16.4 0.8
100 - 249 miles 2,722 15.2 1,449 9 353 9.7 5.6 1.3 18.9 1.3 23 1.6
250 - 499 miles 1,921 10.7 747 4.7 367 10.1 18.5 1 26.1 0.7 27 1.3
500 - 749 miles 1,234 6.9 488 3 426 11.7 16.3 0.7 33.7 0.9 35.1 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,293 7.2 449 2.8 521 14.3 18.2 1.5 33.4 0.8 35.2 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 910 5.1 506 3.2 759 20.8 10.9 0.7 41.7 1.1 44 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 699 3.9 185 1.2 395 10.9 22.4 0.5 39.1 0.4 39.7 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 826 4.6 183 1.1 529 14.5 19.7 0.6 34.1 0.3 33.1 2.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,051 100 14,903 100 3,509 100 14.1 - 18.1 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles 6,511 43.3 9,871 66.2 157 4.5 22 3.7 21.2 4 19.5 1.8
50 - 99 miles 1,327 8.8 1,147 7.7 126 3.6 12.6 1.5 15 1.3 16.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 2,094 13.9 1,418 9.5 345 9.8 7 1.3 19.5 1.2 23.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 1,466 9.7 731 4.9 359 10.2 23.7 1.2 26.7 0.7 27.6 1.3
500 - 749 miles 999 6.6 467 3.1 408 11.6 18.3 0.8 33.3 0.9 34.5 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,016 6.7 427 2.9 495 14.1 18 1.8 33.7 0.7 35.4 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 647 4.3 499 3.4 749 21.3 9.4 0.8 42.3 1.1 44.6 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 486 3.2 167 1.1 361 10.3 32.2 0.6 43.5 0.4 43.7 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 506 3.4 175 1.2 508 14.5 26.1 0.5 35.9 0.3 34.9 3

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,407 100 13,676 100 2,281 100 13.2 - 18.7 - 18.5 -
Less than 50 miles 6,480 45 9,833 71.9 157 6.9 22.2 3.9 21.3 3.1 19.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 1,315 9.1 973 7.1 98 4.3 12.6 1.5 15 1.4 15.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 2,067 14.3 1,264 9.2 279 12.2 6.9 1.3 19.1 1 18.7 1
250 - 499 miles 1,046 7.3 607 4.4 267 11.7 13.2 0.9 23.2 0.7 21.8 1.3
500 - 749 miles 975 6.8 253 1.8 208 9.1 18.2 0.8 21.7 0.3 21.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 976 6.8 277 2 303 13.3 19.1 1.8 18.3 0.4 18.5 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 603 4.2 231 1.7 330 14.5 10 0.8 22.6 0.4 21.6 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 466 3.2 67 0.5 142 6.2 33.9 0.6 19 0.1 19 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 480 3.3 172 1.3 496 21.7 27.5 0.6 36.8 0.4 35.9 3.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,344 100 3,768 100 1,914 100 7.5 - 23.2 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 792 12.5 S S 25 1.3 13.8 1.8 S S 39.1 0.6
50 - 99 miles 145 2.3 200 5.3 22 1.1 10.8 0.3 24.6 1.2 23.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,005 15.8 613 16.3 140 7.3 10.9 1.7 14.1 2.2 15.1 0.9
250 - 499 miles 905 14.3 561 14.9 247 12.9 13.9 1.6 24.8 2.6 23.1 1.5
500 - 749 miles 974 15.3 253 6.7 208 10.9 18.2 1.8 21.7 0.8 21.2 1.6
750 - 999 miles 975 15.4 277 7.4 303 15.8 19.1 3.1 18.3 1.4 18.5 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 603 9.5 231 6.1 330 17.3 10 0.9 22.6 1.1 21.6 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 466 7.3 67 1.8 142 7.4 33.9 2 19 0.5 19 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 480 7.6 172 4.6 496 25.9 27.5 1.6 36.8 1.3 35.9 4.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,063 100 9,908 100 367 100 19 - 20.8 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 5,688 70.5 8,437 85.2 132 36 25.6 4.7 21.9 2.6 19.4 4
50 - 99 miles 1,170 14.5 773 7.8 77 20.9 13.9 3.3 18.4 1.9 18.9 3.5
100 - 249 miles 1,062 13.2 651 6.6 139 37.9 10.5 1.3 28.4 0.9 27.5 2.6
250 - 499 miles 141 1.7 47 0.5 19 5.2 18 0.6 24.5 0.2 29.2 1.6
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 97 100 1,186 100 1,226 100 34 - 38.7 - 45 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 13 13 174 14.7 28 2.3 16 6.5 16.6 5.9 16 1.3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 8 8.3 123 10.4 92 7.5 26.4 9.6 25.4 10 25.5 10.3
500 - 749 miles 17 17.3 214 18 200 16.3 43.3 5.3 43 4.6 44.2 5.9
750 - 999 miles 12 12.4 149 12.6 191 15.6 49.8 11.9 49.1 10.8 47.8 14.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9 8.8 101 8.5 219 17.9 35.6 7.7 30.8 6.6 30.8 10.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 515 100 2 100 2 100 49.7 - 32.1 - 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 34.6 - 15 S S 46.4 12.2 43.4 12.8
500 - 749 miles S S - 4 - 2.8 S S 32 1.6 33.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 28 5.3 - 18.4 - 15.8 35.8 11.4 38.9 7.9 39.9 8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 24 4.7 S S S S 49.7 5.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 0.8 - 1.6 S S 26.8 0.5 27.7 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S - 6.6 S S S S 41.4 7.8 S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,582 100 88 100 83 100 13.3 - 27.3 - 32.9 -
Less than 50 miles 235 9.1 5 5.2 - 0.2 26.9 2 39.8 2.5 31.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 139 5.4 3 3.4 - 0.4 24.5 2.2 30.5 1.4 28.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 596 23.1 17 19.5 5 6.2 20.2 2.9 24.2 5.4 26.1 3
250 - 499 miles 378 14.6 14 15.5 7 8.1 16.7 1.8 31.5 4.6 32.6 2.4
500 - 749 miles 229 8.9 S S S S 15.4 1.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 249 9.6 S S S S 25.3 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 260 10.1 6 7 9 10.9 19.3 0.7 28.2 1.3 28.8 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 180 7 3 3.5 6 7.6 29.9 1.1 24 1 23.8 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 315 12.2 7 7.7 20 24 14.6 2.5 24.2 1.6 24.4 4.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,530 100 54 100 50 100 13.6 - 24.5 - 25.6 -
Less than 50 miles 235 9.3 5 8.4 - 0.3 26.9 2 39.8 2.4 31.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 139 5.5 3 5.5 - 0.6 24.5 2.2 30.5 1.4 28.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 566 22.4 12 22.6 3 6.7 18.2 2.7 24.5 2.7 22.8 1.4
250 - 499 miles 365 14.4 9 17.3 4 8.8 17.9 1.6 30.7 2.2 29.8 1.4
500 - 749 miles 225 8.9 4 6.8 3 6.1 15.8 1.2 28 1.3 28.9 0.8
750 - 999 miles 248 9.8 7 12.8 8 15.2 25.4 1.4 35.6 1.6 37.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 260 10.3 6 11.1 9 17.9 19.3 0.8 28.1 1.1 28.7 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 178 7 3 5.5 6 12.4 30.1 1.1 23.5 1 23.2 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 312 12.3 5 10 16 31.9 14.9 2.5 24.5 1.2 24.6 2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5 100 S S S S 31.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 48 100 10 100 S S 47.8 - 49.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - 0.8 S S - 2.5 20.1 3 S S 20.1 14.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 286 100 S S 52 100 19.1 - S S 45.2 -
Less than 50 miles 94 33.1 S S S S 36.4 9.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 6 2.1 2 0.2 - 0.4 47.2 6.5 48.3 7.1 48.8 5.2
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 28 9.9 2 0.2 2 3.4 42.6 5 39.3 3.5 39.1 6.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 5 1.7 S S S S 40.3 2.9 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.