Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,919 100 16,034 100 3,643 100 618 12.4 - 14.9 - 24.7 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs 3,008 16.8 54 0.3 31 0.9 815 18.7 2 22.6 0.3 37.8 1.1 10.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,632 9.1 35 0.2 9 0.3 274 42.5 2.4 17.1 0.1 11.1 0.2 21.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,914 16.3 242 1.5 46 1.3 188 23.8 1.9 23.9 0.5 18.3 0.8 14
500 - 749 lbs 617 3.4 160 1 17 0.5 111 16.4 0.8 29.2 0.4 12.8 0.3 24.3
750 - 999 lbs 766 4.3 147 0.9 23 0.6 147 33.5 1.3 24.3 0.4 42 0.9 49.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,122 17.4 1,308 8.2 273 7.5 173 10.9 2.4 16.9 1.9 17.1 2.6 22.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,097 28.4 9,568 59.7 1,810 49.7 181 12.7 4.2 14.4 5 21.3 6.8 13.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 594 3.3 S S 171 4.7 S 29.2 1.2 S S 39.1 1 S
More than 100,000 lbs 170 0.9 1,405 8.8 1,262 34.6 761 28.2 0.3 37.1 3 48.2 9.1 21.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,051 100 14,903 100 3,509 100 121 14.1 - 18.1 - 25.5 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,178 7.8 23 0.2 2 0.1 91 33.1 1.4 15 0.2 16.8 - 30.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,255 8.3 25 0.2 3 0.1 126 49.1 2.5 20.3 0.1 26.4 0.1 36.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,552 17 223 1.5 32 0.9 125 27.2 2.2 25.2 0.6 22.6 0.6 19.9
500 - 749 lbs 582 3.9 157 1.1 16 0.4 102 16.9 0.9 29.8 0.4 13.8 0.3 26.1
750 - 999 lbs 729 4.8 146 1 22 0.6 S 35.4 1.8 24.5 0.4 42 1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,005 20 1,283 8.6 247 7 164 11.6 3 16.9 1.8 12.9 2.9 23.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,011 33.3 8,591 57.6 1,784 50.8 195 12.9 4.6 17.6 4.2 21.8 7.1 10.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 593 3.9 S S 171 4.9 S 29.2 1.4 S S 39.2 1.1 S
More than 100,000 lbs 146 1 1,381 9.3 1,232 35.1 751 33.8 0.3 37.3 3.1 49.2 9.3 20.4

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,407 100 13,676 100 2,281 100 112 13.2 - 18.7 - 18.5 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 943 6.5 23 0.2 2 0.1 75 34.8 1.4 15.2 0.1 17.2 - 17.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,252 8.7 25 0.2 3 0.1 114 49.2 2.6 20.3 0.1 23.8 0.1 39.6
100 - 499 lbs 2,466 17.1 222 1.6 32 1.4 123 27.7 2.3 25.3 0.5 23.2 0.6 20.2
500 - 749 lbs 579 4 157 1.1 16 0.7 102 17 0.9 29.8 0.4 13.9 0.3 26
750 - 999 lbs 549 3.8 146 1.1 22 1 S 35.9 1.8 24.6 0.4 42.3 1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,997 20.8 1,282 9.4 246 10.8 163 11.6 3 16.9 1.8 12.9 2.5 23.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,003 34.7 8,582 62.8 1,771 77.7 194 12.9 4.6 17.6 4.6 22 4.2 10
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 593 4.1 S S 171 7.5 S 29.2 1.4 S S 39.2 2.1 S
More than 100,000 lbs 25 0.2 165 1.2 19 0.8 S 29.5 0.1 46.1 0.9 32.5 0.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,344 100 3,768 100 1,914 100 669 7.5 - 23.2 - 19.9 - 13.8
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 - 1 - 526 S S 32.9 - 25.4 - 23.4
50 - 99 lbs 61 1 3 0.1 2 0.1 679 38.5 0.3 41 0.1 35.5 0.1 23.9
100 - 499 lbs 488 7.7 29 0.8 25 1.3 772 17.2 1.5 17.4 0.5 27.2 0.7 17.9
500 - 749 lbs 286 4.5 21 0.5 12 0.6 589 26 1.3 12.4 0.2 14.9 0.3 13.6
750 - 999 lbs S S 20 0.5 19 1 944 S S 41.5 0.7 48.8 1.2 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,571 24.8 225 6 201 10.5 924 13 3 10.6 1.6 14.1 2.8 7.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,253 51.3 3,094 82.1 1,547 80.8 510 13.3 4.9 26.9 3.9 23.5 4.7 14.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 137 2.2 280 7.4 S S 284 33.3 0.7 30 1.7 S S 32.8
More than 100,000 lbs 16 0.3 S S 13 0.7 S 35.2 0.1 S S 30.8 0.4 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,063 100 9,908 100 367 100 35 19 - 20.8 - 18.7 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 763 9.5 21 0.2 1 0.2 36 41.2 2.2 15.6 0.2 19.3 0.2 12.6
50 - 99 lbs S S 22 0.2 1 0.3 44 S S 21.8 0.1 25.8 0.2 18.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,978 24.5 193 1.9 7 1.8 35 34.4 3.7 28.2 0.6 18.1 0.6 11.3
500 - 749 lbs 293 3.6 136 1.4 4 1 27 22.3 1.1 34.4 0.4 17.4 0.3 21.9
750 - 999 lbs 198 2.5 126 1.3 3 0.8 24 21.3 0.7 28.5 0.3 16.5 0.2 27.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,426 17.7 1,057 10.7 45 12.3 32 17.6 3.6 19.6 1.8 13.8 1.9 15.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,750 21.7 5,489 55.4 224 61.1 45 18.9 5.6 14.8 5.6 18.2 3.5 12.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 457 5.7 S S 77 21.1 S 33 2.3 S S 34.7 2.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 70 0.7 S S 47 S S 41.2 1 S S 34.7

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 97 100 1,186 100 1,226 100 921 34 - 38.7 - 45 - 25.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 8 0.7 S S S S S 22.1 16.7 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 89 91.7 1,178 99.3 1,213 99 919 39.2 13.3 38.7 3.7 45.6 8.4 13.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 515 100 2 100 2 100 1,244 49.7 - 32.1 - 31.7 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 234 45.5 - 10.4 - 10.1 1,194 34.5 13 38.7 9.8 42.4 10.6 13.1
50 - 99 lbs 3 0.6 S S S S 2,492 37.9 4.1 S S S S 24.8
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 37.2 1 31.1 932 S S 49.9 11.6 43.8 12.2 36
500 - 749 lbs 3 0.6 - 5.8 - 4.8 839 35.2 16.8 30.7 12.3 37 13.4 8.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 602 S S S S S S 29
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8 1.6 1 29.5 S S 1,128 47.5 9 44.6 16.6 S S 19.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,582 100 88 100 83 100 1,101 13.3 - 27.3 - 32.9 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,776 68.8 29 32.9 29 34.9 1,116 18.4 4.3 38.6 6.5 40.5 7.8 7.1
50 - 99 lbs 367 14.2 8 9.6 6 7.2 714 23.6 3.2 17 2.6 14.7 3 16.4
100 - 499 lbs 323 12.5 15 17.2 13 16.1 885 17.8 3.5 18.1 5.9 17.8 6.1 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 28 1.1 1 1.6 1 1.6 978 40.8 0.7 37.5 1.7 30.7 1.6 16.6
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.5 - 0.3 503 S S 39.5 0.4 31.1 0.3 48.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S - 0.1 S S 2,227 S S 42.6 0.1 S S 14.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 16 17.9 S S 826 S S 36.3 15 S S 21.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,530 100 54 100 50 100 1,101 13.6 - 24.5 - 25.6 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,776 70.2 29 53.2 29 58.1 1,116 18.4 5 38.6 5.8 40.5 7.1 7.1
50 - 99 lbs 367 14.5 8 15.5 6 12 714 23.6 3.2 17 1.8 14.7 2.1 16.4
100 - 499 lbs 323 12.8 15 27.8 13 26.8 885 17.8 3.5 18.1 4.3 17.8 4.6 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 28 1.1 1 2.6 1 2.7 978 40.8 0.7 37.5 1.6 30.7 1.4 16.6
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.8 - 0.5 503 S S 39.5 0.4 31.1 0.3 48.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5 100 S S S S S 31.2 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 48 100 10 100 S S S 47.8 - 49.6 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,227 S S S S S S 14.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 45 94.6 10 98.9 S S 491 47.6 2.6 45.2 0.5 S S 14.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 286 100 S S 52 100 S 19.1 - S S 45.2 - S
Less than 50 lbs 55 19.1 2 0.2 - 0.4 113 27.3 9.3 44.4 6.3 29.9 3.1 40.8
50 - 99 lbs 10 3.5 S S - 0.2 S 45.3 1.2 S S 37.6 1.8 S
100 - 499 lbs 39 13.6 4 0.4 1 1.5 S 44.6 4.7 43.2 5.6 32 7.8 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 46.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 114 39.9 S S S S 776 41.5 9.8 S S S S 19.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 37 13 S S S S S 38.1 14.1 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 34.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.