Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 17,919 100 16,034 100 3,643 100 618 12.4 - 14.9 - 24.7 - 13.9
Single modes 15,051 84 14,903 92.9 3,509 96.3 121 14.1 2.8 18.1 7.3 25.5 1.8 9.7
Truck5 14,407 80.4 13,676 85.3 2,281 62.6 112 13.2 2.3 18.7 7.2 18.5 8.1 10.1
For-hire truck 6,344 35.4 3,768 23.5 1,914 52.5 669 7.5 2.4 23.2 3.2 19.9 5.8 13.8
Private truck 8,063 45 9,908 61.8 367 10.1 35 19 3.3 20.8 6.5 18.7 2.8 8.9
Rail 97 0.5 1,186 7.4 1,226 33.6 921 34 0.3 38.7 3.9 45 9.6 25.5
Air (incl truck and air) 515 2.9 2 - 2 0.1 1,244 49.7 0.9 32.1 - 31.7 0.1 12.8
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,582 14.4 88 0.5 83 2.3 1,101 13.3 2.4 27.3 0.3 32.9 1.3 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,530 14.1 54 0.3 50 1.4 1,101 13.6 2.4 24.5 0.3 25.6 1.3 6.9
Truck and rail 5 - S S S S S 31.2 0.1 S S S S S
Truck and water 48 0.3 10 0.1 S S S 47.8 0.3 49.6 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 286 1.6 S S 52 1.4 S 19.1 0.5 S S 45.2 1 S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 42.5
Single modes S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 42.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 42.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 103 100 40 100 3 100 161 39.3 - 31.9 - 39.1 - 27
Single modes 96 93.3 37 91.9 2 65.7 66 39.2 3.2 34.6 6.4 32.3 13.7 21
Truck5 96 93.3 37 91.9 2 65.7 66 39.2 3.2 34.6 6.4 32.3 13.7 21
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 77 74.4 30 75.8 1 40.2 55 32.7 8.9 41.9 11.7 32.6 18.7 18
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 349 100 1,208 100 122 100 584 36.9 - 41.1 - 45.3 - 30.6
Single modes 337 96.4 1,191 98.5 S S 68 38.1 2.3 41.7 1.4 S S 20
Truck5 337 96.4 1,191 98.5 S S 68 38.1 2.3 41.7 1.4 S S 20
For-hire truck S S 42 3.5 S S 224 S S 13.3 19.1 S S 11.9
Private truck 317 90.7 1,148 95.1 S S 65 40.5 6.1 43.3 5.5 S S 17.4
Multiple modes 6 1.8 1 0.1 1 0.8 1,300 3.4 4.5 6 0.2 31.1 1.7 13.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6 1.8 1 0.1 1 0.8 1,300 3.4 4.5 6 0.2 31.1 1.7 13.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 87 100 S S S S S 31.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 66 76.2 S S S S 49 43.5 16.2 S S S S 27.8
Truck5 66 76.2 S S S S 49 43.5 16.2 S S S S 27.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 66 75.8 S S S S 49 43.5 16.2 S S S S 27.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 119 100 69 100 S S 1,048 45.9 - 39.7 - S S 34.2
Single modes 84 70.8 65 94.6 S S S 48.1 12.8 42.3 5.2 S S S
Truck5 84 70.8 65 94.6 S S S 48.1 12.8 42.3 5.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 496 S S S S S S 47.3
Private truck S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 24.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,845 100 1,011 100 839 100 727 19.3 - 20.7 - 33 - 12.8
Single modes 2,635 92.6 983 97.2 819 97.6 402 19.9 2.7 20.9 0.9 33.7 1.5 20.7
Truck5 2,627 92.3 979 96.8 807 96.2 401 19.9 2.8 20.9 1 34 2.1 20.8
For-hire truck 2,043 71.8 815 80.6 783 93.3 1,165 21.5 3.6 23.1 3.9 34.8 2.8 10.6
Private truck 584 20.5 164 16.2 24 2.9 96 18.8 3.3 16.7 3.7 22.1 2.4 16.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 163 5.7 12 1.2 7 0.8 788 31.6 5.1 37.1 1.2 47.8 2.7 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 141 5 S S S S 788 36.1 5.2 S S S S 10.8
Truck and water S S 3 0.3 1 0.1 340 S S 42.1 0.9 9.6 0.4 42.9
Other and unknown modes 48 1.7 S S S S S 49.2 2 S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 290 100 238 100 S S S 27.4 - 30.3 - S S S
Single modes 290 100 238 100 S S S 27.4 - 30.4 - S S S
Truck5 290 100 238 100 S S S 27.4 - 30.4 - S S S
For-hire truck 164 56.4 160 67.3 S S 473 50 11.3 44.9 9.5 S S 28
Private truck 127 43.6 78 32.7 3 3.4 35 24.7 12.9 22.2 13.9 21.7 18.9 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 47 100 72 100 26 100 394 43.3 - 49.2 - 46.9 - 15.1
Single modes 42 87.8 S S 25 95.3 366 49.3 11.4 S S 49.3 12.2 20.4
Truck5 42 87.8 S S 25 95.3 366 49.3 11.4 S S 49.3 12.2 20.4
For-hire truck 25 52 S S 14 55.8 513 43 18 S S 41.7 17 21.3
Private truck S S S S S S 116 S S S S S S 43.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 456 S S S S S S 33.6

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 251 100 S S 476 S S 28.1 - S S 39.1
Single modes S S 251 100 S S 476 S S 28.1 - S S 39.1
Truck5 S S 251 100 S S 476 S S 28.1 - S S 39.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 248 98.8 S S 79 S S 28.6 1.6 S S 42

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 162 100 4,951 100 1,547 100 114 39.1 - 23.8 - 47 - 31.4
Single modes 159 98 4,034 81.5 1,533 99.2 138 40.2 9.5 28.6 10.2 47.5 10.1 27
Truck5 75 46.2 2,931 59.2 367 23.7 98 34.8 13.4 25.5 11.5 38.7 18.2 27.8
For-hire truck 55 33.8 912 18.4 323 20.9 310 35.7 6.6 28.6 5.4 35.8 4.5 35.2
Private truck 20 12.5 2,019 40.8 S S 19 23.5 18.3 24.1 12.2 S S 9.6
Rail 84 51.8 1,103 22.3 1,167 75.4 911 24 5.1 24.1 10.6 34.5 5.7 8.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 58 100 S S 133 100 S 29.9 - S S 39.2 - S
Single modes 57 97.8 S S 114 85.6 S 30.7 2.2 S S 32.9 5.4 S
Truck5 51 88.4 S S 67 50.1 S 35 8.5 S S 24.6 14.5 S
For-hire truck 33 56.2 S S 59 44.5 S 32.8 11.9 S S 24.3 14.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 5 9.4 S S 47 35.5 590 37.6 16.9 S S 35.1 14.9 19.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,099 S S S S S S 5.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 742 100 1,037 100 30 100 S 26.9 - 27.7 - 41.8 - S
Single modes 742 100 1,037 100 30 100 S 26.9 - 27.7 - 41.8 - S
Truck5 711 95.8 998 96.3 30 99.6 S 27.6 3.4 28.5 3.1 42.3 0.3 S
For-hire truck 60 8.1 87 8.4 - 1 3 14.5 10.3 29 11.1 28.8 0.7 -
Private truck 651 87.7 911 87.8 29 98.6 S 28.8 6.5 29.7 6.2 41.9 0.6 S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 398 100 520 100 7 100 12 30.7 - 25.8 - 31.8 - 8.8
Single modes 398 99.9 520 99.9 7 99.9 12 30.7 - 25.8 - 31.8 - 8.8
Truck5 398 99.9 520 99.9 7 99.9 12 30.7 - 25.8 - 31.8 - 8.8
For-hire truck 13 3.3 23 4.5 S S 13 35.9 3.3 37.1 3.5 S S 26.2
Private truck 385 96.6 497 95.4 7 96.3 12 31.6 1.6 26.5 1.8 33.1 2.8 8.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 287 100 424 100 8 100 19 37.4 - 41.3 - 42.3 - 24.4
Single modes 285 99.5 424 99.9 8 99.7 19 37.6 0.3 41.3 - 42.4 0.2 23.5
Truck5 285 99.5 424 99.9 8 99.7 19 37.6 0.3 41.3 - 42.4 0.2 23.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 276 96.4 S S 7 86.6 19 38.7 2.9 S S 49.8 9.9 23.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 69 100 59 100 S S 297 41.6 - 35.3 - S S 31.7
Single modes 43 61.7 58 99.2 S S 39 38.3 11.8 35.4 0.5 S S 31.1
Truck5 43 61.7 58 99.2 S S 39 38.3 11.8 35.4 0.5 S S 31.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,385 S S S S S S 3.2
Private truck 38 55.3 56 95.7 S S 23 34 13 33.9 1.4 S S 11.4
Multiple modes S S - 0.5 S S 978 S S 48.8 1.3 S S 37
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.5 S S 978 S S 48.8 1.3 S S 37
Other and unknown modes - 0.3 S S S S 7 33.4 0.7 S S S S 14.3

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 491 100 8 100 S S S 40.3 - 29.5 - S S S
Single modes 462 94.2 8 98.1 S S S 41.1 12.1 24.8 4.8 S S S
Truck5 462 94.2 8 98.1 S S S 41.1 12.1 24.8 4.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,038 S S S S S S 13.6
Private truck 402 82 5 59.8 S S 71 43.5 9 29.6 18.9 S S 28.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,296 S S S S S S 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,296 S S S S S S 19.9

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8 100 21 100 S S S 44.3 - 42.5 - S S S
Single modes 8 100 21 100 S S S 44.3 - 42.5 - S S S
Truck5 8 100 21 100 S S S 44.3 - 42.5 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 24.6

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 131 100 35 100 25 100 589 27.6 - 29.8 - 25.8 - 37.5
Single modes 120 91.6 34 97.7 24 96.6 S 28.7 6.9 30.7 5.1 26.2 4 S
Truck5 120 91.3 34 97.6 24 96.5 S 28.9 6.8 30.8 5.1 26.2 4 S
For-hire truck 91 69.4 26 74.4 23 95 990 25.2 8.3 26 7.9 26.3 4 23.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,089 S S S S S S 26.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,089 S S S S S S 26.3

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 424 100 98 100 58 100 366 15.5 - 14 - 18.9 - 27.6
Single modes 391 92.1 93 95.5 54 93.6 S 15.5 2.1 14.7 1.6 19.2 2.9 S
Truck5 391 92.1 93 95.5 54 93.6 S 15.5 2.1 14.7 1.6 19.2 2.9 S
For-hire truck 230 54.1 57 58.8 50 87 629 16.4 7.5 13.2 6.6 17.8 5.9 9.5
Private truck 161 37.9 36 36.6 4 6.6 49 25.9 9.3 27.1 9.1 40.5 10.4 26.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 841 S S S S S S 25.6
Multiple modes 30 7.1 4 4.1 4 6.3 958 40.4 2.1 36.9 1.6 39 3 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29 7 4 4 3 6 957 40.2 2.1 37.6 1.5 47.8 3 16.8
Truck and water 1 0.2 S S - 0.3 1,451 38.4 0.2 S S 22.5 0.8 13
Other and unknown modes 3 0.8 - 0.4 S S S 25 5.6 2.4 2.4 S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 15 100 S S 307 S S 28.7 - S S 28.9
Single modes S S 15 100 S S 306 S S 28.7 - S S 28.8
Truck5 S S 15 100 S S 306 S S 28.7 - S S 28.8
For-hire truck 10 92 S S 2 80.2 347 30.5 7.8 S S 44.6 19.7 10.2
Private truck S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 20.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 458 100 508 100 152 100 912 18 - 22.8 - 22.2 - 21.5
Single modes 427 93.4 500 98.5 149 98.3 225 16.4 2.3 23 0.7 22.4 2.4 27.2
Truck5 427 93.4 500 98.5 149 98.3 225 16.4 2.3 23 0.7 22.4 2.4 27.2
For-hire truck 243 53.1 297 58.6 125 82.7 487 17.3 6.8 24.5 5.8 23.5 4.1 18.2
Private truck 185 40.3 203 40 24 15.7 82 22.9 6.6 26.3 5.8 28.9 4.2 11.5
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 S S 1,551 S S 44.8 0.7 S S 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,552 S S S S S S 16.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 251 100 242 100 81 100 S 36.4 - 34.7 - 43.5 - S
Single modes 230 91.4 235 96.9 72 89.9 S 34 5.4 31.7 2.7 39 5 S
Truck5 230 91.4 235 96.9 72 89.9 S 34 5.4 31.7 2.7 39 5 S
For-hire truck 182 72.5 207 85.5 71 87.7 445 30.2 9.3 30 5.6 39.9 4.9 31.6
Private truck S S S S 2 2.2 S S S S S 39.4 3.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 711 S S S S S S 36.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,002 S S S S S S 27
Private truck S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 29.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 494 S S S S S S 44
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 494 S S S S S S 44
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 307 100 60 100 28 100 S 26 - 26.9 - 39.4 - S
Single modes 207 67.5 57 94.8 26 94.5 S 23.7 10.5 24.4 10.7 41.1 17.6 S
Truck5 205 66.9 56 93.7 26 92.2 S 23.8 10.3 24.4 10.5 41.4 17 S
For-hire truck 134 43.7 33 54.3 25 89.3 531 31.5 14.2 32.4 12.9 35.2 14.4 28
Private truck S S 24 39.5 1 2.9 29 S S 44.8 13.1 44.4 5.7 13.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 2.3 1,180 S S S S 41 0.8 26.1
Multiple modes 100 32.4 3 5.2 2 5.5 754 43.5 11.8 43.2 13.8 33 18.6 24
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 100 32.4 3 5.2 2 5.5 754 43.5 11.8 43.2 13.8 33 18.6 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 379 100 13 100 16 100 1,524 27.8 - 29.5 - 35.3 - 15.8
Single modes 187 49.5 8 62.8 11 66 574 33 10.6 38.5 10.1 49.9 13.8 26.2
Truck5 185 49 8 60.5 S S 574 33.6 10.7 40.6 10.8 S S 28.4
For-hire truck 176 46.5 8 58 10 63.5 1,302 28.5 12.7 37 12.5 48.7 14.5 17.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 181 47.9 4 33 5 30.9 1,561 47.5 10.7 37.8 9.1 30.7 13.2 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 178 47 4 29 4 28 1,561 48.8 10.9 35.9 9.5 39.2 13.6 12
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 425 S S S S S S 50

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 381 100 2,599 100 88 100 293 19.4 - 35.3 - 26.6 - 28.8
Single modes 338 88.9 2,525 97.2 87 98.6 180 22.3 6.8 36.8 4.6 27 0.8 37.3
Truck5 338 88.8 2,525 97.2 87 98.6 180 22.3 6.8 36.8 4.6 27 0.8 37.4
For-hire truck 161 42.4 100 3.8 47 53.7 581 38.7 7.1 33.2 8.5 37.8 8.7 9.6
Private truck 177 46.4 2,425 93.3 40 44.8 S 23.7 8.7 37.7 10.2 28.8 9.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) - 0.1 - - S S 1,024 13.1 0.4 26.1 - S S 47.1
Multiple modes 38 10 1 - - 0.5 961 25.3 7.4 18.5 0.3 31.1 0.7 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 38 10 1 - - 0.5 961 25.3 7.4 18.5 0.3 31.1 0.7 12.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 166 100 35 100 22 100 340 31.5 - 34.2 - 39.8 - 35.7
Single modes 163 97.9 35 98.8 22 99.2 S 32 5.3 34 0.9 39.8 1.4 S
Truck5 162 97.2 35 98.5 21 98.3 181 32 5.8 34.1 1.3 40 2.2 50
For-hire truck 106 64 19 54.5 20 93.6 867 31.9 10.3 38.6 10.3 40.7 5.5 21.4
Private truck 55 33.2 S S S S 45 43.1 11.5 S S S S 18.1
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.7 - 0.3 S S 1,651 41.8 1.2 43.1 1.1 S S 40.3
Multiple modes 4 2.1 - 0.4 - 0.7 1,163 47.5 6.8 36.3 1.2 45 1.8 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4 2.1 - 0.4 - 0.7 1,163 47.5 6.8 36.3 1.2 45 1.8 20
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 373 100 33 100 15 100 1,261 35.6 - 28.3 - 44.9 - 24.4
Single modes 197 52.8 28 83.9 10 63.4 S 20.1 10 32.5 6.2 33.3 8.6 S
Truck5 196 52.6 28 83.8 10 63.2 S 20.2 10 32.5 6.1 33.4 8.5 S
For-hire truck 102 27.2 10 30.7 7 49.6 593 26.7 10 43.4 5.4 35.3 8.2 31.5
Private truck 95 25.3 18 53.1 S S 35 38.3 12.5 32.9 9.2 S S 27.8
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.2 - 0.1 - 0.3 1,569 38.7 0.2 42.1 0.1 37.5 0.7 25.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,439 S S S S S S 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,439 S S S S S S 16.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.8 S S S S S 40.2 2.1 S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 593 100 S S S S S 16.7 - S S S S S
Single modes 362 61.1 S S S S S 24.5 10.9 S S S S S
Truck5 358 60.3 S S S S S 24.7 10.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck 224 37.7 S S 10 60.1 519 31.3 9.2 S S 49.5 10.7 19.7
Private truck 134 22.6 S S S S S 35.5 7.2 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 5 0.8 S S - 0.5 1,612 47.1 1.2 S S 46.4 0.4 23.1
Multiple modes 208 35.1 3 4.1 2 9.6 S 35.3 10.6 41 12.6 30.5 13.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 208 35.1 3 4.1 2 9.6 S 35.3 10.6 41 12.6 30.5 13.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,122 100 39 100 42 100 433 41.3 - 24.3 - 33 - 37
Single modes 3,715 90.1 31 80.9 37 87.3 S 42.4 4 21.1 4.5 30.6 5 S
Truck5 3,259 79.1 31 79.2 36 86.1 S 42.4 4.4 21.6 4.8 30.7 5.5 S
For-hire truck 742 18 28 71.9 36 85.9 1,060 26.4 17 23.4 7 30.8 5.7 9
Private truck S S 3 7.3 - 0.2 27 S S 29 5.2 29 0.5 20.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 1.7 1 1.2 744 S S 45.9 1.5 43.4 1.6 14.6
Multiple modes 349 8.5 S S S S 1,320 42.3 3 S S S S 4.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 346 8.4 S S S S 1,320 42.5 2.9 S S S S 4.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 496 100 57 100 34 100 S 22.1 - 16.9 - 29.8 - S
Single modes 462 93.1 55 97.8 34 99.3 S 21.5 3.9 16.8 1 30.1 0.7 S
Truck5 461 92.8 55 97.8 34 99.2 S 21.7 3.9 16.8 1 30.1 0.8 S
For-hire truck 286 57.6 29 51.5 31 90.7 587 25.8 7.2 26.2 8.8 30 2.9 25.4
Private truck 175 35.2 26 46.3 3 8.5 37 27.6 9.4 26.8 9.7 20.9 9.9 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.7 S S S S S 37.3 1.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.7 S S S S S 37.3 1.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S - - - - S S S 43.7 0.1 41.4 - S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 546 100 2 100 1 100 1,053 37.3 - 43.2 - 39.2 - 26.9
Single modes S S S S S S 982 S S S S S S 35.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 620 S S S S S S 47.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 387 70.9 S S S S 1,115 33.4 10.4 S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 387 70.9 S S S S 1,115 33.4 10.4 S S S S 19.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 968 S S S S S S 27.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 896 S S S S S S 32.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,216 S S S S S S 21.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,216 S S S S S S 21.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 237 100 25 100 15 100 401 29.7 - 24.8 - 29.1 - 22
Single modes 220 92.8 23 92.6 12 84.8 S 29.8 3.8 27.1 5.9 33.4 8.5 S
Truck5 220 92.8 23 92.6 12 84.8 S 29.8 3.8 27.1 5.9 33.4 8.5 S
For-hire truck 160 67.5 18 69.5 12 78.5 736 43.1 11.9 39.9 12.6 35.9 10.3 27.9
Private truck 60 25.3 6 23 1 6.3 S 42.1 13.7 24.2 15.1 31 12.2 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,110 S S S S S S 25.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,110 S S S S S S 25.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,545 100 99 100 S S 1,139 21.5 - 45.9 - S S 7.2
Single modes 894 57.9 88 88.6 S S 457 33.1 9.2 48.5 6.7 S S 29.5
Truck5 892 57.7 88 88.6 S S 437 33.2 9.2 48.5 6.7 S S 28.9
For-hire truck 786 50.9 S S S S 1,163 36.2 9.3 S S S S 8.3
Private truck 106 6.9 8 7.7 1 0.4 39 36.2 3.4 40.9 7.9 36.3 1.5 39.4
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 S S S S 1,523 24.7 0.4 S S S S 5.4
Multiple modes 617 39.9 9 8.9 10 7.5 1,281 29.9 9.6 20.4 7.1 25 10.1 5.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 609 39.4 8 7.8 10 7.2 1,281 29.5 9.4 21.2 4.6 26 9.1 5.4
Truck and water 7 0.5 1 1.1 - 0.3 384 15.2 1.6 5.3 19.8 5.3 10.2 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 30 100 5 100 122 S S 28.6 - 44.5 - 44.5
Single modes S S 30 100 5 100 122 S S 28.6 - 44.5 - 44.5
Truck5 S S 30 100 5 100 122 S S 28.6 - 44.5 - 44.5
For-hire truck S S 17 56.3 4 69.3 S S S 41.9 9.4 36.5 7.3 S
Private truck S S 13 43.7 S S 48 S S 34.8 11.8 S S 28.1

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,010 100 414 100 48 100 258 30.4 - 36.5 - 39 - 32.9
Single modes 995 98.5 413 99.7 48 98.9 74 30.4 7.6 36.6 5.9 39.3 9.5 25.2
Truck5 995 98.5 413 99.7 48 98.9 74 30.4 7.6 36.6 5.9 39.3 9.5 25.2
For-hire truck 19 1.8 2 0.5 1 2.5 952 48.1 0.7 44.3 0.1 46.8 0.7 27.4
Private truck 976 96.7 411 99.3 47 96.4 61 30.4 7.5 36.6 5.8 39.2 9.3 19.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 944 S S S S S S 23.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 944 S S S S S S 23.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 56 S S S S S S 37.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 56 S S S S S S 37.9
Private truck S S S S S S 56 S S S S S S 37.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,917 S S S S S S 43.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,917 S S S S S S 43.8

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.