Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 194,444 100 246,958 100 50,629 100 4 - 10.1 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 54,629 28.1 129,566 52.5 2,940 5.8 6.6 1.9 7.2 3.4 8.5 1
50 - 99 miles 23,663 12.2 26,405 10.7 2,833 5.6 8.9 1 12.8 1.5 14.3 1.6
100 - 249 miles 39,563 20.3 27,210 11 6,280 12.4 5.2 0.9 6.9 1.2 7.6 2.4
250 - 499 miles 34,594 17.8 51,190 20.7 23,805 47 10.1 1.2 38 4.5 36.7 6.6
500 - 749 miles 15,819 8.1 6,039 2.4 4,734 9.4 8.9 0.6 13 0.3 14.3 1.6
750 - 999 miles 8,763 4.5 3,007 1.2 3,219 6.4 9.2 0.4 16.4 0.2 16.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,638 3.4 1,946 0.8 2,752 5.4 6.9 0.3 16.9 0.1 16.8 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,844 1.5 453 0.2 944 1.9 11.4 0.2 21.5 - 22.1 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 7,931 4.1 1,142 0.5 3,122 6.2 12.2 0.5 11.3 0.1 11.6 1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 162,401 100 240,047 100 47,987 100 5.2 - 10.6 - 20.5 -
Less than 50 miles 50,244 30.9 128,144 53.4 2,883 6 7.5 2.2 7.3 3.6 8.6 1.1
50 - 99 miles 20,360 12.5 23,351 9.7 2,387 5 9.5 0.7 11.7 1.4 11 1.1
100 - 249 miles 32,946 20.3 26,322 11 5,975 12.5 7.4 1 7.2 1.2 7.9 2.7
250 - 499 miles 28,048 17.3 50,453 21 23,362 48.7 12 1.4 38.6 4.5 37.4 6.8
500 - 749 miles 12,291 7.6 5,813 2.4 4,545 9.5 9.1 0.5 13.6 0.3 15.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 6,000 3.7 2,869 1.2 3,067 6.4 12.2 0.3 17.9 0.2 18.1 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,310 3.3 1,806 0.8 2,551 5.3 9.5 0.4 18.1 0.1 17.7 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,193 1.4 362 0.2 765 1.6 15.1 0.2 25.5 - 26.1 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 5,009 3.1 927 0.4 2,452 5.1 11.8 0.4 9.7 - 9.7 0.8

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 156,076 100 188,599 100 25,963 100 4.8 - 6 - 6.4 -
Less than 50 miles 49,785 31.9 123,126 65.3 2,631 10.1 7.6 2.1 7.7 1.9 8.2 0.9
50 - 99 miles 20,251 13 21,271 11.3 2,005 7.7 9.6 0.8 12.8 1.2 11.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 32,311 20.7 23,021 12.2 5,060 19.5 7.8 1 6.9 1.2 7.3 1.8
250 - 499 miles 25,080 16.1 11,597 6.1 5,364 20.7 9 1.2 7.8 0.5 8 0.8
500 - 749 miles 11,693 7.5 4,799 2.5 3,621 13.9 8.9 0.5 10.8 0.3 11.6 1.3
750 - 999 miles 5,651 3.6 1,970 1 2,035 7.8 12.7 0.4 15.4 0.2 15.5 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,808 3.1 1,589 0.8 2,211 8.5 8.4 0.4 19.3 0.2 18.5 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,036 1.3 340 0.2 721 2.8 16.2 0.2 26.5 0.1 27.1 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 4,461 2.9 885 0.5 2,315 8.9 9.1 0.3 10.6 0.1 10.8 0.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 85,662 100 92,291 100 20,002 100 7.2 - 7.3 - 8.5 -
Less than 50 miles 9,916 11.6 52,784 57.2 1,150 5.8 9 0.9 8.1 2.1 9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 6,732 7.9 8,097 8.8 776 3.9 14.3 0.8 19.8 1.2 17.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 18,717 21.9 12,497 13.5 2,829 14.1 11 1.8 11.6 1.4 12.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 21,939 25.6 9,471 10.3 4,442 22.2 10.9 1.5 9.7 0.8 10 0.8
500 - 749 miles 11,475 13.4 4,673 5.1 3,543 17.7 9.2 0.6 11.2 0.6 12 1.9
750 - 999 miles 5,613 6.6 1,963 2.1 2,027 10.1 12.8 0.5 15.5 0.2 15.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,782 5.6 1,582 1.7 2,200 11 8.5 0.6 19.5 0.3 18.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,027 2.4 339 0.4 719 3.6 16.3 0.3 26.5 0.1 27.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 4,461 5.2 885 1 2,315 11.6 9.1 0.5 10.6 0.1 10.8 1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 70,415 100 96,307 100 5,961 100 7.1 - 7.7 - 6.2 -
Less than 50 miles 39,868 56.6 70,342 73 1,481 24.8 9.2 2.2 9.5 2.3 10.6 2.1
50 - 99 miles 13,520 19.2 13,174 13.7 1,229 20.6 10.8 1.6 15.1 1.8 13.5 2.7
100 - 249 miles 13,594 19.3 10,524 10.9 2,231 37.4 10.7 2 9.4 1.6 8.5 3.3
250 - 499 miles 3,141 4.5 2,126 2.2 923 15.5 11.8 0.6 18.6 0.3 18.2 2.1
500 - 749 miles 217 0.3 126 0.1 78 1.3 26 0.1 34.6 - 33.7 0.3
750 - 999 miles 38 0.1 S S S S 46.2 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 7 - S S S S 49.7 - S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,262 100 51,261 100 21,942 100 31.3 - 37.9 - 40.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 382 1.7 S S S S 47.6 4.1
100 - 249 miles 391 9.2 3,277 6.4 906 4.1 21.5 8.1 18.9 7.2 19.9 5.8
250 - 499 miles 2,722 63.9 38,840 75.8 17,990 82 44.6 9.8 49.4 12.7 47.7 11.7
500 - 749 miles 351 8.2 1,013 2 923 4.2 30.4 3.5 35.9 1.5 35.4 3.1
750 - 999 miles 245 5.7 895 1.7 1,027 4.7 40 1.5 27.9 0.4 28.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 179 4.2 197 0.4 297 1.4 33.7 2 21 0.5 21 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 40 0.9 39 0.1 130 0.6 32.6 3.7 26.9 0.4 26.4 4.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 35 100 92 100 S S 29.3 - 35.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 19 53.4 58 63.1 S S 33.4 18.9 31.7 14.5 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 35 100 92 100 S S 29.3 - 35.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 19 53.4 58 63.1 S S 33.4 18.9 31.7 14.5 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,001 100 S S S S 26.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 1 3.6 - 0.7 S S 21.8 4.7 20.4 1.1
250 - 499 miles 235 11.8 4 10.9 3 3.9 24.5 3.9 26.2 6.6 25.9 5.4
500 - 749 miles 247 12.3 1 3.7 1 1.9 36.8 8.1 31.1 3.7 34.4 2.9
750 - 999 miles 104 5.2 S S S S 36.6 3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 6.3 7 10.3 S S 25.4 5.4 24.9 11.3

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26 100 S S S S 48.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 26 100 S S S S 48.4 - S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,897 100 5,146 100 1,919 100 11.2 - 37.7 - 16.8 -
Less than 50 miles 2,422 9 S S S S 18.2 1.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2,717 10.1 S S S S 49.4 3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,606 20.8 823 16 288 15 18.6 2.4 28.1 6 32.6 3.5
250 - 499 miles 5,999 22.3 574 11.2 363 18.9 15.5 2.6 31.9 5.6 31.5 4.9
500 - 749 miles 3,296 12.3 158 3.1 135 7 19 1.6 18.3 2 20.2 1.5
750 - 999 miles 2,223 8.3 61 1.2 71 3.7 19.3 1.4 23.1 0.7 25.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,282 4.8 74 1.4 109 5.7 16.2 0.8 27.4 0.8 28 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 585 2.2 10 0.2 21 1.1 22.8 0.4 17.3 0.1 17.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,767 10.3 143 2.8 477 24.9 20 2 31.9 1.5 32.7 5.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,584 100 498 100 357 100 9.7 - 10.4 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 2,222 9 37 7.5 1 0.3 17.3 1.8 17.7 2 21.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,323 5.4 45 9.1 5 1.3 17 1.5 48.1 2.3 48.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 5,452 22.2 115 23.1 25 7.1 19.5 3 33.3 3.6 28.3 2.4
250 - 499 miles 5,881 23.9 109 21.9 53 14.8 15.7 2.5 7.2 2.2 7.9 1.1
500 - 749 miles 3,240 13.2 77 15.4 59 16.5 19.2 1.6 16 2.1 15.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 2,210 9 32 6.4 33 9.2 19.4 1.6 13.2 0.8 13.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,270 5.2 32 6.3 44 12.3 16.4 0.7 16.7 1 16.6 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 585 2.4 10 2 21 5.9 22.8 0.4 17.3 0.3 17.5 1
More than 2,000 miles 2,401 9.8 41 8.3 116 32.5 22.5 1.9 15 1.1 17 2.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 593 100 2,255 100 1,151 100 19.4 - 26.8 - 25.2 -
Less than 50 miles 9 1.5 S S S S 7.4 8.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 43 7.2 922 40.9 146 12.6 27 3.4 47.5 12.5 47.4 7.4
100 - 249 miles 115 19.4 625 27.7 233 20.2 29.8 4.3 36.8 8.1 40.3 4.5
250 - 499 miles 109 18.4 464 20.6 310 26.9 23.6 3 40.3 8 37.4 7.7
500 - 749 miles 52 8.8 81 3.6 75 6.5 37.1 4.1 28.8 1.7 30.8 2.2
750 - 999 miles S S 20 0.9 S S S S 3.9 10.9 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 43 1.9 65 5.6 S S 34.2 1.7 33.5 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 250 42.1 94 4.1 303 26.3 25.3 4.9 43.8 1.2 45 5.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 191 11.4 S S S S 45.2 13.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 8 0.5 S S S S 19.8 9.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 1 - 1 0.3 S S 17.7 1.9 15.9 4.2
750 - 999 miles 10 0.6 S S S S 26.2 5.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 39 100 5 100 S S 26.4 - 10.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S 39 100 5 100 S S 26.4 - 10.1 -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,146 100 1,766 100 723 100 11.4 - 38.1 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles 1,963 38.1 S S S S 11.9 5.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 586 11.4 60 3.4 6 0.8 21.7 2.6 20.3 0.8 21.2 1
100 - 249 miles 1,011 19.6 65 3.7 17 2.4 38.2 4.4 30.3 1.4 33.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 548 10.6 163 9.2 80 11.1 18 1.8 32.2 4.5 34.6 5
500 - 749 miles 232 4.5 68 3.8 54 7.5 26.9 1.2 40.2 1.6 40.6 2.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 46 0.9 S S S S 41.9 0.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 155 3 73 4.1 193 26.6 27.8 1.1 43.5 2.1 43.9 10

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.