Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 215,515 100 244,906 100 62,811 100 9.6 - 7.7 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 75,970 35.3 149,607 61.1 3,594 5.7 5.6 2.7 9.5 5.2 12.2 0.9
50 - 99 miles 16,234 7.5 31,492 12.9 3,340 5.3 12.5 1 26.1 2.4 28.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 30,914 14.3 33,724 13.8 8,512 13.6 12.5 1.5 24.7 2.9 31.8 1.7
250 - 499 miles 6,787 3.1 4,744 1.9 2,094 3.3 9.9 0.3 16.8 0.3 16.9 0.8
500 - 749 miles 9,258 4.3 4,271 1.7 3,504 5.6 8.6 0.4 11.5 0.1 8.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 10,426 4.8 5,446 2.2 5,922 9.4 14.4 0.4 24.1 0.5 22.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,506 8.1 6,639 2.7 10,202 16.2 31.8 1.3 37.4 0.9 34.6 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 27,971 13 4,493 1.8 10,461 16.7 40.6 2.8 7 0.2 7.5 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 20,449 9.5 4,491 1.8 15,183 24.2 13.8 1.2 21.7 0.3 30.6 2.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 164,003 100 207,406 100 43,651 100 11.1 - 7.1 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 63,806 38.9 135,368 65.3 3,212 7.4 5.6 3 9.7 4.7 12.3 1.2
50 - 99 miles 13,978 8.5 23,369 11.3 2,387 5.5 11.9 1.2 20.6 2.4 20.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 23,615 14.4 25,041 12.1 5,287 12.1 9.9 1.1 18 1.9 17.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 5,183 3.2 4,506 2.2 1,975 4.5 10.8 0.3 16.1 0.4 16.3 0.9
500 - 749 miles 6,875 4.2 3,872 1.9 3,140 7.2 9 0.4 13.3 0.1 10.9 0.7
750 - 999 miles 7,065 4.3 4,257 2.1 4,544 10.4 16.7 0.4 23.3 0.4 17.5 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,282 7.5 S S 7,053 16.2 42.1 1.6 S S 48.8 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21,676 13.2 3,279 1.6 7,476 17.1 48.9 3.3 9.3 0.2 9.6 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 9,523 5.8 2,954 1.4 8,577 19.6 20.8 1.2 24.4 0.3 25.4 2.6

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 127,098 100 178,612 100 28,746 100 4 - 7.9 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 59,279 46.6 128,510 71.9 3,084 10.7 5.5 1.1 9.7 4.1 12.9 1.6
50 - 99 miles 11,455 9 19,102 10.7 2,003 7 6.3 0.5 19 2.1 18.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 18,997 14.9 16,523 9.3 3,321 11.6 8.1 1.1 14.7 1.2 16.5 0.7
250 - 499 miles 4,632 3.6 2,525 1.4 1,143 4 12.9 0.4 14.5 0.3 15.2 0.5
500 - 749 miles 6,295 5 3,378 1.9 2,677 9.3 9.8 0.4 15.7 0.2 13.3 0.7
750 - 999 miles 5,072 4 2,487 1.4 2,833 9.9 8 0.4 17.2 0.3 17.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,966 3.9 1,660 0.9 2,350 8.2 7.8 0.3 14.8 0.2 17.1 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,554 6.7 2,135 1.2 4,732 16.5 14.8 1.1 14.6 0.2 15.4 2
More than 2,000 miles 7,848 6.2 2,292 1.3 6,602 23 24.3 1.3 31.4 0.3 32.9 3.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 70,527 100 73,077 100 24,873 100 6.1 - 16.1 - 17.7 -
Less than 50 miles 17,749 25.2 36,405 49.8 1,154 4.6 12.9 1.9 17.4 4 24.1 1.2
50 - 99 miles 5,248 7.4 11,096 15.2 1,220 4.9 8 0.6 26.3 2 27.4 0.6
100 - 249 miles 11,146 15.8 11,481 15.7 2,356 9.5 9.1 1.5 21 1.5 23.4 0.5
250 - 499 miles 3,817 5.4 2,191 3 1,012 4.1 13 0.6 15 0.5 16 0.6
500 - 749 miles 6,220 8.8 3,356 4.6 2,660 10.7 9.1 0.7 15.9 0.2 13.4 0.9
750 - 999 miles 5,063 7.2 2,484 3.4 2,830 11.4 8.1 0.7 17.2 0.4 17.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,943 7 1,653 2.3 2,344 9.4 8 0.5 14.9 0.4 17.1 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,495 12 2,123 2.9 4,717 19 14.8 1.8 14.7 0.6 15.4 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 7,845 11.1 2,285 3.1 6,581 26.5 24.3 2.2 31.5 0.4 33.1 3.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 56,570 100 105,536 100 3,873 100 4.3 - 10.2 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 41,530 73.4 92,104 87.3 1,930 49.8 4.9 1.9 11 2.7 13.6 5.2
50 - 99 miles 6,207 11 8,006 7.6 783 20.2 8.2 0.8 36.4 2.2 33.5 4
100 - 249 miles 7,851 13.9 5,042 4.8 965 24.9 8.4 1 12.8 0.8 12.6 2.8
250 - 499 miles 815 1.4 334 0.3 131 3.4 17.3 0.2 16.5 0.1 16.7 0.6
500 - 749 miles S S 21 - 17 0.4 S S 39.8 - 39.4 0.2
750 - 999 miles 9 - S S S S 31.9 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23 - 7 - S S 39.6 - 43.6 - S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 12 - 15 0.4 S S 47.6 - 47.9 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 21.1 - S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,218 100 9,357 100 7,970 100 14.7 - 9.6 - 6.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,142 41.1 2,954 31.6 36 0.5 35.9 7.8 29.7 7 21.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S 281 3 30 0.4 S S 41.9 1.3 44.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles 354 6.8 1,459 15.6 515 6.5 23.4 2.9 22.7 4.7 25.7 2.2
250 - 499 miles 253 4.8 1,122 12 552 6.9 30.8 2 29 4 28.9 2
500 - 749 miles 239 4.6 491 5.2 462 5.8 13.6 0.7 18 1.9 16.4 1.3
750 - 999 miles 436 8.3 761 8.1 950 11.9 37.2 2.7 25.1 2 23.9 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 568 10.9 725 7.7 1,377 17.3 8.4 1.6 10.2 1.4 10 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 723 13.9 1,108 11.8 2,661 33.4 9.3 1.8 16.9 1.3 16.7 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 382 7.3 458 4.9 1,385 17.4 22.1 1.9 20 1.3 20.3 3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,717 100 8,354 100 S S 38.3 - 37.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 103 2.8 545 6.5 183 3.9 26.7 11.2 29.2 16.5 30 11
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 11 0.3 10 0.1 8 0.2 30.1 1 45.3 0.6 40.6 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 188 2.3 546 11.7 S S 24.7 5.5 24.7 14

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 3,952 100 S S S S 44.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 103 7.9 S S 183 29.6 26.7 17.8 S S 30 19.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,412 100 S S S S 45.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 11 0.5 10 0.2 8 0.2 30.1 1.7 45.3 3.7 40.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 546 13.5 S S S S 24.7 19.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 61 100 116 100 S S 29.6 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles 319 1.6 S S S S 34.5 2.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S - 0.1 - - S S 33.3 0.1 36.9 -
500 - 749 miles 329 1.6 S S 1 0.9 37.1 1.9 S S 20.8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 343 1.7 5 7.5 5 4.3 21.6 3.6 24.5 2.4 25.6 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 11 18.4 19 16.3 S S 46.8 4 41.8 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 20 32.2 46 39.2 S S 46.6 6.7 46.2 6.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,145 5.7 16 25.7 44 38.3 30 5.5 29.3 4.5 31.7 4.8

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,899 100 11,022 100 S S 30.6 - 27.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,209 15.3 1,587 14.4 S S 19 16.6 40.2 17.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,481 44.1 5,255 47.7 S S 36.4 14.8 36.3 14.3 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,714 100 27,781 100 18,752 100 12.3 - 28.8 - 35.1 -
Less than 50 miles 8,635 18.5 S S S S 21.4 2.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2,166 4.6 S S S S 19.6 1.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 6,961 14.9 S S S S 35.7 2.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,565 3.3 232 0.8 117 0.6 27.3 0.8 40.2 1.2 38.9 0.4
500 - 749 miles 2,283 4.9 387 1.4 353 1.9 13 0.8 24.4 1.1 27 1
750 - 999 miles 3,180 6.8 S S S S 20.9 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,203 11.1 S S S S 21.1 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,044 12.9 1,201 4.3 2,955 15.8 14.3 1.8 30.9 2.6 30.8 5.5
More than 2,000 miles 10,677 22.9 1,508 5.4 S S 16.3 2.4 38 3.9 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,965 100 585 100 695 100 12.6 - 12.4 - 22.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,688 20.3 128 21.9 5 0.7 26.9 3.1 21 3.6 24.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 1,481 4.5 35 6 4 0.5 20.1 0.7 23.3 1.4 25.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles 3,542 10.7 72 12.4 16 2.3 14.1 1.5 12.8 2.2 11.4 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,520 4.6 24 4.1 11 1.6 28.6 1 18.7 0.8 16.4 0.4
500 - 749 miles 2,103 6.4 40 6.8 34 4.9 14.6 0.9 10.3 0.7 11.1 0.6
750 - 999 miles 2,215 6.7 40 6.9 47 6.7 17.8 1.3 21.9 1.1 23.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,265 9.9 45 7.8 68 9.8 19.5 1 28.4 1 32.9 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,228 12.8 83 14.1 181 26 19.8 1.7 32.5 2.3 33.2 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 7,923 24 117 20 330 47.5 16.7 2.8 21.3 2.3 20.5 2.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,322 100 2,986 100 4,773 100 19.9 - 18.4 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles 26 0.6 S S S S 28.3 0.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 149 3.5 570 19.1 213 4.5 25.4 1.1 21.1 4.2 22.4 1.4
250 - 499 miles S S 195 6.5 93 1.9 S S 41.3 4.3 40.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 144 3.3 323 10.8 314 6.6 31.3 2.8 27 2.7 26.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 326 7.5 219 7.3 305 6.4 31.1 3.6 28.4 2 26.4 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 669 15.5 292 9.8 594 12.4 32.9 3.2 15.8 1.9 19 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,249 28.9 906 30.3 2,196 46 21.1 6 38 4.7 38.4 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,702 39.4 363 12.2 1,051 22 40.3 8.2 22.7 2.5 22.7 3.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,995 100 9,401 100 S S 44.8 - 40 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 617 10.3 2,589 27.5 292 2.8 41.9 15.1 46.1 19 40.2 10.6
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 537 9 204 2.2 515 5 39 7.5 24.1 3.9 23.1 5.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 1 - 1 - - - 17.2 4.2 39.3 10.9 40 5.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,798 100 9,719 100 408 100 15.8 - 34.6 - 32.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3,529 73.5 8,853 91.1 64 15.8 24.6 8.4 39 5.9 39.3 6
50 - 99 miles 90 1.9 S S S S 37.2 1.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 338 7 S S S S 37.5 3.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 5 0.1 2 0.6 S S 30.7 0.3 35.9 0.7
500 - 749 miles 100 2.1 12 0.1 11 2.6 35.2 1.2 42.9 0.4 45.6 4.3
750 - 999 miles 182 3.8 S S S S 39.5 3.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 21 0.4 10 0.1 12 2.9 34.8 0.2 42.8 0.3 41.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 250 5.2 13 0.1 30 7.4 46.4 3.2 34.5 0.2 37.4 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 249 5.2 29 0.3 84 20.5 43.8 2.1 43.8 0.9 44.6 8.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.