Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 215,515 100 244,906 100 62,811 100 1,143 9.6 - 7.7 - 16.4 - 14.9
Single modes 164,003 76.1 207,406 84.7 43,651 69.5 463 11.1 2.1 7.1 2.5 13.6 4.3 22.4
Truck5 127,098 59 178,612 72.9 28,746 45.8 376 4 4.1 7.9 3.5 15.4 3 23.9
For-hire truck 70,527 32.7 73,077 29.8 24,873 39.6 1,037 6.1 1.9 16.1 2.5 17.7 2.6 13.9
Private truck 56,570 26.2 105,536 43.1 3,873 6.2 41 4.3 2.7 10.2 4.7 11.2 1.3 5.1
Rail 5,218 2.4 9,357 3.8 7,970 12.7 1,187 14.7 0.5 9.6 0.7 6.5 2.3 7.4
Water 3,717 1.7 8,354 3.4 S S 1,560 38.3 0.6 37.1 1.1 S S 14.8
Shallow draft S S 3,952 1.6 S S 146 S S 44.2 0.6 S S 27.3
Deep draft 2,412 1.1 S S S S 1,580 45.6 0.5 S S S S 18.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S 61 - 116 0.2 2,228 S S 29.6 - 31.5 0.1 6.7
Pipeline6 7,899 3.7 11,022 4.5 S S S 30.6 0.8 27.1 1.4 S S S
Multiple modes 46,714 21.7 27,781 11.3 18,752 29.9 1,626 12.3 2.2 28.8 2.6 35.1 4.4 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32,965 15.3 585 0.2 695 1.1 1,625 12.6 1.4 12.4 - 22.4 0.3 9.8
Truck and rail 4,322 2 2,986 1.2 4,773 7.6 1,905 19.9 0.4 18.4 0.2 21.8 2.3 4.3
Truck and water 5,995 2.8 9,401 3.8 S S 1,981 44.8 1.2 40 1.4 S S 2.7
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4,798 2.2 9,719 4 408 0.6 80 15.8 0.5 34.6 1.4 32.7 0.2 41.2

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 188 100 137 100 7 100 48 31 - 10.9 - 19.6 - 15.8
Single modes 188 100 137 100 7 100 48 31 - 10.9 - 19.6 - 15.8
Truck5 188 100 137 100 7 100 48 31 - 10.9 - 19.6 - 15.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 184 97.5 135 98.2 7 99.4 53 31.1 1.9 12.4 2.4 20.4 2.2 13.9

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,885 100 13,329 100 S S 117 44.8 - 42.4 - S S 31
Single modes 1,628 56.4 6,462 48.5 1,207 42 106 39.2 11.1 28.9 12.6 36.1 14 34.3
Truck5 537 18.6 2,629 19.7 123 4.3 69 28.5 12.7 27.2 12.6 40.2 6.7 46.1
For-hire truck 303 10.5 1,376 10.3 89 3.1 78 48.1 5.7 46.1 5.9 48.8 3.2 43.3
Private truck 235 8.1 1,253 9.4 34 1.2 38 32.9 14.8 30.9 14.9 46.2 6.2 14.2
Rail 326 11.3 1,484 11.1 497 17.3 520 35.6 7.6 30.7 8.8 40.3 9.3 38.7
Water S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 9.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 9.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 381 S S S S S S 1.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 365 S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,776 100 7,858 100 3,623 100 S 15.9 - 20.1 - 26.4 - S
Single modes 3,703 77.5 5,080 64.6 3,345 92.3 S 18.7 9.6 22.3 12.8 28.5 4.4 S
Truck5 3,527 73.8 4,705 59.9 3,227 89.1 S 19 9.1 23.6 12.6 29.4 5 S
For-hire truck 2,323 48.6 3,148 40.1 3,147 86.9 1,305 26.5 9.3 30.5 9.9 30.1 5.7 12.6
Private truck 1,204 25.2 1,556 19.8 79 2.2 S 24.3 10 23.6 8.3 33.5 2.9 S
Rail 156 3.3 S S S S S 26.7 7.3 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 2 0.1 1,409 S S S S 29.8 3.6 6.2
Multiple modes S S 111 1.4 272 7.5 S S S 44.3 0.9 46.3 4.5 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22 0.5 S S 1 - S 43.9 0.3 S S 34.3 - S
Truck and rail S S 106 1.3 272 7.5 2,624 S S 43.6 1.2 42.1 5.8 7.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 6 0.2 1,681 S S S S 44.3 4.1 37.7

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 2,091 100 S S 399 S S 37.4 - S S 33.3
Single modes S S 2,088 99.8 S S S S S 37.4 0.1 S S S
Truck5 S S 2,088 99.8 S S S S S 37.4 0.1 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 1,227 58.7 127 33.3 72 S S 41.5 14.5 33.4 16 33.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4 0.2 S S S S 1,515 38.1 1.9 S S S S 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.2 S S S S 1,510 48.4 2.7 S S S S 19.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,537 100 2,622 100 S S S 22.5 - 30.4 - S S S
Single modes 6,151 81.6 1,836 70 1,152 22.1 S 22.8 4 27.7 7.6 26.6 17.8 S
Truck5 5,999 79.6 1,795 68.5 1,113 21.4 S 23.7 4.5 28.8 8.4 27 17.2 S
For-hire truck 4,610 61.2 1,396 53.3 1,086 20.9 1,042 25.6 6.3 32.9 7.7 27.3 16.7 19
Private truck 1,389 18.4 399 15.2 27 0.5 S 37.6 4.6 36.7 5.4 33.7 0.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 2,074 S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft 45 0.6 10 0.4 - - 1 4.3 0.3 5.1 0.4 5.1 - -
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,062 S S S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,327 S S S S S S 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 752 S S S S S S 24

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,611 100 1,791 100 619 100 S 22.6 - 24.9 - 32.9 - S
Single modes 2,562 98.1 1,773 99 586 94.6 S 22.7 1.6 25.1 0.8 35.6 5.8 S
Truck5 2,554 97.8 1,767 98.6 573 92.5 S 22.9 2.1 25.3 1.6 36.5 6.3 S
For-hire truck 1,036 39.7 855 47.7 525 84.7 556 26.9 7.2 33.1 8.8 40.6 8.2 18.9
Private truck 1,518 58.1 912 50.9 48 7.8 40 25.6 8.8 32.1 9.6 37.1 5.3 20.4
Rail 8 0.3 6 0.4 S S 1,990 18 3.9 40.7 5.3 S S 13.3
Multiple modes 28 1.1 12 0.7 32 5.1 2,151 46.8 2.4 33.9 1.2 39.3 8.4 24.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,251 S S S S S S 35.2
Truck and water 23 0.9 11 0.6 31 5 S 39.5 2.2 31 1.3 35.9 9.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,078 100 10,737 100 4,767 100 S 8.9 - 16.8 - 19.3 - S
Single modes 10,469 94.5 9,983 93 4,072 85.4 S 9.2 1.2 14.1 1.9 19.5 3.2 S
Truck5 9,728 87.8 9,553 89 3,045 63.9 S 10.3 3.2 14.6 2.2 24 4.7 S
For-hire truck 4,817 43.5 4,022 37.5 2,740 57.5 594 13.6 4.6 18.7 6.4 25.8 5.3 17
Private truck 4,911 44.3 5,531 51.5 305 6.4 39 15 5.7 21 7.2 17.3 3.4 41.7
Rail 530 4.8 424 3.9 1,013 21.3 2,364 31.9 2.1 16.8 1.2 16.9 3.8 3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,031 S S S S S S 18.8
Multiple modes 431 3.9 269 2.5 581 12.2 1,032 19.1 1.1 35 1 33.3 3.2 18.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 111 1 S S 6 0.1 965 33.1 0.3 S S 36.6 0.2 19.8
Truck and rail 117 1.1 99 0.9 255 5.3 2,434 41.2 0.6 20 0.4 19.7 0.8 4.3
Truck and water 174 1.6 S S S S 1,865 21 0.4 S S S S 12.7
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,432 100 1,386 100 391 100 71 25.2 - 26.4 - 45.1 - 31.3
Single modes 2,374 97.6 1,370 98.8 372 95.2 40 25.5 1.8 26.7 0.8 46.6 4.3 17
Truck5 2,371 97.5 1,365 98.5 371 94.9 40 25.6 1.7 26.9 1 46.8 4.5 17
For-hire truck 793 32.6 309 22.3 S S 711 35.8 6.1 27.3 4.2 S S 33.9
Private truck 1,577 64.9 1,055 76.1 37 9.5 29 30.6 6.2 31.3 4.7 38.5 7.8 20
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 933 S S S S S S 34.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 922 S S S S S S 23.5
Truck and water S S S S 18 4.6 1,669 S S S S 41.3 10.7 36.1

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 240 S S S S S S 30.8
Single modes S S S S S S 248 S S S S S S 31
Truck5 S S S S S S 248 S S S S S S 31
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 46 S S S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.8 S S S S 30 35.9 1 S S S S 42.4

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 110 100 242 100 20 100 S 22.3 - 38.4 - 45.9 - S
Single modes 109 98.9 237 97.8 12 59.4 S 22.3 0.6 39 1.6 40.7 18 S
Truck5 109 98.9 237 97.8 12 59.4 S 22.3 0.6 39 1.6 40.7 18 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 123 S S S S S S 38.6
Private truck 76 68.5 S S S S 14 5.1 15.9 S S S S 44.3
Multiple modes 1 1.1 S S S S S 4.1 1.8 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 94 100 4,815 100 879 100 116 27.4 - 35.6 - 48.4 - 41.8
Single modes 81 86.4 4,382 91 S S 101 29.4 4.5 36.1 3.1 S S 44.5
Truck5 65 69.3 3,934 81.7 S S S 28 7.5 36.6 5.4 S S S
For-hire truck 19 20.1 S S S S S 35 9.6 S S S S S
Private truck 46 49.2 2,892 60.1 S S 28 40.6 12.4 47.8 11.6 S S 18.7
Rail 7 7.7 447 9.3 211 23.9 469 26.5 4.1 27.5 3.2 27.2 9.7 1.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 13.6 431 9 176 20.1 S 32.3 5.9 32.6 4.3 32.9 8.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 13 13.5 431 9 176 20.1 409 21.5 7.1 21.7 4.9 22.1 9.9 0.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 744 100 72,137 100 3,269 100 28 10.6 - 13.5 - 39.4 - 11.5
Single modes 681 91.5 63,479 88 2,433 74.4 28 10.9 3.6 10.8 4.1 28.5 6.9 12.8
Truck5 664 89.3 62,739 87 2,391 73.2 28 11.6 3.8 11.1 3.9 29.1 6.5 12.9
For-hire truck 234 31.5 19,753 27.4 S S 45 24.5 6.4 35.1 6.2 S S 20.4
Private truck 430 57.8 42,985 59.6 997 30.5 23 19.3 8.8 16.2 9.2 29.4 11.8 11.5
Rail 16 2.2 562 0.8 22 0.7 S 47.1 2.2 38 1.3 46.3 1.3 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 31.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 10 1.3 1,383 1.9 S S 88 23 9.9 27.1 12.3 S S 13.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 79 S S S S S S 38
Private truck S S 1,192 47.2 S S 22 S S 42.1 17.1 S S 16.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,526 S S S S S S 1.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - 0.1 1,490 S S 2.1 0.4 12.6 1.7 6.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,852 S S S S S S 39.6

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 479 100 162 100 13 100 289 48.4 - 31.5 - 35.7 - 44.1
Single modes 476 99.5 161 99.8 13 96.8 S 48.7 0.5 31.6 0.1 35.4 1.6 S
Truck5 476 99.5 161 99.8 13 96.8 S 48.7 0.5 31.6 0.1 35.4 1.6 S
For-hire truck 476 99.4 161 99.8 13 96.8 S 46.4 0.6 27.3 0.1 31.7 1.8 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 15,481 100 22,523 100 5,087 100 S 12.4 - 16.2 - 40.6 - S
Single modes 12,030 77.7 16,281 72.3 2,104 41.4 S 11.9 7.9 13.7 8.2 41.5 13.3 S
Truck5 5,616 36.3 6,699 29.7 321 6.3 S 28.2 11.6 27.1 11.5 27.7 13.3 S
For-hire truck S S S S 53 1 S S S S S 48.3 4.4 S
Private truck 4,878 31.5 5,737 25.5 269 5.3 47 29 11.8 27.3 11.9 32.3 13.9 9
Rail 385 2.5 620 2.8 S S S 44.2 3.4 43.9 2.9 S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 5,459 35.3 8,042 35.7 S S S 26.7 10.1 27.4 9.8 S S S
Multiple modes 3,450 22.3 6,242 27.7 S S S 24 9.8 30.6 9.4 S S S
Truck and water 1,732 11.2 2,702 12 S S S 36 13.9 35.1 14.1 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S 251 4.9 89 S S S S 42.6 19.7 24.4

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,370 100 13,374 100 S S 27 25.9 - 24.8 - S S 16.7
Single modes 4,431 60.1 8,837 66.1 S S 28 33.3 11.1 34.5 11.5 S S 23.1
Truck5 1,307 17.7 2,087 15.6 79 1.6 27 28.4 9.6 28.9 9.7 23 15.2 14.9
For-hire truck 152 2.1 207 1.6 9 0.2 S 42.4 2.5 41.6 2.2 39 4.9 S
Private truck 1,155 15.7 1,879 14.1 70 1.4 25 28 7.8 28.9 8 26.8 13 14.7
Rail S S S S S S 289 S S S S S S 47
Water 1,869 25.4 4,566 34.1 S S S 48.2 11.6 41.3 13.2 S S S
Shallow draft S S S S 11 0.2 8 S S S S 30.9 5.2 12
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 1,140 15.5 1,993 14.9 S S S 29.8 18.4 30.1 18.2 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3,439 25.7 S S 279 S S 32.1 19.9 S S 37.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 11 0.2 12 S S S S 32.1 10.3 45.2

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,199 100 6,016 100 384 100 S 33 - 33.3 - 37.5 - S
Single modes 3,100 96.9 5,725 95.2 372 97 23 33.1 1.5 31.3 1.8 38.9 3.3 49.9
Truck5 1,504 47 3,868 64.3 96 25 23 36.8 14.4 37.7 10.8 24.6 17.8 45.8
For-hire truck 117 3.7 296 4.9 22 5.8 335 32.9 2.6 34.6 3.7 26 5.2 33.8
Private truck 1,387 43.4 3,572 59.4 74 19.2 21 39 13.7 40.7 10.2 28.2 14.3 10
Rail 297 9.3 875 14.5 S S 251 30.8 15.7 27.7 17.8 S S 39.6
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,171 S S S S S S 33.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - - - S S 1,214 28.6 0.1 41 - S S 34.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 962 100 1,486 100 S S 297 25.4 - 36.1 - S S 46.3
Single modes 830 86.3 1,469 98.9 S S S 24.9 4.6 36.6 1.2 S S S
Truck5 680 70.7 1,013 68.2 S S S 28 7.8 43.6 9.3 S S S
For-hire truck 503 52.3 729 49 S S 609 26.6 8.4 48.4 9.9 S S 29.6
Private truck 177 18.4 S S S S 38 47.9 4.8 S S S S 22.9
Rail S S S S 207 26.9 S S S S S 38.8 17 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,631 S S S S S S 13.5
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 127 13.2 S S S S 1,538 48.9 5.1 S S S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,535 S S S S S S 22.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,142 100 107 100 48 100 823 22 - 17.8 - 40.9 - 19
Single modes 3,104 27.9 66 61.7 S S 1,177 41.2 12.8 25.2 12.6 S S 28.5
Truck5 2,929 26.3 62 58 S S S 41 14 22.5 12 S S S
For-hire truck 2,700 24.2 35 33 S S S 44.3 12.2 29.7 9.2 S S S
Private truck 230 2.1 27 25 2 3.2 S 30 4.7 24.5 8.1 29.2 4.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) 174 1.6 S S S S 2,120 37.5 1.5 S S S S 20.7
Multiple modes 8,038 72.1 41 38.3 19 39 788 33.1 12.8 24.9 12.6 24.1 11.2 17
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,038 72.1 41 38.3 19 39 788 33.1 12.8 24.9 12.6 24.1 11.2 17
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 355 100 1,311 100 493 100 S 37.1 - 31.3 - 45.2 - S
Single modes 312 87.6 1,149 87.7 238 48.4 S 33.4 3.6 28.2 3.7 34.1 15 S
Truck5 274 77 975 74.4 91 18.5 S 39.1 7.6 34.4 8.2 33.9 15.4 S
For-hire truck S S 403 30.8 61 12.4 213 S S 36.6 6.8 29.5 9.1 34.7
Private truck 192 54.1 572 43.6 30 6.1 40 39.4 12.1 36.8 11.4 48.1 14.4 14.6
Rail 38 10.6 S S 147 29.9 846 48.5 12.7 S S 45.4 17.4 24.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,586 S S S S S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 729 S S S S S S 41.9
Truck and rail 25 6.9 107 8.2 101 20.6 939 42.9 3.2 38.7 4.4 36.6 12.3 20.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,438 100 578 100 186 100 524 17.1 - 16.2 - 34.2 - 28.7
Single modes 2,212 90.7 554 95.8 155 83.4 134 16.6 2.9 16.2 1.4 36.9 5.4 23.1
Truck5 2,199 90.2 553 95.8 155 83.1 121 16.6 3 16.2 1.4 37 5.6 23.7
For-hire truck 1,196 49.1 344 59.5 134 72 S 29.5 7.2 24.1 7.8 38.4 7.5 S
Private truck 1,003 41.1 209 36.3 21 11.1 50 22.6 7.3 18.1 7.6 32.6 5.3 10.1
Air (incl truck and air) 13 0.5 S S S S 1,885 46.4 0.4 S S S S 21.9
Multiple modes 216 8.9 23 4 31 16.6 1,071 45.9 3 48.1 1.5 49.5 5.4 15.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 14 2.4 S S 1,060 S S 47.6 1.2 S S 17.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,011 S S S S S S 15.9
Other and unknown modes 10 0.4 1 0.2 - - 19 36.7 0.7 42.2 0.5 43.1 - 44.2

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,021 100 1,111 100 606 100 763 20.3 - 23.1 - 23.5 - 19.8
Single modes 2,926 72.8 974 87.7 436 72 353 19.4 6.3 23.9 3.9 21.4 5.5 20
Truck5 2,920 72.6 972 87.5 434 71.7 348 19.5 6.3 24 3.9 21.7 5.3 20.7
For-hire truck 1,732 43.1 623 56 405 66.9 844 21.2 4.1 29.7 4.3 22.2 5.2 16
Private truck 1,188 29.6 350 31.5 29 4.8 32 19.8 4.7 18.7 3.4 30 1.2 12.2
Rail S S 1 0.1 S S 1,335 S S 9.8 0.8 S S 0.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.1 - - - 0.1 1,913 48.3 0.1 35.8 - 49.9 0.1 16.6
Multiple modes 933 23.2 75 6.8 105 17.3 1,009 45.6 5.8 27.2 3 31.2 3.6 20.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 42 3.7 37 6 1,008 S S 36.3 2.4 30.9 1.5 20.9
Truck and rail 86 2.1 20 1.8 S S 2,469 47.2 1.8 46.2 0.8 S S 15.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,238 S S S S S S 12.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 560 100 5,393 100 S S S 26.4 - 32.6 - S S S
Single modes 488 87.2 5,348 99.2 S S 138 29.7 4.6 30.7 0.3 S S 33.7
Truck5 475 84.8 5,244 97.2 S S 138 30 5.1 31 1.4 S S 33.7
For-hire truck 462 82.5 5,110 94.7 S S 140 27.3 9.4 28.8 14.8 S S 37.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,005 100 23,552 100 12,160 100 804 11.4 - 18.4 - 12.9 - 32.2
Single modes 7,254 90.6 20,502 87.1 8,293 68.2 798 11.8 1.8 18.9 3.8 12.9 5.7 33.6
Truck5 6,548 81.8 18,562 78.8 4,717 38.8 166 12.9 2.6 21.4 4.7 20.2 5.8 18.6
For-hire truck 3,764 47 10,071 42.8 4,259 35 491 18.7 4.3 18.5 6.8 21.9 5.3 8.4
Private truck 2,784 34.8 8,491 36.1 458 3.8 56 12.3 4.2 44.6 7.8 33.8 1.7 15
Rail 673 8.4 1,936 8.2 3,562 29.3 1,814 11.9 1.2 14.1 2.2 13.9 3.9 7.2
Water 1 - S S S S 2,580 40.5 - S S S S 11.5
Deep draft 1 - S S S S 2,580 40.5 - S S S S 11.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,347 S S S S S S 27.9
Multiple modes 668 8.3 S S 3,828 31.5 1,656 19.9 1.8 S S 31.8 5.7 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,244 19 - 26.2 - 46.7 - 19.1
Truck and rail 409 5.1 1,298 5.5 2,683 22.1 1,892 21.5 0.9 32.1 1.4 36.1 4.5 7.1
Truck and water 254 3.2 S S 1,144 9.4 2,229 25.5 1.4 S S 42.4 4 10.3
Other and unknown modes 84 1 213 0.9 38 0.3 S 26.2 0.2 33.5 0.3 47 0.1 S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,018 100 5,606 100 3,669 100 161 15 - 17.1 - 15.6 - 29.1
Single modes 3,738 93 5,140 91.7 3,357 91.5 162 15.3 1.9 16.8 2.3 15.4 2.2 29.2
Truck5 3,113 77.5 4,102 73.2 2,031 55.4 145 16.7 3 18.7 4.2 17.6 6.8 28.2
For-hire truck 2,418 60.2 3,478 62 2,002 54.6 495 22.7 6.8 22 7.1 17.8 6.6 15.8
Private truck 695 17.3 624 11.1 29 0.8 35 20.8 6.5 20.2 6.1 32.5 0.6 22.2
Rail 615 15.3 1,029 18.4 1,303 35.5 1,328 15.6 2.1 17.4 3.3 19.7 5.8 16.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 263 6.6 438 7.8 310 8.5 S 41.4 1.9 48.8 2.3 32.3 2.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 185 S S S S S S 35.7
Truck and rail 162 4 267 4.8 294 8 1,275 23.8 1.1 24.4 1 29.7 2.3 25.9
Other multiple modes S S S S 15 0.4 S S S S S 27.4 1.3 S
Other and unknown modes 16 0.4 28 0.5 S S 11 33.2 0.3 44.8 0.6 S S 32.5

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,898 100 1,857 100 958 100 237 24.6 - 22.7 - 39.3 - 19.2
Single modes 2,739 94.5 1,830 98.6 944 98.5 207 27.1 8.1 23.1 2.4 39.7 3.4 20.6
Truck5 2,696 93 1,797 96.8 875 91.4 191 27 8 23 2.4 40.2 4.3 18.4
For-hire truck 2,149 74.1 1,414 76.1 849 88.6 627 28.2 8 22.8 7.5 40.4 5.3 25.2
Private truck 548 18.9 383 20.6 26 2.7 49 25.2 3.2 26.5 5.4 33.9 2.7 11.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 1,697 S S S S S S 46.3
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,697 S S S S S S 46.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 0.5 13 1.4 S S S 44.8 2.4 42.6 3.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 4 0.1 3 0.2 11 1.2 3,004 16.7 0.1 30.4 0.1 32.7 1.7 19
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,373 100 395 100 S S 1,399 39.6 - 33.6 - S S 21.9
Single modes 1,076 78.4 358 90.6 42 45.1 S 38.8 8.3 33.1 9.5 40.4 11 S
Truck5 1,074 78.3 358 90.5 42 44.5 99 37.5 2.6 31.4 2.7 39.6 9.3 18
For-hire truck 338 24.6 S S 31 33.6 S 40.4 7.1 S S 43.7 10 S
Private truck 736 53.6 215 54.5 S S 61 44.9 7.7 35.7 10.8 S S 24.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,710 S S S S S S 16.1
Multiple modes 269 19.6 S S S S 1,660 46.4 2.4 S S S S 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 263 19.2 S S S S 1,660 47.9 2.8 S S S S 13.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,946 100 333 100 291 100 1,857 20.5 - 17.7 - 29.7 - 12.2
Single modes 4,948 71.2 258 77.5 164 56.6 1,427 29.7 9.1 21.2 6.3 20.4 6.3 15.5
Truck5 4,788 68.9 255 76.8 161 55.3 1,098 30.9 9.2 21.5 6.3 20.7 6.6 16.5
For-hire truck 4,561 65.7 203 61.1 157 54.2 1,488 32.4 9.8 24.4 7.9 21.3 6.7 13.9
Private truck 227 3.3 52 15.7 3 1.1 37 37.9 1.7 35.1 5.3 40.7 0.7 16.3
Air (incl truck and air) 160 2.3 3 0.8 4 1.3 1,779 43.9 2 45.2 0.6 36.2 0.8 12.5
Multiple modes 1,968 28.3 72 21.6 126 43.4 1,880 29.8 9.1 43.2 6.4 47.4 6.3 11.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,848 26.6 S S S S 1,880 32.7 9.6 S S S S 11.5
Truck and rail S S 10 2.9 24 8.2 2,371 S S 18.4 5.3 17.8 13.2 6
Truck and water - - - - - - 1,853 5.2 0.1 10.3 0.1 23.6 0.3 34.2
Other and unknown modes 30 0.4 S S S S 67 39.3 0.2 S S S S 24.2

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,717 100 22,167 100 2,666 100 662 18.5 - 20.5 - 19.1 - 26
Single modes 4,228 89.6 21,686 97.8 2,080 78 193 18.5 3.3 21 1.8 19.9 6 21.9
Truck5 4,158 88.1 21,430 96.7 1,623 60.9 176 18.7 3.3 21 1.9 22.5 6.3 21.9
For-hire truck 1,624 34.4 6,445 29.1 1,166 43.7 680 32.3 5.2 35.6 7.1 24.3 4.3 21.7
Private truck 2,534 53.7 14,985 67.6 457 17.1 54 14.7 6.8 24.7 7.3 26.4 6.9 16.4
Rail 14 0.3 50 0.2 49 1.8 1,478 26.4 0.2 30.9 0.2 25.8 1.6 22.6
Water 54 1.1 205 0.9 407 15.3 2,179 31.1 0.4 35.3 0.2 19 3.4 12.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 41 0.9 146 0.7 407 15.3 2,187 16.7 0.3 16.1 0.2 19.1 3.4 12.2
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 1,853 50 0.1 S S S S 6.4
Multiple modes S S 339 1.5 S S 1,726 S S 48.2 1.8 S S 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 190 4 S S 18 0.7 1,720 37.5 1.4 S S 50 0.3 19.2
Truck and rail 8 0.2 S S 19 0.7 1,573 29.4 0.3 S S 33.1 1.2 25.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,071 S S S S S S 14.3
Other multiple modes 21 0.4 S S 4 0.1 S 7.7 1.2 S S 9.6 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes 35 0.7 142 0.6 S S 44 36.4 0.7 44.4 0.4 S S 45.4

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,915 100 3,517 100 1,745 100 628 19.3 - 22.5 - 22.5 - 29.1
Single modes 5,288 89.4 3,218 91.5 1,380 79.1 119 18.4 2.4 22.2 2.5 26.4 5.6 19.3
Truck5 4,665 78.9 2,760 78.5 820 47 112 18.2 2.9 20.4 3.7 20.9 6.3 16.6
For-hire truck 3,129 52.9 1,951 55.5 768 44 483 17.2 2.8 22.8 4.6 21.5 4.1 17.6
Private truck 1,536 26 809 23 52 3 39 27.9 3.3 20.2 4.9 21.9 3 10.8
Rail 610 10.3 444 12.6 522 29.9 1,215 27.8 2.3 44.1 3.3 38.4 5.4 24.4
Water 13 0.2 S S S S 1,958 49.2 0.3 S S S S 37.7
Deep draft 13 0.2 S S S S 1,958 49.2 0.3 S S S S 37.7
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 1,478 8 - S S S S 38.6
Multiple modes 420 7.1 276 7.8 364 20.9 1,977 27.2 1.2 39.8 2.2 32.7 5.6 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 77 1.3 3 0.1 4 0.2 1,977 33.9 0.5 26.1 0.1 29.5 0.1 18.3
Truck and rail 288 4.9 234 6.7 285 16.3 1,135 33 0.8 44.3 1.8 33.3 3 24.5
Truck and water 54 0.9 38 1.1 S S 2,436 42 1.1 41.7 1.9 S S 19.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 64 S S S S S S 39.7

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5,045 100 1,368 100 372 100 541 12.1 - 13.4 - 23.2 - 31.8
Single modes 3,991 79.1 1,296 94.8 311 83.7 135 11.6 2.8 12.6 1 17.2 4.2 28.5
Truck5 3,949 78.3 1,295 94.6 307 82.7 122 11.6 2.9 12.7 1 17.6 4.2 28.8
For-hire truck 1,738 34.4 536 39.2 234 63 557 19.2 4.3 16.2 5.2 17.2 5.6 20.3
Private truck 2,211 43.8 758 55.4 73 19.6 46 14.7 4.5 18.2 5 33.2 5.1 13.9
Water S S S S S S 1,733 S S S S S S 24.1
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,733 S S S S S S 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - 1 0.1 2,159 S S 32.3 - 45.1 0.1 27.9
Multiple modes 946 18.7 51 3.7 S S 1,199 21.2 2.9 45.1 1 S S 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 804 15.9 19 1.4 16 4.2 1,198 22.2 2.7 21.7 0.3 34.9 0.9 20.2
Truck and rail 100 2 S S S S 1,752 49.2 2.7 S S S S 37.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,891 S S S S S S 28
Other multiple modes S S - - - - 466 S S 1.4 - 1.2 - 0.3
Other and unknown modes 108 2.1 21 1.5 3 0.9 S 20.2 0.4 27.6 0.4 43.9 0.2 S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 10,271 100 1,296 100 S S 553 32.9 - 43.4 - S S 25.1
Single modes 7,108 69.2 1,207 93.1 S S S 38.6 6 46.5 5.2 S S S
Truck5 6,954 67.7 1,205 93 S S S 39.7 6.7 46.6 5.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 683 S S S S S S 35.8
Private truck 2,828 27.5 S S 8 0.5 23 31.9 6.6 S S 25.6 2 24.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 0.1 4 0.2 2,037 S S 39.4 0.2 46 2 15.7
Multiple modes 2,807 27.3 68 5.2 65 3.9 920 29.2 5.9 33.2 5 33.3 7.9 19.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,642 25.7 58 4.5 42 2.6 920 31.5 5.3 40.3 2.7 36.1 3.1 19.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 355 3.5 22 1.7 5 0.3 S 47.4 2.6 34.4 1.1 35.2 0.7 S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18,237 100 501 100 531 100 1,511 24.2 - 24.9 - 33.4 - 11.6
Single modes 9,247 50.7 336 67.1 290 54.6 628 26.2 4.9 22 5.7 43 7.8 26.1
Truck5 7,219 39.6 319 63.8 265 49.9 596 29.2 5.9 21.6 6.3 46.1 7.2 29
For-hire truck 5,583 30.6 181 36.1 260 49.1 1,682 39.4 6 32.3 6 46.9 7.4 14.3
Private truck 1,635 9 139 27.7 4 0.8 29 18.2 2.3 23.9 6.3 23.4 0.5 12.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,019 11.1 13 2.7 S S 1,555 36.2 3.1 39.5 0.9 S S 10.3
Multiple modes 8,699 47.7 126 25.1 239 45 1,885 23.8 4.7 24.2 4.6 27 7.7 5.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,469 46.4 101 20.1 178 33.6 1,885 24.4 5.1 19.3 5.3 23.6 9.9 6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,306 S S S S S S 7
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,909 S S S S S S 27.5
Other and unknown modes 291 1.6 S S 2 0.4 S 36.4 0.5 S S 47.4 0.4 S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,563 100 1,014 100 739 100 S 12.3 - 17 - 16.4 - S
Single modes 7,347 85.8 873 86.1 488 66.1 S 16.1 6.9 18.9 4.8 21.9 9.2 S
Truck5 6,120 71.5 791 78 470 63.6 S 17.7 9.1 22.5 8.6 23.1 10 S
For-hire truck 3,800 44.4 394 38.8 423 57.2 1,283 18.1 6.9 20.4 4.6 24.3 9.2 16.5
Private truck 2,320 27.1 397 39.1 47 6.3 35 34.2 7.2 30.1 7.3 35.3 1.8 43.4
Rail S S S S 11 1.4 1,588 S S S S 41.8 1.4 36.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,672 S S 5.8 - 23.1 - 20.5
Multiple modes 1,041 12.2 116 11.4 233 31.5 896 27.3 7.2 24.2 5.2 24.7 9.2 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 365 4.3 16 1.6 15 2.1 877 37.8 3.9 34.4 2.2 41.7 3 23
Truck and rail 644 7.5 82 8.1 164 22.2 2,161 35.8 7.4 28.7 5.7 24.7 11 3.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,238 S S S S S S 21.7
Other and unknown modes 176 2.1 25 2.5 S S S 44 1.1 43.7 0.9 S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 110 100 101 100 763 S S 24.7 - 31.4 - 17.8
Single modes S S 104 94.6 90 89.2 341 S S 26.2 6.5 34.9 8 45.3
Truck5 4,195 18.2 67 60.6 66 65.2 S 17.8 12.9 25.7 11.2 38 10.3 S
For-hire truck 1,483 6.4 44 40 64 63.1 1,799 20.4 5.2 34.2 9.8 39.5 11.7 14.7
Private truck 2,712 11.8 23 20.6 2 2.1 29 19.5 8.8 31.1 9.6 29.4 5.5 18.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,531 S S S S S S 10.1
Multiple modes 2,035 8.8 4 3.5 6 5.8 1,443 27.4 7.9 24.6 0.9 26.3 3.6 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,998 8.7 3 2.8 4 4.1 1,441 28.2 7.8 30.4 1 32.9 3.8 4.6
Truck and rail 22 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.2 2,149 40.7 0.9 36.5 0.8 36.4 0.9 0.8
Truck and water 16 0.1 S S S S S 38.8 0.5 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,156 S S S S S S 32.5

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,872 100 31 100 40 100 1,474 37.2 - 26.1 - 32.6 - 15.2
Single modes S S 18 58.3 16 39.2 1,104 S S 32.5 9.1 44 9.6 24.6
Truck5 S S 15 49.5 S S S S S 34.8 9.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S 13 42 S S S S S 37.3 9.6 S S S
Private truck 241 3.5 S S S S S 48.4 8.2 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 578 8.4 3 8.9 5 13.4 2,020 34.9 1.7 27.1 4.6 28 6.6 5.9
Multiple modes 2,557 37.2 13 40.8 24 60.6 1,570 30.8 10.2 26.9 7.9 37.1 9.5 14.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,557 37.2 13 40.8 24 60.6 1,570 30.8 10.2 26.9 7.9 37.1 9.5 14.8
Other and unknown modes 35 0.5 - 0.8 S S S 49.4 1 38.7 3.3 S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,518 100 376 100 167 100 583 24.5 - 25.2 - 22.6 - 22.1
Single modes 2,155 61.3 325 86.2 87 51.8 227 12.7 9.6 27.5 5.6 25.5 9.5 34.5
Truck5 2,141 60.9 321 85.3 76 45.7 220 12.9 9.3 28 5.5 21.1 9.3 33.4
For-hire truck 1,044 29.7 S S 61 36.3 929 28.6 7.6 S S 25.8 7 15.5
Private truck 1,097 31.2 208 55.2 16 9.3 73 19.9 11.8 23.4 9.1 29.5 9.9 12.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.3 2,129 37.6 0.8 15 0.3 33.5 0.7 9.7
Multiple modes S S 31 8.3 78 46.7 1,843 S S 42.6 4.4 45.7 9.7 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.4 2 1.3 1,828 S S 36.3 0.3 37.1 1.3 11.3
Truck and rail S S 26 6.8 66 39.3 1,751 S S 47.6 9.4 49.6 15.9 28.9
Truck and water 20 0.6 4 1.1 10 6.1 2,256 19 1.1 23.8 1.8 20 7 12.6
Other and unknown modes 63 1.8 S S S S 104 34.2 1 S S S S 23

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7,934 100 2,960 100 544 100 1,709 21.9 - 29.7 - 24.5 - 13.9
Single modes 3,878 48.9 2,568 86.8 362 66.5 1,515 10 6.8 28.5 4.2 23.1 6.5 24.3
Truck5 3,840 48.4 2,567 86.7 360 66.2 1,478 10 6.9 28.5 4.2 23.2 6.5 24.6
For-hire truck 1,753 22.1 435 14.7 292 53.6 1,638 20.9 6.3 44.1 7.2 22.3 5.7 9.8
Private truck 2,087 26.3 2,132 72 69 12.6 40 17.3 6.4 29.5 10.7 30.8 3.5 12.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 38 0.5 1 - 2 0.3 2,124 37.7 0.1 32.5 - 39.8 0.4 17
Multiple modes 3,810 48 89 3 S S 1,903 36.7 6.3 44.3 4.2 S S 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,772 47.5 84 2.8 S S 1,903 37 6.3 47.7 4 S S 9.7
Truck and water 31 0.4 5 0.2 9 1.6 2,497 23.6 0.3 26.2 0.6 32.3 1.7 19.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,624 100 3,375 100 451 100 126 26.3 - 19.5 - 35.9 - 24.8
Single modes 1,549 95.4 3,291 97.5 413 91.5 122 26 1.8 19.8 1.7 35.2 2.6 24.9
Truck5 1,519 93.5 3,231 95.7 362 80.3 115 26 2.2 19.6 2 37.6 6.2 26.5
For-hire truck 1,415 87.1 2,457 72.8 350 77.7 148 27.3 6.1 22.2 7 37.5 6.8 38
Private truck 104 6.4 774 22.9 12 2.7 S 43.1 5.2 32.9 6.4 43.1 6 S
Rail 30 1.8 60 1.8 50 11.2 1,196 36.4 2.3 46.2 1.6 41.5 12.5 46.2
Multiple modes 23 1.4 74 2.2 27 5.9 428 14.7 3 8.3 4.4 4.4 4.9 22
Truck and rail 23 1.4 74 2.2 27 5.9 428 14.7 3 8.3 4.4 4.4 4.9 22
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 15,662 100 4,671 100 1,254 100 376 12.1 - 12.3 - 10.6 - 27.5
Single modes 14,109 90.1 4,438 95 838 66.8 189 14.1 2 13.4 1.3 13.1 5.9 15.6
Truck5 13,869 88.6 4,393 94.1 731 58.3 178 14.6 2.8 13.7 1.6 13.7 7.4 10.7
For-hire truck 5,016 32 1,522 32.6 427 34 637 26 4.8 32.1 6 21.4 5.4 13.2
Private truck 8,853 56.5 2,871 61.5 304 24.2 73 12.9 5.6 11.5 6.1 13.2 5.4 11.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 219 1.4 42 0.9 S S S 18.2 7.5 37.4 4.4 S S S
Deep draft 219 1.4 42 0.9 S S S 18.2 7.5 37.4 4.4 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,638 S S S S S S 27.9
Multiple modes 1,414 9 220 4.7 415 33.1 1,034 19.3 2.1 22.9 1.4 22 5.9 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 428 2.7 42 0.9 16 1.3 1,006 29 0.8 42.3 0.4 15.5 0.3 19.6
Truck and rail 565 3.6 69 1.5 180 14.3 2,585 26.7 3.9 22.4 1.7 20.5 9.3 2.4
Truck and water 420 2.7 109 2.3 218 17.4 1,985 47.3 1.3 40.8 1.1 45.2 6.1 10.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 13 0.3 S S S S S 46 0.1 S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,862 S S S S S S 9.9
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 9.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,627 S S S S S S 30.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,627 S S S S S S 30.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.