Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 49,842 100 222,895 100 85,627 100 3.9 - 17.6 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 10,908 21.9 50,996 22.9 1,334 1.6 7.8 1.7 15.6 2.7 14.7 0.4
50 - 99 miles 3,953 7.9 18,028 8.1 2,324 2.7 10.4 0.8 28.4 2.6 22.2 1.2
100 - 249 miles 12,798 25.7 100,212 45 40,714 47.5 8.7 2.4 28 6.3 29.7 7.2
250 - 499 miles 12,557 25.2 35,894 16.1 19,846 23.2 11.3 2 18.8 2.9 20.8 5.7
500 - 749 miles 3,405 6.8 S S S S 12.5 1.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,357 4.7 4,374 2 7,223 8.4 17.5 0.7 38.3 0.6 42.6 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,270 2.5 462 0.2 709 0.8 13.6 0.3 30.5 0.2 31.6 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 579 1.2 103 - 229 0.3 17.8 0.2 33.9 - 34.4 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,015 4 397 0.2 1,055 1.2 21.5 0.7 31.9 0.2 31.8 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 42,721 100 200,687 100 75,105 100 3.3 - 18.4 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles 9,767 22.9 48,938 24.4 1,266 1.7 6.9 1.7 16.6 3.3 15.4 0.5
50 - 99 miles 3,345 7.8 11,922 5.9 1,768 2.4 10.1 0.9 15.9 1.6 19.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 11,690 27.4 90,402 45 37,535 50 10 2.4 28.6 6 30.8 7.2
250 - 499 miles 11,142 26.1 34,748 17.3 18,998 25.3 10.2 2.2 19.6 3.3 21.7 6
500 - 749 miles 2,957 6.9 S S S S 14 1.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,739 4.1 1,717 0.9 2,218 3 16.5 0.7 35 0.5 36.2 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 876 2 419 0.2 636 0.8 18.6 0.3 34.6 0.2 36.1 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 351 0.8 73 - 157 0.2 16.6 0.1 37.3 - 37 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 855 2 182 0.1 468 0.6 19.4 0.3 12.6 - 13.1 0.4

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,332 100 49,751 100 6,332 100 7.4 - 13.5 - 3.9 -
Less than 50 miles 8,533 26.4 33,814 68 878 13.9 7.6 2.8 19.9 4.7 21.1 2.7
50 - 99 miles 2,909 9 4,927 9.9 516 8.1 10.1 0.9 13.6 1.1 13 1.4
100 - 249 miles 6,729 20.8 5,274 10.6 1,244 19.6 11.9 1.2 7.2 1.9 7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 8,758 27.1 4,116 8.3 1,903 30.1 13.9 1.9 11.1 2 11.4 2.7
500 - 749 miles 2,107 6.5 816 1.6 593 9.4 14.7 0.9 13.1 0.4 12.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,439 4.5 360 0.7 368 5.8 19.5 0.8 17.3 0.2 17.3 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 740 2.3 245 0.5 351 5.5 17.2 0.3 13.2 0.1 13.5 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 327 1 59 0.1 123 1.9 19.8 0.2 42.5 0.1 42.4 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 788 2.4 142 0.3 357 5.6 21.9 0.4 12.3 0.1 11.6 0.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,795 100 27,434 100 5,131 100 10 - 17.6 - 6.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,126 10.2 15,199 55.4 307 6 13.7 1.4 32.4 7 24.9 1.5
50 - 99 miles 1,055 5.1 2,612 9.5 283 5.5 11.7 0.3 12.4 1.5 12.2 1.1
100 - 249 miles 5,092 24.5 4,278 15.6 1,017 19.8 13.8 1.2 7.7 2.8 7.6 1.3
250 - 499 miles 7,157 34.4 3,738 13.6 1,747 34 12.6 1.4 12.4 3 12.6 2.8
500 - 749 miles 2,073 10 806 2.9 586 11.4 14.6 1.5 13.4 0.7 12.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,439 6.9 360 1.3 368 7.2 19.5 1 17.3 0.4 17.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 737 3.5 240 0.9 343 6.7 17.5 0.5 13.8 0.2 14.3 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 326 1.6 59 0.2 123 2.4 19.7 0.3 42.5 0.2 42.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 788 3.8 142 0.5 357 7 21.9 0.7 12.3 0.1 11.6 0.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,538 100 22,318 100 1,200 100 9.3 - 13.8 - 12.8 -
Less than 50 miles 6,407 55.5 18,615 83.4 570 47.5 10.7 3.9 16.4 2.8 28.2 6.2
50 - 99 miles 1,854 16.1 2,315 10.4 233 19.4 16.2 2.1 17.1 1.7 17.3 2.5
100 - 249 miles 1,637 14.2 995 4.5 227 18.9 21.2 1.8 14.9 0.9 15.1 2.6
250 - 499 miles 1,601 13.9 378 1.7 156 13 26.7 3.5 18.7 0.6 20 2.6
500 - 749 miles 35 0.3 10 - 7 0.6 48 0.2 35.4 - 33.9 0.5
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,262 100 139,394 100 66,958 100 15.9 - 21.5 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 678 7.3 6,775 4.9 260 0.4 24.8 2.8 37.4 3.6 35.5 0.3
50 - 99 miles 359 3.9 6,183 4.4 1,144 1.7 21.8 1.7 27.3 2.2 29.3 0.9
100 - 249 miles 4,862 52.5 83,796 60.1 35,893 53.6 25.9 6.9 30.4 8.3 32 7.7
250 - 499 miles 2,286 24.7 30,374 21.8 16,870 25.2 20 4.1 22.7 4.7 24.8 6.5
500 - 749 miles 709 7.7 S S S S 45.7 3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 153 1.6 S S S S 43.7 0.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 0.2 14 - 34 0.1 29.8 0.6 25.1 - 21.6 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 60 0.7 40 - 111 0.2 38.2 0.6 43.5 - 42.7 0.2

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 743 100 S S 1,784 100 41 - S S 41.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 74 10 S S S S 36.6 19.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 138 18.5 550 5.4 514 28.8 26.8 14.9 41.8 11.7 40.6 14.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 743 100 S S 1,784 100 41 - S S 41.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 74 10 S S S S 36.6 19.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 138 18.5 550 5.4 514 28.8 26.8 14.9 41.8 11.7 40.6 14.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S - 5.8 - 2.1 S S 41 16.3 40.3 8.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 1.5 - 0.8 S S 11.8 12.7 4.4 10.1
750 - 999 miles S S - 3.1 - 2 S S 41.2 5.1 41.3 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 156 100 S S S S 29.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 154 99.3 S S S S 30.8 1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,087 100 20,578 100 10,426 100 17.9 - 40 - 42.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,033 17 S S S S 27.1 5.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,317 21.6 S S S S 22.6 3.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 414 6.8 S S S S 27.6 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 587 9.6 S S S S 29.4 2.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 385 6.3 S S S S 26.2 1.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 213 3.5 S S S S 31.3 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,060 17.4 S S S S 35.4 3.8 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,863 100 89 100 71 100 23.4 - 18 - 16.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 8 9.2 - 0.5 S S 42.9 2 45.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S 11 11.9 1 1.6 S S 38.4 2.5 39.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 461 11.9 11 12.7 3 3.9 14.4 1.8 12.6 1.8 12.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 842 21.8 26 28.9 12 17.6 18.9 2.9 22.3 2.3 23.6 2.3
500 - 749 miles 301 7.8 7 7.9 5 7.8 26.7 1.9 31.2 2.3 33.7 2.3
750 - 999 miles 438 11.4 9 9.7 9 12.8 34 1.9 20.3 1.8 20.7 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 327 8.5 5 5.8 8 10.7 26.3 1.4 26.5 0.8 30.7 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 176 4.6 3 3.8 7 10 35.1 1 26.5 0.9 25.6 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 354 9.2 9 10.1 25 35.1 31.7 2.3 31.4 3.4 34 7.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,339 100 S S 1,362 100 35.7 - S S 39.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 14 0.3 1 - S S 49.7 11.4 49.8 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 120 9 175 3.3 66 4.8 45.6 10 29.4 13.3 32.3 9.3
250 - 499 miles S S 161 3 105 7.7 S S 39.3 10.3 46.6 9.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 21 1.5 10 0.2 12 0.9 27.7 4 28.8 12.6 28.4 6.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 58 4.3 S S S S 48.7 10.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 706 52.7 S S S S 49.7 12.2 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 103 100 1,523 100 257 100 36.1 - 19.1 - 17 -
Less than 50 miles 22 21.2 S S S S 43.5 7.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 1,034 67.9 111 43.3 S S 18.9 13.2 18.9 17.6
100 - 249 miles S S 229 15 S S S S 49.9 18 S S
250 - 499 miles 50 48.8 77 5 S S 40.9 14.3 43.4 18.3 S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 2,435 100 2,467 100 S S 32 - 30.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S 1,615 65.4 S S S S 48.1 17.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,034 100 1,630 100 97 100 30.3 - 47.7 - 36.1 -
Less than 50 miles 654 63.2 S S S S 48.3 12.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 75 7.3 S S S S 37.1 8.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 17 1.1 S S S S 47.3 2.7 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 31 3 5 0.3 6 6.4 37.3 8.2 40.7 7.2 42.6 14
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.