Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 263,658 100 203,766 100 64,301 100 2.2 - 10.5 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 57,740 21.9 88,014 43.2 2,255 3.5 4.9 0.8 11 2.7 15.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 38,196 14.5 31,658 15.5 3,266 5.1 7 0.8 18.8 1.8 22.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 46,782 17.7 30,692 15.1 6,934 10.8 4.3 0.8 14.2 1.5 15.5 1
250 - 499 miles 37,945 14.4 20,046 9.8 9,804 15.2 4.9 0.7 18.8 1.4 20.4 1.8
500 - 749 miles 27,569 10.5 11,085 5.4 9,638 15 3.2 0.3 13.8 0.4 15.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles 26,022 9.9 13,067 6.4 15,289 23.8 6.4 0.6 29.4 1 31.1 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,104 5.7 4,905 2.4 7,519 11.7 7.3 0.4 19.1 0.5 18.8 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 14,014 5.3 4,288 2.1 9,531 14.8 7.9 0.4 20.1 0.3 18.9 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 284 0.1 10 - 67 0.1 21.3 - 34.7 - 48.6 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 221,345 100 189,832 100 51,943 100 2.3 - 8.9 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 52,677 23.8 87,101 45.9 2,238 4.3 4.3 0.7 11.2 2.7 15.5 0.8
50 - 99 miles 34,065 15.4 28,376 14.9 2,810 5.4 6.3 0.8 14.3 1.7 15.5 1
100 - 249 miles 39,560 17.9 29,957 15.8 6,745 13 3 0.6 14 1.4 15.2 0.8
250 - 499 miles 33,158 15 19,579 10.3 9,595 18.5 5.2 0.7 19 1.4 20.7 1.5
500 - 749 miles 21,237 9.6 8,758 4.6 7,359 14.2 5.2 0.4 7.5 0.4 7.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 19,401 8.8 8,225 4.3 9,222 17.8 6.3 0.5 8.9 0.5 10 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,662 5.3 4,389 2.3 6,735 13 7.9 0.4 19.2 0.4 19 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,534 4.3 3,446 1.8 7,235 13.9 9.6 0.4 24.6 0.3 23.8 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 3 - S S S S 47.1 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 214,839 100 170,402 100 37,728 100 2.3 - 8 - 6.9 -
Less than 50 miles 52,388 24.4 85,781 50.3 1,900 5 4.3 0.7 11 2.7 12 0.6
50 - 99 miles 33,195 15.5 25,597 15 2,551 6.8 6.4 0.8 16 1.7 17.3 1.2
100 - 249 miles 38,828 18.1 26,228 15.4 5,763 15.3 3 0.5 11.6 1.5 13.1 1.1
250 - 499 miles 32,252 15 15,104 8.9 6,980 18.5 5.4 0.7 15.4 1.3 15.1 1.5
500 - 749 miles 20,202 9.4 6,763 4 5,534 14.7 5 0.4 5.2 0.4 5.6 0.7
750 - 999 miles 18,338 8.5 5,860 3.4 6,272 16.6 6.8 0.6 5.7 0.4 5.6 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,891 5.1 3,103 1.8 4,650 12.3 7.9 0.4 11.6 0.2 10.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,736 4.1 1,964 1.2 4,076 10.8 10 0.4 8.1 0.1 8 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 137,736 100 84,667 100 30,849 100 3.2 - 8.2 - 8.5 -
Less than 50 miles 19,502 14.2 24,682 29.2 663 2.1 10.3 1.1 12.7 3.2 19.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles 18,186 13.2 11,375 13.4 1,105 3.6 9.9 1.3 10.9 1.8 11.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 25,113 18.2 19,678 23.2 4,418 14.3 3.2 0.6 15.8 2.4 17.8 1.3
250 - 499 miles 24,806 18 13,109 15.5 6,075 19.7 7.6 1.1 18.2 1.5 17.7 1.6
500 - 749 miles 17,458 12.7 5,993 7.1 4,939 16 5 0.6 5.1 0.5 5.7 0.8
750 - 999 miles 15,774 11.5 5,132 6.1 5,512 17.9 5.5 0.6 5.2 0.5 5.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,204 6.7 2,810 3.3 4,218 13.7 6.5 0.4 13.2 0.4 12.3 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,686 5.6 1,887 2.2 3,918 12.7 6 0.4 8.2 0.2 8.1 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 77,103 100 85,734 100 6,879 100 3 - 12.3 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 32,886 42.7 61,099 71.3 1,237 18 3.8 1.3 14.4 3.9 12.8 1.6
50 - 99 miles 15,010 19.5 14,222 16.6 1,447 21 10 1.7 27.1 3.5 29.3 3.8
100 - 249 miles 13,716 17.8 6,550 7.6 1,345 19.6 6.1 1.1 10 0.8 10.4 1.4
250 - 499 miles 7,446 9.7 1,995 2.3 905 13.2 11.6 1 8.5 0.5 8.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 2,744 3.6 770 0.9 595 8.7 9.9 0.3 11.5 0.2 10.6 1
750 - 999 miles 2,564 3.3 727 0.8 760 11.1 22.6 0.7 17.2 0.2 15.6 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,687 2.2 293 0.3 431 6.3 24.2 0.5 13.9 - 13.2 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 77 0.1 159 2.3 S S 31.7 - 31.9 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,537 100 18,870 100 13,557 100 10.3 - 23.7 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles 231 6.5 S S S S 33.6 2.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 436 12.3 2,775 14.7 256 1.9 14.2 3.3 33 8.3 27.7 3.7
100 - 249 miles 384 10.9 3,574 18.9 799 5.9 25.2 2.8 36.4 3.3 38.2 1
250 - 499 miles 592 16.7 4,472 23.7 2,614 19.3 24.6 3 43.5 5.2 47.3 3.6
500 - 749 miles 558 15.8 1,987 10.5 1,819 13.4 20.2 3.5 22.1 3.2 22.4 5.2
750 - 999 miles 764 21.6 2,288 12.1 2,834 20.9 18 2.5 29.9 2.8 31 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 357 10.1 1,278 6.8 2,073 15.3 39 3.3 40.2 2.4 40.3 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 215 6.1 S S 3,144 23.2 20.7 1 S S 49.5 4.6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S 39.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 22 98.5 71 96.5 109 100 26.6 1.1 48.5 2.5 48.1 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,834 100 41 100 49 100 17.8 - 14.2 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 3 5.3 S S S S 39.8 2.3
100 - 249 miles 291 10.3 5 12.8 3 7.1 33.3 3.9 34 2.7 47.1 2.5
250 - 499 miles 315 11.1 3 7 2 3.5 31.6 3.4 23.4 1.4 26.4 1
500 - 749 miles 476 16.8 8 20.1 6 12.5 29.1 3.6 29.9 3.8 26.6 3
750 - 999 miles 277 9.8 6 14.8 7 14.1 19.3 2.3 21 3.9 29 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 415 14.6 8 19.5 12 23.8 18.6 2.1 19.8 2.9 19.2 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 583 20.6 7 16.1 S S 34.3 4.3 43.3 5.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 36,297 100 S S S S 8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 2,715 7.5 78 0.7 4 - 14.5 1 14.4 0.8 21.8 -
50 - 99 miles 3,608 9.9 S S S S 22 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 6,693 18.4 537 4.5 152 1.3 21 2.9 43.9 3.4 48.3 1.1
250 - 499 miles 4,250 11.7 312 2.6 143 1.2 8.5 0.9 35.3 1.5 30.5 0.6
500 - 749 miles 5,380 14.8 S S S S 13.2 1.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 6,205 17.1 S S S S 13.5 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,069 8.5 445 3.7 674 5.8 9.9 0.6 30.2 3.9 28.5 4.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,143 11.4 741 6.2 2,084 17.9 13.2 1.4 24.7 4.6 27.2 8.2
More than 2,000 miles 234 0.6 9 0.1 S S 29 0.2 44.8 0.1 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 31,687 100 759 100 602 100 8.6 - 7.9 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 2,705 8.5 65 8.6 2 0.4 14.6 1.1 17.7 1 14.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 3,535 11.2 62 8.2 7 1.2 21.9 2 14.6 1 14.5 0.2
100 - 249 miles 6,450 20.4 118 15.5 30 5 21.6 2.8 13.6 1.3 13.4 0.6
250 - 499 miles 4,091 12.9 114 15 55 9.2 8.8 1 8.5 0.8 8.7 0.5
500 - 749 miles 4,200 13.3 119 15.7 99 16.4 8.2 1.1 7.4 0.8 7.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 4,943 15.6 135 17.7 145 24.1 12.5 1.7 9.9 1.4 9.7 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,675 8.4 75 9.9 112 18.5 10.1 0.6 9.5 0.4 9.7 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,895 9.1 69 9.1 144 23.8 12.3 1.1 10.4 0.6 10.4 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 193 0.6 2 0.3 8 1.3 30.6 0.2 32.2 0.1 44.8 0.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,055 100 S S S S 36.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 6 0.2 11 0.1 S S 22.4 0.3 49.9 0.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 72 1.8 S S S S 37.4 1.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 229 5.6 S S S S 38.4 3.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 144 3.5 S S S S 31.4 2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,033 25.5 S S S S 35.6 3.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 310 7.7 358 3.4 539 5.7 27.6 3.1 36.2 5.5 34.4 6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,109 27.3 587 5.6 1,377 14.5 37.5 4 27.5 7.4 28 9.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 424 100 S S 981 100 17.4 - S S 39.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 1 0.2 S S S S 36.4 5.9 S S
250 - 499 miles S S 4 1 S S S S 47 2.2 S S
500 - 749 miles 28 6.7 5 1.3 15 1.5 27.2 15.8 24.2 14.2 32.1 8.7
750 - 999 miles 127 30 S S S S 34 8.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 23 2.4 S S S S 48.6 16.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 113 26.7 60 15.3 399 40.7 28 9.3 38.7 15.7 38.2 15.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 77 78.9 S S S S 47.6 11.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,016 100 1,984 100 734 100 20.7 - 28 - 25.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,348 39 835 42.1 12 1.7 32.8 6.7 31.7 7 32 1.4
50 - 99 miles 522 8.7 S S S S 31.3 2.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 529 8.8 198 10 37 5.1 28.7 3.8 41.8 1.6 39.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles S S 156 7.9 66 8.9 S S 41.3 3.4 41 2.7
500 - 749 miles 952 15.8 220 11.1 187 25.4 44.3 3.9 32.5 5.7 31.6 5.2
750 - 999 miles 417 6.9 72 3.6 78 10.6 25.8 1.9 42 1.4 42.2 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 71 3.6 110 15 S S 28.4 2 28.2 5.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 101 5.1 211 28.8 S S 50 2.9 49.9 5.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.