Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,753 100 550,886 100 559,160 100 11.6 - 15.5 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,299 30.7 14,800 2.7 384 0.1 17.9 3.5 14.2 0.7 18.7 -
50 - 99 miles 3,042 12.8 S S S S 22.2 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,078 13 41,819 7.6 10,834 1.9 12.8 2 23.6 1.3 28.6 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,997 8.4 39,669 7.2 23,450 4.2 13.2 0.5 29.4 1 24.9 0.5
500 - 749 miles 2,625 11.1 103,479 18.8 93,377 16.7 14.5 1.6 14.1 3.7 14.8 3.4
750 - 999 miles 3,233 13.6 198,017 35.9 238,387 42.6 18.2 2.6 18 3.7 18.1 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,038 8.6 123,158 22.4 186,522 33.4 13.5 1 17.2 2.8 16.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 404 1.7 S S S S 25.1 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,720 100 529,234 100 549,472 100 9 - 13.8 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 6,922 33.4 14,724 2.8 381 0.1 17.2 4 14.2 0.6 18.7 -
50 - 99 miles 2,402 11.6 11,204 2.1 932 0.2 26 1.6 37.6 0.6 30.5 -
100 - 249 miles 2,782 13.4 41,814 7.9 10,832 2 10 2 23.6 1.3 28.6 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,550 7.5 39,593 7.5 23,405 4.3 16.1 1 29.4 1.1 24.9 0.5
500 - 749 miles 2,311 11.2 103,418 19.5 93,301 17 17.5 1.8 14.1 3.6 14.8 3.3
750 - 999 miles 2,794 13.5 193,325 36.5 230,028 41.9 18 2.7 17.4 3.7 17.1 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,674 8.1 123,127 23.3 186,471 33.9 16 1.1 17.2 2.8 16.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 284 1.4 S S S S 29.2 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - 13 - 37 - 12.8 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,555 100 30,718 100 7,166 100 15.7 - 15.5 - 34 -
Less than 50 miles 5,624 44.8 11,204 36.5 310 4.3 22.9 3.7 16.5 5.7 22.2 2.3
50 - 99 miles 2,336 18.6 6,886 22.4 598 8.3 26.2 1.9 30.5 4.6 23.9 2.6
100 - 249 miles 2,335 18.6 7,572 24.6 1,683 23.5 12.8 2.7 32.5 4.4 33.5 5.5
250 - 499 miles 898 7.2 1,833 6 891 12.4 16.7 1.3 19.2 0.7 26.4 2.1
500 - 749 miles 647 5.2 1,145 3.7 981 13.7 31 1.6 37.2 0.7 37.1 2.1
750 - 999 miles 425 3.4 S S S S 20.1 0.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 177 1.4 S S S S 21.8 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 111 0.9 S S S S 44.6 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,181 100 15,849 100 5,986 100 14 - 29.4 - 40.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,353 26.1 3,425 21.6 108 1.8 23.7 4.3 32.7 5.1 38.3 1.6
50 - 99 miles 787 15.2 2,378 15 247 4.1 19.2 3.7 30.2 3.8 30.8 1.8
100 - 249 miles 1,106 21.3 5,466 34.5 1,243 20.8 17.4 3.1 45.8 4.4 45.8 5.5
250 - 499 miles 602 11.6 1,375 8.7 722 12.1 23.2 1.6 24.4 0.9 32.6 2.5
500 - 749 miles 647 12.5 1,136 7.2 974 16.3 31 2.9 37.2 1.5 37.2 2.9
750 - 999 miles 399 7.7 S S S S 22.5 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 176 3.4 S S S S 21.3 0.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 111 2.1 S S S S 44.6 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,374 100 14,870 100 1,180 100 27.2 - 19.5 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 4,271 57.9 7,779 52.3 202 17.1 29.8 5.8 20.4 6.2 22.7 3.3
50 - 99 miles 1,549 21 4,509 30.3 351 29.7 36.9 2.7 46.9 7.2 39.6 7.4
100 - 249 miles 1,229 16.7 2,106 14.2 440 37.3 24.9 3 18.7 3.3 20 4.4
250 - 499 miles 296 4 458 3.1 169 14.3 28.7 2.4 20.9 1.4 18.8 3.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,485 100 484,873 100 538,992 100 12.2 - 14.3 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18 0.3 S S S S 46.4 0.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 297 0.1 S S S S 33.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 293 4.5 24,792 5.1 7,381 1.4 26.1 1.3 32.2 1.4 38.5 0.4
250 - 499 miles 631 9.7 37,697 7.8 22,494 4.2 20.7 1.5 31 1.3 26.2 0.6
500 - 749 miles 1,664 25.7 102,272 21.1 92,319 17.1 23 4.1 14.1 4 14.7 3.4
750 - 999 miles 2,302 35.5 192,336 39.7 228,976 42.5 18.6 5 17.5 4.2 17.2 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,410 21.7 121,405 25 184,270 34.2 16.6 2.3 17.2 2.9 16.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18 100 - 100 1 100 45.7 - 33.3 - 38.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - 0.3 - 0.4 - 1 13 8.2 37 3.6 12.8 7.5

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,662 100 13,642 100 S S 30.9 - 27.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 153 9.2 9,451 69.3 S S 8.5 19.7 6.2 7.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 21 1.3 64 0.5 S S 29.7 10.1 5.4 0.7 S S
500 - 749 miles - - 1 - S S 10.5 0.1 2.2 - S S
750 - 999 miles 56 3.4 323 2.4 S S 32.2 7.4 25.8 0.9 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 84 5.1 445 3.3 S S 40.1 10.2 31.1 1.5 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 54 3.2 336 2.5 S S 12.9 6.6 11.4 0.4 S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,727 100 S S S S 49 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 38 2.2 1 - - - 46.6 0.9 25.4 3 31.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 54 3.1 S S S S 38.1 2.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 288 16.7 4 0.1 1 - 47.3 2.9 27.1 3.9 34.6 1.8
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 182 10.5 23 0.5 40 0.5 33.2 3 35.7 8.7 36.5 11.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 119 6.9 S S S S 36.1 3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 24 100 22 100 S S 23.5 - 25.1 -
Less than 50 miles 38 2.3 1 4.6 - 0.2 46.6 1 25.4 2.6 31.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 52 3.1 1 4.9 - 0.5 39 2.4 29.9 2.2 26.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 288 17.4 4 15.2 1 4.6 47.3 2.8 27.1 1.9 34.6 1.3
250 - 499 miles S S 3 13.3 2 7.2 S S 38.7 3.4 39.2 2.5
500 - 749 miles S S 4 15.6 3 15.2 S S 37 3.4 38.2 6.2
750 - 999 miles S S 5 18.7 5 23.2 S S 27.9 3.6 27.6 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 180 10.9 4 15.3 5 23.7 33.4 3.1 39.1 3.3 37.6 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 115 7 3 12.1 6 24.9 38.2 3.3 39.9 3.2 39.8 5.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 39 100 183 100 208 100 32.3 - 27.1 - 24.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 54 29.4 S S S S 45.3 10.4 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 2.9 19 10.3 35 16.9 29.7 17.3 26.7 18.7 25.7 19.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - 0.6 S S S S 42.3 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 340 26 S S 3 0.3 49.9 16.6 S S 35.3 16.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 8 0.6 S S S S 44.2 2.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 28 0.2 S S S S 49 19.3 S S
500 - 749 miles 2 0.2 S S S S 26.2 4.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.