Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,753 100 550,886 100 559,160 100 514 11.6 - 15.5 - 13.9 - 14.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,713 7.2 34 - 18 - 683 40.6 1.7 24.1 - 27.1 - 16.9
50 - 99 lbs 359 1.5 20 - 4 - 206 49.4 0.4 25.1 - 32.9 - 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 599 2.5 125 - 19 - 161 17.1 0.2 17.6 - 23.3 - 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 219 0.9 52 - 7 - 144 26.8 0.2 21.8 - 35.4 - 11.8
750 - 999 lbs 182 0.8 81 - 6 - 81 27.9 0.2 33.7 - 20 - 32.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,691 11.3 1,457 0.3 131 - 87 28 1.8 33.2 0.2 23.4 - 14.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,305 18.1 10,175 1.8 S S 279 13.5 2.3 15.3 0.4 S S 29.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,923 20.7 12,709 2.3 2,233 0.4 170 22.1 2.1 14 0.7 22.5 0.1 14.1
More than 100,000 lbs 8,763 36.9 526,233 95.5 553,352 99 1,081 12.5 5.5 16.3 1.1 14 0.4 5

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 20,720 100 529,234 100 549,472 100 174 9 - 13.8 - 13.3 - 18.6
Less than 50 lbs 322 1.6 16 - 1 - S 28.1 0.4 31.2 - 27.9 - S
50 - 99 lbs 95 0.5 15 - 1 - 59 22.1 0.1 25.5 - 19.9 - 16
100 - 499 lbs 490 2.4 117 - 15 - 144 16.3 0.2 18 - 28.5 - 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 203 1 50 - 7 - 145 30 0.2 23.9 - 37.7 - 12.9
750 - 999 lbs 180 0.9 81 - 6 - 81 28.2 0.2 33.9 - 20.1 - 33.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,444 11.8 1,421 0.3 129 - 88 28.2 2.1 33.8 0.1 23.6 - 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,753 18.1 10,095 1.9 S S 278 12.8 2.5 15.5 0.4 S S 29.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,922 23.8 12,699 2.4 2,220 0.4 169 22.1 3.1 14 0.7 22.6 0.1 14.1
More than 100,000 lbs 8,311 40.1 504,739 95.4 543,737 99 1,086 11.5 5 14.6 1 13.4 0.4 5

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,555 100 30,718 100 7,166 100 105 15.7 - 15.5 - 34 - 12.9
Less than 50 lbs 306 2.4 15 0.1 1 - 59 29.4 0.7 32.1 - 32.7 - 15.5
50 - 99 lbs 95 0.8 15 - 1 - 58 22.2 0.1 25.5 - 21 - 17.1
100 - 499 lbs 488 3.9 117 0.4 15 0.2 143 16.4 0.3 18 0.1 28.6 0.1 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 202 1.6 50 0.2 7 0.1 145 30 0.3 23.9 - 37.9 - 13.3
750 - 999 lbs 180 1.4 81 0.3 6 0.1 81 28.2 0.3 33.9 0.1 20.1 - 33.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,441 19.4 1,417 4.6 128 1.8 88 28.1 2.3 33.9 1.5 23.3 1 15.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,710 29.6 9,627 31.3 2,598 36.2 229 12.9 3.7 14.1 4.6 38.1 5.2 28.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,896 39 12,680 41.3 2,209 30.8 168 21.9 3.3 14.1 5.4 22.7 8.8 14.3
More than 100,000 lbs 236 1.9 6,715 21.9 S S 325 32.7 0.5 47.2 7.6 S S 20.6

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,181 100 15,849 100 5,986 100 415 14 - 29.4 - 40.6 - 9
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 - - - S S S 39.7 - 46.1 - S
50 - 99 lbs 6 0.1 - - - - 507 25 - 34.1 - 33.4 - 38.4
100 - 499 lbs 97 1.9 11 0.1 8 0.1 857 21.5 0.3 25.1 - 44.4 0.1 17.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 30 0.6 4 - 3 - 657 29.4 0.2 21.5 - 35.6 - 20.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 546 10.5 125 0.8 50 0.8 447 21.7 1.7 23.2 0.3 16.9 0.7 15
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,138 41.3 4,758 30 2,335 39 473 18.7 5.2 21.8 6.4 42.6 7.3 16.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,161 41.7 7,436 46.9 1,600 26.7 213 21.9 6.6 22.6 7.2 31.9 9.3 10.6
More than 100,000 lbs 84 1.6 S S S S 520 28.2 0.6 S S S S 43.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,374 100 14,870 100 1,180 100 57 27.2 - 19.5 - 15 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 290 3.9 15 0.1 1 0.1 54 28.2 1.5 33.5 - 37.8 - 12.6
50 - 99 lbs 90 1.2 15 0.1 1 0.1 48 23.5 0.3 26.1 - 25.6 - 10.8
100 - 499 lbs 391 5.3 106 0.7 7 0.6 63 18.9 0.8 18.4 0.1 19.9 0.1 11.5
500 - 749 lbs 101 1.4 35 0.2 2 0.2 58 18 0.4 24.3 0.1 29.9 - 9.9
750 - 999 lbs 150 2 77 0.5 4 0.3 50 33.5 0.5 35.3 0.2 25.6 0.1 14.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,894 25.7 1,292 8.7 78 6.6 59 36.8 3.2 36 2.6 37 1.7 8.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,572 21.3 4,869 32.7 263 22.3 49 11.3 3.1 24.2 7.2 16 4 14.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,735 37.1 5,244 35.3 609 51.6 107 40.2 4.9 28.1 5.4 21.2 6.4 20.9
More than 100,000 lbs 152 2.1 S S S S 84 44.4 0.9 S S S S 12.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,485 100 484,873 100 538,992 100 1,193 12.2 - 14.3 - 13.3 - 4.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,619 S S S S S S 19.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 13 - 10 - 778 S S 18.5 - 19.5 - 24.2
More than 100,000 lbs 6,414 98.9 484,391 99.9 538,224 99.9 1,152 12 0.5 14.3 0.1 13.4 0.1 3.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18 100 - 100 1 100 1,565 45.7 - 33.3 - 38.2 - 22.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,565 S S S S S S 25.7
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,662 100 13,642 100 S S S 30.9 - 27.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,660 99.9 13,633 99.9 S S S 31 0.2 27.9 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,727 100 S S S S 1,013 49 - S S S S 9
Less than 50 lbs S S 16 0.3 16 0.2 1,023 S S 28.6 10 28.6 10.7 9.1
50 - 99 lbs S S 4 0.1 3 - 747 S S 31.4 3.4 38.2 3.6 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 50 2.9 4 0.1 3 - 665 31.4 3.2 34.9 4.3 36.6 1.2 15.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 8 0.2 S S S S S 43.9 9.8 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1 0.1 S S 14 0.2 1,343 37 0.1 S S 31.5 6.4 38.5
More than 100,000 lbs 69 4 S S S S 1,201 40.8 4.1 S S S S 14

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 24 100 22 100 1,012 S S 23.5 - 25.1 - 9
Less than 50 lbs S S 16 65.9 16 72.9 1,023 S S 28.6 8.2 28.6 8.6 9.1
50 - 99 lbs S S 4 15.5 3 12.5 747 S S 31.4 3.2 38.2 3.8 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 50 3 4 16.8 3 13.8 665 31.4 3.6 34.9 6.7 36.6 7.5 15.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 39 100 183 100 208 100 1,109 32.3 - 27.1 - 24.7 - 15.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1 2.3 S S 14 6.5 1,343 37 3.7 S S 31.5 3.2 38.5
More than 100,000 lbs 37 96.5 168 91.4 191 91.8 1,119 33.8 4.4 27.3 4 23.6 3.5 16.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 45 3.4 2 - - - S 25.2 5.7 29.4 2 35.9 1.7 S
50 - 99 lbs 13 1 1 - S S 187 27.9 3.8 23.4 1.9 S S 40.4
100 - 499 lbs 59 4.5 S S S S S 45.4 10.6 S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 13 1 S S S S S 42.9 8.4 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 1 - S S S S 86 12.2 1 S S S S 31.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 35 0.2 2 0.1 42 S S 41.2 14.7 39.1 14.4 39.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 318 S S S S S S 42.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.