Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 23,753 100 550,886 100 559,160 100 514 11.6 - 15.5 - 13.9 - 14.8
Single modes 20,720 87.2 529,234 96.1 549,472 98.3 174 9 3.2 13.8 2 13.3 1 18.6
Truck5 12,555 52.9 30,718 5.6 7,166 1.3 105 15.7 3.4 15.5 1.1 34 0.4 12.9
For-hire truck 5,181 21.8 15,849 2.9 5,986 1.1 415 14 2.7 29.4 0.9 40.6 0.4 9
Private truck 7,374 31 14,870 2.7 1,180 0.2 57 27.2 4 19.5 0.6 15 0.1 10.1
Rail 6,485 27.3 484,873 88 538,992 96.4 1,193 12.2 4.1 14.3 1.9 13.3 1 4.2
Air (incl truck and air) 18 0.1 - - 1 - 1,565 45.7 0.1 33.3 - 38.2 - 22.6
Pipeline6 1,662 7 13,642 2.5 S S S 30.9 3.6 27.9 0.7 S S S
Multiple modes 1,727 7.3 S S S S 1,013 49 2 S S S S 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 24 - 22 - 1,012 S S 23.5 - 25.1 - 9
Truck and rail 39 0.2 183 - 208 - 1,109 32.3 0.2 27.1 - 24.7 0.1 15.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 189 S S S S S S 39.6
Single modes 9 99.9 S S S S 191 21.7 0.1 S S S S 37.9
Truck5 9 99.9 S S S S 191 21.7 0.1 S S S S 37.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 164 100 S S 188 100 S 42.4 - S S 49.3 - S
Single modes 156 95.1 S S 187 99.9 S 45 5.4 S S 49.4 2.2 S
Truck5 143 87.3 S S S S S 49.2 6.8 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 704 S S S S S S 15.9
Private truck S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 14.7
Rail S S S S S S 731 S S S S S S 2.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S 23 100 418 S S S S 40.1 - 41.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 106 S S S S S S 30.1
Rail S S S S S S 505 S S S S S S 34.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 27.8
Single modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 27.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 27.8
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 27.8

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S 30.2
Single modes S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S 30.2
Truck5 S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 31.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 191 S S S S S S 42.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 238 100 345 100 128 100 S 17.8 - 16.8 - 35.8 - S
Single modes 237 99.4 343 99.4 127 98.5 S 18 0.9 17.1 1 36.2 1.2 S
Truck5 227 95.5 327 94.7 99 77.2 S 17.9 2.7 15.5 2.7 21.3 7.4 S
For-hire truck 40 16.7 74 21.4 49 37.9 592 32.4 14.8 26.5 13.7 34.6 11.2 12.8
Private truck 188 78.9 253 73.3 50 39.3 79 22.8 11.4 18.6 11 21 15.3 47.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,669 S S S S S S 28
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 197 100 109 100 10 100 188 25.8 - 38.3 - 25.8 - 18.2
Single modes 197 100 109 100 10 100 188 25.8 - 38.3 - 25.8 - 18.2
Truck5 197 100 109 100 10 100 188 25.8 - 38.3 - 25.8 - 18.2
For-hire truck 125 63.3 S S 6 64 279 15.3 14.9 S S 18.8 14.2 5
Private truck 72 36.7 S S 3 36 57 33.1 17.7 S S 21.3 17.8 17.8

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6 100 - 100 - 100 62 11.4 - 18.4 - 18.1 - 4.7
Single modes 6 100 - 100 - 100 62 11.4 - 18.4 - 18.1 - 4.7
Truck5 6 100 - 100 - 100 62 11.4 - 18.4 - 18.1 - 4.7
Private truck 6 100 - 100 - 100 62 11.4 - 18.4 - 18.1 - 4.7

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2 100 216 100 6 100 29 36.6 - 29.9 - 32.9 - 9.6
Single modes 2 96.4 209 96.9 6 95.9 28 36.9 2.3 29.3 1.5 32.6 2.2 9.8
Truck5 2 96.4 209 96.9 6 95.9 28 36.9 2.3 29.3 1.5 32.6 2.2 9.8
Private truck 2 96.4 209 96.9 6 95.9 28 36.9 2.3 29.3 1.5 32.6 2.2 9.8
Other and unknown modes - 3.6 S S - 4.1 37 46.4 5.7 S S 48 4.6 18.2

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 21 100 2,745 100 63 100 26 42 - 44 - 40.1 - 12.2
Single modes 21 98.4 2,727 99.4 62 98.8 25 41.9 0.9 43.9 1.6 40 1.6 12.8
Truck5 16 72.8 1,890 68.9 46 72.7 25 28 10.6 30.3 12.1 29.7 10.8 12.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 41.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 13.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - 1.6 17 0.6 1 1.2 40 32.6 2.1 30.2 4.3 33.3 4.1 9.8

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 69 100 S S 859 100 996 39.9 - S S 44.6 - 9.2
Single modes 67 96.2 S S 794 92.5 971 41.6 2.5 S S 48.7 3.2 9
Truck5 S S S S S S 912 S S S S S S 7.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 983 S S S S S S 6.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,012 S S S S S S 18.1
Multiple modes 3 3.8 38 4.5 65 7.5 1,680 19.9 3.2 30.4 3.3 35 3.9 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 3 3.8 38 4.5 65 7.5 1,698 3.7 3.9 23.3 3.9 29.2 4.5 9.4

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 27 100 - 100 - 100 1,234 32.8 - 17.7 - 17.7 - -
Single modes 27 100 - 100 - 100 1,234 32.8 - 17.7 - 17.7 - -
Truck5 27 100 - 100 - 100 1,234 32.8 - 17.7 - 17.7 - -
For-hire truck 27 100 - 100 - 100 1,234 32.8 - 17.7 - 17.7 - -

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,973 100 493,803 100 528,282 100 536 19.2 - 16.9 - 14.8 - 25.2
Single modes 4,559 91.7 472,489 95.7 518,865 98.2 553 15.8 3.8 15 2.1 14.1 1 23.9
Truck5 S S 7,460 1.5 S S 121 S S 47 0.9 S S 19.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 140 S S S S S S 12.5
Private truck S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 22.1
Rail 4,453 89.6 465,029 94.2 516,664 97.8 1,093 15.5 4.2 15 2.3 14.1 1 3.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 29.5

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,979 100 2,755 100 269 100 56 25.7 - 24.1 - 35.5 - 19
Single modes 1,979 100 2,755 100 269 100 56 25.7 - 24.1 - 35.5 - 19
Truck5 1,977 99.9 2,753 99.9 269 100 57 25.7 0.1 24.1 0.1 35.5 - 18.9
For-hire truck 815 41.2 1,219 44.2 76 28.3 59 8.5 10.9 8.3 10.4 15.6 10.6 13.5
Private truck 1,162 58.7 1,534 55.7 193 71.7 56 43.6 10.7 43.1 10.4 46.6 10 46.3
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,578 100 6,534 100 340 100 48 23.4 - 22.4 - 20.4 - 22.1
Single modes 4,578 100 6,534 100 340 100 48 23.4 - 22.4 - 20.4 - 22.1
Truck5 3,306 72.2 4,502 68.9 306 89.8 48 32.5 10.4 31.4 11 22.2 4.4 25.1
For-hire truck 1,128 24.6 1,591 24.3 148 43.6 92 33.7 9.2 35.1 10 37 9.1 8.6
Private truck 2,178 47.6 2,911 44.5 157 46.2 42 49.1 11 47.8 11.1 31.2 9.7 44.4
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - - - - - - 74 9.4 - 6.6 - 26.8 - 48.3

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,194 100 6,710 100 4,622 100 93 23.9 - 24.5 - 25.3 - 40
Single modes 2,170 98.9 6,672 99.4 4,592 99.4 92 24.4 1.7 24.8 2 25.7 3.9 40.2
Truck5 1,503 68.5 2,783 41.5 555 12 59 29.5 7.3 22.5 8.3 32.8 9.7 30.6
For-hire truck 464 21.1 1,815 27 468 10.1 220 30.3 6.5 34.6 8.1 39.8 9.2 13.1
Private truck 1,039 47.4 968 14.4 88 1.9 46 44.4 8.4 29.9 3.6 30.6 0.9 15.5
Rail 411 18.7 2,478 36.9 2,553 55.2 1,029 32.7 4 35.4 7 32.1 10.1 9.8
Pipeline6 255 11.6 S S S S S 24.3 19.7 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,746 100 26,529 100 S S 903 42.9 - 43.1 - S S 14.1
Single modes 1,681 96.2 26,494 99.9 S S 867 44.7 2.2 43.2 0.4 S S 17.5
Truck5 560 32 S S S S 484 24.4 9.9 S S S S 19.3
For-hire truck 397 22.7 S S S S 764 31.9 5.8 S S S S 19.9
Private truck 163 9.3 425 1.6 37 0.2 81 29.8 8.4 32.4 5.2 40.6 2.1 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 1,314 S S S S S S 9.4
Pipeline6 133 7.6 S S S S S 23.7 13.8 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 989 S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 987 S S S S S S 34.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 730 S S S S S S 44
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 113 S S S S S S 22
Multiple modes S S S S S S 763 S S S S S S 42.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 763 S S S S S S 42.7

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 867 100 2,695 100 1,397 100 319 31.7 - 31.1 - 37.3 - 25.6
Single modes 856 98.8 2,668 99 1,363 97.6 316 31.3 0.5 30.8 0.4 37.1 1 25.8
Truck5 443 51.1 1,460 54.2 399 28.6 224 28.9 13.5 30.3 12.9 30.9 18.6 30.4
For-hire truck 111 12.8 353 13.1 155 11.1 430 20.9 3.2 24.6 3.4 21.7 4.8 17.7
Private truck 332 38.3 1,107 41.1 S S 175 31 18.7 33.4 18.1 S S 21
Rail 414 47.7 1,208 44.8 964 69 799 19.1 13.9 15.1 14.8 20.4 8.1 8.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 402 100 802 100 133 100 S 25.6 - 28.7 - 34.6 - S
Single modes 392 97.6 801 99.9 133 99.9 S 26.4 6.2 28.7 1.5 34.7 1.6 S
Truck5 392 97.6 801 99.9 133 99.9 S 26.4 6.2 28.7 1.5 34.7 1.6 S
For-hire truck 83 20.6 102 12.7 99 74.8 964 44.6 8.6 38.2 10.3 47.2 17.9 12.6
Private truck 309 77 699 87.2 33 25.2 42 32.9 8.5 34.6 9.2 32.5 17.2 37
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 49.2 2.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 49.2 2.2 S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 46.5 2.1 S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 270 100 87 100 31 100 463 42.8 - 37.3 - 37.1 - 20.4
Single modes 228 84.3 86 98.4 30 98.2 419 41.6 4.3 37.3 5.8 37.5 6.9 24
Truck5 228 84.3 86 98.4 30 98.1 411 41.7 4.3 37.3 5.8 37.5 6.9 24.9
For-hire truck 149 55.2 63 71.6 28 91.4 1,155 47.9 9.8 35.6 11.7 33 10.1 21.8
Private truck 79 29.1 23 26.9 2 6.7 56 28.4 13 32.8 12.4 27.8 13.8 21.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24 8.9 1 0.8 1 1.8 644 43.6 4.5 44.2 0.6 45.9 2.4 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24 8.9 1 0.8 1 1.8 644 43.6 4.5 44.2 0.6 45.9 2.4 15.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 20.9

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 20 100 6 100 291 S S 43.4 - 45.2 - 19.5
Single modes S S 20 100 6 100 291 S S 43.4 - 45.2 - 19.5
Truck5 S S 20 100 6 100 291 S S 43.4 - 45.2 - 19.5
For-hire truck S S S S 4 66.3 567 S S S S 38.6 16.8 17.1
Private truck S S 13 64.2 S S 152 S S 44.9 14.8 S S 24.9

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 200 100 581 100 306 100 446 15 - 16 - 12.3 - 9.9
Single modes 198 98.7 563 96.8 294 95.9 357 15.3 1 16.5 2 12.8 2.2 11.3
Truck5 195 97.2 555 95.5 283 92.2 354 16.2 3.6 16.9 2.2 14.4 4.2 11.5
For-hire truck 137 68.3 372 63.9 257 84 680 15.8 7.4 10 6.5 12.8 4.3 9.4
Private truck 58 29 183 31.5 25 8.2 99 31.7 6.8 37.3 5.8 45 2.2 7.8
Rail S S S S S S 1,365 S S S S S S 7.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 918 S S S S S S 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 920 S S 37.3 - 42.3 - 20.6
Truck and rail S S 9 1.6 S S 828 S S 45.6 5 S S 12.9
Other and unknown modes - 0.2 S S S S S 38.2 1 S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 13.7
Single modes S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 32.3
Truck5 S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 32.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 33
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 45.8

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 20 1.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 20 1.8 S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 100 100 S S S S 311 46.2 - S S S S 41.6
Single modes S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 9.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 9.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 7.4
Multiple modes 16 16.1 1 3.1 - 11.8 538 40.6 8.4 39.4 4.3 37.9 10.2 28.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16 16.1 1 3.1 - 11.8 538 40.6 8.4 39.4 4.3 37.9 10.2 28.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 38 100 34 100 1,124 S S 30.2 - 36.4 - 15.4
Single modes 72 5.9 28 73.8 24 69.9 794 44.3 16.1 36.4 13.3 49.1 13.2 28
Truck5 S S 28 73 23 68.6 S S S 35 12.3 49.2 13 S
For-hire truck 40 3.3 21 55.4 23 67.5 639 47 19.7 41 12.8 48.8 15.5 37.9
Private truck S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 33.8
Air (incl truck and air) 16 1.3 - 0.8 - 1.3 1,570 33.9 5.2 18.2 2.8 30.9 4.7 13.7
Multiple modes S S 10 26 10 30.1 1,153 S S 45.5 12.9 39.6 13.7 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 10 26 10 30.1 1,153 S S 45.5 12.9 39.6 13.7 9.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 14.6

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 433 100 4,410 100 788 100 104 22.5 - 29.7 - 29.4 - 42.7
Single modes 428 98.8 4,398 99.7 779 98.8 95 19.8 0.5 27.9 0.6 27.4 2.7 49.9
Truck5 366 84.6 3,814 86.5 481 61 85 23.4 6.5 32.5 8.5 33.8 10.6 44.6
For-hire truck 223 51.5 1,776 40.3 415 52.7 239 25.5 7.3 31.4 10 24.4 9.8 12.7
Private truck 143 33.1 2,038 46.2 66 8.3 S 31 16.8 48.7 16.1 44.3 19.6 S
Rail 61 14.2 584 13.2 298 37.8 532 23.1 9.9 19 14.5 29.3 12.2 22.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 694 S S S S S S 33.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S 36.4

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 248 100 S S S S 344 24.7 - S S S S 18.2
Single modes 233 93.7 S S S S 309 24.5 4.7 S S S S 35
Truck5 210 84.6 108 41 S S 281 27.1 8.1 34.6 17.7 S S 38.1
For-hire truck 139 56 72 27.3 S S 521 25.2 10.5 44 15.6 S S 20.9
Private truck 71 28.6 36 13.7 6 2.6 S 35.1 7.6 44.2 11.9 46.6 7.9 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 607 S S S S S S 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 606 S S 47.9 3.2 S S 16.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 600 100 220 100 32 100 248 29.9 - 35.3 - 29.8 - 15.6
Single modes 542 90.4 210 95.3 30 93.1 123 30.1 3.4 37.2 3.7 31 3.1 29.7
Truck5 542 90.4 210 95.3 30 93.1 123 30.1 3.4 37.2 3.7 31 3.1 29.7
For-hire truck 242 40.3 67 30.3 21 65.1 322 48.5 10.5 35.1 11 35.7 10.1 36.7
Private truck 301 50.1 143 65 9 28 106 43.1 9 44.6 12.5 42.9 9.6 14.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 639 S S S S S S 16
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 639 S S S S S S 16
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 19.5

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 808 100 97 100 S S S 13.5 - 20.2 - S S S
Single modes 622 77 83 85.7 S S S 16.5 7.4 23.6 8 S S S
Truck5 622 77 83 85.7 S S S 16.5 7.4 23.6 8 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 477 S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck 443 54.8 62 63.8 9 24.2 62 20.5 9.1 30.7 9.4 41.4 15.4 28.1
Multiple modes S S 2 1.8 1 2 379 S S 34 1.3 31.3 6 25.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 1.8 1 2 379 S S 34 1.3 31.3 6 25.5
Other and unknown modes 104 12.9 12 12.5 1 1.9 S 41.5 6.7 47.1 12 41.3 4.7 S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 294 100 17 100 10 100 340 13.4 - 22.1 - 29.9 - 30.5
Single modes 187 63.5 14 84 7 71.1 S 22.4 10.8 27.2 8.6 30.3 12.1 S
Truck5 185 63.1 14 83.8 7 70.4 S 22.5 10.6 27.2 8.5 30.2 12 S
For-hire truck 86 29.2 5 30 6 63.4 984 28.8 7.7 24.7 8.4 31.9 11.8 15.8
Private truck 100 33.9 9 53.8 1 7 S 36.4 9.5 37.6 9.2 47.9 1.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,344 S S S S S S 11.4
Multiple modes 89 30.3 1 8.5 S S 903 45.1 10.7 28.2 5.6 S S 15.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 85 29 1 6.9 1 6.1 903 47.3 10.7 31.2 5.8 41.7 11.7 15.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 18 6.1 1 7.5 - 0.6 56 23.9 2.5 39.9 4.9 28.1 1 27.8

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 68 100 S S S S S 48.9 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 1.3 S S S S S 27.1 17.9 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12 1.3 S S S S S 27.1 17.9 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 897 S S S S S S 23.5
Single modes S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 20.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 20.9
Private truck S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 20.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,212 S S S S S S 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,212 S S S S S S 19.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18 100 2 100 - 100 S 34.4 - 36.7 - 28.4 - S
Single modes 18 99.5 2 99.6 - 99.5 S 34.7 2.4 37 1.7 28.6 1.5 S
Truck5 18 99.5 2 99.6 - 99.5 S 34.7 2.4 37 1.7 28.6 1.5 S
Private truck 18 99.5 2 99.6 - 99.5 S 34.7 2.4 37 1.7 28.6 1.5 S
Multiple modes - 0.1 S S - 0.2 377 47.5 0.1 S S 31.5 0.4 49.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 S S - 0.2 377 47.5 0.1 S S 31.5 0.4 49.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 15.5

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 605 100 S S S S 801 35.4 - S S S S 17.5
Single modes 535 88.4 S S S S S 41 6.4 S S S S S
Truck5 521 86.1 S S S S S 42.4 7.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 875 S S S S S S 16.6
Private truck 135 22.3 S S S S S 31 10.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 66 10.9 3 0.8 3 1.6 1,144 44.2 7.1 47.4 2.6 49.2 6 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 66 10.9 3 0.8 3 1.6 1,144 44.2 7.1 47.4 2.6 49.2 6 8.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 514 S S S S S S 33

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 770 S S S S S S 31.1
Single modes S S S S S S 770 S S S S S S 31.1
Truck5 S S S S S S 711 S S S S S S 36.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 722 S S S S S S 45
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 266 100 S S S S 261 41.8 - S S S S 48.6
Single modes 233 87.6 S S S S S 48.4 13.1 S S S S S
Truck5 233 87.6 S S S S 115 48.4 13.3 S S S S 41.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,201 S S S S S S 21.9
Private truck 156 58.6 S S S S 73 37.7 11 S S S S 27.6
Air (incl truck and air) - 0.1 - - - - 1,244 22.4 1.4 38.2 1.1 11 2.7 27.9
Multiple modes 31 11.7 1 1.1 - 0.9 614 44.5 14.6 43.8 9 31.8 16.2 25.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 31 11.7 1 1.1 - 0.9 614 44.5 14.6 43.8 9 31.8 16.2 25.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 69 S S S S S S 9.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 69 S S S S S S 9.5
Private truck S S S S S S 69 S S S S S S 9.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.