Table 14. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS1 by Distance Shipped for the United States: 2007

Table 14. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS1 by Distance Shipped for the United States: 2007

[Estimates are based on final data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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NAICS1 212, Mining (except oil and gas)

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 85,730 3,638,118 1,057,505 4.8 4.0 9.1
Less than 50 miles 28,463 2,126,709 47,781 4.7 4.0 4.4
50 - 99 miles 9,481 288,840 29,866 12.8 8.8 9.5
100 - 249 miles 18,856 369,967 105,388 20.9 9.4 12.3
250 - 499 miles 11,910 266,886 147,664 18.8 12.9 12.4
500 - 749 miles 4,803 189,422 181,037 11.9 10.4 9.3
750 - 999 miles 4,476 233,449 286,804 17.0 19.9 19.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,411 156,318 241,326 14.6 17.7 17.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,218 5,357 11,301 17.5 31.1 29.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,111 1,170 6,338 29.0 22.1 17.5

NAICS1 31-33, Manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 5,234,281 4,794,660 1,383,058 1.0 1.5 1.9
Less than 50 miles 1,403,322 2,367,945 49,529 2.6 2.9 3.3
50 - 99 miles 381,652 473,056 45,933 2.6 4.1 4.2
100 - 249 miles 768,894 734,729 161,181 1.8 3.1 3.5
250 - 499 miles 854,468 528,093 249,446 1.6 5.2 4.5
500 - 749 miles 590,094 281,863 228,797 1.7 3.7 4.4
750 - 999 miles 398,488 173,322 198,148 2.0 4.1 4.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 403,772 147,774 234,463 3.1 4.7 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 256,633 57,642 129,203 5.6 4.4 4.7
More than 2,000 miles 176,958 30,236 86,357 3.3 4.7 5.0

NAICS1 311, Food manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 585,676 568,950 264,425 1.9 3.6 3.6
Less than 50 miles 127,799 174,591 5,780 3.4 5.8 11.3
50 - 99 miles 56,054 64,187 6,309 3.5 4.9 5.3
100 - 249 miles 100,811 99,948 21,754 2.3 4.4 4.0
250 - 499 miles 101,761 83,450 40,198 3.0 3.0 3.0
500 - 749 miles 73,723 59,578 48,462 2.3 6.5 8.4
750 - 999 miles 45,329 32,247 35,595 3.5 4.9 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 43,946 32,519 51,889 3.2 4.2 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22,703 13,820 30,199 3.7 5.4 5.8
More than 2,000 miles 13,550 8,610 24,239 5.5 10.8 10.9

NAICS1 312, Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 129,804 143,530 42,063 4.9 4.8 6.4
Less than 50 miles 59,337 49,980 1,122 10.5 7.6 7.0
50 - 99 miles 10,633 19,729 1,915 6.3 9.1 9.8
100 - 249 miles 19,401 33,379 7,103 5.8 6.5 6.9
250 - 499 miles 18,806 23,973 10,307 7.4 7.9 7.5
500 - 749 miles 8,004 6,274 4,869 10.1 10.4 10.7
750 - 999 miles 4,835 4,527 5,041 11.8 14.7 15.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,666 2,488 3,441 12.0 26.4 24.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,670 1,619 3,488 16.4 21.6 21.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,451 1,561 4,777 13.7 16.4 16.4

NAICS1 313, Textile mills

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 35,936 8,989 4,133 5.4 4.7 6.7
Less than 50 miles 8,725 2,235 63 16.7 11.3 14.2
50 - 99 miles 3,095 1,086 114 17.3 17.7 21.6
100 - 249 miles 6,628 1,930 446 7.9 7.8 7.6
250 - 499 miles 5,620 1,393 639 8.7 12.5 11.5
500 - 749 miles 4,863 1,089 865 7.1 10.1 10.3
750 - 999 miles 2,371 505 543 9.4 11.5 13.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,245 362 530 11.1 9.7 10.0
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,090 173 375 12.7 14.7 15.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,299 216 558 12.4 30.1 29.5

NAICS1 314, Textile product mills

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 28,448 7,022 3,131 5.3 9.6 9.9
Less than 50 miles 9,204 3,210 50 10.5 17.1 19.2
50 - 99 miles 1,256 387 35 15.0 19.0 17.8
100 - 249 miles 2,683 541 123 13.1 8.5 10.0
250 - 499 miles 4,476 907 445 7.3 9.2 9.6
500 - 749 miles 3,758 779 604 6.0 8.5 8.5
750 - 999 miles 2,488 482 506 11.2 12.8 12.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,823 342 484 12.3 22.2 21.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,542 200 421 14.6 15.0 15.0
More than 2,000 miles 1,217 175 465 12.0 20.1 20.1

NAICS1 315, Apparel manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 24,381 1,463 1,400 10.6 20.6 31.1
Less than 50 miles 4,791 246 5 27.1 24.2 31.4
50 - 99 miles 1,607 44 4 44.1 21.5 21.2
100 - 249 miles 2,033 154 33 18.7 26.9 26.0
250 - 499 miles 2,821 262 123 10.5 36.0 33.5
500 - 749 miles 2,888 175 132 14.0 20.0 20.7
750 - 999 miles 2,400 74 78 32.5 31.5 31.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,059 246 401 16.2 40.2 43.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,143 86 174 23.3 27.5 26.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,640 S S 13.1 S S

NAICS1 316, Leather and allied product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 5,441 636 789 10.0 21.7 23.8
Less than 50 miles 376 33 Z 22.9 35.1 23.1
50 - 99 miles 166 8 1 32.4 22.5 22.7
100 - 249 miles 915 58 14 17.2 44.3 48.5
250 - 499 miles 803 70 31 11.0 19.9 18.5
500 - 749 miles 927 81 62 21.4 37.9 38.4
750 - 999 miles 515 43 45 17.5 18.0 17.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 989 272 449 17.3 28.3 26.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 403 28 60 22.7 18.0 18.0
More than 2,000 miles 347 S S 25.5 S S

NAICS1 321, Wood product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 100,923 218,834 78,742 4.8 4.6 5.4
Less than 50 miles 25,601 74,336 2,718 3.8 7.5 9.0
50 - 99 miles 12,174 39,700 4,035 4.9 8.5 8.5
100 - 249 miles 20,478 44,483 9,879 4.1 4.6 4.6
250 - 499 miles 16,588 26,978 12,890 5.8 5.1 5.3
500 - 749 miles 8,257 11,799 9,775 5.5 6.4 6.6
750 - 999 miles 6,734 7,423 8,725 16.2 8.4 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,150 6,141 10,184 12.3 6.6 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,630 5,125 11,992 10.8 13.3 13.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,312 2,848 8,546 10.1 11.9 12.4

NAICS1 322, Paper manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 174,780 166,472 89,418 1.9 2.3 3.2
Less than 50 miles 34,242 32,803 871 3.9 4.5 4.2
50 - 99 miles 15,036 15,845 1,584 5.7 5.9 5.9
100 - 249 miles 30,660 31,526 7,416 2.8 3.4 3.5
250 - 499 miles 36,249 33,899 16,760 3.0 3.5 3.6
500 - 749 miles 24,114 22,981 18,638 3.2 4.5 4.9
750 - 999 miles 16,527 15,111 16,899 4.5 4.3 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,283 8,293 13,025 3.7 4.5 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,276 4,575 10,205 6.8 8.8 9.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,393 1,439 4,021 5.8 7.5 7.7

NAICS1 323, Printing and related support activities

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 98,848 33,661 15,936 2.9 6.0 5.6
Less than 50 miles 31,699 8,434 199 4.4 11.5 8.6
50 - 99 miles 7,552 3,598 377 4.6 15.2 20.2
100 - 249 miles 14,215 6,268 1,357 5.0 10.7 10.9
250 - 499 miles 14,137 6,103 2,844 4.3 10.0 10.6
500 - 749 miles 10,856 3,908 2,991 4.7 7.2 7.4
750 - 999 miles 6,596 2,063 2,189 6.4 7.8 7.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,613 1,892 2,707 6.9 19.7 18.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,107 944 2,027 13.9 12.4 12.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,073 451 1,244 32.5 14.6 14.1

NAICS1 324, Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 608,090 1,415,099 207,148 4.3 5.4 7.5
Less than 50 miles 363,900 904,873 16,414 7.0 7.0 8.2
50 - 99 miles 70,230 139,840 12,975 10.0 10.8 12.3
100 - 249 miles 86,614 186,136 38,812 8.6 11.4 11.9
250 - 499 miles 45,393 105,720 46,375 12.5 24.5 23.2
500 - 749 miles 19,087 37,262 31,461 15.9 17.5 17.9
750 - 999 miles 11,179 23,992 28,772 21.7 23.4 25.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,407 14,970 24,677 22.2 21.8 20.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,828 1,800 5,364 30.3 30.0 45.2
More than 2,000 miles 452 505 S 20.3 40.4 S

NAICS1 325, Chemical manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 713,674 594,262 279,917 2.7 5.2 5.5
Less than 50 miles 175,854 187,559 4,566 10.9 10.1 9.7
50 - 99 miles 47,343 61,642 6,347 9.0 9.7 11.7
100 - 249 miles 93,720 101,947 22,466 5.1 6.8 6.6
250 - 499 miles 132,462 87,789 43,853 5.4 4.6 4.5
500 - 749 miles 90,619 55,617 45,924 4.6 4.6 4.8
750 - 999 miles 63,345 42,703 50,527 7.5 7.6 8.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 57,572 40,962 67,503 9.2 12.6 14.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 34,579 11,667 26,255 15.4 11.4 11.6
More than 2,000 miles 18,179 4,376 12,476 7.2 11.8 12.1

NAICS1 326, Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 209,268 66,753 37,394 1.6 2.7 3.8
Less than 50 miles 36,697 12,934 375 5.2 6.9 7.9
50 - 99 miles 16,197 5,716 563 5.2 6.8 6.6
100 - 249 miles 35,087 11,698 2,680 2.8 4.4 5.1
250 - 499 miles 43,457 14,202 6,647 2.4 4.2 4.3
500 - 749 miles 29,936 9,291 7,130 2.9 7.3 7.2
750 - 999 miles 17,167 4,991 5,322 3.9 5.0 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,087 4,382 6,345 3.5 4.7 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,416 2,195 4,702 6.2 6.9 7.0
More than 2,000 miles 6,224 1,344 3,630 8.6 8.6 8.6

NAICS1 327, Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 124,713 1,060,926 98,086 5.1 4.1 4.0
Less than 50 miles 53,721 796,412 14,463 3.5 5.1 4.3
50 - 99 miles 12,351 82,342 7,915 5.7 5.2 4.9
100 - 249 miles 21,760 113,384 25,024 10.9 11.1 12.3
250 - 499 miles 15,117 39,645 18,268 9.4 5.4 5.4
500 - 749 miles 8,495 16,040 13,028 6.6 10.4 10.7
750 - 999 miles 4,872 6,039 6,826 13.7 7.7 8.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,790 4,722 6,979 7.1 11.3 11.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,364 1,344 2,778 9.5 7.5 7.5
More than 2,000 miles 2,246 998 2,805 32.6 16.4 16.6

NAICS1 331, Primary metal manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 251,412 201,339 98,318 2.3 4.1 5.7
Less than 50 miles 42,188 38,862 891 6.0 6.4 5.4
50 - 99 miles 15,632 14,456 1,372 8.9 15.6 13.9
100 - 249 miles 52,086 50,190 11,952 4.3 6.7 6.8
250 - 499 miles 61,892 48,507 23,789 5.2 6.9 7.5
500 - 749 miles 30,133 22,599 18,236 5.1 9.2 9.5
750 - 999 miles 17,059 12,058 14,351 8.6 14.4 17.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,125 9,190 14,538 7.2 10.8 11.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,949 3,941 9,000 8.8 16.9 17.8
More than 2,000 miles 6,349 1,537 4,188 11.2 24.8 25.3

NAICS1 332, Fabricated metal product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 338,290 118,350 44,620 1.8 4.4 4.7
Less than 50 miles 86,011 38,854 966 3.6 9.3 7.7
50 - 99 miles 25,992 12,576 1,231 6.6 10.1 9.8
100 - 249 miles 55,925 23,038 5,100 2.9 6.1 5.7
250 - 499 miles 58,762 20,549 9,646 2.5 6.4 7.6
500 - 749 miles 37,051 9,846 7,432 3.6 5.3 5.0
750 - 999 miles 24,733 5,473 5,903 3.8 7.4 7.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 26,566 5,220 7,762 3.7 12.6 13.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12,728 1,909 4,097 4.4 11.7 12.9
More than 2,000 miles 10,521 884 2,483 5.5 10.2 10.6

NAICS1 333, Machinery manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 343,262 40,523 31,565 2.9 5.1 6.7
Less than 50 miles 43,588 5,466 154 5.2 9.1 10.0
50 - 99 miles 17,621 2,504 263 6.0 11.8 11.4
100 - 249 miles 46,780 5,950 1,419 5.0 7.1 7.5
250 - 499 miles 63,786 7,889 3,837 5.8 6.1 6.3
500 - 749 miles 49,440 5,607 4,524 4.6 6.8 6.8
750 - 999 miles 42,454 4,859 5,222 5.4 9.6 9.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 43,674 4,573 6,821 4.0 11.4 11.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19,656 1,722 3,854 6.1 7.3 8.2
More than 2,000 miles 16,263 1,952 5,470 12.6 29.9 30.6

NAICS1 334, Computer and electronic product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 389,399 5,416 4,442 5.6 8.8 7.7
Less than 50 miles 80,219 934 35 7.7 16.7 14.6
50 - 99 miles 15,824 291 33 13.8 29.9 23.7
100 - 249 miles 37,015 497 132 9.1 10.2 10.4
250 - 499 miles 49,633 931 445 8.4 17.1 14.3
500 - 749 miles 45,216 792 609 15.4 13.6 13.2
750 - 999 miles 35,816 609 671 8.4 15.1 15.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 49,901 760 1,064 19.8 19.0 18.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 34,757 320 683 7.1 9.9 9.9
More than 2,000 miles 41,018 281 771 9.3 7.7 7.3

NAICS1 335, Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 128,868 18,771 15,436 4.1 4.9 6.3
Less than 50 miles 14,469 2,383 58 9.2 14.1 8.5
50 - 99 miles 5,768 725 75 13.8 13.3 14.2
100 - 249 miles 14,366 2,273 525 5.7 10.6 9.4
250 - 499 miles 23,618 3,658 1,757 6.3 7.1 6.9
500 - 749 miles 21,983 3,347 2,609 3.9 4.2 4.4
750 - 999 miles 15,324 2,122 2,258 4.7 4.3 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,516 2,096 3,095 7.9 12.3 12.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,818 1,263 2,618 8.4 9.7 9.4
More than 2,000 miles 8,006 905 2,441 8.8 22.3 21.6

NAICS1 336, Transportation equipment manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 715,294 94,023 45,264 4.1 4.4 3.3
Less than 50 miles 168,871 28,705 673 13.3 12.4 11.5
50 - 99 miles 35,710 6,667 619 7.0 9.4 8.0
100 - 249 miles 99,906 17,379 4,009 6.2 7.4 7.4
250 - 499 miles 123,402 16,909 8,106 4.7 5.3 5.1
500 - 749 miles 87,977 9,405 7,262 6.3 5.6 5.8
750 - 999 miles 56,512 5,066 5,488 7.8 7.8 7.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 63,055 5,146 7,816 10.0 7.9 7.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 58,341 3,626 8,197 19.0 7.5 8.0
More than 2,000 miles 21,520 1,120 3,093 7.9 10.9 11.4

NAICS1 337, Furniture and related product manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 83,494 18,700 11,480 3.1 6.6 5.8
Less than 50 miles 17,407 3,465 86 5.5 8.5 8.3
50 - 99 miles 5,874 1,378 134 9.2 14.3 13.6
100 - 249 miles 11,861 2,761 640 6.5 10.4 11.3
250 - 499 miles 15,675 3,854 1,805 5.6 11.9 11.2
500 - 749 miles 13,105 3,061 2,341 5.2 6.2 6.1
750 - 999 miles 6,982 1,646 1,776 6.3 12.4 12.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,532 1,424 2,072 4.6 18.4 17.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,527 741 1,566 10.0 7.8 8.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,531 370 1,062 14.1 9.8 9.5

NAICS1 339, Miscellaneous manufacturing

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 144,279 10,941 9,350 2.9 11.7 15.9
Less than 50 miles 18,625 1,629 40 5.9 17.6 10.7
50 - 99 miles 5,538 337 34 10.6 17.8 16.8
100 - 249 miles 15,951 1,190 297 5.8 9.8 11.0
250 - 499 miles 20,011 1,405 682 4.6 8.0 7.6
500 - 749 miles 19,663 2,332 1,843 5.4 21.6 22.8
750 - 999 miles 15,249 1,289 1,411 7.4 40.4 42.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,773 1,771 2,682 8.0 31.1 32.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 16,104 544 1,147 8.9 9.6 9.7
More than 2,000 miles 13,365 444 1,213 7.6 15.4 15.9

NAICS1 42, Wholesale trade

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 4,740,065 3,605,531 767,100 1.2 2.3 4.1
Less than 50 miles 2,082,093 2,226,722 53,049 1.6 3.2 3.7
50 - 99 miles 517,212 421,508 39,464 1.6 4.6 4.6
100 - 249 miles 696,711 384,283 83,730 2.7 4.3 5.1
250 - 499 miles 453,986 220,094 110,090 3.4 4.6 4.7
500 - 749 miles 263,389 125,100 104,752 4.8 7.4 7.6
750 - 999 miles 193,843 93,516 112,226 3.5 11.3 11.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 213,575 82,593 133,084 3.7 8.6 8.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 151,030 26,991 54,908 5.2 9.3 8.3
More than 2,000 miles 168,225 24,725 75,798 9.5 10.9 13.4

NAICS1 423, Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 2,352,345 1,361,146 264,780 1.7 5.9 5.7
Less than 50 miles 866,031 840,385 19,978 2.5 8.3 8.3
50 - 99 miles 219,098 168,221 15,970 2.4 10.5 10.1
100 - 249 miles 338,487 163,107 35,194 4.4 6.7 6.9
250 - 499 miles 277,913 85,150 40,075 4.0 5.9 6.4
500 - 749 miles 163,457 35,490 28,434 7.5 12.8 14.3
750 - 999 miles 123,420 23,133 27,395 4.6 9.2 12.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 133,005 19,835 30,190 4.5 11.4 10.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 112,851 12,827 27,719 7.1 9.4 9.7
More than 2,000 miles 118,084 12,997 39,824 13.4 14.6 18.9

NAICS1 4231, Motor vehicle and parts merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 503,333 81,203 29,489 7.3 17.4 11.1
Less than 50 miles 162,866 39,366 980 8.2 34.0 32.9
50 - 99 miles 52,249 7,495 716 5.9 8.0 8.4
100 - 249 miles 84,229 10,616 2,346 12.3 10.8 11.3
250 - 499 miles 79,496 8,758 3,958 11.5 11.6 10.9
500 - 749 miles 37,976 4,634 3,577 31.6 20.4 21.2
750 - 999 miles 26,472 3,059 3,303 13.4 14.6 14.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,540 2,892 4,255 8.9 17.8 18.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 18,283 2,777 5,927 21.8 28.7 28.5
More than 2,000 miles 26,222 1,606 4,427 47.3 26.0 25.6

NAICS1 4232, Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 74,305 23,358 12,730 5.6 8.0 20.7
Less than 50 miles 25,607 8,614 222 7.1 8.6 12.1
50 - 99 miles 6,989 2,526 242 10.6 12.2 11.9
100 - 249 miles 9,307 3,402 684 10.0 11.4 11.5
250 - 499 miles 8,097 2,443 1,071 12.8 19.7 18.3
500 - 749 miles 6,275 1,417 1,086 11.0 16.1 16.1
750 - 999 miles 5,086 938 1,010 13.0 15.0 15.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,926 1,176 1,795 16.8 35.3 39.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,611 1,683 3,490 15.9 47.5 46.9
More than 2,000 miles 4,407 1,159 3,131 19.8 41.4 40.4

NAICS1 4233, Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 153,528 498,825 43,488 3.4 7.4 13.8
Less than 50 miles 90,627 401,076 8,353 3.1 8.8 6.3
50 - 99 miles 22,883 39,536 3,706 4.4 7.4 6.8
100 - 249 miles 21,710 32,958 6,568 4.7 12.0 12.0
250 - 499 miles 7,582 10,665 4,814 4.6 8.6 8.8
500 - 749 miles 3,192 5,020 4,175 17.1 40.7 44.0
750 - 999 miles 2,842 3,183 3,504 26.2 26.3 26.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,238 3,616 5,043 18.3 45.3 42.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,023 1,224 2,763 20.0 27.3 27.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,433 1,549 4,562 24.0 36.1 34.4

NAICS1 4234, Commercial equip. merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 397,976 21,817 9,088 3.5 9.2 14.3
Less than 50 miles 101,368 8,794 226 5.6 11.8 14.0
50 - 99 miles 27,720 3,004 274 6.7 20.9 21.6
100 - 249 miles 51,535 3,500 709 6.8 15.1 14.3
250 - 499 miles 53,029 2,080 906 9.6 12.7 11.9
500 - 749 miles 35,433 1,196 922 6.6 13.5 13.0
750 - 999 miles 33,306 800 856 10.2 12.1 13.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 30,726 833 1,209 7.2 12.7 12.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31,598 748 1,575 12.0 28.0 28.9
More than 2,000 miles 33,262 863 2,412 15.6 24.8 25.7

NAICS1 4235, Metal and mineral (except petroleum) merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 191,673 182,041 43,016 3.5 10.7 13.8
Less than 50 miles 75,523 68,856 1,941 5.1 9.3 11.9
50 - 99 miles 26,648 35,041 3,560 3.9 18.4 19.1
100 - 249 miles 40,168 47,788 10,668 6.0 16.8 17.5
250 - 499 miles 23,498 16,529 7,690 7.2 9.0 11.4
500 - 749 miles 9,512 4,819 3,648 11.5 7.1 7.6
750 - 999 miles 4,728 4,977 7,548 10.0 34.8 42.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,397 2,675 4,494 15.0 24.2 27.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,373 631 1,306 15.7 13.6 13.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,826 725 2,160 25.5 41.6 44.1

NAICS1 4236, Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 338,597 24,469 11,663 3.9 8.4 14.1
Less than 50 miles 124,879 11,711 254 6.1 12.1 11.5
50 - 99 miles 17,164 1,610 159 9.1 19.8 21.8
100 - 249 miles 35,592 3,069 678 18.0 21.1 22.7
250 - 499 miles 26,369 1,641 765 8.8 10.8 12.4
500 - 749 miles 25,457 1,584 1,233 8.7 17.3 18.1
750 - 999 miles 19,325 1,541 1,644 11.0 26.0 26.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 31,563 1,269 1,971 12.0 23.6 22.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33,878 1,385 3,115 15.1 23.5 25.5
More than 2,000 miles 24,369 660 1,843 12.5 18.2 18.8

NAICS1 4237, Hardware and plumbing merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 119,464 28,474 5,563 2.4 11.1 12.9
Less than 50 miles 65,441 16,404 419 3.9 15.7 21.3
50 - 99 miles 12,213 3,364 341 6.4 23.6 26.3
100 - 249 miles 14,532 3,479 743 4.5 8.8 8.1
250 - 499 miles 10,994 3,189 1,462 5.5 35.9 35.8
500 - 749 miles 5,514 776 590 10.9 11.8 11.7
750 - 999 miles 3,212 517 547 8.7 26.2 24.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,206 328 480 12.5 11.3 11.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,312 247 521 10.1 14.7 15.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,041 169 461 17.7 19.9 19.7

NAICS1 4238, Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 363,108 74,069 16,716 2.5 13.1 7.0
Less than 50 miles 155,014 44,399 1,154 3.2 18.8 23.1
50 - 99 miles 36,028 7,899 757 4.0 12.3 12.8
100 - 249 miles 52,837 9,036 1,922 6.5 14.0 14.1
250 - 499 miles 39,997 5,303 2,408 6.2 13.8 13.9
500 - 749 miles 22,666 2,384 1,820 6.0 11.4 11.4
750 - 999 miles 16,686 1,402 1,526 8.0 12.2 12.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,907 1,705 2,644 8.9 14.2 14.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,571 1,304 2,728 11.6 32.2 31.8
More than 2,000 miles 9,402 636 1,759 12.4 24.5 25.5

NAICS1 4239, Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 210,361 426,888 93,027 3.6 14.6 11.0
Less than 50 miles 64,705 241,164 6,429 6.4 22.8 20.8
50 - 99 miles 17,204 67,745 6,215 10.8 25.9 25.6
100 - 249 miles 28,578 49,259 10,877 5.5 8.3 8.2
250 - 499 miles 28,851 34,542 17,001 6.1 10.2 10.3
500 - 749 miles 17,434 13,661 11,385 7.9 17.7 19.4
750 - 999 miles 11,763 6,718 7,457 8.4 20.7 20.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 18,501 5,342 8,298 9.5 24.1 20.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,203 2,827 6,295 7.4 17.0 16.5
More than 2,000 miles 14,123 5,630 19,069 8.4 28.0 34.7

NAICS1 424, Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 2,387,720 2,244,386 502,320 1.5 2.5 5.5
Less than 50 miles 1,216,063 1,386,337 33,071 2.0 2.7 3.9
50 - 99 miles 298,114 253,287 23,494 2.4 4.6 4.4
100 - 249 miles 358,224 221,176 48,535 2.8 5.0 6.3
250 - 499 miles 176,073 134,944 70,015 4.4 6.3 6.5
500 - 749 miles 99,931 89,610 76,318 3.7 9.4 9.6
750 - 999 miles 70,424 70,383 84,831 7.2 15.8 16.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 80,571 62,758 102,894 6.7 9.6 9.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 38,179 14,164 27,188 6.0 15.2 10.9
More than 2,000 miles 50,142 11,727 35,975 7.4 14.5 18.5

NAICS1 4241, Paper and paper product merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 100,860 50,888 15,513 4.5 11.5 23.7
Less than 50 miles 53,218 24,688 596 4.1 5.6 7.8
50 - 99 miles 10,324 4,459 424 6.7 10.5 12.3
100 - 249 miles 13,797 6,881 1,480 9.3 17.0 19.3
250 - 499 miles 7,038 5,007 2,487 10.5 32.7 38.4
500 - 749 miles 4,977 4,686 3,539 18.3 38.4 36.2
750 - 999 miles 3,431 3,258 3,311 16.1 38.0 38.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,504 899 1,272 26.2 25.1 24.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,084 568 1,191 28.6 23.2 23.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,486 442 1,214 15.1 23.1 23.0

NAICS1 4242, Drugs and druggists' sundries merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 409,264 23,407 9,611 6.3 17.2 11.8
Less than 50 miles 113,961 6,676 282 8.6 32.8 37.1
50 - 99 miles 57,577 3,853 364 12.0 34.6 32.2
100 - 249 miles 103,378 4,996 1,086 8.9 18.7 18.9
250 - 499 miles 52,698 2,793 1,281 11.6 12.5 13.7
500 - 749 miles 27,553 2,184 1,764 13.4 28.8 31.3
750 - 999 miles 17,381 811 870 18.7 22.3 22.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,314 1,138 1,687 15.0 26.7 26.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,610 484 982 26.9 25.8 25.5
More than 2,000 miles 10,790 471 1,296 17.7 23.7 24.1

NAICS1 4243, Apparel, piece goods, and notions merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 119,239 9,468 8,484 6.6 12.9 20.6
Less than 50 miles 20,201 2,772 47 12.5 33.9 39.7
50 - 99 miles 7,630 466 45 22.9 17.9 20.0
100 - 249 miles 13,127 835 178 10.2 13.0 14.2
250 - 499 miles 14,627 816 379 12.1 11.1 10.7
500 - 749 miles 15,020 1,009 762 13.3 15.1 14.4
750 - 999 miles 8,775 482 503 9.1 11.4 11.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,736 814 1,177 13.4 14.9 14.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,286 S S 9.7 S S
More than 2,000 miles 16,838 1,020 2,776 11.6 24.2 23.7

NAICS1 4244, Grocery and related product merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 567,732 321,626 81,594 1.5 2.8 7.4
Less than 50 miles 275,343 162,770 4,030 2.0 3.8 3.8
50 - 99 miles 90,665 49,496 4,683 3.6 5.5 5.2
100 - 249 miles 104,908 53,455 10,797 3.9 3.8 3.7
250 - 499 miles 40,747 22,011 9,541 6.2 8.4 8.7
500 - 749 miles 15,829 8,910 6,976 6.2 8.2 8.3
750 - 999 miles 11,945 7,979 8,658 10.4 15.2 14.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,316 7,853 12,020 11.0 12.4 13.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,232 5,002 10,898 8.5 15.5 15.1
More than 2,000 miles 7,748 4,149 13,991 11.7 18.9 30.1

NAICS1 4245, Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 143,358 623,826 240,207 5.6 5.2 10.2
Less than 50 miles 62,534 313,989 8,370 7.2 8.1 10.2
50 - 99 miles 11,361 54,761 4,969 16.6 17.1 15.1
100 - 249 miles 14,631 53,436 14,229 13.3 15.3 18.4
250 - 499 miles 14,991 66,689 39,120 9.9 10.0 9.9
500 - 749 miles 12,387 52,241 46,594 14.2 14.3 14.2
750 - 999 miles 8,468 37,310 47,857 20.7 25.4 25.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,843 38,164 64,636 23.0 14.4 14.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,656 4,413 5,737 29.7 42.2 42.4
More than 2,000 miles S 2,823 S S 48.0 S

NAICS1 4246, Chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 119,923 119,971 31,344 5.3 16.1 17.5
Less than 50 miles 44,769 53,707 1,692 8.1 15.5 21.5
50 - 99 miles 14,987 18,280 1,819 9.5 15.7 16.4
100 - 249 miles 20,463 23,234 4,920 7.7 31.4 33.8
250 - 499 miles 13,892 11,046 4,988 9.3 28.7 29.4
500 - 749 miles 7,201 4,719 3,801 9.1 17.0 17.6
750 - 999 miles 6,740 4,205 4,571 9.5 39.4 40.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,231 2,801 4,288 16.7 18.2 18.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,670 1,044 2,631 13.7 23.5 27.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,971 934 2,635 16.1 17.9 18.1

NAICS1 4247, Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 610,759 846,636 52,112 4.2 4.3 8.6
Less than 50 miles 483,011 687,745 14,626 4.3 4.5 5.9
50 - 99 miles 64,262 88,654 7,904 6.1 6.0 6.0
100 - 249 miles 35,430 44,149 8,619 8.2 7.9 9.6
250 - 499 miles 12,930 12,743 5,614 18.4 16.9 17.6
500 - 749 miles 5,542 5,869 4,610 15.7 17.9 18.8
750 - 999 miles 4,337 3,930 4,340 25.4 33.5 34.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,077 2,884 4,657 26.7 28.8 29.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,044 544 1,350 34.3 35.1 37.2
More than 2,000 miles 127 S S 39.4 S S

NAICS1 4248, Beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 100,154 55,667 3,194 3.8 4.1 14.8
Less than 50 miles 84,480 50,070 1,034 4.3 4.2 3.9
50 - 99 miles 7,826 3,287 285 7.6 6.9 6.7
100 - 249 miles 4,547 1,254 235 10.6 10.3 11.9
250 - 499 miles 707 225 95 16.2 18.0 18.1
500 - 749 miles 419 181 166 18.6 26.0 32.5
750 - 999 miles 232 103 116 24.1 30.0 30.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 609 191 319 35.7 30.9 32.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 506 109 234 29.7 28.3 28.9
More than 2,000 miles 830 247 710 32.9 47.1 47.7

NAICS1 4249, Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 216,429 192,897 60,260 4.1 8.6 18.7
Less than 50 miles 78,544 83,919 2,393 4.4 10.3 12.1
50 - 99 miles 33,484 30,029 3,000 4.3 10.8 10.7
100 - 249 miles 47,943 32,936 6,992 7.1 9.6 9.4
250 - 499 miles 18,444 13,613 6,509 10.0 22.3 23.5
500 - 749 miles 11,002 9,812 8,106 12.1 30.0 30.4
750 - 999 miles 9,115 12,305 14,606 14.2 33.3 35.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,940 8,013 12,839 13.9 43.7 44.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,093 746 1,550 11.3 24.0 22.3
More than 2,000 miles 3,864 1,523 4,266 14.4 33.2 32.8

NAICS1 4541, Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 216,817 7,305 6,398 6.8 7.2 8.1
Less than 50 miles 30,512 1,326 33 21.4 16.8 23.3
50 - 99 miles 9,633 629 58 11.0 22.7 21.2
100 - 249 miles 19,800 619 147 12.7 13.9 14.3
250 - 499 miles 28,708 962 458 8.7 9.9 11.8
500 - 749 miles 26,489 972 760 5.0 11.8 12.0
750 - 999 miles 23,713 733 788 10.6 14.9 14.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 31,237 915 1,334 10.4 14.8 14.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19,928 518 1,081 13.1 12.4 12.8
More than 2,000 miles 26,798 630 1,738 7.3 10.4 10.9

NAICS1 45431, Fuel dealers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 38,220 48,438 1,784 5.4 5.8 33.2
Less than 50 miles 35,366 44,476 760 4.8 5.0 5.0
50 - 99 miles 1,036 1,396 121 15.9 16.0 16.1
100 - 249 miles 824 1,080 248 41.6 41.7 44.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S

NAICS1 4931, Warehousing and storage

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 903,398 187,219 46,335 6.5 5.9 6.0
Less than 50 miles 161,327 66,696 1,971 5.6 9.3 8.2
50 - 99 miles 116,633 34,938 3,458 6.9 8.9 9.7
100 - 249 miles 205,078 45,265 9,519 4.8 8.1 7.9
250 - 499 miles 183,101 21,482 9,504 12.0 9.4 9.3
500 - 749 miles 87,016 10,170 8,462 14.4 16.7 20.5
750 - 999 miles 62,149 3,341 3,541 23.5 15.7 15.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 32,982 2,677 3,770 19.5 12.4 11.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 39,554 1,720 3,605 21.3 11.4 11.2
More than 2,000 miles 15,557 931 2,504 9.5 12.1 11.9

NAICS1 5111, Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 38,082 11,892 2,279 6.2 7.8 14.4
Less than 50 miles 15,373 8,401 170 7.0 8.3 9.3
50 - 99 miles 2,255 710 63 12.9 22.6 24.1
100 - 249 miles 2,851 849 213 17.3 32.6 36.4
250 - 499 miles 4,339 813 371 23.1 39.0 38.2
500 - 749 miles 3,664 398 292 12.7 23.1 21.8
750 - 999 miles 2,743 252 267 23.4 28.5 28.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,706 209 292 25.9 31.5 29.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,488 169 364 15.9 28.1 28.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,662 92 248 24.9 24.5 23.6

NAICS1 551114, Corporate, subsidiary, and regional managing offices

Distance Shipped 2 2007 Value (million $) 2007 Tons (thousands) 2007 Ton-miles 3 (millions) Value CV 4 Tons CV Ton-miles CV
Total 428,280 250,262 80,199 7.6 8.3 11.9
Less than 50 miles 95,087 106,468 2,868 8.4 12.0 12.5
50 - 99 miles 36,235 34,112 3,682 9.0 21.3 22.2
100 - 249 miles 64,017 48,523 14,240 6.5 19.0 23.3
250 - 499 miles 68,603 24,747 11,207 11.3 16.6 16.1
500 - 749 miles 43,976 10,956 8,988 8.9 12.9 13.7
750 - 999 miles 35,208 13,055 14,819 10.9 25.6 25.0
1,000 - 1,499 miles 40,678 6,779 10,641 24.1 29.9 31.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24,141 3,114 6,714 23.1 20.7 19.9
More than 2,000 miles 20,333 2,506 7,040 28.6 27.3 28.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Based on 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). NAICS1 is a hierarchical coding system and certain codes may be nested. For example, estimates for value and tons summed from NAICS1 codes 4231 through 4239 equal the estimates of values and tons for NAICS1 code 423.
2 Shipments are grouped into distance categories based on Great Circle Distance (GCD). GCD is the shortest distance between 2 points on the surface of a sphere over the surface of that sphere.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.

NOTE: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.