Table 2 Shipment Characteristics by Total Modal Activity for the United States: 2007

Table 2 Shipment Characteristics by Total Modal Activity for the United States: 2007

Estimates are based on preliminary data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive

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Mode of transportation (1) 2007 Ton-miles (2)
2007 Average miles per shipment Ton-miles CV (3) Average miles per shipment CV
All modes 3,490,806 577 3.7 1.9
Truck 1,400,654 186 1.8 3.3
Rail 1,496,353 842 6.5 2.9
Shallow draft 283,519 222 7.0 9.4
Great Lakes 41,066 429 29.6 9.8
Deep draft 100,534 1,597 14.1 5.3
Air (included truck and air) 4,166 1,154 15.4 2.2
Pipeline (4) S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29,426 911 3.1 1.5
Other and unknown modes 41,271 103 7.9 11.0

S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
(1) Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
(2) Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
(3) Coefficient of Variation.
(4) Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTE: These data are preliminary and are subject to change; they will be superseded by data released in later reports. Value-of-shipment estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables.
More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, Preliminary Release, December 2008.